Coniferous cultures are very often planted in private territories and in public areas. Among such popular evergreen plants, it is worth allocating a Tsuga represented by a large number of species and varieties.
Tsuga is the oldest representative of the Pine Family. These trees grow worldwide, but the birthplace of Tsugs consider forests of North America, as well as East Asia. The height of some trees can reach 75-meter marks. The crown shape is similar to the fir, since it has a soft and fairly flat cheeu. Tsuga in America studied and opened several times, in the light of which can be found a few names of this plant. Until today, some types of Tsugs refer to “Hemlock”, focusing on the primary name of culture from the pine family. Over time, a similar tree was found in Asia, which was fundamentally affected by its species classification.
Therefore, cultures from two regions were combined under the unified name of the type of Tsug.
Today, the coniferous tree is included in several dozen species, most of which were registered in the Asian regions. Tsug is notable for unpretentiousness in care, the main requirement of the culture is the humidity of the soil in which the tree will be planted. Among the characteristics of the culture is also worth identifying shadowness. Young seedlings of Tsugs are developing extremely slow, the flowering of the plant falls at the end of April and continues until the beginning of summer, but the flowers themselves are highlighted by their inevice appearance, which generally does not negatively affect the decorative component of evergreen culture.
Types and varieties
Today adopted a single classification of Tsugi. Among the most sought-after species and sorts of coniferous plants should be noted the following cultures.
Tsuga of this species is an elegant and slim tree, the height of which can reach up to 30 meters. Crown has a cone shape. A remarkable feature of the culture is the ability to have one or more trunks. The bark at the evergreen culture will contain grooves, in adult plants the trunk will be painted in a brown color. The main branches grow in a horizontal position, while the ends will be inclined down. The chalk is small, usually its length does not exceed 2 centimeters, on the end there is a dullness, color is predominantly dark green with glossy shine and longitudinal furrows. Canadian Tsugs are matured for the bumps of the oval shape of gray-brown color, their length does not exceed 3 centimeters.
According to the accepted classification of Tsuga, Canadian is recommended for landscaping public areas, in the light of which is actively used in landscape design.
No less noteworthy remains a varietal assortment of Canadian Tsi. It is worth highlighting the most popular cultures:
- Albospica – Culture is remarkable with previe varies;
- Everitt Golden – Swival with yellow color;
- Nana – miniature variety, is notable for its twisting branches;
- Pendula – an exquisite variety of tall evergreen conifer, whose branches are distinguished by their mandaring structure;
- Jeddeloh – Another dwarf representative of the Canadian Tsugovsky, whose branches provide a semicircular form plant, as they grow on a spiral trunk;
- Cole’s Prostrate – Pretty sober variety with olive in color of a housing, growing pretty slow.
The Western Tsug is highlighted by the average growth rate, the tree is able to grow to 40-60 meters. The needles forms small cones, while it may contain white stripes on the surface. Motherland Culture is North America. Coastal zones, mountain slopes are considered a place of habitat of culture in wildlife. The shape of the crown is widely, the ends of the shoots will tear down down.
The root system at the plant surface, rather branched, in the light of the landing requires the mulching of the priority circle.
Western Tsuga is represented by the following decorative varieties:
- Argenteovariegata – attractive culture with white-motley branches;
- Conica – miniature variety with a croile-shaped crown, reaching a height of 2-3 meters;
- Ray Godfray – evergreen culture of medium-sized, developing extremely slow, at an early age has lowered shoots, which raised with age.
Mountain or Merrtes
Another kind of evergreen culture, whose homeland is North America. The height of the plant can reach 40 meters when the stem diameter of about 150 centimeters can. Crohni at Tsugi mountain will repeat the outline of the cone, while the color of the trunk varies from dark gray to red-brown. There are cracks and numerous scales on the tree. Branches are predominantly brown, with dense. Kidney culture have an ovoid shape, their length usually does not exceed 3-4 mm. Needle-type needles, about 30 mm long, which develops in all directions.
Women’s cones on TsuGA will be painted in purple, during the aging period can change the color to gray. Fixtures have fluffy cones, reveal to an attractive fan with rounded edges.
Among those who encountered subspecies, 3 common cultures are distinguished:
- Tsuga Mertensiana Var. MERTENSIANA;
- Tsuga Mertensiana Var. jeffeyi;
- Tsuga Mertensiana Subsp. Grandicona.
All types and varieties of Tsugs are highlighted by their ability to develop in the shade, however, it is also possible to plant a housing in places with multiple lighting. Young seedlings of evergreen plants are recommended to priest. Besides, Radious cultures will require additional protection against wind gusts. These moments should be taken into account when selecting a suitable place for landing Tsugi. Large trees and medium-sized seedlings prefer a loose soil, in addition, to root the Tsuga deeply should not.
It is preferable to plant it in a substrate consisting of sand, leaf land and turf. Lime soil for conifers categorically does not fit, there will be pronounced slowdown growth rates in it.
To normalize the growth and development of culture in the cooked soil, it is necessary to additionally include the mineral complex at the rate of 150-200 grams per plant.
The recommended time for holding landing works is considered the period from April to August. If the culture is rooted not in a single copy, next to pines or other cheese, then the distance between the plants should not be less than 80 centimeters at a maximum of 1.5 meters.
Followed by the recommendation of gardeners relative to the size of the landing house. Its depth must be at least 70 centimeters. All varieties, including discrepancies, “Jeddeloh” varieties, “Nana”, “Pendula”, “Compact” are quite painful adapt to a new place after transplantation, Therefore, the choice of a plot for growing evergreen culture should be considered.
Tsuch landing is to place plants in the center of the prepared deepening. It is important to fix the entire root needle root system as much as possible, after which the hole is falling asleep with the prepared soil, the ground is torn away, it is pouring abundantly. The rolling circle is further mulched.
This has a positive effect on the winter hardiness of the tree, which in particular will be relevant for regions with a harsh climate.
Features of care
After rooting, an unpretentious evergreen plant will require the fulfillment of mandatory agrotechnical measures, which consist of the following works.
Tsug refers to moisthed cultures, so the owner of such a plant in the garden will need to regularly moisten the housing. For adult strengthened Tsii, it will be enough to enter at least one liter of water per week. In addition to root moistening, the spraying of the branches will have a positive effect on the needles and appearance of the plant, so that it will be possible to increase the humidity of the air near the tree.
Mandatory event relating to the care, which is recommended to conduct after each watering of Tsugi. It will help to establish aeration in the ground, avoid the formation of peel on the surface, as well as prevent the development and growth of weed grass in the rolling collar. However, it is worthwhile to carry out such works with extreme caution due to the surface location of the root system.
You can deliver to the tool into the ground, you can not more than 10 centimeters.
Carrying out the forming trimming is necessary only adult needles to give her krone attractiveness. Young seedlings in this kind of care will not be. Usually, sanitary and corrective trimming is carried out with the arrival of heat. As a rule, the plant is quite quickly adapted after such manipulations with shoots.
Preparation for wintering
Adult healthy coniferous trees in the additional shelter of the root system, as a rule, do not need. Therefore, the rolling circle is molded only by young seedlings. For these purposes, organic materials are used, such as peat or husknik. In winter, with significant decreases of temperature, the needles can change its color from green to red, but this does not mean that the culture suffered from frosts. Additional shelter will only be needed in those regions where lowering the temperature on the thermometer can reach -25 degrees.
Usually the mulch is placed near the culture in November, removing the observed layer closer to April.
Tsug rarely suffers in the garden from the invasions of pests or diseases. However, among the common insects that can harm the needles, it is worth highlighting a tsuchny spine, a pine shield, a Tsuchka and a web tick. To destroy pests, use store insecticides and fungicides. There are cases of damage to the needles by rodents – in order to avoid this, it will be necessary to cover the barrel at the bottom using non-woven material.
Among the ailments that affect culture should be noted the root rot, which arises due to errors relating to the care, in particular – watering. The disease is manifested by the slow motion pace of wood development, which may result in death.
To save your chew, the Tsuch transplant is recommended, as well as the processing and removal of the affected root system, but large cultures in the light of their impressive sizes will save will be more complicated.
Spice coniferous culture in several ways:
- with the help of planting seed;
- Vegetative method.
In the first case, it will be possible to collect suitable material only with cultures whose age is more than 20 years. Such seeds are seeded in special containers with loose soil, withsting capacity for 4 months indoors, where the air temperature will not rise above +5 degrees. After time, seedlings can be rearranged into the lighted room, where the air will be heated to +15 degrees. When shooting, they are allowed to gradually teach heat, growing them in the temperature range from +19 to +23 degrees.
As a rule, there is thus about half of the planted seed material. Tsugs should grow in the greenhouses until they reach 2-3 years, after which the young trees can be rooted in the garden.
Vegetative method involves getting new crops from Tsugi cuttings. For germination, young shoots are chosen from the sides of the culture, which, after cutting, are kept in the growth stimulator, after which they roam in a loose fertile soil at right angles. Grow cuttings in a warm room with high humidity and scattered lighting. If necessary, the cuttings can be immediately rooted in the garden. They are highlighted high surgery, as well as frost resistance.
Varietary Tsugs spread up with the help of vaccination, Canadian coast can be used as a dull.
Usage in landscape design
Decorative dwarf varieties with creeping branches will be a real decoration and a wonder in the garden, forming an attractive green carpet on the site.
Fluffy coniferous grades with whiten ends on shoots do not need an addition to some more plants, because even with single plantation will become the main highlight of the landscape design.
No less attractive evergreen plant will look in the composition on garden flower bed with other plants. Thanks to the beautiful and fresh needles, such project design projects will be a worthy option for decorating any place in the garden.
More about TsUGA Canadian Look in the video below.