Glazing balcony with their own hands

Balcony – multifunctional space in the apartment. Over the past couple of dozen years, he has evolved from the storage room for winter things, grandmother’s compotes and who have narrated its items that the hand did not rose to throw out, in the full part of the residential premises. Of course, this applies only to closed type options. If he is still blown up with all winds and is regularly covered in winter drifts in winter, the situation will save the glazing of the balcony with their own hands.

Views

Glazed balcony allows you to competently optimize additional square meters in the apartment, turning it into the office, mini-dining room, dressing room, playground, workshop for creative family members. You can smash in it a winter garden or equip a zone for your favorite pet.

You can perform glazing on your own, however, you need to consider some nuances of work.

First, it is important to understand what the difference between the balcony from the loggia. Many apartment owners confuse these concepts, and meanwhile the glazing of the loggia differ from the types of glazing balcony. The glazing of the loggia is simpler because it is limited to the walls on both sides – is “inside” residential premises. And the balcony is a design that protrudes from the wall of the facade of the building. He “hangs” above the earth and is delivered beyond the main area.

Secondly, you need to decide on the glazing method – cold or warm.

Cold consists of a single layer of glass and a lightweight frame. This method provides relative sound insulation, protects the room from dust, wind and sun rays, if the glass is covered with a UV filter, but does not hold heat. It is suitable for arrangement of summer kitchen on the balcony, temporary bedroom or office, and in winter – for storing products in the cold.

Warm glazing involves a more complex, heavy and reliable construction. And more expensive. It consists of window frames with a double seal and double-glazed windows that provide the ability to maintain room temperature on the balcony at any time of the year and use it in a convenient quality.

Installation of warm windows requires more time and strict compliance with conditions:

  • Good thermal insulation and waterproofing. Condensate hit between glasses is unacceptable, they will fiery and keep warm.
  • Ability to provide natural ventilation of the room.
  • Availability of air circulation system between balcony and room.

Thirdly, it is necessary to study the legal side of the issue, going to make changes to the design of the room. The balcony cooker is designed for a specific load. Excess weight permissible may result in its collapse, and this is fraught with negative consequences.

Nowadays, get a consultation of a specialist and permission to improve this plan, which were not provided during the construction of the house, quite easily. It is easier to spend a little time to study the housing code before starting work than to solve the problems that have arisen after.

The most common ways to protect the balcony from rain, wind, layering of street dust, frost and visits of the feathers are: Sliding glazing, panoramic, with removal, on the carrier frame.

Each type of glazing has its advantages and disadvantages.

Simple (classic) glazing with a wooden frame and single glasses belong to the cold method and is installed mainly in the apartments of Soviet type. It protects against moisture, noise and street mud, but not distinguished by special aesthetic and greater possibilities.

Sliding

The design is equipped with a special roller mechanism that makes it easy to move the sash and takes at least a place. The mechanism works on the principle of guide rails: the sash is moved one for another.

This type is not suitable for each balcony, a specialist consultation is required, however, for small balconies is the best option. He does not occupy no half of an excess centimeter, saves space, protects against insects, dirt and precipitation.

Negative points include the fact that roller mechanisms may not withstand the harsh conditions of the Russian climate in the winter season. If they frozen, open the windows will not be possible. The design implies single glass, so at a minus temperature in the room it will be cold.

Panorama

This type of glazing implies the absence of any frame. At the top and at the bottom, guides are installed with grooves in which glass insert (using special fasteners). Glass fence occupies all the floor from the floor to the ceiling, opening a beautiful view from the balcony at any time of the year. At the same time, the sections are glazed in various ways: sliding, swing, folding.

For panoramic glazing, a glass of special strength is used, with a special coating for the neutralization of thermal radiation. It looks beautiful and can provide maximum noise insulation. Has a number of shortcomings:

  • At high temperatures, the glass is glowing and heats up the room. During installation, you need to provide blinds. In the cold season, poorly retains heat.
  • The surface requires frequent washing, because dust is clearly visible on it, the flow of water after the rain is visible.
  • The design is generally much harder and more expensive than any other material.
  • Installation is associated with risk and requires high professionalism, so it can not be carried out independently.

With removal

The essence of the method is that steel profiles are welded to the balcony parapet on which a wide windowsill is recorded. It is the basis holding aluminum or plastic design for glazing balcony. Such glazing is suitable for narrow and small balconies with durable parapet.

Modified balconies look beautiful (especially if the greenhouse is placed in them), expand the space almost and visually, have a functional wide windowsill.

The disadvantages include the fact that its own weight of plastic structures is quite large. It is necessary to correctly assess the current performance of the plate and parapel. Aluminum frames have a smaller weight, but they keep worse heat. On such a balcony will be cold in winter.

With carrier frame

The most difficult way that implies serious changes in the appearance of the outdoor side of the balcony and requires a large amount of time and several pairs of workers hands. At the same time, it is the best, since it allows you to glall the fully open balcony, which does not even have a visor, and turn it into a warm residential premises for the next 15-20 years.

This glazing of Soviet type is popular – despite the complexity and high weight. His advantages:

  • Welded frame made cheaper than other materials. At the same time, it is characterized by greater durability and wear resistance.
  • As a painting coating suits the usual enamel for the bathroom. It gives a beautiful resistant color, shine, reliable protection against corrosion, and it is much smaller than PVC.
  • Ability to install Visrek. It will not only turn the balcony in the residential premises, but also will allow the load on the upper overlap and load the balcony slab less.
  • Can replace parapet frame. Install the frame easier, it costs it cheaper, and in appearance does not give up a panoramic balcony in an elite house.
  • Rama is easy to insulate drywall and foam plastic.
  • You can insert windows of any type – from traditional wooden to whole glass.
  • Thanks to the strength of the frame on the window, only wind load lies, so they can be made any width.
  • The problem of the old parapet does not play. It can be eliminated, and the carrier frame – to make it lower or higher than the previous level.

Materials

The glazing system of the balcony is represented by a set of leaflets for windows, windowsill, heat-insulating material (most often it is foam), external mounds and interior decoration.

The choice of material directly depends on the purpose of the balcony room and determines the final value of the changes made. If the balcony is used as a place for drying linen and storage of preservatives, it makes sense to give preference to budget materials: light aluminum frames or durally and single glass. Such a balcony will be tangled, and the difference with a minus temperature on the street will be no more than 6-7 degrees.

If the balcony is planned to arrange the office, playroom for children or place for receiving guests, it is worth choosing more reliable and expensive materials. It will be a “complete” or “insulation” glazing, which will allow you to use the balcony as a residential premises at any time of the year or combine it with a room by dismantling the wall between it and the balcony.

Plastic frames

Convenient in that they do not require additional efforts to insulate the balcony. In the case of low-budget repairs, simple Light PVC frames and single glass, massive windows with double-glazed windows. For better tightness, you can jar.

The choice of type of glass packs determines the ultimate goal of repair. For any technical characteristics that satisfy the requests, the basis of the windows of this type will be a frame-profile of polyvinyl chloride. The kit includes all the necessary fittings, as well as a single-layer or multi-layer sealed glass.

The frame (static element) is mounted in the window opening, and the “stuffing” can be chosen at your discretion: in which direction the sash will open whether the window will open with the impress (cross-straightframes along the horizontal or vertical line), which will be the planks on which the glass is fastened what glass windows will be made from.

The most common material for the production of double-glazed windows is four-, five- or sixmillimeter glass. In a separate group it is worth highlighting “Triplex” – double glass with a layer of transparent tape.

The double-barker can be single-chamber or two-chamber – depending on the number and parameters of the chambers.

PVC-frame from the inside also consists of a certain number of jumper compartments (rigid ribbies). Their purpose – create segments filled with air in the profile cavity. The more compartments, the higher the heat resistance.

The amount, volumes and placement of air segments inside the profile are strictly defined, because some of them are necessary to provide stiffness, the part provides the water outflow, and the part is needed for fastening the accessories.

The level of heat shields directly depends on the thickness of the glass pack and the distance between them. The warmest will be a balcony, which is glazed with double-glazed windows of different thickness and on different widths from each other. An important role is played by seals that are paving on the edge of the glass.

As for the glass, it can have different properties:

  • Reflex reflects the sun’s rays;
  • reinforced – fire-resistant;
  • tempered – shockproof;
  • Painted absorbs solar energy;
  • Laminated provides excellent sound insulation (another feature of the “Triplex” is that with a strong impact it is not broken into the fragments, and cracks and remains inside the film).

Wooden Rama

Their appearance has undergone significant changes over the past few decades, but the tendency to install wooden frames continues to grow. They have a small amount of advantages, if you compare them with the same PVC profile: beautiful, natural, environmentally friendly. However, the disadvantages are also not very much – they require high-quality installation and good care. The tree needs to be treated with special protective solutions and paints, otherwise it will quickly lose sight, start rotting and crumble.

Glass in wooden frames can be inserted any. Cold single without sealing will make a balcony beautiful but unsuitable for use in winter season. Dear insulated double-glazed windows with a seal will be solved at once two tasks – and aesthetically, and practical.

In wooden frames, stained glass or pseudo-beaded glass looks beautifully. It can be ordered from the wizard or perform his own. You can do this with the help of a stencil printed on the printer, and ordinary acrylic paints on glass. If there is no time or desire to engage in creativity, you can purchase ready-made film stained glass windows on any subject.

Aluminum Rama

Aluminum profile – the most relevant version of the glazing of the balcony. This is due to the fact that in most old houses the condition of the balcony plate and parapet leaves much to be desired. Installing a heavy steel frame on them is not very safe, and aluminum is quite lightweight and does not give such a load on weak overlaps.

Convenient aluminum profile on small balconies. It allows you to save or even expand the space for several tens of centimeters (due to the frame with the removal). Frames from this material look aesthetically, they are rather durable. If you paint their protective enamel, the service life will increase significantly.

The most important dignity – he misses the room much more light than a profile of wood or plastic. And this is especially important if the balcony is used as an additional residential space, and not the second storage room.

Precautionary measures

Getting Started, first of all it is necessary to think about how to minimize the risk of injury, its and passersby below. Miniature home coffee house in the spirit of Montmartre is, of course, good, but safety is above all. First of all it provides a safety belt. The most reliable is the industrial, but for one-time work is quite suitable for high-quality sports.

Choosing a belt, you need to pay attention to the length of the safety pala (cable). It should not be too short, so as not to make it difficult to work, nor too long, so that there is no traumatic jerk when falling. Optimal length – 2.5 meters.

It is necessary to take into account and information on the product certificate. The safety belt and carabiner must withstand the load up to 400 kg. Do not purchase a product without specifying this information and incorrect products.

At the time of repair work, the safety pharm is fixed with an anchor stud with a metal colanguoy. Tsangu must be fixed to the capital wall (at least 15 centimeters in depth), and it should be screwed into it until it stops – with a screwdriver or mount.

“Do it yourself” – does not mean alone. Glass is not only fragile, but also enough heavy, so it is recommended to perform independent glazing of the balcony at least with one partner.

When own safety is provided, it’s time to take care of others. Hardly compensation for the health caused by the harm from the mount fallen on the neighboring head enters the estimation of the cost of repairing the balcony. The space below should be protected by a bright construction ribbon. It is worth warning about the intended works of neighbors from the upper and lower floors.

Training

Balcony glazing requires a thorough approach. Preparation for repair work is carried out in stages:

  • Cleaning. The first thing from the balcony needs to be taken out of things, remove the blinds (if they were installed), eliminate everything that can interfere with while working.
  • Evaluation of the operational state. When the balcony is not climbed, it must be carefully examined from the inside and outside – for damage, diligence, whose concrete, cracks, rot. If the state of the plate and parapel is satisfactory, you can start up to the next stage.
  • Elimination of defects. During the inspection of the balcony, problems may be discovered in the construction of the house. Before installing the profile and glazing, it is recommended to align all irregularities and sites that may make it difficult.
  • Security.

How to glazing with wooden design: step-by-step instruction

Self-glazing of the balcony with a wooden structure implies the sequence of steps:

  • Preparation of the surface to work. When the balcony is removed, examined and put in order, it is time to get rid of all internal and external coatings. Then you need to eliminate the accumulations of dust and other pollution.
  • Measures. The accuracy of the measurements of window openings determine how well the frame will be adjusted to the base, so it is important to be extremely attentive and reweper the resulting values.
  • Installation of a wooden “box”. “Box” consists of wooden bars forming the base for the frame. It is fixed at the level of active balcony railings and top timber. Side baits are mounted on the left and right surfaces of the wall. All bars are fixed with metal brackets.
  • Installing the crate for interior balcony. If this step is provided in the repair, it is performed until the glazing of the balcony. When the surface of the walls, the floor and the ceiling is covered with panels or clap, you can start using windows.
  • Installing Ram. Before starting glazing, glass must be inserted into the frame and fix. They are made to order (individually), acquire ready or perform independently – from profiled wooden bars with grooves.

The windows are inserted into these grooves, pressed by rails and fixed with nails from three sides.

  • Processing of slots insulating materials. Even with the most thorough preparation, it is impossible to assemble the frames completely without gaps as a good designer. Be sure to leave the gaps that need to be treated with palaws or mounting foam.
  • Installation of trimming. Carried out after thermal insulation, in no case do not.
  • Treatment of wooden frames with protective means. The coating that protects moisture is applied in 5-6 layers. Then the frame can be highlighted, paint, or leave clean.

Installation of metalplastic

The most accessible type of glazing without the help of the master. During the installation and installation process, you will need: drill, screwdriver, hammer, spatula, knife, self-tapping screw, mounting foam.

Action algorithm step by step:

  • Billet Reiki. 10-15 fragments 4 for 4 cm, which are needed to align the parapet line and correctly set windows by horizon.
  • Removing a glass frame. The manufacturer delivers a solid design of PVC and double-glazed windows, but before the installation of the glass frame must be removed, otherwise the frame will be laid.

To remove the glass winds should be carefully exposing them to a row at the wall. For reliability, you can shock a soft cloth or thin foam.

  • Removing sash with window loops.
  • Installation of the undergraduate profile. This is a mandatory element of the kit necessary for convenience in the installation of the window sill. Its height is only 20 mm, it cannot be installed without a coaching profile.

To install a profile, you need to turn the frame to 180 degrees, insert it into the groove, fasten on the bottom side of the frame wooden (not steel) hammer.

  • Installation of frame mounts. Rates from each edge of the frame of 15 cm, on the top panel, fasten the plate – with a hammer and self-tapping screws from 3 cm.
  • Installing windows. The most difficult moment at this stage – fix the frames on the parapet. It is necessary to do this with assistants so that the frame does not “peck out” per perimeter. It is important to consider that the self-tapping screws are not driven into a dowel, but screw.

After fixing the top level of the frame will be held quite reliable. Then you can fix the rest of the parties, connecting them with the help of screws at a distance of approximately 6 cm.

The connected frames are aligned using the level and plumb.

  • Processing of slots and gaps from the outside.
  • Installation of the window sill.
  • Installation of slopes and swells. At the same stage, the processing of the perimeter of the window and the joints of Silicone is performed.
  • Installing double-glazed windows.
  • Hanging sash.

How to glall balcony Sliding windows See next video:

Frameless way

Aesthetic frameless glazing is chosen in the case when the room must be inserted into the maximum of sunlight. It is a sliding system of shockproof glass (transparent, tinted or stained glass). No frames and partitions are absent, and glass upstairs and downstairs are attached to metal profiles-rails.

On the lower profile, under the extreme sash, a fixing tape is placed, which is needed that the opened flaps do not come into contact with each other.

Such a balcony can hardly be warm, because to fit the glass to each other without gaps will not work. The only way to reduce the gaps – acrylic interconnect seals. They are included and designed to wear them on the edges of the glasses as covers.

The system is equipped with rubber seals that are paved outside – between the sash and the aluminum profile. They are needed in case of wet snow and rain.

The system seems easy enough, but it is very durable (at the expense of thick glass) and perfectly protects against precipitation, wind, noise. Glass thickness is selected according to the balcony height. With a height of over 200 cm, a thickness is required not less than 8 mm, with a height less than 2 m, 6 cm. The width of the flaps varies within 60-80 cm.

In conclusion, we bring to your attention a video, which tells about the methods of the economical glazing of the balcony.

Rate the article
( No ratings yet )
Add comments

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: