Terry tulips: description, varieties and cultivation

Tulips won the hearts of many gardeners with their innocent beauty and color varieties. Breeding such colors were engaged and breeders from around the world. Terry tulips were bred, which are a bit like peonies.

History of origin

Beautiful flowers that many are associated with the beginning of spring and warmth, were known in ancient Greece, and then they were transported to Persia. They received their name thanks to the Persian Turgan. Residents of the country decorated their headdress alive flowers. Tulips did not remain unnoticed by Europeans. Initially, they were brought to Europe from Turkey.

Most of all varieties and varieties were obtained in the Netherlands. It was in the Netherlands for the first time a terry tulip was bred. However, such a goal of breeders did not put. Part of the perianth passed into additional petals as a result of random cross-pollination. That is, for the first time, the terry tulip appeared on the wax of the game of nature.

At the beginning of the XVII century, Dutch breeders began to select the best copies and brought in this way the first grade of Duke Van Tol, who became the great-terrain of early terry tulips. After 1650, the late grades of terry tulips appeared. The most famous variety is “Murilla”. It is still actively used in flower growing.

Russia tulips were delivered in the XVII century by decree of Peter I and began to decorate the gardens of St. Petersburg and other cities. Currently, scientists breeders brought more than 1,500 grades of terry tulips. They make simple lovers of beautiful, and also decorate the famous gardens and parks of most countries of the world.

Peculiarities

Terry tulips are often called pionic. This is not surprising, since their flowers really resemble peonies: the same volumetric and multi-treatments, sometimes reversible to the Earth due to their severity. Plants do not like the wind and dampness. For good development and flowering it is better to choose elevated places closed from drafts.

Machion tulips make up about 8% of the total number of all kinds. Their feature is a small height of 20-30 cm in early grades and 50-60 cm in the later. This fact is used as a wonderful reason to apply them as a border or front of the mixboarder.

Their bloom is relatively long: lasts up to 2 weeks. Flowers are large, have a large number of petals, in diameter reaches 10 cm.

After the flowering period, a thick greens remains, so it is better to combine rapidly flowing tulips with annuals. They will bloom almost all season and look beautiful on the background of tulip leaves.

Sort

A huge number of varieties of terry tulips are customary to classify into early and late varieties. The first is impressive with their free blossom, but they are low, and they have pretty small flowers. The color palette is distinguished by variety: there are red, white, and yellow, and multicolored instances.

Late terry tulips bloom for a couple of weeks later, but much larger than their fellow. They are often used to distillation and cuts, get canceled bouquets and please their loved ones. Consider the main varieties and titles of terry tulips of different types.

Early

Low, but in its own way the wonderful early grade of terry tulips can not be bypass. They are gentle and beautiful with their virgin beauty. Among them you can highlight a fairly large number of popular species.

  • ABBA. Dutch grade with aliens multi-treat flowers reaching 10 cm in diameter. External petals are covered with green stripes. Flowers in April.

  • Belicia. The flowering period falls at the end of April. From one bulb can grow up to 5 color seals. Buds are quite high: up to 10 cm. Cream color flowers, petals are edged with border.

  • Monte Carlo. They are grown not only in the garden, they are used as potted culture. Stem grows up to 40 cm. Flowers large bright yellow gust matomas.

  • Peach blossom. Very popular variety. Gently pink petals of huge colors (up to 12 cm in diameter) pointed. From afar these tulips really resemble peonies.

  • Monte Orang. Plant up to 30 cm in height. It has bright orange buds with green streaks. Flowers in early April.

  • Freeman. Stunning bright yellow-orange flowers having a framing of green leaves. Very dense flower bowl just naked petals.

  • Queen of Marve. Some of the few grades of early tulips that are suitable for cutting. They have beautiful pink-purple flowers and reach 0.5 meters in height.

  • Verona. Lemon shade of colors looks fresh and sunny. Grown not only on the flower beds, but also in pots. And also this is quite high grade: grows up to 45 cm.

  • Cartouche. White with raspberries Petals attract attention. Plants reach 40 cm in height, bloom in April. Use to decorate the foreground of the flower beds and drive out on the cutting.

  • Double Toronto.Gybrid of the terry tulip and grave grade. Plant multi-flowered, as it is a bush. Bright orange flowers will be a real garden decoration.

Late

Late tulips begin to bloom in a couple of weeks after early. They differ in a long period of flowering, some plants continue until June. They are used both in the cut and in the flower beds. Late tulips are characterized by high growth and large diameter colors: up to 10 cm. There are many popular varieties.

  • La Belle Epoque. An exquisite plant of a gentle pink powder shade, which grows up to 55 cm in height. Flowers are very large, long do not fade.

  • Mount Tacoma. Snow-White Fine Flowers will decorate any garden. Bloom lasts up to 3 weeks, which will delight gardeners.

  • Blue Diamond. Purple-purple flowers of this plant are simply shocked by imagination. Starids visually remind corrugation. Petals wide and dual, there are a lot of them in the flower.

  • Miranda.This tulip boasts shiny red flowers. Miranda in one flower has about 50 petals, which makes the grade very interesting in terms of decorativeness.

  • Lilac Perfection. Sort with lilac flowers that can enjoy 2-3 weeks. The core of yellow color and visible with full buds. Attractive in this variety and wonderful sweet smell.

  • Charming Beauty. These late terry tulips are also multi-flowered. Different salmon painting and yellow core. On each petal pink barcode.

  • Fruit Cocktail. Extremely interesting for gardeners instance. Buds first green, then reveal, and yellow petals with a red stripe become visible. It is unusual that the petals are very narrow for tulips.

  • Princess Angelique. Tulips are not too high, but possess an interesting flower. When disclosure it is clear that the middle of it is white, while the petals are gentle pink with a white stripe.

  • SENSUAL TOUCH. These terry tulips have a fringe edge. They are high with a huge flower of red-orange color reaching 10 cm in diameter. Often used both in landscape design and not cut.

  • Royal Acres. Very resistant to external adverse plant factors. Reach 35 cm in height. Different with denselyahrovy colors of predominantly pink-lilac shades.

Landing

Is carried out at a temperature of +6 to + 10 ° C, since it is this temperature range that allows the bulbs to root. Optimum time for landing – autumn (September-October, depending on the climatic zone). Early terry tulips planted 2 weeks earlier than the late. Every year it is desirable to select a new place for growing terry tulips in the garden. If there is no such possibility, it is necessary to carry out a transfer at least once every 3 years, but for the winter to warm the bulbs with fir legs.

Before disembarking, it is necessary to make a sample of planting material and dispose of faded and dried specimens, and the rest of the soak on half an hour in a weak solution of manganese.

The depth of planting is the height of the bulbs, multiplied by 3, and the distance between the instances is at least 10 cm. On the bottom of the dug holes, it is necessary to put a handful of river sand, and then put the bulb, which is impossible to indulge in the ground. At the time of winter it is necessary to put a layer of mulch.

The soil

When landing, it is not recommended to use manure that is rather roughly affecting the delicate plants. It is better to make compost and suitable fertilizers that quickly dissolve in water and do not have chlorine in the composition. Clay soil – a real enemy for tulips. If the plot is just clay soil, they must be improved using:

  • humus;
  • ash;
  • peat;
  • sand.

As well as plants are not suitable acidic soil.

Care

The bulbs need to dig each year so that they are not subjected to rotting and did not smack. To store them, it is better to prepare a container with wet sand and a dry cold dark place. Grocery where tulips grow, you need to periodically loose and pour. The land near the colors should always be wet to saturate moisture meaty stems and leaves. Sprouted plants need to be focused by nitrogen, then there is a cerebral of phosphoric-potash feeding, and then mineral.

Any hint of the disease – a signal to remove the affected plant.

For the suspension, it is possible to process terry tulips of fungicides from time to time. When cutting plants, it is necessary to leave several leaves for the formation of high-quality bulbs. Fading petals should be turned off to not weaken the bulb.

Optimal conditions

Terry tulips do not wear moisture. Therefore, the best place for their growing will be the elevation. They are demanding of lighting: optimal outdoor plot with maximum insolation. However, they do not complain the wind, since the stems tender and easily break under the weight of the flower.

If rainy spring is issued, it is better not to water the plants at all.

Combination in landscape

Since the tulips do not bloom too long, then there will be a good solution to fall on them in a tandem with blooming all season by plants. Early terry varieties are perfect for the front front of the flower, borders. And late tulips can make an excellent independent group or be in union with perennials and annual.

About growing tulips told in the next video

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