Rosa Rugosa, or, in a different way, wrinkled rose, rigosa, is a rosehip and refers to the family of pink. Like all rosehips, this plant is unpretentious, distinguished by beautiful small flower, sweet aroma and healthy fruits. Most gardeners choose a dog rose for landscaping and drawing up border compositions on their sites.
Motherland Ryshovnik is the northern hemisphere. Rigoza grows mainly on sea coasts, for which the plant got the name “Coastal Flower”. It is also found in nature reserves, environmental zones. Roszus Rosza – splashing shrub whose height can reach several meters. Branches are different in their form. There are soil grades – stalks are added over the soil, and ordinary – rise above the ground. Old branches over time are completely taken and treed, acquired brown.
Roshose rose foliage lush, reminds “Harp”, crown size – up to 2 meters. Young leaves depending on the variety stained in bronze-green shades, formed dark green sheet (there are varieties with gray-green foliage), glossy, rough, “wrinkled”, in the fall of the plate painted in a bright yellow shade. Buds single or collected in brush up to 8 pieces.
Fragrant flowers are large, painted in many shades of white, pink depending on the variety. There are terry (up to 180 petals) and standard (5-7 lobes). Blossom abundant during the summer season since June. Some hybrids re-blooming. At the end of August, small orange-red fruits are formed.
This rose is unpretentious, resistant to temperature difference. Plant is able to develop on fresh, salted lands. Differs good winter hardiness, often found in areas with a cold climate.
When analyzing the description of the characteristics of the rugosa, you can allocate the main advantages of the plant:
- fragrant shrub with a pleasant smell;
- undemanded to the composition of the soil;
- It does not require special care;
- Rosehip almost does not hurt;
- withstands temperature differences;
- richly blooms;
- Size, form of plants, allow you to create blooming bleeds and other compositions.
Formation of rugose stems in a vertical position along the hedge or support will allow the plant look like a rose rose. This method is often used to create blooming fences, when creating a long-term landscape compositions or as a decoration of one of the walls of the house.
Varieties of wrinkled rosehip differ from each other with a tint of buds, its size and number of petals, the size of the bush, the form of shoots.
Queen of North
The plant has a high frost resistance, resistant to fungal and infectious diseases, is distinguished by a rapid growth rate. Rosehip reaches a height of 200 cm, in cold areas, the height of the bush is not more than 100 cm. Flowering long, from June to early September. Flowers are large, terry, diameter up to 12 cm. Color Petals Saturated Pink, White Pink.
Fruits are rich in useful elements, apply for making jams, compotes, tinctures.
Spacious shrub tall up to 250 cm. Blossom occurs in the summer, in favorable conditions, it is possible to repeated formation of floral kidney. Flowers Large, Pink Tint Petals. At the end of August, fruits painted in orange-red. The variety is distinguished by the simplicity of care. “Rubra” is used to form blooming hedges, planting in a mixture.
Hybrid derived in 1918. On shoots are located in brushes up to 10 raspberry and red shada buds. Flower diameter up to 4 cm. Rosehip has become popular thanks to the extraordinary form of bud, externally similar to the carnation, which is why he received another name – “clove” rose.
Hybrid of the usual Grootdorland, characterized by pink flowers. The height of the rose reaches 150 cm, a bush with light green leaves, wrinkled shape, with a shiny outer surface. Flowers small, diameter up to 3 cm. Blooms “Pink Grothendorst” abundantly.
It is recommended to plant a plant by group landings, creating a flowering hedge or mixtore.
The variety of “Rubra”. Shrub height up to 250 cm. The buds are painted pinkish gamut, their form resembles a bowl, the diameter of the blossomed flower 5-6 cm. Plant Abundant, with a weak fragrance. It shows itself next to other cultures in group landing.
Flowers “Alba” painted in white gamut. This variety is withstanding Siberia frost, therefore recommended for growing in regions with a harsh climate. Blooming rose robes abundantly, the aroma is almost not felt. Shrub suitable for the formation of various compositions, hedges, flower beds.
“Hans” externally similar to Alba, but flower petals of this plant are painted in a pale pink shade. Often the plant is combined with different low-spirited cultures.
The smallest plant of this species – the height of the bush reaches a half-meter. Large plate large, wrinkled, bright green. Buds are painted in shades of purple, the diameter of the blossomed flower – 9 cm. This grade has a strong aroma. Perfectly tolerate frosts, does not require shelting for the winter period.
How to choose saplings?
Seedling can be graft or grown from a cutter with an already formed root. When buying a plant, attention should be paid to the following signs and criteria:
- Preference should be given to annual seedlings;
- The plant with open roots is easy to survive relocation and landing in a new place, the main thing is not to give the roots to dry, for which it is recommended to wind the root system with a wet cloth or put in a package with a small amount of water or wet earth;
- Shoots of seedlings are smooth, without damage;
- It is not recommended to acquire seedlings with blossomed kidneys, such a plant is the hardest adaptation in a new place;
- Saplings sold in stores in packs can be weakened by long winter storage, their root system can be overpower.
Wrinkled rose recommended to plant in spring. For culture, you choose an even solar place on the south side. The soil is worth picking a loamily saturated with humus. At the depleted lands, it is necessary to add an organic organic to the landing houses. Before planting the root system of the plant is placed in a clay boltushka, the pit fill the bucket.
Rosehip landing in the warm region is possible at the autumn time. Bushes are located up to 150 cm from each other and from neighboring crops. When growing a living hedge, landing is carried out within a meter between plants.
The height of the bush should never be covered, otherwise it can lead to the death of the plant. The depth of the new pit must match the depth of the old hole. Fresh planted bushes are abundantly poured, put on top of dry soil and tamper. To facilitate the adaptation of the plant in a new location, the roots before landing are soaked for several hours in water with the addition of growth stimulants – “Korenev”, “Epina”.
Rugus prefers bright places with wind protection. The most successful solution is to plant a plant on a southern slope or even space, fenced by a fence or other buildings. When disembarking a bush in a mixture, plants have under shadow of higher crops, trees. Wrinkled rose almost unpretentious to temperature differences. The best rosehip develops at 16-22 degrees of heat. Able to briefly carry out freezing to -40 degrees. Young plants should be protected from the effects of low temperatures arising at night in the autumn-winter period, covering the bushes with insulating material or film.
When growing a shrub in the northern regions, the full shelter of the bushes for the rest of the rest of the plants in the winter months.
The humidity level should be moderate. With an increased moisture content in the soil, the likelihood of the development of infectious and fungal diseases of the root system increases, which will ultimately lead to the death of the plant. In the rain period, it is recommended to cover the plant with a film to reduce the amount of water, as well as after the end of prolonged precipitation, refuse watering and spraying during the week.
In the hot season, watering is produced as the upper layers of the soil burned approximately 5 cm. Abundant Spraying Required Plant in Morning and Evening Watch. It is not recommended to produce spraying in sunny weather, as the falling water rays on the water drops on the leaves can lead to a shelter burn burn.
The plant does not require careful care, the main thing is not to forget about the feeding of rosehip. Rose is the most responsive to organic fertilizers, so more than two times in the season it is necessary to make a solution of a cow and humus under the root of the plant. The feeding is made in the spring and autumn period (after trimming).
During the growing season, the plant requires iron and magnesium. Complex mineral fertilizers apply throughout the year, with the exception of winter months. Fertility is recommended only after watering the plant, otherwise the root system can be “burning”.
If the rose hips slowed down or froze the formation of floral kidney, it is worth using special compositions for garden roses.
Soil looser is produced only in the first years of the plant’s life (up to three years). During this period, there is an active formation of the root system of shrub. Mulching begins in the spring season and ends in autumn. Each month is produced disposable loosening of the soil throughout the diameter of the landing fossa. This procedure reduces the activity of weed growth, the oxygen access to roots and retention of moisture in the upper layers of land improves. For mulching it is worth collecting sawdust, dry leaves.
The first formation is performed on the second year of the life of the rose after landing. Pruning begins at the end of April before the young shoots will be formed. Old, patients and unseen shoots are removed. On each branch leave up to 6 kidneys. When the bush is rejuvenated, complete plant trimming is made, all branches are removed for a length of up to 15 cm from the height of the bush.
During the flowering period, the bushes do not touch, waiting for the formation of fruits. Flower kidneys are formed at the ends and in the upper third of the length of shoots. After biting, the Escape is shortened to the first sheet with 5 plates. Branches with fruits are shortened by the same principle. Guns in one place on average lives up to 20 years. The plant transplantation is made only in the case of plants infecting, reduce growth and flowering intensity. The procedure is performed after the end of flowering, fruit formation.
A bush need to dig into the depths of the landing pit, trying to hurt the young roots. Together with a lore land, the plant transplants to a new place. After planting a bush, it is necessary to hide abundantly and make fertilizer.
Plants older than 7 years are not recommended to replant due to the deteriorating ability of a rose riding to suit on new land plots.
Application in landscape design
Rigoza is widely used to create flower beds and landscaped compositions in garden sites, in parks, squares and other places. Alba variety due to its height (up to 200 cm) is often cultivated as a living hedge.
White rose is planted with coniferous plants in group compositions, most often on the forefront or as bushes of “borders” separating the area of the site to zones. Rosehip Crown is easily served trimming and formation.
Pink varieties are grown as stock rose, combine with other varieties of pink bushes or sizes mix. Pleette species are suitable for landscaping walls of houses, arches, fences. Soil rose hips are combined with juniper or other spreader evergreen bushes, with blooming plants – peonies, iris, chrysanthemums and other.
About how to care for a wrinkled rose, look in the following video.