When and how to transplant geranium (pelargonium)?

In this article we will consider the features of transplanting Pelargonium, although many gardeners call this plant with geranium. It is worth paying attention to that, according to scientific literature, Pelargonium and Geranium are two types. Since Pelargonium refers to Geraniev, it is often called geranium. The main difference between these flowers is that geranium is a garden plant, but Pelargonia is already considered room. In our article we will use the usual name of this amazing flower – geranium.

Peculiarities

In Soviet times, in almost every house, the windowsill was decorated with geranium. Many have preserved in memory that this plant is not noteworthy, but today’s varieties are simply fascinating with beauty and interesting color solutions, patterns on the leaves, lush greenery. Every year the number of fans only increases, therefore it is worth considering how to transplant the room geranium, as well as note the subtleties of her care.

Geranium is an unpretentious plant that does not require special care. The only danger for the flower is a transplant, because if it is wrong to do, the plant can even die. Indoor Flowers need a transplant for the following reasons:

  • The plant grows, its root system cannot fit in close pot;
  • Soil loses nutrients, the plant needs a new soil for normal growth and development.

Transplant geranium at home need 2-3 times a year. But sometimes there are situations where the plant needs an unscheduled transplant. Do not slow down with the transplant in the following cases:

  • When the pot becomes small for the plant, while usually in the holes the pot is visible roots, they are also viewed on top of the substrate;
  • If geranium gets the right care, but does not grow, and also does not bloom, here the problem can be in an incorrectly selected substrate;
  • When geranium begins to fade, its leaves are yellow, and the soil can not completely dry, the cause of which is usually rotting the root system;
  • If it is necessary to plant a plant from the open soil in the fall in a pot for further growing at home.

Important! It should be very careful about Gerani, because it reacts quite painfully by transplant. No reason for this procedure is better not to contact.

During flowering plants, it is strictly prohibited to touch. It is worth waiting for it to hide, since geranium is exhausted at this time. As a result, it will most likely be able to cope with the transfer: buds will fall, leaves yellow, and the flower can even die. There are cases where the transplant is very necessary, then only the transshipment method can be applied. All actions should be taken carefully and carefully. If the transplant is carried out during flowering, then it is initially to cut the flowerons, then all the forces will go exclusively on the development of roots. Often the planned transplant is made in spring or summer. In the cold season, it is worth refraining from such a manipulation, for example, in January, the plant needs additional feeding, so as not to lose its attractive appearance, and the transplant often becomes a shock to his fading.

Suitable periods

If we consider the time frame that are suitable for Gerani transplant, then it is worth noting the end of winter or the beginning of spring. Many gardeners recommend planning this procedure from February to April. It is during this period that the flower begins to “wake up”, so this time is the best for such an operation, the plant will cope well with stress. Many gardeners spend geranium transplant even in the summer. At this time, the plant is less susceptible to stress, the change in the place of growth is perceived not so painful. It is important that the plant does not bloom. When flowing, the procedure should be postponed until geranium is filled. Usually, in the autumn time of the year it is necessary to geranium, which has grown in open soil, be sure to transplant to the pot in order to transfer it to the winter to the house. Such a procedure is mandatory, the plant after it feels perfectly if all actions are correct and neat.

Important! Winter is a ban on Gerani transplant. Typically, the plant dies, because he has no strength to cope with such a sharp shift.

Training

Before proceeding directly to the procedure itself, it is worth paying attention to the main points of preparation.

Pot

Choosing the right size pot is quite difficult for beginners. Do not buy a very big pot, because a plant for normal development does not need a lot of soil. If the flower is transplanted for the first time, the optimal choice will be the capacity of 10-12 cm in diameter. The next transplant will be made already in another pot, while its diameter must be 2-3 cm more than that of the previous. If the capacity is too large for a flower, then with the point of the soil we will move, which will lead to rotting root system. If we consider various materials from which pots are produced, ceramic models will be more suitable than plastic pots. Many gardeners are used with clay tanks, because this material perfectly removes moisture and salts, as a result, the plant grows well and develops.

Priming

Geranium feels great in various soils. You can use both purchased substrates for flowering plants and garden land. If you need a land for Gerani transplant, one of the following options can be made:

  • Cherry land, river sand and humus mix in proportions 2: 1: 2;
  • Sand, peat and garden land should be taken in proportions 1: 1: 1;
  • peat, sand, leaf and turf land should be used in equal parts.

Before the transplantation of Pelargonium, it is necessary to sterilize the Earth, since this procedure will allow to clean the Earth from possible pests and diseases.

Preparation of plants

Special means that allow you to soften the action of transplanting on the plant, no. The main thing is to choose the optimal time. As mentioned above, in winter, as well as at the time of flowering, the transplant for Pelargonium is taboo. Initially, the day before the procedure it is necessary to make a strong watering of the flower, because the soil should become quite wet, so get the flower with roots will be much easier. Some gardeners advise the use of growth stimulants that will provide geranium rapid recovery after changing “accommodation”.

Step-by-step instruction

It is worth considering the step-by-step process of Gerani transplant both at home and on the street.

Houses

Initially, you will need to prepare the following:

  • new pot;
  • drainage;
  • soil;
  • scissors;
  • a knife with a sharp blade;
  • Independent indoor water temperature for watering.

The transplanting process at home is as follows:

  • It is necessary to take a new pot, to put drainage to the bottom, which can be from broken brick or clay;
  • The drainage layer is worth sprinkling soil;
  • The plant must be pulled out from the old pot, while geranium is worth keeping the basis, turn over, and after pulling the pot;
  • It is necessary to clean the roots – some of them could dry or have fallen areas, so they should be removed using scissors and knives; If there are no signs of damage to the root system, then the lump is better not to touch;
  • The plant needs to be put in the center of the new pot and put out the earth, it is worth refraining from the ravage;
  • the soil will be needed to pour water thus, so all empties are filled with soil.

Outside

Although geranium is a houseplant, in warm season, it grows perfectly on flowerbed or in the garden. Many flowerflowers on the summer plant their “pets” to bed in the open sky. In this case, it is worth picking up the right moment. The air temperature should be quite high, and at night there should be no frosts. The optimal solution is the end of May or the beginning of June. So, the transplant process itself is as follows:

  • It is necessary to initially take up the preparation of the place: the soil must be attempted well, while the depth must be about 35 cm;
  • After making a hole, the diameter of which should be slightly larger than the diameter of the earth coma with geranium roots;
  • It is worth sprinkling the bottom of the pits with a special soil – it can be bought in the store or made independently, as described above;
  • The plant must be taken out of the pot and put in the center of the pit, while all actions should be done carefully;
  • We must fall asleep all the roots of the earth and thoroughly pour the ground around the flower.

Usually geranium grows in the garden until autumn. And some species are even able to transfer the winter on the beds if they provide them with due. But in the fall, the plant is better to transplanted into the pot and put at home on the windowsill.

If you need to change Pelargonium from the street to the house, then it is worthwhile to carry out this procedure until the first cold, performing the following actions:

  • It is good to pour the ground around the plant so that it is hung in moisture;
  • In the pot, pour drainage and spray with a small amount of soil;
  • dig geranium along with the roots;
  • Thoroughly examine the roots, while removing excessive land;
  • Dry and damaged roots remove if the root system has become quite powerful, you can cut it a bit;
  • Plant Plant in the center of the tank and pour soil in a circle, but it is necessary to leave 1 cm to the top edge of the pot;
  • Moderate watering so that all empties filled with earth.

Important! Geranium reproduction can be made both with the help of roots and the process. In the second case, the sprout is enough to plant in the ground and ensure due water. After some time, the plant will start forming the root system.

Subsequent care

After transplanting Pelargonium needs especially thorough care, since this process causes stress. If the plant usually stands on the windowsill with the southern or south-east side, and at the same time the rays of the sun fall on it, then after landing from such a location it is necessary to refuse. It is better to find a shaded area at least one week, then the plant may take its familiar corner. Do not forget about moderate watering because the soil should not save. Although geranium feels great in a arid climate, it is always necessary to remember. And it is also worth remembering that the plant is tugged after overflow. Balance should stick.

Important! Pelargonium does not like high humidity, under such conditions it begins to fade, because the rotors begins. It is strictly forbidden to produce its spraying.

After the transplant costs for 2-3 months to refuse to make feeding. New soils already contain all the necessary elements for the growth and development of Pelargonium. Next, feeding can be made once a month. You can apply both universal products for flowering plants and special substances for Pelargonium. During the first feeding, it is worth reduce the number of fertilizers by about 2-3 times on the number specified in the instructions. All further feeding can already be carried out according to the instructions from the manufacturer.

About how and when to transplant geranium, look in the following video.

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