Types of axes and their characteristics

The ax is a device that is used with deep antiquity. For a long time, this instrument was the main tool of labor and protection in Canada, America, as well as in African countries and, of course, in Russia. To date, the industry offers a wide range of axes of a wide variety of shapes and sizes, each of them has its own functional destination.

Types of Forms

Vintage axis had a beard type of yoke, that is, the front of the blade was expanded from below, and in the opposite part was formed. Such products were quite popular in European countries, where it was used everywhere as an economic instrument and as a combat weapon. Modern axes, as a rule, have a straight or rounded form. The first are used for the rough shaft of the forest, and the second – for wood processing. The axes of such tools are produced from the hardest breeds – birch, maple, as well as a graph or ash, on the materials used there should be no cracks, nor bitch nor any rot.

The most common type of ax is a carpentry, which is known since the USSR.

His blade has a form that allows you to work as convenient as possible with various wooden billets and small logs. However, in the conditions of wild forest, such an ax is not suitable – they are quite difficult to cut down the tree trunk or the same branch, which is why lighter axes have been created, the blade of which has a slightly more rounded form. Finnish models are most in demand: their blade on the one hand is rounded, and on the other – has a recess. This device can not only throw the forest, but also to prick firewood, which is very relevant in the conditions of taiga or a long walking hike in any other locality.

It is noteworthy that rounded blades usually have a very interesting sharpening, due to which they become truly multifunctional.

Another type of axis got the name Taiga, the blade of these tools is used to cut solid wood. The shape of the blade is the same as the Finnish, rounded, but, in addition, the blade is located under a rather acute angle in relation to the topopor – it makes blows much more efficient, because the top edge of the footage is in the wood. A very similar structure has a brand of brand “Deer”, the form of which is almost identical, but the mass is much smaller.

Major varieties and their appointment

Now some historical facts. Humanity has invented topors in ancient times. However, the first tools were uncomfortable, extremely heavy and short-lived. People could not do without them, since they needed to build housing, cut down the tools of labor and hunt on wild beast. Yes, and wild animals to drive off from mining was handed. The tool quickly broke, and had to do a new. In the era of Neolith, they learned to polish his surface, and after a few millennia, there were copors from copper.

Only when iron was open, a certain type of modern ax – metallic with a wooden handle.

The main part of such a device was cut from the iron, which was sitting on a well-suicide. Over time, the axes were divided according to their functional destination. The hardest models were transformed into powerful combat weapons, and due to its high chopping force and low cost became the main tool of the militia. Lighter models began to use on business purposes, and we will stop the slightly Read more.

Before talking about what types of axes there are, it is necessary to note the basic parameters that distinguish them from each other, namely:

  • Tool mass;
  • blade type;
  • form and quality of the ax;
  • Method of nozzle.

Let’s start with the main – weight. The smallest tool threshold corresponds to 900 g. Of course, there are such axes that weigh less, but their functionality is incomprehensible – in most cases it is not ax, but simply tourist solids that can cut down thin branches and sharpen stakes under the tent. As a rule, they are optimal for one-day walks, and not suitable for long hiking. The weight of a reliable ax should vary from 900 to 1600 g. In this case, it is possible to cut the bits of the medium size, and it is much easier to wake the instrument of this mass, because the lumberjack feels like he “fixed” in hand. Similar axes are used in housing low-rise construction and finishing.

If you need to chop big trees and prick large firewood, you should give preference to models weighing more than 2.3 kg – usually such blades are complemented by an extended axle, so that the blow power increases.

The quality of the steel used is fundamental importance, everything is obvious here – the more durable raw materials were used, the longer the ax serves as an ax, in addition, the blade will remain pointed, no chips, cracks and other deformations will appear. A very important part of the ax is his handle, as well as the way its nozzle. For high-quality impact, it is better to take a tool with a 50-80 cm handle, and if the blow should be pointing – then the choice must be made in favor of models with a shortened ax.

Let us dwell on the most sought-after types of axes.


Economic ax weighs less kilogram. It is distinguished by a direct acute cutting edge – this tool is used to finishing various wooden billets and tree cutting. It does not require a cutting of solid trunks, because the massive volat is not needed. These topors are very sharp, they are sharpening almost like a razor.


This ax is considered a universal wood processing tool. It is distinguished by a subtle, well sharpened blade and low weight, so that with the help of such a tool you can perform the wider range of tasks, including cracks and fitting the parameters of the deck for the necessary dimensions. Such an ax has a straight line, a bit of an elongated skirt, the mass is 1200-1300 grams, and the blade sharpening angle is 20-30 degrees.

Angles of 30 degrees are considered more versatile, as it allow you to prick with unshadeing wood and cook wood details. A sharper corner of 20 degrees brings it to the economic, and more stupid – to the column.


Collins are heavy massive guns with a rather wide blade, they are needed for rods. The metal part of this gun is characterized by a rather stupid sharpening, the angle of descents is about 30 degrees. Weight varies from 2 to 3 kg, less common tools weighing 5 kg. Handle Long – from 80 cm and more.

This is due to the features of the operation of the tool – it is usually wrapped up with two hands and make high shuffles, in this case, the longer handle, the stronger the blow.

Special models

Some tasks have created individual axis options. Consider them.

For rolls of forest

Axes that are used for roll rolls are usually the longest – the minimum length of the axle is 90 cm, and the mass of the tool reaches 3-3.5 kg. Such a long handle allows you to provide the necessary parameters of the scope and strength of the blow, due to which the work on the workpiece of the tree is carried out faster. It should be noted that it is quite difficult to work like a similar ax, because this occupation is associated with great physical efforts of lumberjacks.

For cutting meat

For cutting meat, axes are most suitable for a rather wide and perfectly smooth blade. It is usually exhausted under such an angle, which removes the cutting edge from rapid destruction with constant contact with solid rigid bones. The handle of this ax is usually short and extended down to the cutting edge, which is why the device allows you to apply very accurate cutting strikes.


Bilateral axes found their use when destroying wooden blanks, preparation of firewood and the implementation of various installation work. Working part of such tools has two blades, in most cases they are performed from wrought steel using a double heat treatment method. Handle is performed from solid wood, most often of nuts.


Axes are used everywhere in the work of salvation services, in particular, firefighters use two types of axes – waist and assault. On the belt tool, there is a pretty sharp peg, which is necessary to knock down locks and knock out double-glazed windows. In addition, this hook can drive into various surfaces to keep it in the wall either on the roof. Usually fire axes are painted in black and red, although it is often possible to see the yellow inserts. The axle is covered with rubberized overlays that protect hands from burns. Unlike the waist models, the assaults are much more in size, but their shape is very similar.

They are used to knock out heavy doors and destruction of any obstacles that can interfere with evacuation.

Obukh often has a hook, and maybe flat, like a sledgehammer. This type of weapon is a mandatory component of any fire shield, which, according to safety regulations, should be located in all public places.


Tourist ax wears a multitool name and is distinguished by a large variety of models. The distinctive features are a small weight, which is not surprising, given that the tool has to drag on the back for many hours. The handle of such an ax usually becomes quite convenient storage of various small things that are needed in any campaign. With the help of a tourist ax, there are different branches, small trees dump and even split stones to create a focus. Usually they are equipped with covers that protect a person from injuries while carrying a tool.

A separate type of tourist toporists are ice axes.

They are pretty compact and light fixtures that are necessary for embedded in the waterstroke, if the climb of snow-covered tops takes place. This climbing equipment make bilateral, while one piece resembles a well-sharpened hook, and instead of the footage, a sharp blade is performed, placed perpendicularly handles – such a structure is optimal for the formation of an ice recess. Army ax can also come in handy in the campaign. It is used everywhere to prepare logs for the hearth, digging trenches, clogging the pegs of the tent, as well as as an instrument of protection.

How to choose the right ax, look in the video below.

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