What and how to feed chrysanthemums?

Abundant bloom of chrysanthemum is possible only with the help of regular feeding. It is important to know what to feed it, what fertilizer to contribute to different seasons of the year.

What trace elements need chrysanthemums?

Plant demanding to the composition of the soil. For lush flowering you need to properly make fertilizers. So that chrysanthemum blooms faster, it can be filled with a mixture of nettle with a dandelion. A bush needs feeders containing enough nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

  • Nitrogen is extremely important for the plant in the initial stage of vegetation. The substance creates favorable conditions for the growth of the bush, saturates the color of the leaves and flowers. The lack of nitrogen is evidenced by the pallor of the leaves, their rapid yellowing and fiction. Castle, poorly developed inflorescences also explain nitrogen shortage.
  • Phosphorus promotes increasing the number of boutons and resistance to various diseases. It is used for abundant and long blossom. Phosphorus deficits purple edging on leaves and flowering delay for several weeks.
  • Potassium stimulates the growth of rhizomes, regulates the exchange process, allows the plant to accumulate carbohydrates. Potassium lack leads to twisting and drainage of leaves, thinning stems, string of small amounts of buds, poor development and gradual fading of the bush.

Other trace elements are needed in meser doses: copper, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, cobalt, boron, etc.

Tall varieties of chrysanthemum need more in obtaining a large number of potassium, low-spirited – nitrogen.

Varieties of fertilizers

Mineral and organic complexes fill the shortage of useful substances lost after flowering, Help to gain strength to the next season.

  • The organic types of fertilizers include cow manure and chicken litter, containing a saltper and a large amount of nitrogen.
  • With manure often mix ash. It contains phosphorus and potassium. The mixture helps to strengthen the rhizomes and foliage.
  • In urea has anory. It gives the opportunity to gain color leaves and strengthen shoots.
  • Bone flour, ash, superphosphates contain a lot of phosphorus, without which the full development of the root may not occur.
  • Superphosphate has potassium in its composition. Mixed with cow manure, it provides sufficient potash food flower at the bootonization stage.
  • Potassium sulfate fertility at the appearance of dry and yellow edges of the leaves.
  • Calician sulfate emphasizes health buds, flowers – brightness.
  • A mixture of nettle with dandelion is used for rapid flowering.
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Podrelka in different periods

Timely fertilizer makes chrysanthemum health and beauty.

Spring

Proper spring feeding guarantees abundant and long blossom to late autumn. In the season of awakening nature, the flower needs a frequent nitrogen feed, which is advised to be made after each watering to ensure rapid growth of leaves and creating a favorable environment for further flowering. At the same time it is necessary to monitor the quality of the soil. With elevated density and acidity, it must be mixed with sand and wood ash.

In the spring, the bush needs to be filtering with manure and humus. Ammonia nitrogen is used in liquid form. Nutrients must be at a sufficient depth of weakness and fertile soil. At the beginning of the vegetation, the plant should be picked up with mineral fertilizers and wood ash. During this season, the varieties of chrysanthemum with small flowers are needed by the following nitrogen ratio, phosphorus and potassium – 25: 25: 45 g. Tall bushes with large colors requires 50 g of nitrogen, 25 g of phosphorus and 25 g potassium per 1 kV. M.

Summer

In the summer, the plant needs potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. The amount of nitrogen in the summer should be reduced, since its excess leads to the fragility of the stem and the rebupping of deciduous cover. Additionally, they advise connect the preparation “Bud” in the proportion of 10 g of substance per 10 liters of water. Spraying produce twice during the accumulation period by bootons.

Undercalink, implemented in June and July, creates favorable conditions for lush flowering in autumn. Feed the plants every 10 days. Mineral and organic fertilizers alternate.

In June, it is important not to burn chrysanthol with an overabundance of mineral fertilizers. In August, it is necessary to eliminate from the set of nitrogen, and the dose of potassium and phosphorus increase. At this time, the flower gains strength for abundant flowering and is preparing for rapid recovery after wintering.

Autumn

In order to avoid the death of flowers, the bush can not be fertilized by nitrogen in the fall. At this stage, feeding of bone flour and ash. In winter, they decompose with soil microorganisms and acquire a form, easily absorbed by chrysanthemum.

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Recommendations for choosing

Specialists advise choosing funds For feeding chrysanthemums in specialized outlets:

  • In order to enhance the decorativeness and growth of the flower – fertilizer from the “Beauty” series, created in the Bona Forte laboratory;
  • For active growth and rapid flowering – the preparation of “Kemira” and “Kemira Suite”;
  • To stimulate the growth and duration of flowering – the “Bud” means.

How to feed it right?

To obtain chic chrysanthemums, instructions should be followed by the correct implementation of the feeding. Before landing you need to enrich the soil fertilizer. Be sure to use cow manure and chicken humid. They serve as an excellent compartment. Poland, a cowboy or chicken litter is poured with water in the amount of 10 liters and defend a week in order to remove surplus ammonia. The mixture is interfered by periodically. The resulting cow solution is bred by water in proportion 1: 10, and chicken – 1: 20. Liquid consumption per plant – 1 liter.

Fresh korovyan contains a lot of ammonia, so it is not necessary to apply it, otherwise the root after 2-3 days will disappear. Autumn feeding fresh manure of new flowerbeds does not represent danger for rhizomes, because during the winter compost reprovers.

After disembarking shoots in open ground, we need a mineral complex treatment with the addition of sulimificate. The first feeder is carried out a week after planting plants. Then fertilizers are made every 10 days before the bootonization itself. If the moment of entering phosphorus is missed, it is necessary to add it to liquid feeding. In order to avoid burning a burn, a flower should be fertilized neatly under the root. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that the substance does not fall on the stem, leaves and flowers.

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Common mistakes

Often, newcomers begin to feed, pre-watering the flower. Fertilizer caught on dry ground leads to a root burn burn. Wet soil gives a fertilizer to distribute uniformly and quickly rolled the bush with nutrients. Some contribute to the soil of nitrogen in the fall. It is impossible to do this, since the plant dies.

One of the common mistakes is the regular application of fertilizers in the flowers growing at home after the formation of buds. Chrysanthemum in a pot quickly imposes the soil that adversely affects the duration and pomp flowering. Preliminary careful feeding of the soil by monophosphate potassium. It is a mixture of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the following proportions 1: 3: 2. It must be divorced with water in a 1: 10 ratio and fertilize the plant every 10 days. You can add a cow manure and chicken litter to fertilizer. When the first budtops appear, the feeding stops.

Next, watch the video with tips, how to correct chrysanthemum.

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