- Causes of spot formation
- Probability of spots disappearing on their own
- Cosmetic remedies for spots after acne
- La Roche-Posay Corrective Cream Gel for problem skin Effaclar Duo(+)
- Levrana Re-Fresh
- Aravia Professional Azelaic Correcting Cream
- Cosmetic treatments for acne spots
- Facial Cryomassage
- Fractional photothermolysis
- How to avoid pimple spots
The face is everyone’s calling card. But the skin without pimples or their consequences (spots, marks) can boast not everyone. Approximately 90% of the world’s population has experienced acne at some point in their lives. But don’t despair. There are many cosmetic products and salon procedures that can completely get rid of traces of hated rashes.
Our experts have delved into the topic, communicated with beauticians and dermatologists, so now they are ready to explain the causes of the appearance of spots, provide examples of the best cosmetic products and beauty salon procedures that can solve such a problem. And they’ll also share practical tips on how to avoid post-acne.
Causes of spot formation
Inflammation is a specific sequence of reactions in the skin, designed to destroy the infection. The body takes great pains to prevent pathogens from getting into the systemic bloodstream, so locally, in the center of inflammation, it tries to destroy the infection. A pimple is an inflammatory process in miniature. The body reacts to it according to the scenario described above.
In the inflamed area first there is a vasospasm, and then their expansion, leading to local hyperthermia (increase in temperature). At this stage, you can just see that the pimple is maturing. The immune system sends white blood cells there. After the pathogenic flora is destroyed, there is a process of tissue regeneration and the formation of new blood vessels.
Pimple spots and marks are divided into 2 types:
Stagnant spots. These are small pockets in which the microcirculation has been disrupted. Congestive spots also include areas where new blood vessels have begun to form. If to generalize, the spots after pimples (red, bluish, purple) are an accumulation of dilated capillaries. This condition is properly called “erythema p ostinflammatory.” .
Post-inflammatory pigmentation. It is the accumulation of melanin that occurs after a pimple. Its appearance is promoted by the individual characteristics of the person. Melanogenesis is usually abnormal in patients with endocrine disorders and those with a phototype above three.
Some people have these 2 types of spots appear at the same time after a pimple has healed. In the upper layers of the skin, pigment accumulation is found, and below – dilated capillaries. Congestive spots more often appear in the owners of delicate skin prone to swelling, hyperemia, bruising.
Probability of spots disappearing on their own
Sooner or later, stagnant spots go away on their own. But it takes longer if the inflammatory process was very intense. If the pimple was small, after about 10 days, it will be gone. Traumatized pimple spots (girls press them to get rid of them as soon as possible) last up to 60 days.
Pigment spots that appeared against the background of inflammation, are also able to disappear on their own. This is because the pigment is excreted together with the skin cells during their renewal. How fast it is depends on the depth and amount of pigment. Usually these spots disappear after 2-3 months, but in some cases it may take up to a year.
Cosmetic remedies for spots after acne
Stagnant spots require treatment with products that improve microcirculation (thyme, centella, niacinamide). Read about the influence of niacinamide on tissue regeneration here.
With post-inflammatory pigmentation are important components: hydroquinone, acids, retinoids, vitamin C, niacinamide, arbutin, licorice and soy extracts. They accelerate cell renewal, prevent the accumulation of pigment and lighten it.
La Roche-Posay Corrective Cream Gel for problem skin Effaclar Duo(+)
French dermatological cosmetic brand La Roche-Posay has developed the Effaclar Duo, a multi action corrective +. Removes effectively the signs of problematic skin, clears clogged pores and makes the skin more even-toned. It corrects heavy forms of acne perfectly, prevents post-inflammatory pigmentation.
The product has a good soothing and softening effect on the skin due to the presence of thermal water. With its systematic use the skin of the face is cleared, the existing spots after acne are brightened and over time completely disappear. It is non-comedogenic and quickly absorbed. This cream-gel is an excellent foundation for make-up.
Russian natural cosmetics brand Levrana has developed Re-Fresh regenerating serum. It is designed for problem skin. This product is a very effective remedy for the after effects of post-cancerous lesions. The serum has an almost instant anti-aging effect, eliminates skin imperfections and evens out skin tone. Its composition includes: lactic acid, aloe vera gel, calendula hydrolate.
The serum is applied once a day on previously cleaned skin before going to bed. It can be used topically on lesions. After it has been completely absorbed, it can be used to apply creams and ointments. To see results, the serum must be used as a course.
Aravia Professional Azelaic Correcting Cream
A leading Russian manufacturer of cosmetics Aravia has developed cream with azelaic acid Azelaic Correcting Cream. To combat acne, it is a godsend. This substance eliminates inflammation and regulates the sebum production. The perfect SOS product to help correct inflamed lesions.
This product also performs well when used for the purpose of getting rid of spots after acne. It evens out the skin’s texture and has a brightening effect. Helps the regeneration of the cells. When used systematically it minimizes the appearance of post-acne, lightens pigment spots and erythema.
Cosmetic treatments for acne spots
In the office of a cosmetic dermatologist to solve the problem of spots after acne can be offered a variety of procedures. If erythema and age spots after acne are present at the same time, several techniques can be combined.
There are many treatment options, but they all fall into 2 large groups:
Mechanical peeling (procedure preparations containing herbs, crushed fruit stones and similar). When using such products it mechanically scrapes the upper layer of the skin.
Chemical peeling (with retinol, glycolic, resorcinol or other compounds). In the process, the upper layer of the epidermis is cauterized with chemicals. Over time, it dies off and peels.
Peelings should be selected by an experienced cosmetologist. He will take into account the peculiarities of the patient’s skin and existing problems. To achieve the maximum effect and reduce the possible side effects, it is important to follow the instructions and protocols of such procedures precisely. The first results are usually visible after 5-6 treatments. Read about the treatment of acne scars with retinoic acid and glycolic acid here.
This is a procedure of treatment of the skin with liquid nitrogen. In the process, there is a slight feeling of coldness and tingling. A cryo-massage session is performed with a cryoapplicator. Thanks to the procedure tissues are saturated with oxygen, blood vessels expand and contract, tissues are nourished, metabolic processes are intensified. After a full course (the number of sessions is determined by the beautician) almost no traces and spots from pimples remain.
A more advanced method of laser treatment of the skin is considered fractional photothermolysis. Since during the manipulation the rays affect individual points, the treated area forms a mesh. The efficiency of this procedure is quite high, and the effect on the skin is less traumatic. The recovery period of the skin after such treatments is noticeably shorter.
How to avoid pimple spots
In order not to try to remove spots and marks from pimples in the future, you need to adhere to these rules:
Don’t squeeze pimples. If you keep doing that, it is guaranteed to leave some spots or even scars.
Use local remedies. If you have a single rash, apply creams, ointments pointwise on the pathological focus.
Seek the assistance of a cosmetic dermatologist. If the rashes are multiple, do not self-treat. A specialist will assess the situation, prescribe an adequate treatment and advise on proper care.
Use an adequate skin care product. Pay attention to special product lines for problem skin. Do everything together: from proper cleansing to the use of sunscreen.
Reconsider your diet. Fast carbohydrate-rich foods (candies, rolls, fast food, sodas) worsen the condition of skin prone to rashes.
Each case of spots and pimple marks requires a different approach. Usually a combination of several cosmetic products and, if possible, a number of salon procedures. But first and foremost, it is important to visit a cosmetic dermatologist. You need to discuss with him the different options, their strengths and weaknesses. It’s also helpful to ask a specialist about the techniques that interest you most.