Modern cottage from the place of intense garden and garden work is gradually turning into a recreation area. But many lush flowers who please the eye make a lot to work. It is easy to solve this problem – it is only necessary to know the main types of noncain cultures and the rules for handling them.
Review of perennial species
Learn the names of the most unpretentious colors for the cottage appropriately because it will allow to destroy the stereotype of “emergency complexity” of containing flower beds. This opinion often scares novice gardeners. AND Start an overview of crops that disprove this opinion, stands with frost-resistant plants.
Even for most of the territory of Russia, they will delight summer residents from the first spring days.
Literally from under the snow rises, for example, Crocuses. These are winter bulbous flowers that are raised in the fall in the fall. For them, different colors can be characterized:
Crocuses bloom covers March, April and May. When the buds fade, plants go to the rest phase. Planting bulbs need in August or September. Experts advise to choose for them thoroughly illuminated or partially closed shadow. For a shady garden, low crocuses are unsuitable, but under the curtain did not have time to dissolve bushes and trees for them.
Bright colors will be perfectly perceived in the group ensemble. You can also use them in the Alpine slide, on the flower bed. Posted by one or more crocuses in solitator format, you can make a living spring lawn.
As an alternative, you can consider Muskari, he Mouse hyacinth. This plant lives in April and most of May. Stem Muscari in height reach 10-20 cm. Mine bell-shaped flowers are formed on them. From year to year the number of plants will increase. Plant mouse hyacinth recommended at the end of August or in the first 2-3 weeks of September. The plant is perfectly combined with other primrocals.
Attention deserves I Pushkin. It forms the curtains of green colors. Above the leaves are rising white, bluish and blue inflorescences. Flowering Pushkin will be since mid-April. A well-growing plant reaches 20 cm, the flowers are well evolving on the sun filled areas either in a weak half.
They can be used with:
- small daffodies;
- Winter varieties of uchidkov.
No less authority deservedly received and Tulips. These flowers are represented by hundreds and even thousands of varieties. They are successfully used on ordinary flower beds, and on the Alpine slides. Blossoms of tulips start in March, and in the latest varieties bloom ends in the last spring days.
IMPORTANT: Different types of such crops are not attenkovo to freeze, and these properties must be taken into account when choosing.
Simultaneously with tulips begins development Narcissov, covering April and May. For daffodils, not only a pleasant appearance is characteristic, but also a very thin fragrance. The height of the stem varies from 30 to 60 cm. They develop terry or simple flowers of various sizes.
Curly country flowers deserve a separate conversation. This is about Large-flowered Campxis. Their powerful liana year from year is increasingly strengthened. Decorative bright green leaves of Campxis. Of all the specific types of care require only the forming trimming and winter shelter (with the exception of the southern regions of Russia).
Pretty gentle care requirements presents Chinese lemongrass. The height of this plant can reach 4 m in our country. Flowers are small (1.5 cm), but they exude sweet fragrance. Flowers originally have a white color, but then gradually pose. It will take to make a support, control the growth of branches and mulch the rolling circle.
The third position in the list of unpretentious curly perennials deservedly occupies ivy. This is a challenge culture that covers a multitude of small leaves. Because a bush of ivy has a ruling green. The plant needs pruning, without which it will not be able to grow normally.
You can fear the freezing in the central regions, but ivy will quickly restrict under normal conditions.
An alternative can be considered:
- Curving honeysuckle;
- Large kirkazon.
If not limited to curly blooming cultures, it is worth paying attention to Barwin. It is good because it can be grown on a sunny and shady. Blooming the plant will be in the midst of spring. Covers new sections it is by rooting when tapping the surface of the Earth. Barwinka forms gorgeous curtains from greenery diluted:
- Pink spots.
Dotcentra, Like a number of other beautiful crops, enveloped by a halo of romantic legends. Developed rhizomes allow almost loss to survive the winter. The height depending on the variety is 0.3-1 m. The dicentre looks spectacular, in the last month of spring it will cover with carious inflorescences from small hearts. The duration of flowering is approximately 30 days, however, in a weak shadow of the deciduous trees of the dotentre, it looks brighter and retains its appearance longer.
Good satellites for this culture are:
- Elegant views of Luke.
Scroll in songs and verses lily of the valley Flowers in May. Wintering it is simplified by creeping rhizomes. The inflorescence accounts for 6-20 bell colors. After the end of flowering, buds are replaced by reddish, slightly rounded berries. Lrangess will be able to live in one place under 10 years.
Forests of forest plants need to be focused on Kuiseu. This perennial will bloom during May and June. It is usually considered that it is not enough bright in comparison with other spring colors.
However, it is possible to reveal all its advantages, a seasy flower near conifers and shrubs. There a bustice tall 30-80 cm will delight white or greenish bells.
What annual plants put?
Strictly speaking, separate the annual from the two years is not so easy. Many formally biennial plants in Russian conditions can normally develop only one year. “Unpretentious” in this case means – growing without the use of seedlings. It is cooking that gives it many hassle of flower.
With the skillful selection of annual cultures (or rather, the ensembles of them) bloom all summer.
For lazy cornflowers fit very well. Yes, and not only for lazy, but for those who just want to look at something beautiful, but at the same time he is very busy in everyday life. Curious fact: in antiquity flower was called by the name of the legendary Kentaur Nessa. Modern biologists set a much more objective fact – Vasilek occurs from the south of Europe. This representative of the family of comprehension is optimally developing at a temperature not lower than +15 and not higher than +35 degrees Celsius.
In winter, the cornflowers do not need to water. However, they need bright sunlight. Any other nuances breeding these do not require practically colors. It is quite forces even for inexperienced gardeners and flowerflowers.
It should be borne in mind that in different cases the stem of the cornflower grows straight or heads on the ground, and its height can be 1.2 m. Specific species and root system differs.
Most often on the site you can see Vasilek:
IMPORTANT: Distance when landing Vasilkov should be at least 50 cm. Only with this condition formed lush graceful bushes. Breeding cornflower seeds and root cuttings. Seeding are recommended to produce in April, with subsequent thinning of shoots. And it is worth considering that many types of cornflowers can easily multiply by self-sowing.
Not everyone wants to breed at the flower beds, it is the long-lying flowers – sometimes you want a variety. Dolphinium in this case turns out to be an amazing choice. This plant from the Lutikov family has another name – the gibbyness.
IMPORTANT: annual dolphiniums are sometimes squeezing in a separate genus Sokirki field. The origin of the corpusal name is not specifically established.
It is assumed that it is connected with either a form of an undisclosed flower (like the head of the head), or with an active cultivation of it in an antique city called Delph. In any case, today this plant is cultivated even more often than in ancient Greece. Dolphiniums in the first half of the day should be lit by the sun. Them must be protected from wind gusts. Wenting can be the location in places with excessive wet land.
Cultivat Dolphinium in one place can be maximum 5 years old. For Pacific varieties, this term is not higher than 4 years. Next, the bushes will have to share and plant as independent plants. Hollow stems will need to be taught several times. With proper care, abundant bloom comes in June.
This decorative plant will uniquely at least that it simultaneously has a number of medicinal properties. Preparations prepared on its basis helps people for several centuries. Gardeners more appreciate the nogot for their pleasant appearance and long blossom. Most often, the calendula is planted by groups to demonstrate all the beauty of the yellow-orange combination. She is, among other things, close asters relatives.
For calendulas are characterized by growing straight up thick stems. Her leaves have an oval shape. Flowers will bloom at sunrise and closed with sunset. They are amazing even on the rainy day. Total in the genus calendula at least 20 species.
When choosing a cosmeta, it is necessary to pay attention to that there is both annual and perennial species in this. Like calendula, they all belong to the Astrovy family. There is a plant from Mexico. In moderate climates, only 3 types out of 20 are cultivated. The height of the bushes ranges from 50 cm to 1.5 m.
Plants are pretty elegant, with pink, purple, red, white flowers and a yellow middle. Relatively recently began to use the terry variety of cosmey. Seeding seeds preserve up to 2-3 years after collecting. Choosing the cultivation of seedlings or sowing into the open earth remains at the discretion of the flower.
But the second method of judging by reviews gives more reliable results.
Wild rose is modest and charming. Biologists have established that it belongs to the Malvic family; For flowerflowers, however, more interesting is the fact that the lavator is characterized by the wealth of paints. Depending on the height of the stems, the culture can be grown in the garden, and in the room pot. With its help, you can make spectacularly looking street compositions. In the nature of the lavater is found in Africa and in the south of Europe; it easily forms tight thickets.
The characteristic features of the culture are:
- Powerful branched rhizome;
- strains of direct shoots;
- bloom from June to October inclusive;
- Voronevoid Venoes up to 10 cm long.
This plant comes from the central and southern regions of America. There it was traditionally used in food. Now cultivated, according to various sources, 50-90 types of nasturtiums. In the middle lane, none of them will permeate. The semi-stabilization nasturtium has an increase of no more than 40 cm, and the curly – up to 2 m.
- Strong branching of the stem;
- Big thickness of fleshy shoots;
- rounded shape of thyroid leaves.
This genus contains up to 40 different species and is part of the Astrov family. Rudbecia Natural Area – North American Prairie. The height of branched and simple shoots may vary from 50 cm to 2 m. List length is 5-20 cm. The diameter of the basket inflorescence can reach 15 cm.
Any Rudbecki (except for the terry) breeds seeds. Sev is possible immediately into open ground. Optimal landing time – the last May decade. It is recommended to plant Rudbecki on thoroughly lit places.
The soil must be well permeable for water.
These flowers already familiar in our country come from America. Even inexperienced flowerflowers can cope with their cultivation. The main rule is an early landing near blossom. Loose soil is very important for velvets. Further applies to landing, it is impossible to use manure.
The genus from the Sino family includes up to 70 species, of which 40 was introduced into the culture. Like many other heroes of the review, Phlox meets in North America. Positive features of the plant, along with unpretentiousness, turn out to be fragrant fragrance of flowers and long bloom. Each view may look very diverse depending on the climate in a particular place.
Petunia – Tobacco’s relative. It blooms throughout the season. Mostly now use hybrids that are revealed from the first years of the twentieth century. Petunia is usually combined with begonia and pelargonium. But they can be grown and separately. And also can be recommended:
- Salvia (she is sage);
- Erigeron (he is a molecapestnik).
Tips for care
Timely watering even unpretentious plants in the first 2 weeks is very important. If they are planted in peat pills, it will have less and less. Usually, if normal weather is worth, there are no other instructions for a particular plant, flower beds watered 2-3 times a week. Flowers need to pour gently. It is recommended to do it in the morning or in the evening. In a non-jarny day, when at a depth of 5 cm wet, irrigated is not required.
Every time after watering the soil you need to loose. Otherwise, the crust is formed, which harms plants. In the heat is very important mulching, helps to hold moisture in the ground. Modern mulch can become a visual flowering of a flower bed.
And whatever flowers are grown, fight weeds will have to be struggling.
Examples in landscape design
It is useful to consider how beautiful floral arrangements from unpretentious plants may look like.
The photo shows the peony in one of the original garden compositions. Surrounded by greenery his saturated red flowers look very elegant.
Together with the grass you can grow also day-lily – He is perceived at no worse.
And here are some more unpretentious plants in the landscape:
The selection of the most unpretentious colors is given later.