Tis Poznokone – This is an evergreen tree, which refers to the testica family. Growing in Asia, North Africa, Canada, Russia. It has the Latin name “Taxus Cuspidata”. Tis wood is easily processed and is very valuable for furniture production, but used infrequently. It is interesting that before the plants and arrows were made from the branches of the plant, and the tip was lubricated to poisonous juice. Growing a perennial is now common in the household. It is used as a matter of scenery in landscape design, for landscaping. It should be known that almost all parts of the plant poisonous.
Description and characteristic of tees
This is a perennial coniferous tree, in shape resembles a shrub. Large copies come across rarely. The longevity of Tis is striking, there are species living up to 900 years. The tree sometimes grows up to 20 m, but the average height is usually 6-10 m. Krone has the form of oval, with fluffy green branches. The trunk of a reddish-brown color, and in branches there is a growing. It is soft, thick and contains poison.
Needles are tiny, size from 2 cm long and up to 3 mm wide, wedge-shaped. Coupling color dark green, below brighter. Perennial flowering period occurs in spring. Sporophilles of culture have a spherical shape and hide in the sinuses of the leaves. Sport collections are single kidneys that are above small sinuses of the leaf. Female flowers ripen seeds.
TIS is a downtown and rarely one-bedroom. Divorous plants are such copies that have only same-sex men’s floral pestles or women’s stamens. One-bedroom species contain men and female signs on one sample. Favorite plants are pollinated only by cross. Bees and wind participate in pollination. Fruits appear when pollen from such a culture falls on another copy having women’s flowers.
Culture seeds can be collected early in autumn. They resemble the shape of the egg, flat, have a warm brown color. Seed size – up to 6 mm. The upper part of the designer in the scales is disclosed, you can see the edges of seeds from it.
TIS population is quite extensive. It grows in Japan, Korea, China, Canada, North Africa, Russia (in Primorye, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands). Trees usually grow groups in coniferous-deciduous forests and mountainous areas. Often grow in places where there are other types of coniferous trees, for example, near cedarns and pines. Wood fit fertile soils containing limestone and wet climate. On the Kuril Islands occurs near bamboo groves. In the Lazovsky Reserve of Russia there are multiple plantings of trees. They are listed in the Red Book of Primorye and the Sakhalin Region, like a rare species.
The most common:
Sort “Nana” – This is a dwarf coniferous shrub similar to the ellipse. Most suitable for continental climate. The needle of this tees is dark green, soft to the touch. “Nana” is good for decorative trimming, you can create an interesting spherical shape or image of a pyramid. Plant is also used for gardening territory. This instance is growing approximately 5 cm per year. You can use this variety to create live elements or other decorative elements. Evergreen shrubs look good on terraces, alles, garden tracks.
Like other types of tees, “Nana” normally feels at the shadow sections of the earth. He is unpretentious to the soil, perfectly tolerates the winter and is not afraid of the winds.
“Golden” – miniature dwarf bush. This is a coniferous plant, the height of which is not more than 3 m. Called golden, because the needles have a light yellow kaym, reminiscent of gold color.
“Mini” – The smallest decorative type of tees. Reaches a maximum height of 35 cm. His branches have a brownish shade, and the cheops are emerald green, the oblong shape, from the top side shiny. “Mining” is used for landscape landscape and floristics.
“Pharma” – Tia variety, grows up to 2 m. Loves fertile soils and wet climate. Well deals also in urban areas. Havinki is wide, pointed.
“Expans” – Shrub, whose crown resembles a vase. The plant has no main trunk. Perennial who can live up to 200 years, but grows up to a maximum of up to 3 m in height. From this kind of tees make various sculptures, especially popular with designers in the US.
“Captain” – Compact bush similar to Kehal.
Rules landing Tisa
Considering that Tis is a long-term long-lived tree, it is suitable for decorating the territory. He is unpretentious in leaving, it has a beautiful view, it can be cut. Teisyness of tees allows you to arrange it in different areas of the landscape, where other plants will not be able to survive. Tis reproduction is carried out by planting seeds or stalling. Shrubs need to create a favorable microclimate while landing. Many types of tees are equally perceived different types of soil. It is important that acidity is not lower than 6.
Special attention should be paid to the drainage layer of the soil. Soil mixture can be made of turf, peat and sand. Do not forget about the mineral complex for soil. If when landing add an earth from a coniferous forest, it will give a plant necessary for the life of mycorrhiza. It is better to plant the TIS from the end of August to early October. Landing Pits are digging based on the sizes of the root system.
Plants with an open root system plant so that the roots are fluent in the landing pit, and the root neck was at the soil level.
The main care is important for TISS. Feeding no need to give excessively, watering stands moderately, from 10 l for 1 time. Adult tees abundant irrigation is not needed, since its root system allows themselves to produce water from deep layers of soil. When drought, you need to water adult tees and produce crown irrigation. Also follows after irrigation to explode the land in the villain sector. Soil mulch is necessary to deterrete weed growth, as well as to save moisture for a longer period. The first 3 years, Kostik needs to protect against drafts.
Culture pruning should be done by an adult plant, it should be neat. Since the tree is slowly growing, if you remove too much, it will overcome long. Best time pruning falls for April. On the wintering seedlings are worth covering the bag. It will protect the plant from frost and sun. You can make a special frame of wooden bars and Loutrasil. In front of wintering should be sprayed with fungicidal drugs to prevent various diseases.
As culture grows, the culture appears resistance to adverse environmental factors, so the first few years a special care is needed.
About how from the tees can be formalized by burning, see further.