Coniferous plants are popular with landscape designers, because all year round remains greens. Tuya is one of the species of plants with which it is easy to create a live fence on the site.
Tuya Western “Column” is rated to the family of cypress. It is characterized by a rapid growth and a crown of a special form. As the thuja increases, the branches are placed tight to each other, so the fence is obtained dense. High growth rate and other benefits made this variety in demand in landscape design. The needle has a bright green shade, in winter it changes on a brown color, but in the summer I am pleased with the unique glossy glitter. The needles are assembled with a dense carpet on small twigs, therefore the diameter of the crown is small.
There is a red-brown bark on the trunk, it is not smooth, rather rough. On the plant you can see small fruits in the form of a shishchek, with the onset of autumn they also change the color to brown. Root system is a tangle of thin shoots. From the sides, they very much resemble mycelium in mushrooms.
In order for the plant to feel good and grew up healthy, it is required to plant it correctly and ensure subsequent care.
It is possible to plant a colonum-like, as a solid strip, so solitary plants, it always looks great. Frost and harsh winters do not harm the Tui, but in the first two years, while the tree is still quite young, advise to cover up for the winter. In the spring it can be sensitive to direct sunlight, so it is better to give a plant. Even the first sun leaves small burns. In summer and hot spring, it is important to water it in time if the moisture is missing, the branches will begin to dry. After landing and then a fine fertilizer serves Nitroammofosk. Thuja has unique resistance to harmful substances in the air, so it boldly landslide the industries, territory near highways.
In the height, the colon-shaped thua can reach 9 meters, with high-quality care sometimes even 10 m. This long-liver will delight any generation because it retains its attractive view for 200 years. Every year, the tree adds in growth from 15 to 30 centimeters. By the end of the first decade, its height is an average of 3 meters. Crown diameter – up to 1.5 meters. It is quite active, 7 centimeters increases in the width.
Western Thuja is represented by several varieties. Among them, landscape designers pick up a suitable plant, given the diameter of the crown, the height of the tree and the shade of foliage. Not all are suitable for creating an attractive and high alive hedge. Tuya “Kolomna” has the greatest speed of growth, while it is quite optional to cut every year, because even without thinning the crown looks elegant. The correct form does not need correction.
How to plant?
If you put it right, then in the future she will delight their attractive appearance. Best suited outdoor sunny plot or space with small shadow. Landing in the shade, where the sun is practically no and very dry, will lead to the fact that the plant will eventually wage, pleases and die. Selecting the appropriate place for “Column”, it is worth choosing what is protected from wind.
In practice it turns out that with strong gusts, the tree may be alleged, especially if it is quite high.
Type of soil in which thuja will grow, does not play a big role. If possible, only then experienced gardeners advise the use of fertile soil with a weakly acid or alkaline composition. But breathability will need to pay more attention. When landing into clay or subgliding soil, high-quality drainage is required, which is formed at a distance of 20 centimeters into the soil. Groundwater should not be lingering, otherwise they will cause the root system.
Experienced gardeners advise adheres to several rules when landing Tui on the site.
- The plot requires preliminary training. It is first drunk, then prepare a landing hole, the dimensions of which depend on the volume of the tree crown. The width of the pit must be twice the greater parameter.
- Inside the deepening should be prepared soil. It is mixed from several components. Take two pieces of turf soil, one piece of sand, peat. Be sure to add 500 grams of mineral components so that the thua is better.
- The depth of the pit, taking into account the filled additional ground, should allow the root system to the root cervix to immerse. All is well tamped and watered.
Important! If the plant is placed in one place for many years, it is worth considering his future sizes in height and width. At a distance of 1.5 meters there should be no obstacles. Other cultures advise to plant no closer than 3 meters.
For “column” not required careful care. The variety is not additive, but loves care. The plant will attractively look, if you water him in time, make feeding, process from pests and disease. After landing, the saplings are watered every week so that their root system is better thank. One is enough enough water buckets, but if it is hot and dry, then the amount of fluid should be increased twice. If you want to achieve maximum efficiency, then it is required to use sprinkle. In this way of watering, the maximum moisture is ensured, which evaporates quickly through numerous needles. Rainbase allows you to wash off the dirt deposited on the foliage in the form of dust.
After irrigation, it is useful to produce soil looser around the plant. Processing the soil is required carefully because you can easily damage the root system. Immersion depth – up to 9 centimeters. Moisture will persist longer if you lay a layer of mulch. Ideal for the Tui fits small chips, as it perfectly restrains moisture.
When “Column” is frozen with feeding, no nutrients are required during the year. A year later, every spring experienced crusts advise to make a small amount of comprehensive fertilizer. One square of the surface of the soil is enough 100 grams. Thuja and without a regular haircut may look beautiful, but advise processing every year in the spring. Such a sanitary trim allows you to remove dry branches and those that were damaged by insects. If there is a need for, then decorative haircut is carried out.
“Column” is often used as an emerging alternating elevation of the plant. In this case, the seedlings in a circle need to trim by a third of the crown height. After three years from the landing, the plant is not required to stream, before that it is desirable to protect it from the frost. For this suit any synthetic material.
Methods of breeding
Multiply in two ways.
- Seeds. This method is very troublesome, requires a lot of time, so they use only experienced crops. Such a laborious process takes from 2 to 5 years. Mining planting material from cones that need to be put in a warm room and wait until they reveal. At the next stage, the material is required to soak well in water, only after that it comes to immerse each seed into the ground, covered with sawdust of the conifer. If plant grow in this way, then in the future it is possible to obtain a steady plant. The disadvantage of the method is considered the loss of decorative qualities of the Tui.
- Vegetativeno. Buying a ready-made seedling is more expensive as his further cultivation. The gardener must first pay attention to the quality of the root ball, it must be massive, without damage, then the plant will take place without problems.
Diseases and pests
The plant is illless. From insects, which most often damage him -. Insect looks like a small in size of a gray-brown pest, which actively attacks the bottom of the thuu. You can recognize the infection by yellowed branches and shiny needles.
The best medicine will be “carbofos”.
Another pest that loves to attack thuy, is a flagger. It is necessary to get rid of it immediately, when the first symptoms appear, since the shield can quickly destroy the plant. Best Prevention – Spraying of Saplings and Adult Plants “AcTellik”. The composition is applied before the kidneys begin to bloom.
From diseases, most often affecting a tree, you can highlight the rot. It manifests itself first in the form of yellowed branches, which are in the consequence darken, and then die away at all. Fungal defeat can be overcome if used “Fundazole”. Spray the drug takes once a few weeks until the thua recovers.
Application in landscape design
Living hedge – it is always very beautiful, the landscape is transformed. To create “Column” is suitable, because it grows a dense wall, without cleansing and emptiness. Its advantage is that the thuja can fit into any composition created by landscape designer. Nearby you can land bright flowering shrubs or other coniferous plants. “Column” will stand out on their background, another greens will only emphasize the composition of the color of the needles. A single landing of the car looks good on the alley.
It has a flat, elegant shape, so a plot that decorates the plant always looks well maintained.
More about the western tue “Column”, see the video below.