Paving tile and paving car under the car

When organizing parking, they usually use a special paving slabs of a large thickness. But even she will not last long, if you put it wrong. Therefore, before arranging parking, it is necessary to explore the rules for selecting material and laying technology.

Primary requirements

Parking space will be constantly exposed to high load, so the main requirement for it is strength. So that the surface has not failed, the paving slabs under the car should be stable. To do this, you need to choose a tile or a paving the high density and thickness. Mills of thickness for passenger and trucks are different.

Water is one of the factors affecting the service life. Since it destroys the tile, under the coating should be a drainage layer that prevents moisture penetration.

The surface of the parking space in the courtyard of a private house is needed smooth and dense. Between the plates should not be air emptiness. In order to protect the parking space under the car from destruction, you need to provide for the installation of border fence. This will make the coating more durable, and also prevents the tile offset.

These are the main rules, the observance of which will extend the life of a parking place in the courtyard of a private house. Correct installation will prevent the shift and destruction of the surface.

Selection of tiles and materials

For laying parking, you will need paving tiles or paving.

Tile should be put under passenger cars whose weight does not exceed 2 tons. Coating for heavier cars make stamp.

Optimum option – vibropressed material.

Consider the most significant characteristics of the material.

  • The thickness of the vibropressed products should be at least 6 cm. For parking lots of trucks, the surface thickness must be 8-10 cm.

  • The selected material must be dense, resistant to moisture, frost-resistant.

  • The size of the car parking modules should be small. The smaller the composite elements, the longer they will serve due to the load distribution between them. It is not recommended to exceed the size of 30×30 cm.

  • The form of modules is better to choose a simple, rectangular. Such elements are easier and able to transfer greater load.

In addition to the tile, the following materials must be prepared before installation:

  • peeled sand impurities;

  • Cement creates a hardening layer over the entire surface and on the boundaries of the site;

  • crushed stone (or a mixture of rubble and gravel), with which the drainage layer is created, preventing water accumulation;

  • Geotextile with a unilateral direction of moisture, which does not allow washing the subfiction and increases the strength of the coating;

  • Bordary stone, its characteristics depend on the coating – the thickness of the base and tiles, it must exceed their height.

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If all the necessary materials are harvested, you can go to laying.

Technology laying

In order for the automotive parking lot for a long time, you need to choose the appropriate material and produce high-quality installation. To do this, it is recommended to perform a sequence of actions presented in the algorithm:

  1. It is necessary to conduct preparatory work and place the place of future parking;

  2. align and tumble soil;

  3. make the installation of border stone on the surface of the pillow;

  4. On the prepared surface, install a drainage layer;

  5. On top of the drain layer, place the main layer;

  6. lay a tile;

  7. fill the joints with sand;

  8. Clean excess materials.

Layout and markup

Performance begins with the preparation stage. He assumes the choice of territory and its examination. The plot under the automotive platform should be uniform, without holes or bumps. Specialists advise him to make it under a slope (no more than 5%) to prevent stagnation.

Parking size can be any, but if the passage is laid out to the site, it is recommended to do at least 2.2 m. Such a width of the road will allow the machine and pedestrian to disperse. However, it is necessary to count and the size of the paving. If the width is a multiple of the size of the tile, then it does not have to short.

Getting to markup, you can use pegs with a rope or cord. Measurements are made using roulette. The rope must be stretched and fixed every 1.5 m on the spikes.

After that, in accordance with the outlined contours, the upper layer of the soil is removed to a depth of 30-35 cm. If the plot is large, then it is advisable to attract the tractor.

The surface must be smooth and rammed. You can try to ravage the soil manually or with a manual roller. Professionals for the rambling use vibrating plants. Whatever the tool is chosen, the ramming of each layer is needed qualitatively, otherwise individual parking lots can suit.

After that, the site must be poured with water, it will give an additional shrinkage of the base.

Drainage layer and border

After preparing the soil, the drainage is installed on it. Properly lay it in layer by the method of cake. Classic cake involves laying sand over ground. The thickness of the layer must be 3-5 cm. The sand layer must be aligned and shedding. Then it needs to be tamped. If the ground surface is uneven, then the sand is able to smooth her.

The classic version does not imply this, but specialists are advised at this stage to post a geotextile. It is placed on the sand layer, and the sidewalls of the canvas must be wrapped so that their height is 30 cm. Neighboring canvases have to overlap each other by 8-10 cm. Castled geotextile will prevent the germination of weeds and will retain a beautiful surface view. In addition, he will stop the rise of groundwater.

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Next layer – crushed stone and gravel. They are also tamped. The total layer should be at least 20 cm after the coupling. After that, the drainage layer is covered with geotextiles.

Before laying a drain layer, you need to install borders. They must rise above the paving slabs, but not more than 14 cm, otherwise there is a risk of damaging the bumper of the machine.

The curbon stone can be mounted in two ways: on a concrete base or with the help of bulk materials of the drainage layer.

For the construction of a border on a concrete base at the place of its laying, a removal is made in the crushed, with the help of a trowel. It is filled with a concrete mix of 3-5 cm. It puts the stone, which is then leveled, after which the crushed stone.

So consistently all the tiles are stacked. Between them should remain a distance of 5-10 mm. This gap will need to fill in cement-sandy solution. The border lays with a slight bias (3-5%) in reverse buildings.

If the track has a turn, then Grender is needed with a disk for cutting stone. With it, you can cut a curb stone on 4 parts that are used to create an arc. Between them should also remain 5-10 mm for filling with mortar.

A similar embodiment of a curb – fastening with backups, the curb will be kept on the drainage material. Vertical fastening of the curb will be provided by stubborn pegs that are clogged from the inside. Outside it should be added to the material of the drain layer.

On top of the drain layer, the main layer is stacked. It may consist of sand or concrete.

If the base consists of sand, the installation order is as follows: it is 5-7 cm with a thickness of 5-7 cm to the drain layer, shed water and tamper. Then the layer is covered with a dry cement-sandy mixture (1: 4) with a thickness of 6-7 cm. It also needs to be tamped and align the plastering rules by level. Now you can mount the paving slabs.

Concrete screed

Concrete base for parking is durable, but expensive. In addition, moisture is not selected through concrete. This means, with time, under the influence of water and low temperatures, the paving can crack. but If you correctly organize a drainage, the concrete base can be an excellent solution for parking, to which a large load will be provided.

In this case, it is necessary to create moisture constructions: the pieces of asbestos or thin wooden planks are placed in the concrete solution. Distance between them about 3 meters.

Concrete screed stacked with a slope. The percentage of the slope should be small, not more than 5% in the back of the existing buildings. If the parking area is large, then it is necessary to produce reinforcement. It is best to choose fiberglass reinforcement with a diameter of 8 mm. It is associated with ordinary plastic clamps, and then sliced ​​excess. The resulting grid is stacked on a drainage layer, a concrete screed is installed on it.

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If the air temperature is above +25 degrees, then after the day after installing the screed, it should be watered with water 2-3 times a day. A week later, you can lay a tile or a paving.

Power and finishing work

To put the tile with your own hands, you need to install according to the rules. The basis for which it is stacked must necessarily dry. Should not allow its wet.

To save the layer of submet to the paving, stacked from the edge of the border. Lay it away from the edge to the center. Around the perimeter you need to pull the cord at the laying altitude. The tile is laid in a row along and in a row of pass. Now you need to lay out the square, laying the blocking plots in the square meter. From the segment to the segment you need to move across the passage.

When installing tiles, the level is used. This will avoid height drops. Check with the level as often as possible, the pavement should turn out to be smooth. Align tiles can be rubber hammer.

If the tile is placed on the sand pillow, then the tiles can be laid, not leaving gaps. Although, as practice shows, they are still formed, and they have to fill in a mixture. On the concrete base between the tiles, the gaps are required no more than 5 mm.

The cement mixture M300 is scattered in between the tiles. It is scattered with a uniform layer throughout and distribute a brush between the seams. The mixture will fill all the slots and after the first rain will grab.

Construction work is completed by cleaning the territory. After a couple of days, the surface is spilled by water so that the cement is well grabbed. When this happens, you can start using a new parking lot. However, the more time it passes between watering and the beginning of operation, the better.

So you can independently make a parking in a private house or in the country. It is possible to do it with your own hands only if there is a special tool: rink or vibrating plates. In addition, it is necessary to understand that the size of the layers are listed, taking into account the already conducted rambling. It is necessary to carry out the calculations of the required amount of material, otherwise it will have to be ordered again.

To independently make a parking place, you need to consider many nuances of installation, but you can save a decent amount and be confident as a job.

How to put a blocking paving under parking, look in video.

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