White Papers: Description, Landing and Care

Phackle, as well known as Potentilla, is a perennial and very diverse plant. It has more than 300 varieties. Most of them are frequent guests of various gardens and landscape decoration. And some even possess healing properties.

In this article we will talk more about one form – White Phack. We will tell you about the main features of this interesting plant, as well as share knowledge about how to plant it, breed and care for him.

Peculiarities

Phackle has a lot of other names, for example, “Kuril tea”. The fact is that Plant is rich in vitamins and other useful substances.

In the former times, and now, too, this plant was brewed in boiling water. Also, its separate varieties are used for the manufacture of anti-inflammatory and painkillers.

Still the laptop is often called the “five-hundredth” because of the appearance, which we will understand a little later.

But still, thanks to long blossom, the laptop is planted in the gardens and in the household sections. Despite all its advantages, this plant is extremely unpretentious and steadily. It transfers any weather whims and can survive even frosts up to -30 degrees. Therefore, the nepochtka feels great and in the wild. No wonder her Latin name comes from the words “power” and “power”.

White painter in science is called Potentilla Alba.

First of all, it is a decorative plant. It has not been studied for healing properties. However, folk healers continue to apply it as a natural medication.

White painter sprouts mainly north of the equator. Most focused on the territory of Europe, including the middle part of our country. This plant can be found in Germany, in Ukraine, on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, in the Caucasus and many where else.

According to Botany scientists, this specification, unfortunately, reduces its population for two centuries for. Wine all over agricultural territories.

According to the description, the White Pepper is a grassy or shrub perennial plant.

The period of its flowering, which usually begins in May, can last from 2 to 4 months. At the same time, its height reaches from 10 to 25 cm. Due to its unpretentiousness, the nepochtka grows almost on any soils, even dry and poor, clay. But for this she needs light. Therefore, the plant is most often found on the meadows, slopes and forest edges. In the forests themselves, you can hardly find it. Phackle looks like an inexperienced eye can confuse her with strawberries.

Rhizome plants, according to the characteristics of botany, is characterized by thick and small branchiness. It is covered with small scales. Stems at the laptop short and thin, branched, but with a very small number of leaves. Stalks are also covered with many pressed silky hairs. Root leaves are five or troops. Have long cherries.

They can be distinguished on a dark brown shade and slightly oblong shape, which narrows to the base. At the top there are teeth.

Flowers are located on long legs. Themselves are rather large with wide petals. Color how can I understand from the name, white. Such are the main features for which you can recognize the white palm.

How to plant?

Like many other varieties of the laptop, this kind of unpretentious to external conditions. Nevertheless, it is better for her to choose a place where she will arrive in the shade of other plants. She is enough to get light for 6 hours a day. If the sunny rays will constantly fall on the palm, its flowers fade and lose the former beauty. And in order for the culture well, she needs a loose and weakness soil with good drainage and a small content of lime.

Landing can be made in autumn and summer, and in spring. However, experienced gardeners are recommended to do this in the spring, preferably early after the snow melts.

Due to the surface root system, the plant does not need a deep pit for landing. It must be two times wider and deeper than the earth around the seedling. After digging the fumes of suitable sizes, put a few lime gravel on the bottom of each of them, which will appear as a drainage. It, by the way, can be replaced with broken brick or river pebbles.

Then you need to fill the pits with a special mixture. She is preparing out of humus, sand and leaf land. Each pocket is filled with half. Next remains to add 100 grams of mineral fertilizer. Now you can put a sapling into the pit, but not deepening it to the root neck remains above the ground. When snowing it is worth using pure earth without additives. After that, it can be tamped and pouring.

In the first 3 weeks, it is necessary to water the laptop every time you dry up the top layer of the soil. To slow down this process, the land can be mounted with straw or sawdust layer 5 cm. As soon as the plant is rooted, the frequency of irrigation will need to reduce.

How to care for?

White Pepper Cultivation requires some care that does not differ in difficulty. It includes standard procedures:

  • Regular watering;
  • loose;
  • feeding;
  • Trimming.

Resistance and ability to adapt allows the plant to survive and in dry conditions. But it is better not to risk and water him when the earth begins to save. On one bush should leave for about 2 buckets. And if the summer was arid, the amount of irrigation should be increased twice. Weeds better delete as the appearance. Timely weeding and loosening allows you to saturate roots with oxygen. But do not forget that they are located almost on the surface, and they are easy to damage in the process of loosening.

Do not deepen at the same time more than 5 cm.

Feed the palm to each spring as soon as the first green leaves appear. For these purposes, sulfur-like potassium or phosphate fertilizer fit perfectly. The mixture is prepared from 30 grams of a substance for 10 liters of water. The process of feeding does not cause any difficulties, but it provides lush flowering.

And if you want to provide your palm with a long life, you need to provide her extra fertilizer in the very first month after landing. For this Gardeners use a mixture of one machine of urea for 10 liters of water.

Pruning is a mandatory part of the care, if we are talking about a shrub pallet. She may be:

  • formative;
  • rejuvenating.

The first type of trimming allows the bushes to keep the perfect rounded shape, which will look great in any garden. In addition, it provides abundant bloom – for the summer, the number of flowers increases several times.

Forming trimming can be performed in early spring or autumn. We recommend the first option, because more adult branches will allow the branch better to transfer frost and withstand snow masses. And when the cold will go and snow melts, they can be removed. In the warmer regions of Russia, the trimming is better to spend autumn, because in the spring of the gardeners and without it there is enough worries. To successfully complete the pruning, you will need a pretty acute secator, as the diameter of the branches can reach one and a half centimeters. Bad secateur will only flatten them that it is undesirable.

Also arm yourself by fan robbles. With their help you need to clear the land under the bush, removing the grass and fallen old leaves.

Then you can proceed to the pruning itself. Damaged and dry branches better remove completely. The rest need to shorten one third or half, but not more. Watch that the bush retains a symmetrical round shape. After trimming it is necessary to treat Garden Warr.

Rejuvenating trimming is carried out every 5 years, and it is more radical. You need to crop all the branches so that only a 20-centimeter foam remains from the bush on the ground. After that, the laptop must hardly fertilize that young branches will be thrown faster. Soon the bush will again gain a beautiful appearance.

To cover the footage for the winter is not necessarily if there is no loud frost in your region.

    Both shrub and herbaceous varieties standstry cold. TJust need to cover seedlings landed in autumn. On this care behind the white paint ends. Thanks to these, the bush will be able to live in your garden for more than 20 years.

    Methods of breeding

    Exist 4 ways to multiply a white packer:

    • seeds;
    • cuttings;
    • champions;
    • division bush.

    For breeding with cuttings best suits July.

      They are harvested from the 10-centimeter ends of the stems, you only need to cut the flowers. Rooting on average takes 5 weeks. It can be carried out in a wet perlite, located in the warm room, or right in the soil. In the second case, you need to provide cuttings shaded shelter. You can use glass jars or cropped plastic bottles. At the same time will have to spray the cuttings several times a day. Any boutons are recommended to cut off as soon as they dismissed the cuttings.

      Reproduction with letters – the easiest way.

      It is performed in the spring. Need to choose the closest stem. For him in the soil is preparing a small groove. Then there is an incision on the stem, down which you need to put it in the groove and sprinkle the earth. By the autumn he will have time to let his roots. Finally, it is enough to separate this bush and transplant to a new place.

      Division can be performed both in May and at the very beginning of September. To do this, you will need a bush with age from 4 years and older. Dock it and rinse the rhizome water. To prepare a decene, you will need a very sharp knife. And do not forget to sterilize it. After division, at least 2 kidneys should remain on each defense. Their roots should be treated with a means to stimulate growth.

      When landing in the soil between each new bush on average, 30 cm of free space should remain.

      Diseases and pests

      High resistance to diseases significantly facilitates care of the palm. But this does not mean that your plant does not threaten anything.

      Still, three very annoying diseases can be distinguished, which are able to hit the white paincha.

      • Spotted – fungal disease that can be determined by spots growing on the leaves. It happens a drone, white or black depending on the species of fungus. Stains have the appropriate shade. If you do nothing on time, the disease can destroy not one bush. Those that will not die will weaken and will not be able to transfer the cold winter. Spottedness usually develops with warm and wet weather. At the very first signs of the disease, infected bushes should be treated with fungicides or burgundy liquid.

      As prophylaxis, it is necessary to regularly trim and get rid of weeds.

      • Lead Rust – It is expressed in the appearance of reddish swelling spots on the leaves of the laptop. These stains grow up, merging with each other and completely covering a sheet that dries and disappears. A bush weakens due to insufficient production of chlorophyll. Most often the disease appears due to a large amount of weeds around or poor soil. The affected leaves need to be removed immediately, and the plant is treated with colloid gray.

      • Puffy dew – one of the most dangerous fungi. Able to spread with moisture or by air. An explicit sign of the disease is a white flare. First it is difficult to see it, as it appears on the bottom of the leaves, then he begins to rapidly spread throughout the bustice. Flip slows down the process of photosynthesis significantly, with the result that any plant begins to dry. Especially fast, malievable dew develops with high humidity. To help you again have burglar liquid.

      Among the pests, the White Pepper practically does not have enemies, with the exception of one – scoop. This is similar to large mole insects. But for flowers and cultures are harmful not so much, how many of their caterpillars who are able to destroy all the deciduous cover. Also they can eat roots. Scoops have a few varieties, and all of them are harmful.

      To combat these insects, we need to regularly hold weeding weeds and soil looser.

      During the period of these butterflies, set the distracting traps in the plots so that the scoops do not have time to multiply. If you notice signs of caterpillars, apply insecticides. “Decis”, “Arrivo” and “Fufanon” will cope with this problem.

      Usage in landscape design

      Pepperchato was created by nature to become a landscape decoration. This can be said about any variety of this plant, no matter, herbal, it is or shrub. Bushes look great together, as well as from them you can make an attractive attention to the live fence.

      Herbaceous varieties can be planted on the flower beds in front of the house and garden sites. They are not ashamed to grow as a decoration of the city. They are also perfectly combined with any other colors and plants.

      In principle, the above knowledge is quite enough to grow white football on its plot and maintain its viability. Anyone will cope with it, even a novice gardener. And the nepochka, in turn, will delight the eyes for many years.

      Useful properties of white laptic in the video below.

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