Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Gatsovka – Building material used when laying paving slabs. From the material of this article you will learn what it represents, what happens exactly how it is used. In addition, we will tell you how the technology of laying on the galtsovka do it yourself.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

What is it and where applies?

Hard – two-component mixture of filling and binder. Its foundation may be quartz sand, flour, ceramzit, marble or calcium. The binding component is plaster, clay, lime, cement.

Hard and cement mortar – not the same. This is a dry stamping mixture used in the arrangement of paving tracks, which performs the function of the carrier layer. In addition, the material is used in the construction sector. In its composition originally no water.

With it, it is satisfied with floating floors, align the bases of any type (including aerated concrete). It is used as pulling putty for wall and ceiling floors. It is poured on the base under the laying of paving slabs.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Hard has a high hitch with a base. This is a cheap building material in comparison with the compositions of eminent trademarks. It is environmentally friendly, it is distinguished by a long service life. Allows you to restore the surfaces to their original type.

Material is demanding of compliance with proportions. He is not on the eyes, because it decreases the quality properties and durability of the product. It is easy to work, it is used for shtcloth, plastering, masonry.

They resume interputric seams, cracks in stone and wooden grounds. It is bought for masonry of brick walls.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Review of species

Gatsovka is classic and complex. In the first case, this material from 2 components. In the second – it may include several ingredients (3-5). At the same time, a new binder component is added to the binding component and filler.

Type of gartster determines its use. Paving tile usually placed on a 2-component composition of sand and cement. When you need to choose a pavement path or a large stone, you have to use a complicated mixture.

Gatzovka is classified by the type of strength. Based on this, allocate the degrees of M-1, M-2, M-3, M-4. The numbers speak of the number of parts of the filler with respect to the binder substance. For example, the M2 brand means that there is one part of the cement and two parts of the sand.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

In addition, the mixture is light and heavy. The grain of a lightweight gartster does not exceed 0.125 cm. Severe species includes components with grain size from 0.2 cm.

Gatsovka is an industrial and “home” cooked from the necessary components with their own hands. The proportions of the material are selected, based on the required strength of the final composition.

Industrial Material Sale in Packages 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 kg. In addition, it is found in the form of 1-ton “big-run”.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

How to cook?

Hard compositions can vary depending on the type of components taken. Sample mixture options can be viewed in the table.

Brand concrete

Mass composition C: P: Shk (kg)

Volume composition on 10 liters of cement, P: Shk (L)

The amount of concrete of 10 l cement (L)

M 100

1: 4.6: 7

41: 61

78

M 150

1: 3.5: 5.7

32: 50

64

M 200

1: 2.8: 4.8

25: 42

54

M 250

1: 2,1: 3.9

19: 34

43

M 300

1: 1.9: 3.7

17: 32

41

M 400

1: 1.2: 2.7

11: 24

31

M 450

1: 1.1: 2.5

10: 22

29

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Make a gartster uncomfortable. For this purchase components and prepare the necessary toolkit. Cooking technology lies in the correct connection of dry components. The liquid into the composition does not include at all. If you add it, the garment becomes a typical sandstop-cement mortar for laying tiles.

First on the aligned surface sift filler (sand, calcium). The presence of lumps and stones is excluded. Top add lime and cement, all materials are mixed.

Within 4-6 hours, the dry mixture should be placed water. Do it after laying.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

The material is poured right on the construction site. It is also mixed in the given proportions. If you need to create a reliable and durable basis for tile laying, instead of sand use fine crushed stone or granite crumb. Such a coating is arranged for zones of large patency and high load pavements.

Sand and cement ratio when preparing working material should be correct. If there is little cement in the composition, with time, vegetation will appear between the tiles, the root system of which will destroy the road fabric. If you use too much cement, paving will cover cracks.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Calculation of expense

The rate of consumption depends on the type of facing work. In the plaster of wall floors, the garment consumption is approximately 1.4-1.8 kg per m2 with an average layer thickness of 1 mm. When laying sidewalk tiles of calculation rate Other.

The exemplary consumption of the material is about 5 kg / m2, when the seam thickness reaches 3 mm. When calculating the required amount of material, the indicators of each ingredient are taken into account, the total paving area and the thickness of the laid layer.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Tile laying tips

Gatzovka is used as a dry cushion when paving sidewalks. Technology of this pavement implies the rash of the mixture on the prepared foundation. To do this, initially burst the pita, get rid of roots, stones and garbage, then trambling it with a small slope for drainage.

After that, on the bottom, the sand is shred, the tramblings are moisturized with water. Next fall asleep layer of rubble, creating drainage. After the rubble, the rubble is laid waterproofing. After this stage of paving technology using a garment may differ.

In the first case, the gartster layer is placed on the waterproofing, to which the tile blocks are submerged in the future. In the second – first equip the concrete base with reinforcement. And only after that they use Hard. In addition, the gartster is used to close the docking seams between tiles. To do this, it is filled with seams and compacted with water.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

Then the seams are re-filled with a dry mixture because it has a property sitting. It is necessary to rub it, and, like all the layers of the foundation, do it with a slope. Dry construction mixture must be trambed before laying a paving, using a special technique (for example, a vibrational installation).

The thickness of the dry pillow under the tile can be varied, which is associated with the weight and size of the sides of the bases of the paving and the planned load on the base. Hard layer thickness when laying a typical tile should be at least 5 cm. Based on the parameters of the modules, it can reach up to 70 mm.

To achieve the perfectly smooth surface of the garment layer, the mixture is equal to the rule of lighthouses or a long board. After preparing the pillow, you can put a tile. Each stacked stone is immersed in the mixture so that its height is located above the curb of 1-2 cm.

If necessary, it is poured with rubber xy.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

During the stacking constantly check the monolith of paving, using a long rail or cord. All items should be located at the same height.

Dry facing method is suitable for paving sections where the soil has a low moisture absorption. After the stratum of tiles from the hose hose reliably connects the lining into the monolithic coating. And thanks to curbstones, the probability of lateral elements is eliminated.

Description of the galts for paving slabs and its use

How to cook gartsy, look in video.

Rate article
( No ratings yet )
Share to friends
Rebuildhom.info - construction and repair, dacha plot, apartment and country house, useful tips and photos
Add a comment