In a professional woodworking workshop, a carpentry workbench is a constant and important attribute. This is necessary to work the device makes it possible to conveniently and ergonomically to equip the workspace, regardless of how the tool – manual or electromechanical – plan to use.
On the joinery table, a cycle of processing of wood products is performed. Construction features and various devices available at the workbench make it possible to handle wooden blanks in any required plane. In addition to assembling products, it is possible to perform their finishing processing with the help of various compositions of the paints.
The joiner’s workbench is a steady and reliable device in the form of a desktop, the purpose of which is the execution of carpentry work.
The most important requirement for such equipment is its strength and convenience for work.
Any carboard workbench is equipped with a set of additional devices that are necessary to fix parts during their processing.
Parameters of the workbench depend on what weight and dimensions are assumed to have wooden blanks, as well as from the dimensions and the presence of free space indoors. In addition to full-sized structures, there are compact options, which can be used to apply at home or in the country.
The complex of work that is performed on the joiner’s workbench is carried out using Electric or manual tool type. The load on the workbench is very significant, so it Make with a strong and thick timber from especially durable wood breeds: beech, oak, horn.
Surface table top made of soft wood, For example, from ate, pine or linden, will quickly come into disrepair, especially with the intensive use of such equipment, which will entail additional costs for periodic coating updates.
A carpentry workbench has several elements that are the main in this design: base, countertop and additional fasteners.Table top It should be durable, and you can check it like this: Put a few small items on the workshop, and then hit the joiner’s hammer over the surface of the workbench – items lying on the table top, while the action should not bounce.
Traditionally, the worktop of the workbench make it so that it does not have excessive elasticity – To do this, glove several wooden bars among themselves in a vertical position, while the total thickness should be from 6 to 8 cm. Sometimes a countertop is made of two shields, between which the longitudinal clearance leaves. Such a modification makes it possible to process parts and engage in sawing without stopping the edge of the workbench, and fixing the workpiece due to its support on the table top with its entire area.
Stainment for carpentry Looks like two frame supports that are connected using two Tsarg. The reference part must have good stiffness and strength, its component elements enter each other according to the principle of the joint-groove compound, which fastens the joiner. Tsargi, in turn, pass through through holes and fixed with the help of driven wedges – occasionally the wedges are required to be added, as the wood is sneaking and loses its original volume, as well as the table overwhelms from large and regular loads.
In terms of additional devices, joinery tables have differences from plumbing models, which is that Cressing parts are not made of steel, but from wood. Metal vice is not suitable for processing wooden blanks, as they leave dents on the surface.
Typically, the workbench is equipped with a pair of vice located on the surface of the countertop. Various stops are inserted into the appropriate nests on the table and apply only if necessary, and the rest of the time is stored in a separate box. The tray for the location of the tool is good because during the work it is not lost and does not fall from the workbench.
Types and their device
Professional wooden workbench – This is a universal and multifunctional working tool for a joiner and carpenter. The design options for the joinery desktop can be different and depend on the functionality of the tasks, which are determined by the technological processes of the processing of blanks.
This is Classic view of a joinery, which is constantly in the same room and does not imply any movements during its use. A simple workbench makes it possible to work with parts of various sizes and mass. As a rule, this is a massive and durable construction consisting of the main parts and having additional equipment – screw, clamps, stops that provide fasteners.
Stationary workbench can be equipped at the discretion of the master. For example, logs can be installed in it, milling machine, emery, drilling device. Such a wagon, 4 in 1, is convenient because the master everything you need is at hand, which means that its labor productivity increases.
Countertop in stationary workbenches is made or manufactured from a wooden array. Applying chipboard for workbench is not recommended, since such a coating will be short-lived. According to professionals, the length of the countertops is most convenient than 2 m in size, and its width will be 70 cm. This size allows you to make a convenient processing of both large and small blanks.
For the frame frame, a bar is used, the cross section of which should be at least 10×10 cm. Tsang thickness should have a section of 5-6 cm and more. Docking nodes are made of a spike or dust compound, and also use bolts and screws.
To install the desktop stop in the table make through holes, and they place them so that nearby vice can make at least half of the stroke.
Stop Just like the brishes of the vice, make out of durable wood, metal focus does not use, as it will deform the workpiece, leaving dents on them.
There is also a compact portable type of carpentry workbench. It is used if there is no free space for work. Mobile workbench length is usually not more than 1 m, and the width can be up to 80 cm. Such dimensions allow you to transfer the workbench from place to place, its weight is an average of 25-30 kg.
Compact device is convenient because it You can use in order to process small parts, perform various repair work, carving wood.
Mobile carpentry workbench is convenient in conditions of home, garage, cottages and even on the street. As a rule, compact fixtures have a folding mechanism, which allows you to store such a workbench even on the balcony.
This type of joinery containers consists of separate modules that can be replaced if necessary, since the collapsible design of the workbench has connections on bolts. Prefabricated models are used to perform various methods of processing blanks, as well as they are indispensable where the area of free space is limited.
Most often, precast carpentry vestipes have removable countertops and frame base, equipped with folding mechanism. The workbench can be a workplace for both one and immediately for two people. Constructive workbench allows you to transfer it to certain distances or move within the workshop.
Prefabricated tablet models often make on Special loops, thanks to which she can lean away, and Farm legs At the same time they will develop under the campaign. Prefabricated workbenches are used to work with small in size and mass workpieces. The reference frame in such structures is much smaller in size than in stationary massive analogs. The tabletop for the workbench of the team model can be made not only from the wood array, but also from plywood or chipboard, as there are no heavy loads on such workbenches.
The dimensions of the joinery will be dependent on how many people will work at the same time. The model can be performed in mini-format, convenient for transfer, or have standard dimensions in fixed application. The device must be convenient for the person who will work for it, so the most popular model with the adjustment of the height of the table top. Besides, The size of the workbench depends on the availability of free space in the room where woodworking works are planned.
The most ergonomic workbenks are the options given all the dimensions.
- Height from floor level. For the convenience of performing work and minimizing the fatigancy of the wizard, it is recommended to choose the distance from the floor to the table top not more than 0.9 m. Such a parameter is suitable for most people with increasing 170-180 cm. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the place of installation of the working machine – to the device must be convenient access and the ability to make free movements in the process of work.
- Length and width. The most convenient width of the specialists consider the size of 0.8 m, and the length of the workbench most often choose not more than 2 meters. If you yourself plan to create a workbench for yourself, then when developing a design, not only dimensions should be taken into account, but also take into account the size and number of additional trays, shelves, drawers, drawers.
- Additional devices. To make the workbench for woodworking, it is convenient and multifunctional, it is necessary to equip it at least two clamps for fixing parts from wood. The location of the workpieces depends on whether the left-hander will work for the workbench or right-hander. Usually 1 clamp is installed on the end part of the table on the right side, and the second clamp is placed on the left, on the front part of the table. For left-handed all clamps are reinstalled in mirror.
Choosing the sizes of the table top, it is important not to forget that part of the table of the table will occupy the places for attaching manual or electrical instruments, as well as sockets and electrical lamps.
How to choose?
Selecting a convenient table for carrying joinery in many ways Depends on the preferences of the Master itself. Dimensions and functional additions of workbench models are determined Spectrum of tasks, What will be performed in the woodworking of blanks.
Dimensions of parts, their weight, the frequency of the workbench – all this plays a role in selecting the version of its execution. In addition, there are also general standards for which you can navigate when choosing:
- Determine what you need workbench for work – stationary model or portable;
- The joiner’s workbench should have weights and dimensions so that in the process of operation, the construction is absolutely stable;
- It is necessary to decide in advance with what devices you will need in your work, which functional additions should have a workbench;
- Choosing a model, pay attention to its dimensions and compare them with a surface area on which you will install the workbench – whether there will be enough space to accommodate the equipment you have chosen;
- Determine what maximum size and weight will be possessing the billets with which you have to work;
- If you need a compact workbench, determine whether you have enough space to store it in folded form, and whether you can install it on an estimated place to work in the deployed state;
- The height of the workbench should be selected, taking into account the growth of the person who will have to work behind it;
- Choosing the sizes of the countertops, consider where all additional devices will be placed so that the master can do without effort to reach your hand to any tool.
To choose a comfortable carboard workbench, not overpaying for those supplements that you will not need in work, we carefully stick all the advantages and cons of the models you like. Specialists are recommended to perform the selection of the workbench, mainly focusing on his purpose. If you want to engage only by woodworking work, it makes sense to pay attention to carpentry vestica versions.
And in the case when you still have to do with metalworking, it is advisable to choose Floating workbench.For a home master, a universal model is suitable, which allows you to perform both types of work.
The same principle must be guided and when choosing additional functional equipment to your workbench.
Choosing a joiner’s workbench, Pay attention to what kind of material is made by his countertop. Wooden table suitable for working with wooden blanks. Tabletop, weathered metal, can be used to work with metal parts. If we sew the surface of the table with linoleum, then such a workbench is suitable for working with blanks of small sizes, and the polypropylene coating will allow working with chemical components that are used, for example, when painting blanks – it may be varnishes, paints, solvents.
Joinery workbench for work can be bought in the finished form, through specialized trading networks or make yourself. The workbench made by his own hands will be convenient for the fact that he can answer all the wishes of the master, and its cost, as a rule, is lower than that of factory models.
In the next video, you will learn about the main differences and merits of classical carpentry workbenches.