Expansion of the balcony

    The expansion of the balcony is a legitimate and fairly simple way to increase the area of ​​the apartment. Of course, it will increase not at 5-10 square meters, but enough to stop keeping old skiing on the balcony and the sweaters, and think about the desktop, playground or home greenhouse.

    Methods

    The choice of a method for an increase in space on the balcony depends on the type of balcony and its size, the height of the floor, the current operational state, the ultimate redevelopment objective.

    Balconies are distinguished by type of construction:

    • On cantilever beams. The carrier plate is supported by steel beams, in blurred in the wall of the facade of the building at 40-50cm. Used mainly in the homes of the old fund. .

    With this type of balcony, it is possible to expand it at any height if the parapet is strong enough

    • On the cantilever plate. The carrier plate of reinforced concrete as it were “pinching” between the upper and lower part of the wall of the facade. You can change this design only in brick homes. Modern buildings from aerated concrete and ceramoblocks may not withstand additional loads, then the design will occur.

    • On external supports. Balcony slab below supported by brackets or columns. This method is convenient because it allows you to significantly increase the area of ​​the balcony, but it is likely that the foundation of the column or facade will begin to settle unevenly, which will lead to the destruction of the construction. And the second drawback – to install columns can be possible only at an altitude of 1-2 floors.

    • Potted, attached, mounted.This is a modern type of balconies that can “attach” to the ready-made building with supports and facial racks.

    Often for them it is necessary free space below to install fasteners, consoles and racks.

    • Balconies-loggia. Such balconies are half in indoors, and half protruding the edge of the wall of the facade. It is also possible to increase them in several ways, but such projects are more difficult to agree on and implement, since the reconstruction of the balcony-loggia may affect the bearing walls and is very different from the reconstruction of a full balcony or loggia.

    Permissible changes are determined by the capabilities of a particular type of balcony and its location above the foundation. Equally, it is important to estimate what is the topical technical condition of the room, and whether the stove will withstand the extra weight of the exhausting structures.

    You can adjust them in several ways: on the windowsill and on the base of the plate.

    Expansion on the windowsill

    Expansion according to the technology of “Kosyanka”, produced during the glazing of the balcony with the removal. This method requires smaller time and cash costs and can be carried out without legalizing changes. Its essence lies in the fact that metal profiles (designs from channels and corners) are welded to the existing railing), on which a remote window sill width from 10 to 35cm is located.

    The area of ​​the floor remains the same, but visually the volume of space increases, and the place is released on the functional windowsill and above it.

    You can use the windowsill at your discretion, it is strong enough and relieved and will withstand any manipulations. The weight of one-piece design depends on the type of materials used for glazing. If it is a PVC frame and double-glazed windows, the method is suitable only for the balcony in perfect technical condition. Aluminum profile can even be glazed balcony in the house of the old fund.

    Such a frame has no big weight and does not bear the risk of collapse.

    Since the aluminum and duralum profile belongs to the cold type of glazing (that is, they maintain a small difference with a minus temperature on the street), the balcony is used as a seasonal room. In the summer, it is possible to equip a place for family tea drinking, a sports field or a sleeping place for guests, and in winter it will be ideal for storing conservation and breeding plants.

    Stove Base Expansion

    A more time-consuming and expensive process, in most cases, requiring decisions of legal issues.

    There are three options:

    • Technology “Butterfly”. Ensures an increase in area due to the installation on the sides of the glazing balcony at an angle of 45 degrees. The useful area is practically not increasing, but more light begins to penetrate the apartment, and the windowsill can be extended to the left and right. It is possible to expand both with one and on both sides, but the symmetric option is more aesthetic.

    One-sided expansion suitable for corner balconies.

    • Technology “Takea”. The optimal option to increase the real balcony area by a third. Installation of remote structures is possible both by the widest side of the parapet, and for all three.

    • Combined technology. It looks beautiful and gives a greater increase in the square, the combination of “butterflies” and “removal”. In this case, the widest part of the plate increases by a third, and the sides are installed on the sides of oblique windows forming a trapezium.

    The process of capital expansion on the base of the slab consists of the following steps:

    1. Cleaning on the balcony. First of all, it is necessary to release the workspace to adequately assess the technical condition of the balcony, to endure things, eliminate the defects that were allowed during the construction of the house.
    2. If the repair is made without the involvement of specialists, security measures must be provided before work;
    3. Dismantling glazing and parapet if they are;
    4. Expansion of the base for the selected method. At the same stage, a visor is installed for balconies on the last floor;
    5. Installation of the lonely fence;
    6. Mounting frame;
    7. Glazing balcony;
    8. Finishing works on the inner and outer side of the balcony;
    9. Cleaning construction trash.

    In general, the process of expanding the balcony is not difficult. The main stages can be viewed in the following video:

    Is it possible to increase without permission?

    Planning change – a delicate matter. It requires a serious approach and study of the legal side of the issue. Often doubts arise, and is it possible to increase the area of ​​the balcony without permission from the relevant instances? The answer to this question depends on how cardinal changes are planned. For example, to expand 30cm space and less such permission is not required, and all other changes are carried out strictly on legal grounds, as the redevelopment of the apartment is considered.

    If there is no time and desire, you can limit the visual increase in space by three dozen centimeters, but this may be unprofitable. Before starting to implement the idea, we should thoroughly weigh the possible costs in both cases and possible benefits. It often turns out that wins the long-term procedure for designing reconstructed living space with the design of all documents.

    Paperwork

    When the decide on redevelopment is made, the need to prepare a package of documents that will allow administrative “good” to repair.

    How does this happen?

    • First of all, it is necessary to declare in the urban department of architecture about his desire to carry out overhaul. To do this, it is necessary to issue an application for permission to develop a refreshing project and transfer it to a special commission. The Commission will decide on time from 30 to 90 business days. This scheme is valid for apartments located on the 2nd floor and above. For the property at the level of the first floor, in which the redevelopment implies the construction of the foundation, the project will be approved with the organizations managed by the land plot under the residential house.

    • When the affirmative answer is received and confirmed by written permission, the following stage comes. He implies an appeal to the design organization specializing in the development of projects to change the layout of residential premises.

    The project that meets all the requirements of GOST will be ready during the month.

    • The finished project must be coordinated with the fireman, the sanitary and epidemiological service, the Ministry of Emergency Situations. If it is approved by all instances, the owner of the apartment is issued an order to start repair and construction work.

    • Works are performed in strict accordance with the plan. Any deviation from it will require the execution of a technical conclusion about the admissibility and security and new review of the project, which will take several months and may not be approved. When redevelopment is completed, invite a special commission consisting of employees of the City Council, members of the Communal Service, representatives of the project organization that participated in the development of the project.

    After that, BTI records a new layout and a metrar in real estate documents. Valid changes are entered into an apartment plan. If you skip this stage, sell real estate after redevelopment will be quite problematic.

    What will happen if you start redevelopment without permission?

    The law and the housing code contains the rules regulating cases of the construction of illegal buildings. As a rule, these changes are detected or when trying to sell real estate, or upon admission to the administration complaints from neighbors, which one way or another interferes with redevelopment.

    Little of two angry will need to legitimize changes. This is a long-term process for a period of 3 months to six months, during which the property owners risk getting not one fine and pretty nerves.

    With the worst development of events, the construction will have to be dismantled by returning the Balcony the initial species. At the same time, dismantling can be done at times more than repair itself.

    The final list consists of the following paragraphs:

    • Statement from the owner of the property with the indication of the planned works and the regulations of their implementation;
    • Documents confirming that housing is owned (must be certified in the notary office);
    • Also certified by the adequity of real estate owners and persons permanently residing in it;
    • Redevelopment project with a copy of the license of the organization that performed it;
    • Conclusion on a satisfactory technical condition, supported by the organization’s license, approved the change;
    • A number of documents from BTI, which includes a package of a residential building and explanations to the architectural project. If the planning changes have already been made earlier, they should also be reflected in the references;
    • Certificates from authorized organizations: APU, SES, MES, DEZH, HOA, GosExpertizi.

    Create a project

    In the process of creating it is important to take into account that any change in the guise of a residential building is a reconstruction, which is carried out in order to improve housing conditions. Most of the changes made to the configuration of the residential premises and its architectural appearance are mandatory consistent and must be approved in all instances.

    There is a risk that capital changes will not be approved, so some details must be taken into account:

    • The harder the changes are conceived, the more difficulties will arise with their agreement;
    • The reconstruction of the balcony should not be reflected in the neighboring rooms. If the construction leads to the appearance of cracks on the walls of the apartment from the bottom floor, it will have to dismantle. If the stove is too protruding after expanding the plate, it will prevent the light on the adjacent balcony – it will have to disassemble. The fate of balconies is also completely obvious, which is still in any way that hinders residents from neighboring apartments;
    • To approve simple layout, a sketch reflected in the BTI floor plan, and the complex requires a whole project;
    • Forbidden a complete dismantling of carriers and supporting elements;
    • It is forbidden to warm the balcony, installing the radiator or other heating devices on the walls adjacent to neighboring;
    • It makes no sense to build a plan for the reconstruction for a building standing in a demolition in the next three years;
    • The project will not receive approval, which will negatively affect the appearance of the facade or violates fire safety;
    • It is almost impossible to get “good” to the reconstruction of the balcony in the house, which is considered a historical monument;
    • Legal force has a redevelopment project, which was drawn up in the design organization (software) that carries out licensed activity. Otherwise, it cannot be adopted for consideration and agreed;
    • By the beginning of the planning work, it is obliged to provide the owner of the property written conclusion on the current operational state of the balcony;
    • In violation of the integrity of the carriers and reference elements, coordination is required with the author of a residential building project (research institutes);
    • The duration and budget of coordination is determined by the nature of the changes, the placement of the room, the height of the floor, and other factors.

    The order of work on expanding with your own hands

    The increase in the area of ​​the balcony without the involvement of specialists is a complicated, but feasible. To perform it, necessary: ​​the ability to work with a welding machine, knowledge of the basic properties of materials (in particular, the strength and characteristics of metal structures), knowledge of the safety bases for performing work at the level of the first floor.

    All works are performed at least with one partner, with strict safety.

    Start in any case follows from the project. Whatever changes – a wide windowsill for flower pots or turning a balcony in a living room, they should be carried out on legal grounds. If there is no time and desire to hammer the thresholds of housing and communal and administrative organizations, it can be limited to an increase in the balcony area by 30 cm.

    Next comes a queue of standard balcony preparation procedures for redevelopment. It starts with elementary cleaning, and ends with the dismantling of the old parapet.

    Parapet cuts almost completely. You can leave 30-40 centimeters of the length of the carrier racks that are needed for the welding of a new frame. Then on the wall of the building facade of the building fixes the frame of the rectangular shape – a new bearing base of the balcony.

    First of all, the upper and lower metal pipes are installed in parallel above each other. They lay the length of the extended floor. Most often to avoid difficulties in coordinating the project, the length of the removal does not exceed the half-meter.

    The next step is the installation of vertical pipes. They are mounted in the crossbar in the same way as the first two and fixed by anchor bolts. Then the metal frame is welded at four corners. It turns out a one-piece, monolithic, reliable design, providing a new balcony frame.

    On the frame you can already mount the mounted balcony. The procedure begins with the formation of the lower crate, that is, first the floor is built. Form its profiled pipes that are paved perpendicular to the vertical of the facade of the building and weld to the frame.

    Last bar in this block of work – installation of the facade pipe.

    On, conventionally designated, the second stage is carried out in the vertical plane. A pair of vertical racks is installed and welded, to which the contour of the cutting frame will later fall. When he is welded, the whole design should resemble the parallelepiped in the wall. Hold its durable anchor bolts and safety crossbar located below the diagonal.

    The most difficult behind. At the final stage, horizontal crossbars of the new parapet are installed, which will keep windows with glazing. In the intervals between the crossbars, vertical guides required for fastening cladding from the inner and outdoor side and insulation should be welded. Distance between guides – 50-100cm.

    When the facade of the new balcony is equipped, there comes a queue of another time-consuming procedure – balcony glazing. How it will (cold or warm) and from which materials (aluminum, wood, PVC) depends on the type and weight of the exhaust design. If it is massive in itself, it is not necessary to increase the load on the beams and the stove, limiting the aluminum profile. If the performance state allows you to use heavier materials that give “warm” glazing, you can stay on the PVC-frame with double-glazed windows of different thicknesses installed at different distances.

    Such an option is the most aesthetic and allows the maximum to maintain heat in the cold season.

    Expansion of the apartment at the expense of the balcony in “Khrushchev”

    Reconstruction of the premises of the Old Fund deserves separate attention. Small-sized “Khrushchev” were built in the sixties of the last century, so some of them relate to housing, which is not distinguished by reliability. Invalid calculations and poor-quality execution may result in serious consequences, so work on the expansion of the balcony area in the old house from and to must be carried out by professionals.

    If a resolution is obtained, the expansion of the balcony occurs in the same stages as in the new building: dismantling the old parapet, installation of the carcass, insulation, glazing, internal and external balcony finish.

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