The problem of the difference between the Verba and the greatest Ostra on the eve of the widely marked holiday – Palm Sunday, when the Orthodox lights high-flops with blurred fluffy floral kidneys. Of course, in the holy books, nothing is said about what a branch, besides palm, should be covered, but the tradition of the tradition was entrusted to do this action precisely, since other plants in the conditions of moderate climate at that time there are no signs of life yet.
If in the villages in the first half of the 20th century it was accepted by twigs to peel independently, then in our time in the cities they are most often bought right at the church. And here it is easy to make a mistake and buy a very similar, but still the “wrong” branch is the branch of willow. How to distinguish the twigs of these trees, and the trees themselves are from each other – let’s talk in this article.
Where trees grow?
If you look for the difference between Vowers and Verba, it should be borne in mind that any willow is Willow, but not every Willow – Verba. That is, the willows, which themselves in different regions can be represented by different biological species, are all representatives of an extensive family of IV, numbering more than 100 species.
In general, a huge number of items in the people in the people are invented: Rakita, Lotnik, Sveta, Verba, Loznik and a lot more.
Even professional nerds together with professional folklinists will not immediately understand, in what area what kind of name, what kind of object does. Most often, the Verva is called IVA Ostrolistic having another People’s name – “Krasnotal”. However, in some regions, the Verba is called the IVA dragging, not rarely referred to as Shelyuga, IVA Goat or Iva Purple. Many types of families quite easily form hybrids, which makes additional problems in their definition, no exception and those that are called by willbore.
Essential to attribute to the willbam signs is the environmental feature of plants to grow not only on the shores of water bodies, but at some distance from them. This is explained by the weak survival of seeds of most types without open water. Those willows whose seeds do not die, hitting the land in wet after melting and began to be called willow. That is, you can meet the willow on the banks of the river or the lake, and on the distance from them. Lodniming willows grow only on the shore.
It should be noted that germination of seeds – Not the only way to distribute IV, they all with one degree or another degree of success can spread vegetatively. Sucked or simply sprinkled the branch under favorable conditions can easily put roots, forming a new plant with time. One of the most important conditions is constant moisturizing, it is for this reason that the overwhelming majority of representatives of the family grow in moistened places.
How differ in Krone?
As already noted, the IVV family is very extensive and diverse, for this reason, to distinguish willow from other species, for example, the crown is not just. The people entered the opinion that taking the branches in the spring need from those trees whose branches stick up, and the crown has a spherical shape. From those trees whose branches are tilted down, the twigs are better not to take, because it is most likely not a willbore and, accordingly, extended, the kidneys will not give such desired fluffy flowers.
This folk surveillance, of course, is true, but, like any rule, he has exceptions – there are many species whose branches are not inclined down, and Krone has a very ball shape. Brought home or lit in the church the twig of such willa will not flourish with fluffy gray “cats”.
Thus, it is possible to determine the “right” willow only on Cronee, of course, it is possible, but at the same time it is necessary to take into account some stake.
A more reliable method is the definition of willow, in addition to the crown and the place of growth, also in color of the cortex. This feature has become fundamental to the folk name of the Willow Krasnutyl. If the thin young twigs of the majority of Yves are greenish-gray, then the Willow-Redtool they have a red-brown shade. The same sign is also present in Willow Purple, which again became the most important feature allocated by scientists-systematics, who assigned to it such a scientific name.
The remaining types of early IV, called the people of the willows, also have somehow pronounced reddish painting of shoots. For example, the Shelyuga has more orange-yellow, but not a greenish or gray shade.
In time and blossom features
As already noted, the willows bloom in early spring, in some regions they can bloom and in February. Their flower kidneys bloom before leafy. This significantly distinguishes the willows from the rest of Yves and serves as another way of their exact definition. This is due to the greater appointment of the Verb to pollinate by the wind, when the leaves do not interfere.
Most of the representatives of the IV family – Early Madonos, and the main way of their pollination is still insects. Verba chose a different way, so and bloom to foliage and insects.
Due to the fact that the wind pollination of other Yves is still possible, as well as the fact that insects are able to pollinate and the flowers of the willow, during protracted or nonypical thaws, when different willows bloom almost simultaneously and there are resellers of close species, leading to the appearance of hybrids.
Over the color and form of flower kidney
Flower buds of the willow, like shoots, have a reddish hue and are slightly publisted. According to the degree of color they are much darker of the rest of the escape, which was the consequence of fixture to low temperatures. The kidney should warm up bright sunlight as soon as possible. In addition, the kidney willow is larger than most YV, since it has to withstand lower temperatures, for example, at night.
The feature of the colors for which the willows were so loved in the people – silver-gray villi, as a flowering device at low air temperatures, pork helps to keep so necessary heat. All willows are monodomal plants, that is, on one plant there can be no men’s flowers with stamens and women with pestles.
When collecting sprigs, you can get on the plant with female flowers, they will not be filtered, but they will dissolve in the form of earrings.
The rest of the Yves floral kidneys around the color is akin to the color of the bark of shoots, that is, greenish brown or gray. The size of the kidneys, compared with the willbami, smaller, there is also a downward. Blossom begins either simultaneously with the disclosure of leafy kidneys, or even after it. Flowers of these species is unlikely to be appropriately called beautiful, although in contrast to the willb they have brighter elements of light yellow.
At the same time, they exude barely catchy honey fragrance for humans. All this together takes such tiny inflorescences attractive for insects, and willows – one of the first honeycomb.
It is clear that the leaves will first appear in the water sprig on the water, and the flowers can be blown up, completely not similar to the fluffy “Cotes” will.