Lily is one of the most common flowering plants, which is valued for a beautiful appearance, as well as a peculiar fragrance. Among all plants that can be attributed to a group of lilies, the category of tubular lilies deserves special attention.
For those who only plans to start growing these flowers, it will be useful to know – what features are inherent in tubular lilies, which varieties from the group are the most popular and what rules need to be observed in the process of cultivation.
Tubular lilies – It is a large plant size, which can be in height to reach 2.5 meters. However, such growth indicators are inherent only in some species. If we talk about the average height of the flower, it should be noted that this indicator is about 80 centimeters.
This category of lilies is called tubular due to the fact that the base of the flower is stretched and shaped resembles a tube.
The category of tubular lines includes plants having a variety of shape, including invigorate, drooping and star-shaped. Stems of tubular lilies are distinguished by strength, even though, in their structure they are very thin. In this case, the leaves are elongated.
Tubular lilies are a rather diverse group of plants against color. So, among the flowers, you can find almost any shades with the exception of the blue and its various variations.
By its structure, flower petals are very dense, so they are well tolerated adverse weather phenomena (for example, wind or rain).
Also, the distinctive characteristics of the plant include the fact that Tubular lilies flowers are quite large in size and can reach 18 centimeters. They differ intense and rich aroma, which must be considered primarily to those people who suffer from allergies and individual intolerance. On one flower there may be up to 6 petals.
In one inflorescence of tubular lily can be formed from 5 to 10 flowers.
It is important to note that they are not revealed at the same time, but in turn.
Tubular lilies flowering time – the second half of the summer. In this regard, plants can be attributed to the category of Late Blowing. The bulbs of tubular lilies are quite large in size.
That is why it is especially important when buying a plant to pay attention to the following characteristics:
- The minimum size of the bulbs should be about 3 centimeters in diameter (if you purchase instances of smaller size, they may not survive);
- On the touch, the bulbs of tubular lilies should be dense and elastic;
- externally should not be any visible defects (for example, mold);
- Packing Plants must be without any damage.
Many gardeners choose tubular lilies due to the fact that these plants are capable of fairly long blossom. This characteristic is inconspicuous to other categories of lilies.
So, some varieties of tubular lilies can bloom over the whole month. Besides, The plant is distinguished by great endurance not only in relation to adverse weather conditions, But also with respect to pests and diseases. It calmly transfers the winter.
To date, nerd scientists allocate several types of tubular lilies. Some of the varieties are natural, others – hybrids. Consider the most popular varieties.
- “Yello Planets”. This tube lily has a bright yellow colors. The height of the plant can reach 120 centimeters, and the flowers themselves are directed up.
- “White Planets”. This lily is a classic representative of the family, because her flower has a snow-white color. At the base, the plant has a green shade, and height it can reach 1.2 meters.
- “Golden Spling”. This yellow flower is inferior to the plants described above, because it can only reach the height of only 100 centimeters. At the same time, on the outside, lily petals have an unusual bronze tide.
- “African Queen”. Lily has large flowers (up to 15 centimeters in diameter) peach-orange shade.
Before proceeding to the direct planting of the plant, it is important to take care that the soil plot consists of all the necessary requirements. So, it should be noted that the plants do not tolerate acidic or peat soil. It should also be allowed that excessive moisture accumulates in the Earth.
The ideal landing conditions for the plant will be such sections that are as close as possible to natural conditions in which flowers typically grow. The optimal option in this case is rocky soil.
Besides, Other types of soil are suitable: sandy, lime (at the same time it should have neutral or alkaline acidity). In the event that the Earth is on the site where you plan to plant a lily, it has acid characteristics, then this can be corrected by adding lime or ash.
Besides, When landing in an open ground it is important to choose the right thing to choose a specific place. An excellent option will be a plot that is well lit by sunlight almost all day.
If the place is too dark, the buds of the plants will develop slowly.
As a place for planting plants, gardeners most often choose open spaces. It is also recommended to disembark the tubular lilies on the elevated areas.
Before the direct planting of the plant, special attention should be paid to the preparation of soil. So, in order to make a ground mixture, it is necessary to take the ground with sand and humus, fine crushed stone and gravel (in this case, the proportions should be 4 to 1 to 1). Also in the mixture you need to add nitrogen-containing feeders (for example, peat or compost) and ash.
The procedure for planting a tubular lily consists of the following steps:
- The processing of the bulb using a mortar solution;
- The formation of a hole in a depth of 35 centimeters;
- falling asleep into the well prepared soil mixture;
- Placing the bulbs in the hole;
- watering cool water;
- Mulching (for this usually use leaves and peat crumbs).
Note that the distance between the plants should be at least 15 centimeters.
Features of care
Immediately after landing, lilies do not need special care. but It should be borne in mind that annually the plant will require more and more attention. So, in the spring period, immediately after the sprouts come, it is necessary to make feeding to the soil, namely, organic nitrogen-containing fertilizers (for example, compost or humus).
In the event that the air temperature is lowered lower than -3 degree Celsius, flowers need to cover with tissue material.
but If the air temperature is in the range from 0 to -3 degrees, the plant should be given the opportunity to temper. In the summer (namely, in July), tubular lilies are recommended to be mulched using straw or hay. Such procedures have a favorable plant on the development of the plant, suppress the growth of weeds and help keep water in the ground.
Watering is recommended regularly – 2-3 times a week (with hot and arid climate, as well as in summer). After the flowering period is completed, the fruit boxes must be removed. It should also be borne in mind that during periods of intense rains (which is especially characteristic of autumn) lily is cut and fed ash.
Methods of breeding
Tubular lilies have the opportunity to multiply seeds. However, usually this method in gardening does not apply. The thing is that this procedure is quite long and time-consuming, it takes a large amount of force and energy. Seeds are resorted to reproduction only if they are trying to bring the new grade of the plant.
An adult plant (which grows on your site at least 3 years) can be multiplied with bulbs. To do this, dig a flower and inspect its bulb. Usually at 3 years of age, the plant has not only its own (so-called motherboard) bulb, but also a few additional. For breeding tubular lily, such processes are separated and seated independently in separate areas according to all the rules described above.
Breeding procedure is best carried out in the autumn period. In the spring, it is possible to reproduce in the event that the height of the parent plant does not exceed 10 centimeters. Otherwise, new tubers will not fit.
Diseases and pests
As for diseases and pests, it should be noted the fact that tubular lily belongs to the category of plants that have an average level of sustainability. That is why OIt is important to pay special attention to the health of the plant.
Thus, nerd scientists, as well as experienced gardeners, note that the plant can be influenced by pests such as Lily cracks, a web tick, torment Cherver, voles, shields.
In order to protect the plant from these pests, it is necessary to prepare a special nasty of wormwood.
So, one third of the buckets of the ground, a glass of wood ash, a piece of economic soap and 100 sulfur grams poured boiling water and are kept for 8 hours. This solution needs to spray a plant (0.5 glasses per 1 bucket of water).
In addition to pests, the diseases may adversely affect the tubular lily. Among the most common allocate fusariosis and gray rot. To prevent these ailments, it is recommended to process the flower with a solution of manganese or any fungicide (for example, formalin or burgucid liquid).
Examples in landscape design
Landscape designers often use various varieties of tubular lilies as an accent element of flower beds.
Well in compositions with lilies, the following plants look:
- Floxes (especially finely color);
In this case, it is possible to use plants identical, similar or completely contrasting shades.
Tips for growing lilies from an experienced gardener in the video below.