Children bring joy until they start to show excessive activity. It is impossible to prohibit it, it remains only to send energy to a reasonable direction. The best way to do it is to equip the playground with their own hands.
Basic security requirements
Oddly sounds, the key point in ensuring security is the ability to change and improve the platform. The fact is that the children grow very quickly, and their priorities change faster. What inspires and causes delight in 2 or 3 years, is little fits in the older preschool age. And schoolchildren and look at such games with a light shadow of their own superiority. If something does not satisfy children, they will simply go to other places, and here no careful equipment will help.
For this reason, it is recommended that the manufacturer is made with everything with your own hands. Such a step allows you to maximally satisfy individual requests for a child or several children. But although fantasy is very necessary in such a matter, it is still impossible to ignore and protect.
So, any descent from a slide, any place where kids will go down or jump, should be equipped with rubber coating. Unacceptable categorically sharp corners and burrs, unprocessed tree.
All the slides and swings must be consolidated thoroughly. If some design is equipped with railing, they must be supplied correctly and gently. Strongly unacceptably the equipment of the playground borders from concrete. To cover the steps you need to use only soft rubber elements. It is useful to look at the site as if abstract, childish look: whether all potential dangers are clearly noticeable at the appropriate age.
If children find themselves inside the game equipment and other elements, adults should be able to help them without additional tools. Certainly unacceptable the situation in which water accumulates on the surface. She is obliged to drain from everywhere and dry quickly. This consideration directly affects the desired angles of inclination and forces to abandon a number of constructive solutions. Notice: It is required to refuse and use toxic paints of any kind.
Any weld seams should be varied smoothness, even a small protrusion or in this place is dangerous. It is prohibited to use equipment and decorative structures, the angle or the edge of which is not rounded or rounded with a radius of less than 0.3 cm. It is impossible to fix any part of the part so that you can disassemble them without using special tools. All closed facilities are made at least two mutually autonomous outputs located on different sides. Need to make sure that some way out will not be blocked.
Both mobile and fixed parts should be such that they could not stick parts of the body, clothing and hats. Rail width is limited to 60-85 cm. If children are played on the site for less than 3 years, the height of the barriers should be at least 70 cm.
It is impossible to make a barrier so that they can be easily climbing or sitting. Round passages in solid parts should have a diameter of 13 to 23 cm.
Immediately it is worth saying: it will not be easy to choose. The basic requirements are:
- Free overview of the entire platform from the part of the house where adults are present most often;
- removal from toilets, compost pits;
- minimal fertility (highlighting the territory capable of giving a plentiful harvest should not).
A logical step is to place an area for games near the walls or solid fences. Then it will work out to use the maximum zone that usually disappears without. Even more of this, you can optimally apply the territory for organizing games. Many children to taste are a miniature climbing climbing and rope stairs. Useful immediately to provide positions for the placement of stylized boards and other useful designs.
Reasonable question: how to choose the appropriate option to equip the site. There is a great solution – you need to put one or another attributes of children’s leisure activities in different places and watch what the most like the baby. Very important point – the level of illumination. It should provide balance: unacceptable both darkening and blinding hot rays of the sun. Approximately 65% of the site of the site is recommended in the shade, the remaining part is placed where the sunlight will be abundant.
Usually the most illuminated area is discharged for active games. If there are no shadow sources, you need to put a canopy, fungus or a major umbrella. But the playground should not be drafts. This kind of “Harding Experiments” will not lead to anything good. In addition, it is necessary to watch the electrical appliances and electrical networks.
It is extremely important that the place under the site was smooth or had only a slight bias. Any steep transitions are categorically unacceptable, because such relief differences create a greater danger.
Attention: nearby there should be no dilapidated trees and bushes, but ideally, in general, the trees are unacceptable. The recommended options for the design of the surface are as follows:
- sand (reservoir from 2 to 5 cm);
- Rubber crumb laid in bulk mats;
- sliced bark;
- Lawn based on persistent varieties of grass.
Drawings and sizes
The quantitative parameters of projects and diagrams of the playground must be selected very carefully. Very little children need a slight area where only sandbox will be the simplest shells. Even the need for a miniature pool is not always. It is much better to pay attention not to him, but a lawn or surface with a coating that allows you to freely lie on the ground.
All this is realized on space 4 or 5 kV. M. But when evaluating the required area, the size of the children’s corner is required to pay attention to other circumstances. So, more or less attractive for the game will be only the playground, the value of which begins from 8 kV. M. This is important even for the youngest children. It is recommended to remove them from the internal roads and economic facilities by 10-12 m.
Placing a device for a future orphanage on the drawing, it is not necessary to give preference to a classic rectangular version. The territory of arbitrary selected geometry is becoming increasingly popular. We must immediately think about how the game area will be combined with planning and decorator solutions near a private house. All walkways, the tracking platform or setting on its territory, be sure to do or straight, or with the most smooth reversals.
Purposeful struggle with natural relief is not recommended. It is much more reasonable to use the country’s already established configuration for your own purposes. So, steep slopes allow you to form steps for lifting.
And the most convenient descent is logical to turn into a slide slide. Often in drawings that are preparing experienced designers and designers, covered stones and fallen trees turn into game sites.
Making basic structures
When drawings are ready, and the dimensions are finally determined, it’s time to take. And first of all you need to make a fence with your own hands. There is no need to form a impenetrable wall, much better will be if the fence will be relatively low and most aesthetic. Designers even recommend applying a saturated color. If this condition is fulfilled, the type of material is no longer very significant.
As for the height of the barrier, the balance must be observed: bad when children can easily climb inside or out, but incorrectly and when adults can not look behind the fence. The optimal gap from 70 to 100 cm. Experts recommend making a grid barrier that facilitates observation and lowers the sailing effect in comparison with monolithic blocks. Even if a relatively strong wind blows, the risk of falling the fence is reduced to zero; Yes, and with the collapse of his special danger to children. It is advisable to use vertical binding elements (pillars, supports); Their output in the horizontal plane for the enabarity of the fencing itself is fraught with injuries.
Children at the time of the game least think about what is in front of them. The only place where horizontal oriented elements can be used – bottom barrier. Yes, and there they are needed solely to enhance stiffness and blocking animal access. Upper cut is defined smooth with rounding. Inventiveness Even kids does not know the barriers, and any irregularity will almost inevitably turn the injury.
Details of the fence are needed in a step of at least 0.1 m. In this case, the risk of head jams and other parts of the body disappears. Selecting and installing any material required to check whether it will power the load.
Almost always fence in the orphanage are prepared from plastic, metal or wood. Plastic is the least practical because it is distinguished by a small fortress and easily breaks.
Wood – the easiest and most affordable option. Notice: In order for the approaches to the site exactly to children, it is best to attract them to staining the fence, to the design of its drawings. Fully attractive will be catchy and unusual plots borrowed from cartoons, fairy tales and similar works. In the presence of welding skills, you can make a fence and metal. But you need to strictly observe the technology of staining metal surface.
For registration of the playground in the yard or in the country, you can build a train from wood with your own hands. A similar toy composition enjoys well-deserved popularity for many decades. And the manufacture of it will not require special professional skills. It is recommended to take a spruce or pine edging board. It is better to navigate to two sizes at once: 4×10 and 2.5×15 cm. Optimum length length 6 m, but to transport more convenient three-meter boards.
Base frame is made from less magnitude boards. So that the parts are pressed denser and kept stronger, it is required to use ending.
IMPORTANT: To build this detail, you must have a ready drawing on your hands to eliminate errors. Connect the details best with the help of self-tapping screws that are not subject to corrosion. So that the locomotive in the coming months did not lose its attractive appearance in the coming months, it is necessary to impregnate all the billets with antiseptic compositions.
Prepare and mounted a vertical frame, taken for laying the floor. Closing the cracks is achieved by the use of good. Boards accelerate along. The sidewalls of the booth are sewn with a 2.5×15 cm board, the length of which is 95 cm. Usually to make one side, grabs 8 integers and 1 overclocked along the board, still halves can be screwed from above.
IMPORTANT: When the roof is sewn in the booth, it is necessary to fit the boards maybe it is more dense, otherwise the rain will drive children. The window sills are made with armrests inside and outside. Total width – 5 cm. An additional strengthening of windows implies the installation of a pair of racks from the inside on each side. It is necessary that short details after opening of the openings have not risen arbitrarily.
Be sure to put inside bench. Dobors are covered with co-block. Make and secure racks supporting “locomotive” – with such a calculation so that you can later cover with their wheels. Setting the racks should be made symmetrically. After them make small (30 cm) and large (50 cm) wheels.
Speals are exhibited precisely under the racks, imitation of rails is performed using a 4×10 cm board. Typically, the width of the rut is 98 cm, and in length 1 rail reaches 2.5 m. Only after checking, making sure that everything is accurate, you can pinch parts of the “travel economy” tightly. When all this is done, for each of the wooden parts, the grinding machine is passed, and then sandpaper, after which the surfaces are painted.
The toy train for preschool age is practically perfect, but in an older group he is not serious enough. Therefore, for children, along with this wooden gaming composition, you need to prepare a sports zone. It is quite logical if it is completed with the calculation simultaneously on young people and even adult people.
ATTENTION: There are no little things in the selection of training shells, nor in their arrangement, nor in safety measures. For the manufacture of crossbars with rings, both wood and steel pipes are used.
The height of the arrangement of the rings make the changeable, to adjust the rope. For all almost ages, stairs made of metal, where it is easy to make a variety of exercises. The chain of such elements is most often constructed, the latter is calculated on adults. It is impossible to ignore the traditional components of the physical culture corners – the crossbar on which you can pull up.
Recommendation: With an acute disadvantage of a place or money, you need to combine the staircase and crossbar.
It is quite possible to use ropes and stairs from rope. They do not even need a mandatory removal of a specific area. As an additional elements, bars, other attractions and shells. But here there are no ready-made recipes – it is necessary to pick it yourself individually. Contrary to the traditional stereotype, the swing can not be set: the released funds are redirected to other purposes.
In addition to the listed designs on sites, it is often set:
- boxing pears;
- auxiliary ladies;
Throughout the territory of the playground, the presence of stumps, bushes and trees is unacceptable. To reach the minimum to reduce the danger of injury, the plot around any projectile falls asleep with a powerful sand pillow. In some cases, they even form a lawn, let it complicate, increases the cost of work.
For information: It is worth considering in advance how individual parts of the horizontal and other shells will be filmed. In bad weather, they are best moved under the roof.
When the crossbar is preparing, located on top of the bar first simply superimposed, and then welded. In advance, each part is cut into fragments, the amount of which is harmonized with the dimensional dimensional dimensions. At the same time, corrections for deepening. The optimal value of the top plank is selected so that the children can bite it without unnecessary problems.
There are subtleties when installing a simulator with a boxing pear. The ry-bolt is mounted for it, projected on an increased load. On the reverse side, a plate of a small size pressed with a nut. For the formation of the plugs, sheet steel 0.4 cm in thickness. Then profile pipes are treated, preparing round channels under the crossbar.
If you need to perform ribs for filling concrete, a steel corner is used 5×5 cm.
IMPORTANT: Supporting pipes should be placed by chalk, showing the depth of the ground. It is recommended to use corners of 0.4 m in length. They are attached to the pillars under the layer of concrete. In fact, these details are designed to perform the tasks of the reinforcement, improve safety.
It is advisable to use magnetic solobles: they make work easier and more accurate. Round crossbars are welded both from the inside and outside the tubular profile.
ATTENTION: All items need to be tailored on the seams so that they keep better. When welding is completed, metal parts are coated with anti-corrosion mixtures. Everything that is located underground should be smeared with mastic on both sides.
Just put even the very reliable elements and sports shells on the playground are not enough. It is important to still equip it, make it as beautiful as possible and more pleasant. It is necessary to the same degree for children and adults. Much can be created with your own hands: it’s not just a way to decorate cheaper, but also to fulfill all the work “with a soul”. Even if you have the opportunity to buy very expensive finished accessories, it’s still “not quite that”.
Common idea is the use of unnecessary automotive tires. But they are so easily transformed that creating a completely original design is not difficult. Most often made of tires:
- flower flower beds;
- Obstacles for training children;
- Decorative figures.
You can not just take and burrow the wheel. It washed in advance and dried. Suggested vertically auto strokes can form a ready-made improvised bench. There are a lot of things and options for arranging platforms using plastic bottles. It is recommended to apply a variety of bottled bottles from which you can make a figure of exotic plants, wonderful animals and so on.
Flat design structures are often composed of plywood. To make them elegant, you just need to apply building paints. Original, increhensible move – use of mounting foam. It blows into an arbitrary painted figure. Another great way to achieve your goal is to visit the river or lake shore, where you can take pebbles and gravel different colors and sizes.
- It looks like, really, the luxury platform in which a lot of labor is invested. But the result is worth. The original “train” of a dark tree ending with a steel slide, and a multicolored coating make a kind of unforgettable for children. Complements this impression of an extraordinary shape bench. However, this is not the only option to create something unusual, attracting views.
- This photo shows a children’s corner, equally well-fitted for preschoolers and high school students. The latter will like the diverse sports shells. The kids will like the draft concept, reproducing as if the “sky”, the “river” and the like details.
- Otherwise, it came to work here: designers tried to “smooth out” diverse elements in one whole. A romantic supplement to the composition is “medieval” turrets.
About how to make a playground with your own hands, look in the following video.