Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

In the modern world, a stylish image, taste, elegance and functionality are of paramount importance in the interior and space. This can not be achieved without the latest technologies that can bring landscond and convenience in our dwelling. The main element in the design of any room is the lighting and correct choice of lamp, which will give a special atmosphere and comfort by room.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Varieties and characteristics

It is known that the light is vital to everyone without exception, because precisely thanks to him and solar energy develop all living organisms on our planet. Long path from kerosene lamps to modern electricity passed humanity. During this period, light sources have acquired many varieties:

  • Normal electric incandescent lamp With a metal spiral inside the flask (known from Soviet history called “Ilyich Lightbulb”), invented and patented by American Thomas Edison at the end of the XIX century is the most widely used type. Light from her reminds warm solar due to the predominance of yellow tones of the spectrum of the glow. It is very easy to use, but has a very small service life and consumes a lot of energy, it is also very sensitive to voltage drops, so practically does not apply in designer design, but it is used everywhere in general lighting, being the cheapest option for the house;

Decorative lighting lamps

  • Energy Saving (most often luminescent). Such sources have become very popular due to their economy, because it allows you to significantly reduce the cost of electricity, while having a high high-turn ratio. In indisputable advantages, it is impossible not to note some drawbacks: first, it is mercury pairs contained in the flask and providing staffing of such lamps. Secondly, ultraviolet that is emitted during the operation of this lamp is harmful on our eyesight. But recently it is possible to reduce this problem with a special coating applied to the inner side of the flask and absorbing most of harmful radiation. There is a wide variety of source species data for decorative use;

Decorative lighting lamps

  • halogen lamps are upgraded incandescent bulbs in which the spiral is increasing to higher temperatures, which allows you to get more light radiation. Its service life four times longer than a conventional incandescent lamp and is approximately 4 thousand hours. Due to its small sizes, they are often used as point lights for stretch ceilings and furniture;

Decorative lighting lamps

  • LED also called energy saving, but superior them in their indicators. The service life of these devices is almost 3 times longer and reaches a hundred thousand hours with almost one hundred percent light product. They are also very safe, are the most environmentally friendly lighting devices, do not emit ultraviolet and do not heat during operation. The scope of their application significantly expanded from the moment of creation: from indicator light bulbs in electronic structures to lighting devices in cars and up to full sources of decorative light in the interior.

Decorative lighting lamps

Each of the presented types of lamps may have special characteristics. For example, electrollamps with motion sensors that ensure that the light sources are turned on and off at a certain period of time (with the onset of dark or in an unlit room) and when moving objects in the zone of the sensor. When fixing the movement of people, cars and other objects in this area is stopped, the light is turned off. Most often, such electrical appliances are installed with street lighting, in the entrances of houses, at industrial enterprises.

Decorative lighting lamps

Such sensors are suitable for almost any species of lamps, but the most economical is definitely LED. The variety of sensors makes it possible to even control the lighting intensity – these are dimmable lamps, with the help of which the power of the light source is adjusted thanks to a specially mounted device (light control). Dimmer allows you to change the light stream from 10 to 100%. Such original devices help to ensure comfort and give an incredible atmosphere to the whole interior.

Decorative lighting lamps

If for some reason it is impossible to connect to the local power grid, always helps the wireless LED lamp on batteries.

Such lamps have become very popular worldwide due to mass use in any conditions and situations. There are special furniture, wall-mounted, suspended lights on batteries that work for a long time, decorating and lighting your space.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

How to choose?

When choosing a lamp or chandelier, it is necessary to focus on what lamps will be compatible with them. There are differences in the form, magnitude, power and base, by means of which the lamp source is inserted into the cartridge and electric current comes. Usually the base of the base is metal, ceramics or plastic.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Each lighting source is available from one to several ammunition with adapted precisely for this model fastener.

Types of bases

The electrician presents many samples and modifications of the caps. In everyday life, we usually deal with two main groups: threaded (what happens more often) and pins.

The threaded has a screw connection with the cartridge and marked with the Latin letter E. This type is the most chassis in everyday life. The number followed below shows the size of the base (thread diameter). Most often light bulbs have two compound parameters – E27 (the most famous, which is used not only in incandescent lamps, but also in energy-saving species) and E14 – option E27, but with a smaller diameter called “Mignon”. There are different shapes: ball, mirror, “pear”, “drop”, “Candle”, “Mushroom”. For more powerful lamps, for example, when illuminating the streets (in spotlights, street lamps), industrial enterprises, shopping centers are used by the E40 base (“Goliath”).

Other options for screw bases are presented in Table: (see. table)

Decorative lighting lamps

In some countries, for example, Canada and the United States, due to the network voltage of 110 V, the parameters of the screw samples are not identical to European standards. And, accordingly, the diameter is found specific: E12, E17, E26, E39.

Pin base with two metal pins connecting the lamp with a cartridge. Mark by the Latin letter G, and the number behind it indicates the distance between the contacts, for example, G4, G9. There are even additional designations (x, u, y, z) which are subdivided into modifications. These samples. We must not forget that these species are not interchangeable.

Learn more about pin types – in Table: (see. table)

Decorative lighting lamps

Type G4 is used in miniature halogen lamps at a voltage of 12/24 in. Designed for decorative design and point lamps.

The G5 sample is operated in gas-discharge (luminescent) sources with a tubular type of diameter of 16mm.

Special modifications GU5.3 Made for advanced types of energy-saving LED lamps, which advantageously highlight ceilings, shop windows.

Special design – GU10 with thickened pins, which for installation in the cartridge is scrolled to the full fixation of the lamp in the castle. It is used in places where ordinary lamps without proper fixes may fall out (for example, in suspended ceilings).

Decorative lighting lamps

In addition to the above, there are quite rare samples of basements:

  • R – with recessed contact (designed for high power, are used in high-intensity devices and operating in AC networks);
  • S – Software with bilateral contacts that are installed like fuses (used to highlight automotive salons and license plates, when highlighting mirrors, equipment for scenes in theaters and concert halls, as well as in lightweight hotels, restaurants, bars);
  • B – pin (bayonet, from FR. The words “body”) – have round pins, convenient for installation in the grooves of the cartridges that scroll by fixing the lamp. Created for a quick change of light bulbs. A subtype of Ba has been created, which contacts the contacts are asymmetrically, because of which the lamp is fastened in the cartridge in a certain position, allowing you to flawlessly focus the light flux of car lights (and headlights for the correction of near and far lights), navigation courts.
  • F is one-axis common in three subtypes: cylinder, corrugated on the surface, special in shape;
  • P – focusing – apply in heavy duty spotlights and lanterns, are indispensable in film projectors, navigation lights. Inside these bases, a collecting lens is installed, the guide of the light stream in a certain direction;
  • T – Telephone – Designed for indicator light bulbs, electronic blocks, signaling devices in automatic panels.

Decorative lighting lamps

Also, when choosing any light source, it is necessary to be guided not only by its aesthetic qualities, but also to predict how well this option will look in the interior of a particular space.

Material of manufacture

Lamps must meet all safety requirements and manufactured from refractory materials. Basically, it is porcelain, metal, crystal and heat-resistant plastic. Many designers love to apply wood, fabric, and even paper, but such products are fragile and not always reliable, keep them away from the obsessing items.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Plastic devices are rather durable and safe, unpretentious in care and will delight you for a long time.

Decorative lighting lamps

Glass and crystal lamps enjoy the greatest demand. They are very reliable, fire resistant and practical. In addition, they have high aesthetics and harmoniously fit into the design of the dwelling.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Types of glass

Glass – one of the widespread materials used for lighting. Currently, more than five hundred of his species for the manufacture of lamps are known. Here are some of them:

  • clear glass Ideally passes the light, used in various beams and reflectors;
  • frosted glass Allows you to get a soft light without bright glare, which is perfectly relaxing and soothes the look and nervous system;
  • colored glass introduces element of joy, cheerfulness, good mood;
  • Mirror glass give the interior mysterious and at the same time a modern appearance.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

How to locate?

In order not to make a mistake with the dimensions of the lamp, it is necessary to clearly represent the dimensions of the room. Light sources are of various sizes: from miniature light bulbs to large ceiling. Little lamps fit perfectly into small low-strength rooms and install them in sufficient quantities. You can apply diverse options that attract attention, distract it from some shortcomings of a small room. Thunderies are more suitable for spacious rooms with high ceilings.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

For walls, it is always very appropriate to adapt small sources on the type. Mirrors will ideally look in the frame of special devices with a focused light source. The dining area in the kitchen will be functional with a bra that having a straight directional light stream.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

The concomitant illumination with flags in the form of a ball will create uniform lighting and give originality due to the matte or color glass.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Any rest room needs a calm muted lighting for relaxation after the working day. For this case, the floor lamps do not fit the bedroom. It is interesting to look at the flooring of different sizes. They are appropriate to be located in the darkened corners of the room for the evilution of these sites, due to which the room will visually look more.

Decorative lighting lamps

In a small room you can try to install a floor lamp with a bulk lampshade, which will create additional space and comfort.

The bedroom is ideal for wall scaves in bed or outdoor and desktop lats. Dressing table with a mirror you can form a pair of point electrical appliances.

Decorative lighting lamps

In the kitchen, you can combine several sources illuminating each of your zone. For this, it is impossible to get point lamps. In the center it will be good to look at the original ceiling or lampshade.

Decorative lighting lamps

The living room should be bright, bright and modern. There are receptions of guests, various family celebrations. Very boldly and aesthetic will look a large chandelier, equipped with many light bulbs.

For zonal accents it is appropriate to place spotlights.

Decorative lighting lamps

Colors

In a small place, the function zones can be highlighted not only by light, but color:

  • emphasize any object with a light beam;
  • Select individual spaces with color illumination by placing a few light bulbs under the ceiling, which must be colored, and concentrate them into one place;
  • To accommodate different lamps for their zones with the incomprehensive color of the lamp.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Lampshairs can also be colored, but be sure to harmonize with the overall setting. But for styles of modern and high-tech, the devices of clear colors are suitable – black and white.

Style diversity

Any dwelling should look aesthetic, fashionable, individually. It helps to create a positive mood, getting satisfied with domestic sessions, makes rest in it pleasant and relaxing. Interior luminaires will give your home unique grace, charm, will make the room truly irresistible. Today, designers offer a huge selection of styles, colors, sizes, forms that can completely transform your room, living room, bedroom. Whatever style you do not prefer, remember one thing that the color scheme chandeliers, a ceiling or lampshar and their bases should be uniform.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Studio apartment needs to be zalny and properly pick up each part of its version of the light bulb. In the kitchen-dining room to the place will be launched over the table having long decorative cords.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Classic style In the design of the room there are simplicity and grace. Lamps must be capacious, without excess creativity, with a minimum of jewelry. The main one to allocate aesthetics and interior style.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

If you are adherent High-tech style, Choose glass or plastic lamps with an abundance of brilliant and metal elements, spherical and trapezoids, which successfully emphasize the style affiliation. Especially relevant LED ribbons.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

In the 20s – 30 years of the last century originated Art Deco style, who did not lose its relevance almost a hundred years later. The main accent is the right geometric forms: spherical, cubic, polyhedra. Such lamps are sometimes compared with the ancient Egyptian pyramids.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

For connoisseurs of style minimalism Not acceptable color sizes and cordiality. The prevailing colors are moderate – gray, white. Easy, ease and simple geometry – the main criteria for such lamps.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Lovers of rustic style The lamps made from wood and fabrics will fall to taste, which forces do it yourself. Coloring them in rural motifs, you can create additional comfort and comfort in any space.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Bright and bold style Modern Inherent expensive materials: quartz, marble, leather, natural wood, glass, semi-precious stones and inlay. All options are preferably handmade and not designed for mass production.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Original bionics direction (from the word “bio”) appeared in the 70-80 years of the last century and expresses unity with nature. Lamps in this style – bizarre form: marine inhabitants, bouquets of leaves, flowers, silhouettes of animals, insects ..

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Deconstructivism style Virtual Reality and Computer Innovations will appreciate. Neon backlight and LED tape create optical illusions, tolerate imagination to other space.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Irony style, appeared at the end of the past century, peculiar, humor, carelessness. Modern options with point lamps will fall asleep to children and perfectly fit into any children’s.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Eclectic style allows you to mix multiple styles and options, making a modern room even more bold, bright and individual. The main thing is not to overdo it and fulfill everything with taste, if necessary, trusting the experienced stylist. Often many designers use the original version of one or more styles.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

The clock on the lamps is a new trend in time display. The unusualness of these models is that the display, reproduction and countdown is performed using gas discharge lamps. These are retro indicators produced in large quantities in the 70s and 80s of the XX century as Soviet production and foreign. Used primarily in hours and measuring equipment (easily recognizable vacuum lamps). Experts believe that these lamps are able to work for another 15-20 years, without losing brightness.

Decorative lighting lamps

Decorative lighting lamps

Such clocks are distinguished by exceptional accuracy and clarity, you can program the display mode of the date and time, to expose the timer, two alarm clocks at once. Collect such models ordinary radio amateurs, experimented with dimensions, shape, design.

You can buy them in specialized online stores.

Decorative lighting lamps

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