When diging gladiolus and how to store them?

Gladiolus literally charm all who looks at them. But these flowers need competent leaving. And most of all, perhaps, questions cause a seasonal digging of this culture.

Why do you need to dig up?

Gladiolus should be removed from open soil for the winter at once in a few good reasons. The first of these is the exposure of these plants by frost. Supercooling for them is extremely dangerous. It is likely that even outwardly overwhelmed copies of the spring will not flourish.

In the fall of gladioluses cleaned, if they were kept correctly, they will not be attacked by pests and dangerous diseases. Moreover, those who have definitely removes gladioli every year, will be able to select the most stronger and hardy specimens among them. Such a property is very important for subsequent cultural breeding.

But the planting material of gladiolus is very susceptible to all sorts of floral diseases. Amaze it especially often pathological fungi. Even carefully organized wintering does not exclude danger infection. If the infection is struck by gladiolus, they or will not sprout, or germinate, but do not bloom. You can only prevent danger by digging with subsequent sorting.

Optimal deadlines

Experts note that The best point for digging gladiolus (or rather, their bulbs) is a month after flowering. Late varieties sometimes dig up much earlier or later. But deviate strongly from the standard period is not recommended anyway. The maximum time of the digs – until cold (less +10 degrees). In terms of competent performance and observance of the deadlines for the next season it will be possible to enjoy the beautiful appearance of colors.

In the middle lane of the Russian Federation, the optimal time of the fishing of gladiolus usually falls on the first month of autumn. This is usually the middle and the second half of September.

Important: If the flowers cut off to the beginning of September, then the optimal time will move on mid-October. But for a specific period affects the region where plants are grown. In the suburbs, it is best to produce this work in mid-September.

However, you can not like to forget that after digs of a bulb should be ripening about 30 days. More stringent requirements because of the harsh climate, gladiolus in Siberia are imposed. Standard recommendation to wait 30-50 days after the end of flowering can lead to very poor consequences. Even night frosts for a short time so that gorgeous flowers are irreparable damaged. Have to rely on horticultural intuition and experience.

Sometimes only after the squeak it becomes clear that the bulbs are broken by frost.

The earlier the grade, the sooner it will be necessary to refuse the landing material for the next year. Lastly work with plants grown from kids. Approximately the same working conditions and in the Urals. We’ll have to constantly track the weather, because it can prevent many unpleasant surprises.

How to dig up?

Do not think that everything is only in meeting deadlines. Cleaning tubers and children of gladiolus requires knowledge of working technology. Expert and agronomists advise waiting for warm sunny weather. The higher the air temperature and the longer the light day lasts, the smaller the bulbs will have to dry. You can dig not only with bayonet shovels, but also forks. Start from retreat from the stem at least 0.2 m. At the right point, the fork or bayonet shovels are fit into the ground vertically.

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Careful, unwitting tool movements (when it seems like swinging) lifting comers with roots. IMPORTANT: Put it appropriate to the unfolded in advance. Put someone carefully, it is not categorically broken up. The bushes gradually and methodically swap around the circle. Recommendation: Instead of shovels sometimes apply a couple of garden scoops, and, judging by the reviews, collecting tubers with them, it turns out much faster and more pleasant.

But simply earthworks could not be limited. If the gladiolus dug out, all the remaining ground parts simply cut off. The closer to the bulb, the stem is cut, the better. Sometimes they try to separate the new tuber from the original; However, some of the specialists believe that it is more correct to do after drying.

Preparation of bulbs to storage

Processing against diseases and pests

Something to do with the bulbs of gladiolus makes sense only when the land sticking to the roots at least a little dry. Because the first 10-30 minutes can relax or do other things. Dried earth shake manually. Only after that we divide the fucking bulbs and separate babies. Trimming the stems produced at 0.05 m above the bulbs.

Sick and just too old tubers utilize. To gladioluses in the future do not hurt, they must be processed with a solution “Phytosporin”. From the subwoofers, a solution of salt and soda is recommended (0.15 kg and 0.15 kg per 10 liter of clean water). Only treated like tubers can be sorted and dried.

For an additional effect after the main drying, the material is soaked in the “Fundazola” solution (0.1%) and potassium permanganate (0.3%).

These two methods of processing do not replace each other, but apply consistently. Exposure time in each of the solutions – minimum 30 minutes. Some gardeners are recommended to additionally process the planting material very strongly divorced “carbofos”. This gives an additional guarantee against disease protection. But it does not matter how many treatments were done, 2 or 3, an additional drying is always required before booking for storage.

Dried

Sew the landing material of gladiolus is better in the boxes in which the holes are done. These boxes put in a warm place where it will be guaranteed dry. It is very important that the air temperature does not fall below 24 degrees. Total drying time is up to 40-45 days. Then remove:

  • “Baby”;
  • Old bulbs;
  • Everything else remains from the roots and stems.

How to save?

All agronomists and gardeners agree that the clubnewukov should be Store in cool and dry conditions. Ordinary cellars without proper waterproofing for this purpose are not suitable. And even in a well-prepared basement it would be worth constantly controlling the dryness of the medium and the safety of the planting material.

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To combat pests, they advise near the bulbs put garlic. Requirements can also help in this case. Most often use “Inta-Vir”. 1 tablet is spent on 10 liters of water. Processing in it planting bulbs need about 30 minutes. Then they again dry.

You can remove the material in place where such conditions are provided:

  • Stable air temperature not lower than 4 and no higher than 7 degrees;
  • relative humidity from 65 to 75%;
  • Full blackout (even a minor backlight will provoke germination of tuberukovits;
  • Systematic air ventilation.

Departure to landing in the spring implies primarily a regular inspection of each instance. Even with careful drank, it is impossible to completely eliminate the danger of indentation of pests or diseases. All the affected bulbs must be destroyed immediately, and their place to store them to disinfect. Careful compliance with all recommendations will allow preserve a gem flower for the next year. Blossom will not lose its puff and beauty.

Problems arise from those people who cannot use cellars or basement. Bulbs in the ground become excellent output. This method, note, automatically protects the planting material from sunlight. Some people keep bulbs in the refrigerator or on the balcony.

Attention deserves and storage containers. In this capacity will be useful:

  • Packages made of polyethylene;
  • Tights from Capron;
  • old newspapers;
  • paper bags;
  • Drawers of wood.

Regardless of the method of storing the bulbs need ventilation. Without air access, they are amazed with fungus or rot on. Original ways to keep the clubnellukovitsa gladiolus for the winter are:

  1. placing them on the stairwell or on the lower platform under the stairs;
  2. in the bathroom near the cold water pipes;
  3. between old wooden frames;
  4. in unheated insulated storeroom.

But all these options have a number of shortcomings. So, putting the planting material on the stairs or in another place of the entrance, it is easy to encounter with his theft. In the bathroom near the pipes will have to protect the bulbs from moisture, and protect seriously – so that even the breakthrough of the pipes does not shove them.

Obviously such a way is indignantly if hot and cold pipelines are laid nearby. Old wooden frames have been replaced almost everywhere on “plastic”. And unheated storage rooms are too capricious in the sense of maintaining temperature there.

Wherever it was decided to store the planting material of gladiolus, it is required to carefully check that all the necessary parameters are supported.

Loggia (closed balcony) is suitable for this. But if there is a temperature drops below the permissible, you will need to bust the boxes or other containers in protective agricultural material. You can use the usual plaid. In any case, temperature control will be one of the main concerns of the flower.

On balconies and loggias, they advise placing clubnellukovitsa in foam boxes. In Tare, do air access holes. Balconies and loggias are advised to equip stationary thermometers. Upon the occurrence of strong cold weather, the insulation of the planting material is important even on insulated loggias. No less subtleties and when storing tubers in cellars and basements. They should be removed from vegetables and fruits.

Ideally, it is better to avoid placing them in the same room. From vegetables, including root, many moisture evaporates during storage. Gentle gladiolus bulbs may suffer from this. The perfect packaging is the one who has a mesh bottom.

Boxes are inappropriate to put right on the floor. It is much more correct to place them on the shelves of the rack. This will allow reliably to protect the planting material from moisture. You can burrow the tuberukovitsa in the sand. Then by the beginning of the spring they will cover the “kids”, and the planting material is enough for sure. True, in the first year, the kids will not give flowers, and in addition to them will have to keep ordinary tubers.

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In urban conditions, it is very often necessary to store planting material in the refrigerator. This option is suitable only for a small number of bulbs. Given the probable humidity in the refrigerator, all copies are wrapped with paper. Place such blanks only on the bottom shelves. In the last days of February or in early March, the absorption of moisture with future gladiolus reaches the maximum. Because at this time they need to be removed, dry and wrap fresh paper. Again put the blanks on the shelves with low but not negative temperatures.

If the planting material after that moves off, it will not give color 100%. But still more common storage of bulbs outside the refrigerator. It allows you to achieve greater control over the terms of their stay.

In the overwhelming majority of cases, planting material is put in boxes. They are made, as a rule, from wood, because the gaps between the boards provide protection against moisture and ventilation at the same time. A good alternative can be considered special plastic containers for vegetables.

If the room where it is decided to store tubers, dry enough and equipped with decent ventilation, additional wrapping paper or polyethylene is not required. In each box, the blanks are put on only one grade, and glued a piece of paper with the appropriate inscription on transparent scotch.

If there is no basement, you can use tights or stockings from Capron. Will have to carefully select bulbs. Indeed, in this case, enough of a single infected copy, so that the infection has struck and all the seedlings in contact with it. When stored, it is desirable at least twice check the safety of tubers. Those that soften or harden over measures must be immediately removed – they are no longer suitable for landing.

    You can hover the bulbs in the ground in places with a mild climate and a shallow freezing. Groundwater should be as deep as possible. Digit 0.8 m deep and 0.7 m wide. Landing blanks shift in wood boxes. They are shown by sawdust or calcined sand.

    After installing the box in the trench, it is sprinkled with leaves. Polyethylene stretch over them to save future gladiolus from precipitation. Such a trench bookmark can be buried until spring. But it is necessary to be firmly confident that winter will not be too cold. So this method is still pretty risky.

    About how to dig up the amusing gladioles and save them, look next.

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