Today, flowerflowers and gardeners have the opportunity to grow a huge number of different plants. Among attractive crops that are amenable to cultivation in open ground, as well as at home, it is worth highlighting the false, which is in great demand in the light of its decorative attractiveness.
This culture has several titles common among gardeners. Therefore, the false cramps are sometimes called as Sedum Caucasian. This name gives an understanding of where the plant comes from. In the wild, the asshole grows in Georgia, in the western part of Armenia, in the Pre-Based. And culture is found in Turkey and Iran. Based on its features of the assholes is a grassy culture that prefers to develop on the slopes, as well as in the meadows.
As the practice of cultivation is shown, it adapts well to the climatic peculiarities of the northern regions of Russia, since the plant has inherent properties to maintain their viability even at negative air temperatures.
According to the Botanical Description, Sedume – the soil perennial, which increases in a height of no more than 25-30 centimeters. Among the individual species there are representatives of the succulent, which in height are capable of growing only up to 5 centimeters. The root system is represented by a multitude of branchy thin roots, stems of a false, taking into account the species, there are two types – fluttering or raising.
Basic shoots are usually shorter than fertile on 3-5 centimeters, fruits are formed in the latter in the process of development of culture. Green mass is represented by rich color leaves that develop against. As a rule, the length of the plate is from 1 to 3 centimeters with a width of no more than 1 centimeter. The sheet has a clinoid form with minimal input.
Sedum’s inflorescences are spreading umbrellas that grow between winding escapes. Sockets are represented by a large number of small flowers that can be painted in white, pink, raspberry and other colors depending on the variety. In the flowering phase, the culture enters the early summer, keeping the freshness of its flowers until August.
Planting the plant will be capable of the second year of life, when the formation of the majority of shoots will end. In the wild, bloom can be represented by a green carpet with small attractive multi-colored outlets from above. When growing a clearing at home, its flowering is extremely difficult to achieve.
The fruits of the surcharge contain a large amount of dust-shaped seeds who are inherent in high viability indicators. Upon completion of the summer, most of the species of a false squeezing drops its leaves.
Culture is a perennial, however, when growing in decorative purposes, will require regular updates, which will have a positive effect on its attractiveness. The lingement is recommended to hold at least once every 5-6 years.
Among the available representatives of this culture, it is worth allocating the most sought-after.
Suffer false raspberry
Culture that develops up to 20-25 centimeters. Soots creeping, green mass painted in a rich shade. Due to its structure, the plant tightly covers the ground. Some crawls can reach 50 centimeters in diameter. The leaves are strong, at the ends may contain jar with dimensions of 4×6 centimeters.
Inflorescences grow in the form of a shield, the color of the flowers will be purple-red, there are also plants with pink petals color. Bloom lasts about 1.5-2 months starting from June. However, in the Flowering Phase, Seduum can enter later in the light of the climatic features of the region where it grows. In the fall, the perennial resets his foliage.
A variety that develops in a height of up to 15 centimeters. The foliage has medium sizes, but this does not interfere with the plant in the development process to form an attractive flowering carpet on Earth. Sedume owes its name to the color of the leaves, which are plates with strips of green and white colors, and with the advent of autumn to the main shades is added pink. Green mass has an extended shape, on the ends of the sheet there are jar. The peak of its decorative attractiveness culture reaches at sunny areas of the garden. Inflorescences have a white-pink color.
Succulent has sharpening stems, which are lengthened by 15-20 centimeters, shoots containing flowers, usually grow up to 25 centimeters. Culture is able to increase in size pretty quickly. In the phase of flowering, Sedume joins in June, decorated with a plot until the end of the summer. Blossom abundant, so green mass among numerous pink flowers can be viewed bad.
Clamps, 20 centimeters high with oval green leaves. Some representatives have a reddish tint in the color. The plant blooms with beautiful pink flowers, which in its appearance look like stars, with a diameter of not more than 1 centimeter.
During flowering, culture exudes a pleasant fragrance. As a rule, the devil will be decorated with flowers from July to August.
Succulent of small size that grows up to 10 centimeters. Foliage thick, has an emerald color with a rounded form of a plate. Bloom will initially be white, then inflorescences change their shade on pink.
Also among in demand varieties is worth highlighting:
- “Voodoo” and others.
How to plant?
For all succulents, it is important that the place selected for rooting was with the maximum access of solar color, because in the shadow culture loses its appeal. If the lighting in the garden or house will be bright, then bloom and shades will be as saturated as possible.
As for the choice of a suitable type of soil, the perennial is perfectly adapted to any of the composition of the soil, the main thing is that the gardener takes care of the presence of a good drainage in the well. From landing a clearing in lowlands should be abandoned, since moisture can be stated on such sites in the ground.
You can roighten the plant at any time of the year, however, the most favorable period will be spring, since the young plant will have time to adapt to new conditions for the summer, as well as increase the green mass.
The landing algorithm involves the deepening of the culture cutting with pre-remote bottom leaves in the soil. After which the soil is rambling, moisturizes. Usually wide pots or other containers are used for home dilution, but their depth should not be large, because the culture has a root system creeping: it does not deepen into the ground, and is located near the surface.
How to care for?
After rooting a surcharge to grow culture, it will be necessary to provide it with appropriate care. Agrotechnical events should not cause any problems even with newcomers, but in the first few weeks after landing, it is recommended to pay attention to the maximum. Major care works relate to several events.
During the first month for a plant rooted in an open ground, it will be important to have a weeding, since weeding the grass can destroy the assistance, preventing its rooting. Until the moment when Seduum does not form a tight green carpet on the plot, the gardener needs to be removed near it all weeds.
Succulent does not require frequent moisturies. In cases where the culture grows in the regions with high humidity, and the air temperature rarely rises above the mark + 22 ° C, watering the perennial, in general, there will be no need. The introduction of moisture will require a plant in the hot months.
Such work is more correct to spend in the evening, avoiding the formation of the crusts on the surface of the soil.
Cultures that are grown in the room will require a flower supply to the plant of the natural change of seasons. So that the perennial had the opportunity to be in the peak phase, which is replaced by active growth and flowering time. In the first case, for the culture, it is necessary to ensure air temperature within + 8 … 15 ° C, for the growing season will be sufficient to contain a flower in the temperature range from + 22 … 25 ° C.
If the culture was originally planted into the fertile soil, then it is not necessary to introduce feeding. If trace elements are in excess, it can lead to active green mass extension without flowering.
In poor soil or in areas with stony soil is the most correct than the phase of flowering, fade a plant with a special mineral complex recommended for succulents.
To maintain attractiveness, the point is removed overweight shoots. Such work can be combined with sanitary trimming when culture is removed dry leaves or inflorescences.
Methods of breeding
Perennial will be prompted by several ways.
To obtain landing material, you must separate the young shoots from the maternal bush having the roots. Or choose the upper part of the escape length of about 10 centimeters, rooting it into a wet substrate.
To independently get a culture, you can also use an option to cultivate a seeds from seeds, which practiced breeders to remove new varieties. The assembled or acquired material is sown in spring in containers, regularly moisturizing soil with spraying. To create a greenhouse effect, glass or film is used. Contain containers recommended at temperatures + 5 … 7 ° С for hardening. The appearance of sprouts are waiting for indoors at room temperature. Culture with three leaves can already be transplanted into a separate container for development.
An option assumed to dig an adult perennial with a subsequent division of it into several parts having roots and 2 kidneys. Each culture after processing the locations of the cut is immediately rooted at the selected place.
Diseases and pests
In general, the culture is distinguished by immunost to many diseases, but in excess of moisture may suffer from fungus. Signs of illness are dark spots on green mass. Treatment is to remove the affected parts, as well as the normalization of the frequency of irrigation.
Among the insects representing the danger to clerk, it is worth highlighting:
To destroy the pest, it is recommended to use a soap solution for spraying or store insecticides with a large number of insects.
Usage in landscape design
Perennial can be successfully grown in the garden with low decorative trees, forming a blooming green carpet under them.
Even the miniature varieties of succulent are able to decorate the flowerbed due to their external attractiveness and bright blossom.
Cups perfectly combined with garden crops, in the light of which with the help of perennial in the garden will be able to create picturesque floral compositions.
How to grow false crash, look in the following video.