Lilac is one of the most massive shrubs in the gardens, albeit a few plants. However, the choice of its varieties is quite complicated.
Types, varieties and their characteristics
Starting the conversation about the variety of lilac, it is necessary to mention that this culture is distinguished by lush and bright colors, a pleasant smell. Known 30 types of cultural shrubs. However, most often in the gardens are grown by the following varieties of lilac:
In addition to these groups derived by professional breeders, wildly and wild subspecies are distributed. Not necessarily get acquainted with the botanical description and scrupulously study every kind to get a full-fledged view of culture. It is enough to look at the photo – it will immediately become clear how beautiful it is. For example, the lilac Meyer can not boast of particularly large growth. But it blooms twice with the formation of the mass of pink-purple inflorescences. It is noted that such a plant gives a steady sweet scent. The increase in 12 months in favorable conditions can reach 10 cm. Shrub is not damaged by frosts, loves sunlight. The greatest height is 120 cm. Appearance is attractive with any number of sets of instances.
Among the best varieties can be confidently called “Monzh”. Culture is considered a worthy choice for designing garden landscapes. With blossom, a variety of magenta with red inflorescences is formed. Even severe sunlight will not damage the bush.
Another attractive feature of “Monges” is considered its compactness: the growth of an adult plant reaches 260 cm.
A good result can give “Captain Balt”. This is a wide squat plant, whose inflorescences differ in pomp. They are painted in a pink-pink tone, in which an experienced eye catches a bluish tint. The variety is not too whimsical, gives a powerful fragrance. Spring shrub is covered with dark green wide foliage. Attractive species is characteristic and for a variety “Aucubafolia”. His flowers are painted in a lilac-lilac tone. Bright bodies on bright foliage like a variety of observers. The original feature of the appearance of this culture is the yellow stripes and stains of the same color. “Aucubafolia” grows to high height.
“Olympiad Kolesnikova” gives flowers of tender purple color. They seem to be twisted in the opposite sides. Buds are darker than flowers. Flowering period very long. Lilac height reaches 3 m, sometimes a little more. W “Dawn of Communism” Big heavy inflorescences are formed. They like people due to an elegant mixture of red, purple and purple tones. Shrubs of such a variety do not grow more than up to 2 m. Flowers petals resemble screws. When flowering is completed, they are strung. Flowers from “Dawn of Communism” are formed on the 4th year of development. They can be both simple and terry, have various fine shades. Very good result is achieved on weakly acid or neutral land. Of great importance is the level of groundwater.
Basic use – formation of garden compositions.
Variety “Ludwig Spet” – or, otherwise, “Memory Ludwig Shpet” – Forms dark purple buds with purple tide. Flowers are painted about the same, their cross section reaches 2.6 cm. The fragrance is quite attractive. Shrubs at the “sleeper” bloom abundantly, but late, grow high and straight. A good alternative can be considered an empty “Michel Buchner”. Terry flowers smell strong. Near the middle of a flower coloring a little lighter. Petals are slightly pointed. The annual increase of “Buchner” reaches 20 cm. It is worth remembering that such a culture is poorly developing on acidic land, in lowlands.
Best of all the grade is growing on the sunny plot. But the resistance of cold and heat is very large.
Useful to pay attention to “DONBASS LIGHTS”. This variety is covered in spring purple-purple colors that do not fade under the sunny rays. “Schoolgirl” It can hardly be called a new variety of lilac. It is removed in our country in the mid-1950. The bush blooms very powerfully, throwing a pyramidal inflorescences. Krone “Schoolgirls” resembles a bowl of green leaves. Judging by the reviews, culture gives excellent results while gardening gardens.
7 years earlier appeared Madame Charles land. At the peak of the season, the bushes of this variety is relatively low. They are covered by the inflores of the light lilac. Consumers note that, compared with other types of ordinary lilac, it has a noticeably stronger fragrance. Yes, and bloom occurs as much as possible, which dramatically increases the popularity of culture among the gardeners.
In 2011, an original and modern variety was presented: “Federico Garcia Lorca”. It was created not in Spain, but in our country at the Timiryazev Academy. This lilac forms bushes high up to 240-270 cm. The width of the shrub is from 130 to 150 cm. The magnitude of the leaves is moderately big, they have a matte chill. Lorki branches red-brown, and inflorescences are moderately densely and painted in various colors. There are both blue, and pink, and yellow, and purple flowers. Bud always brown, but with attentive consideration it is easy to see greenish notes.
Both buds and flowers perfectly tolerate frosts, incident in late spring period.
A good option in many cases becomes “Bohdan Khmelnytsky”. This variety of lilac ordinary has strong smooth leaves, in shape resembling a heart. Flowers of such a culture smell very much. They are concentrated in pyramidal type inflorescences. Blossom begins on the 4th year of development. The variety is difficult to name the new: he received the highest award at the 1975 International Flower Exhibition. But over the past decades, his appearance remains no less attractive. Pink flowers have spectacular, slightly white, tips. Thanks to the affairs of inflorescences, you can easily consider any bud. Grow “Bogdan Khmelnitsky” can both in the sun and in a half. Source requirements are strict, but quite realizable even for not too experienced gardeners. Earth must be fertile and well drained. Need to ensure increased content of humus. So that lilac normally develops, it is planted only where the groundwater is deep.
The preferred area of application “Bogdan Khmelnitsky” – a variety of decorative compositions.
On this species deservedly recognized by one of the best samples of domestic selection, the choice does not end. The varietal Japanese lilac in many cases turns out to be no worse. In cultural agriculture, this type is used from the last quarter of the XIX century. In natural conditions, the Japanese lilac can grow to 20, even up to 25 m. The size of its foliage is 15×9 cm, and rounded inflorescences grow up to 30×20 cm. In the middle of Russia, such indicators will not be able to achieve. However, here the Japanese lilac will look extremely attractive. In the gardens large (5 or 6 m) shrub with a slightly reddish branches in the rounded crown immediately attracts. It is worth considering that the old shoots can peel the bark. The leafies of the pointed ovoid shape are clearly divided into two colors: light, light, and from above more rich tones.
Cream with white tump Flowers emit thick honey fragrance. From close biologically Amur Lilac This plant has a smaller size of flowers and shortened stamens. In the vicinity of the Russian capital, a Japanese subspecies enter the flowering phase in July. Finding compared to the related Amur lilac is quite justified by a longer flowering period. As well as what is important, the plant gives more flowers.
But it is necessary to take into account the partial flaws of the variety. Due to natural development in the Japanese Islands, such a culture may not survive the most severe winters even in the middle lane. Especially likely to defeat annual increases. Do not, however, absolutize these weaknesses. In the usual situation, when frosts are not too strong, and snow covered is sufficient, you can get brilliant results.
Listing varieties of lilac separately does not allow to answer exactly what the most beautiful of them. The subjective approach of each gardener when answering such a question is obvious. Usually called “Beauty of Moscow”, “Maidens Blass”. This is not surprising: “ugly” lilac in reality does not exist, just between her groups there is a serious difference. Of course, the correct care, compliance with the elementary rules of agronomy. If you look into botanical gardens, it becomes clear: there they look great as “world leaders” and those varieties that are evaluated by many gardeners. Plays the role and correct selection of the landscape, if necessary – its improvement.
And yet let’s try to point to unusual, especially attractive varieties. “White Night” Excellent develops even with a sharp change of rainy, cold weather for severe heat. Painted in the dark tone of inflorescences in such a situation are linked, and it is impossible to know them in literary descriptions.
IMPORTANT: In such cases, no worse manifests themselves:
- “Madame Charles land”;
When, due to the protracted spring, flowering is postponed for a long time, even blue and pink plants become bright. Gardeners can benefit from such unfavorable weather, making emphasis on the most bright, saturated paints of purple and purple spectrum parts. Beautifully look lilac “Tunberg”, which is covered with large purple flowers. They have a light bluish tint. Pointed parts of petals bent inside. Big Size Inflorescences look very unusual on a compact shrub. Late flowering period avoids many negative phenomena, including freezing when returning cold.
Good aesthetic qualities are characteristic of “Captain Perro”. Grade derived by the famous Lemoan gives large flowers of light rose color. Weak Malvic Tone Mixed to Basic Color. Although inflorescences look dense, but they are not too durable. Because to handle the “captain Perro” must be careful. The height of the bushes by the 10th year of development will not exceed 2 m. In width, they are also compact. As a result, this variety can be safely recommended for owners of small gardens.
Another attractive French variety – “Georges Claude”. During flowering, lilac is covered by large symmetrically located bud. Beautifully they will look in the evening. The height of the bushes is relatively small. From early flowering varieties are recommended to grow “Poltava”. She has big flowers with the petals in the shape of a bucket. What is important, blooming takes the most abundantly. Shrubs “Poltava” rise to 2.5 m in height. Yes, and in width, there are a lot of space, which makes them a worthy choice for a large garden.
Another attractive option among early flowering shrubs – Fantasy. Large mats of purple color when opening become terry pink flowers. When flowering is completed, they are gradually whiten. The inflorescence density is so high that it is difficult to consider individual flowers.
And can also be recommended:
- “Mount Baker”;
- “Pom Pom”.
How to choose?
Many varieties of lilac are cultivated in Russia. But for the Moscow region, not all samples are suitable. Their number includes “Captain Balt”. Among the varieties of domestic selection is an attractive choice “Pavlinka”. For more than half a century, this culture has proven its viability and aesthetic appeal. Shrub grows to medium size. During flowering, it is covered by purple-purple inflorescences. “Pavlinka” is well tolerates even pretty harsh winters. An important condition for its full development is the intensive lighting of the site.
Magnificent bloom allows using this variety to garden the territory and create live hedges.
Good replacement of this variety of lilac can become “President Poincare”. But it must be remembered that his bushes are very high (grow to 4, sometimes up to 6 m). Pyramidal inflorescences are distinguished by increased density. And another grade recommended for the Moscow region – “Monique Lemoan” – does not grow more than 2 m in height. However, this does not prevent him from entering the seven of the best world species.
“Beauty Moscow”, derived by legendary chariot, also deserves a separate conversation. Agrowing the imagination of the pink color buds, turning gradually into snow-white flowers, will definitely enjoy the gardeners. No less attractive plant turns out and “Galina Ulanova”. Its inflorescences, with all the external pomp, are perceived as weightless structures. But very new varieties bred literally deserve attention.
From more traditional varieties worth choosing “Red Moscow”. The plant is allocated exceptionally powerful purple color. Dark flowers with a diameter of 2 cm exuded a very strong flavor. Most of the inflorescences are formed from a pair of blizzard. What is important, coloring flowers is characterized by great resistance. Flowering occurs moderately. “Red Moskva” along with excellent aesthetic parameters becomes an excellent honey. In areas where it grows, pollination improves. Like other sorts of lilac, this it is impossible to grow on low-lying, sleek. Recommended annual or a little more frequent trimming.
This will increase the size of the shrub and make it more attractive.
Interesting ideas for landscape design
Choosing a variety of lilacs suitable for Russian gardens, it is possible not to get the optimal result. The fact is that each plant must be applied with the aesthetic requirements and nuances. A good solution is the formation of a lilac hedge. Homogeneous white coloring flowers is not always pleasant and interesting. Where to better look a combination of colors of various color.
IMPORTANT: In the fence it is necessary to enter only the varieties of approximately the same growth. A good step – landing of lilacs together with other decorative shrubs. It is very good. It combines with the pot. Just disappear flowers from a lilac bush, how they will begin to form on the pot. If a local shrub group is created, you can restrict ourselves to landing one variety of lilac.
The choice of varieties is determined by those considerations that are important to gardener. For the purpose of decoration, the flowering breeds simultaneously use. But when the first plan turns out to get bouquets, it is advisable to use different variety flowering time. Flowering autumn lilac allows you to saturate the homely atmosphere with pleasant flavors. Spanish bushes help both fill empty angles and cover poorly looking garden buildings.
A good idea will be covering a barbecue, patio, other leisure zones from neighborings from neighboring houses. But I must say about the use of lilac in the “solo” landing. One bush in this case is planting near the lawn or near the house wall. To achieve the best effect, you should choose a plant looking flawlessly.
ATTENTION should be given and trimmed: the slightest error in the formation of the crown will be wrapped with serious aesthetic consequences.
For a single disembarkation, strambered plants are optimally suitable. The tops will have to cut them out from time to time. A good idea will be a monochrome garden in which Lilac will become a “mod lawmaker”. If the bushes are painted in purple tones, you can combine them with plants covering with lilac-lilac flowers.
Optimal combinations give:
IMPORTANT: Discount for excessive saturation of the ensemble. She is overly tiring visually. Let it be better to be 2 or 3 plants in the bundle, and they will reveal their aesthetic characteristics as much as possible. Monochrome white garden along with lilac bushes can also look closely.
Next to them plant:
Lilac will spectacularly look next to the tree: For example, with juniper and thia, with small pines. Some people prefer bulbous cultures that do not have to regularly dig. To eliminate errors, it is enough to think in advance whether the colors of the selected plants and their colors are combined. An attractive combination of lilac gives with Astrami, zinc and lilies. The original color composition can be created using almonds, yellow acacia, spirire.
Bowls, primula, Barwin will allow to fill empty places under wide bushes. In the decorative style gardens it is worth applying with lilac turquoine, barbaris and elderberry. If you need a soft color, you need to use IVU, Loch and various boys. With their help, it is possible to disguise poorly looking facilities.
But it is important to remember that Lilac is extremely poorly developing if there is a rest:
- apple trees;
- Bushes currants.
Bad idea will be a combination of lilac with her wild ancestors. It is also impossible to combine it with too large plants: the effect of visual suppression will appear. Durgerly lilac bushes will look next to the pond or lake. But in the parks and gardens of regular stylistics it is advisable to simply plant a shrub evenly along the long alley or tracks. Experts advise to make single row landing: two rows sharply lower the ventilation of plants and their illumination. The regular garden allows the use of strambed and bush varieties of lilac equally efficiently. In combination with field and decorative colors, lilac bushes should be used in as much as possible so that they visually dominated.
Relatively small varieties look good in the following places:
- in rockers;
- in rocky garden;
- On Alpine Gorka.
The secrets of breeding and care for lilac can be found by looking at the video a little below.