Thuja folded – frequent coniferous plant from the family of cypress. Thanks to the beautiful evergreen species, it is widely used in landscape design both in the form of single landings and in the formation of living fences and alleys.
Motherland of this coniferous plant consider Eastern Asia and North America. On the American continent, this species is the most alpine. Thuja folded, or thuja giant, – a plant with a rather dense, thick crown, which is formed with branched shoots on the same planes. Crown shape often pyramidal. Liste-CHINI – bright green, very narrow, in width only occasionally reach 1 mm.
As the growing plants, they are superimposed by layers on each other, like the scaway, and firmly fit to the shoots. Such a location adds glossy glitter of their facial surface. The opposite side has clearly manifested white or light yellow stripes.
In natural conditions, the tree can grow up to 60 m, the diameter on average is 2.5-3 m. Fibrel plant barrel. Folded, thickened bark has a brown-red color, so sometimes it is also called the “red cedar”.
In the natural environment, the Tuya giant is growing near the water bodies, on Kosoyrats in the shady terrain. Tree belongs to long-livers, the life cycle of individual representatives reaches 800 years. Decorative plants grown at home, grow up to about 13-15 m. Fruits of Tui – oblong cones of oval shape. In addition to the usual representatives of Tui folded, there are also small, dwarf varieties that grow in the form of small cones.
The characteristics of the Tui folds can be attributed:
- rather rapid growth;
- the ability to grow even in poor soil;
- Fitness to growing in shaded places;
- does not suffer from excessive soil moisturizing (when flooding coastline);
- Easily breed.
When rubbing, the needles highlights a pleasant, slightly pineapple fragrance.
Decorative giant thuja has several forms. All of them stand out interesting and attractive views. Classic varieties look great in frequent joint alley. Dwarf varieties are more suitable for landing on stony areas. Molding shapes are ideal for decorating water bodies and lawns, but plants with colorful conifers look very beautifully in spectacular, contrast compositions.
Belongs to the dwarf varieties of the Tui folded with a height of 1.5 m, although in nature reaches 60 m. The plant has a spherical shape and branches. Chewinki are located scales and have pointed tips. In the summer of the needle “Vipcord” has a green color, and in winter it becomes a brownish shade.
In the content of the plant completely unpretentious, it has frost-resistance, but in harsh frosts it costs him to insulate and build or buy a frame that would protect from snow.
A shrub characterized by rather fast growth, on average he has a height of 4 m. The cone-shaped crown is distinguished by a densely and greenish overflow, and in winter – a bronze tone.
It has small sizes, its height can be about 1.5 m. The shape of the crown in the form of a lush cone, and the needle has a yellow-green tint.
A kind of giant Tui, which is highlighted by slow growth rates. 25-year-old plant has a height of about 3 m. The crown of this shrub is low, but pretty thick, the needles are characterized by a motley color. Young shoots have pronounced cream stripes.
Representatives of this variety are equally poorly carrying strong frosts and direct sunlight, but they need moisture. In natural conditions, this type grows in forests and marsh localities.
Zebrina Extra Gold
Has a cone shape with double crown color. The basis of green shoots, and the edges have a yellow colors. Grows a village to 2 m.
Characterized by a rapid growth rate, the average height – 4 m. Krone is distinguished by glossy dark green color.
Decorative type of thuu, possessing a pyramidal crown. The needles have a saturated emerald green color, the tips of the chewing – golden tone. Plant growth is quite slow, 10-year-old shrub grows up to 3 m.
Representatives of this variety of longevity, the length of the life cycle can reach 500 years. They are also characterized by frost resistance and strength, capable of withstanding strong gusts of wind. This variety is better suited for fertile wet land.
Dwarf grade with a crown of conical shape. Maximum can grow to 1.5 m. Shoots dense, glossy, with a darker-green cheese. In the spring time, new growths with a golden tint appear. The growth of the plant is slow, but it differs in frost resistance and carefulness in care.
Decorative type of thuuy, characterized by a small height – just 1.5 m. Shoots not very branched, growing parallel to. Old stems acquire a brownish shade, the young – bright green. The needle is located scales and tightly adjacent to the shoots.
Belongs to the dwarf varieties of the Tui. The bush has an empty crown of light green colors. The conifer color depends on the lighting of the site: in a bright place it is a brighter tone, and in the shade it becomes dark green.
The plant reacts badly to drought and needs moderate watering. This variety belongs to the frost-resistant. At the site are mainly used for spectacular compositions with other plants.
Landing and rules
Thuja folded greatly grows on the illuminated or slightly privided sections, it is desirable that the place is closed from the wind. Soil for landing is suitable from these components:
- 2 pieces of turf or leaf land;
- 1 part of the peat;
- 1 part of sand.
When landing plants in the well need to add 500 g nitroammofoski. Depth should be 60-80 cm, taking into account the parameters of the krona of the Tui, as well as the earth coma. It is necessary to plant in such a way that the root neck is located on the same level. It is also worth adding a drain layer 15-20 cm.
For Tui gigantic, it is not fundamentally on what basis to grow, it equally feels well on the swampy, clay, peat or sandy soils. Plant landing at a distance from 0.5 to 3 m from each other (depending on the size of an adult shrub).
Between the rows it is recommended to observe the following intervals:
- When landing in two rows – 0.5-0.7 m;
- in one row – 0.4-0.5 m.
When landing, the alley should give her a width of about 6-8 m, and the gap between the plants should be no more than 4 m. In the first month, the plant moisturizes once a week (approximately 10 liters of water for one bush), in dry and hot time the volume of fluid increases and paint watering. Thuja folded like moisture, with its disadvantage, as well as in too shaded the place, the needle of the plant is rare.
Raise the Earth around the bush you need a shallow, because the plant has surface roots. Preferably, the mulching is used – a layer of 7 cm peat or chips is quite sufficient.
Two-year-old plants are advised to help the Kemira Universal complex. In the spring, prophylactic treatment of bordeaux liquid. Dry shoots need to be regularly deleted, do it also in spring time. The formation of the crown of the Tui folding is carried out as needed.
Young plants need to warm up for the winter, adults – quite frost. Although in too cold winters they should also be covered. In the fall, it is better to build a frame to create trees protection from snow.
In nature, the Tuya giant is multiplied by seeds, and decorative forms – only with cuttings. They are taken from young, well-developed bushes. Cuttings are quite quickly rooted.
Due to the decorative form and the diversity of forms, it is often used in landscaping of streets, the formation of alley and living ingredients, and in combination with cypress, larch or fir, it looks great in a variety of compositions.
The plant moves very well urban conditions, so ideal for landscape design in dusty cities, adding a bright note of freshness in a sad landscape.
About the folded Tuya Excels See next video.