Many dackets love to decorate their lords of coniferous trees. They have plenty of advantages over deciduous plants making them very popular. These are their unpretentiousness, high aesthetic characteristics and evergreen foliage, albeit in the form of needles. In addition, over time, ate begin to bring a crop in the form of cones with delicious and very useful nuts. Today we will tell about one of the types of firings, which are ideal for landing on household plots – this is “Nidformis”.
Picea Abies Nidiformis appeared in the market due to the efforts of breeders from Germany in 1904. It refers to dwarf trees. Its height is small and is a maximum of 1.2 m, while the diameter of the crown has two times large. For its similarity with a soft pillow, the shape of such trees is customary to call a pillow. The branches diverge from the trunk by fan, and the needles of the tree are soft and almost no spiny, their length does not exceed one centimeter. Usually the color of these firs has a darker color, but in the spring due to the appearance of young processes, its color brightens almost to the salad.
A pleasant “bonus” for dacities, landed this tree, cones. They appear four years after landing. Fruits have impressive dimensions – from 10 to 15 cm, the truth is their diameter does not exceed 4 cm. You can distinguish ripe fruits on a brown shade, while immature cones are painted in green.
Conifers – these are famous long-livers, did not exception and Nidoformis, which can decorate a plot for 250 years.
Choosing a seedling, stop the selection on copies with a closed root system. They can be purchased in containers, which is very convenient and allows you to accomplish the village to the house. Make sure the trees are not damaged. It is best for this ate fertile, acidic soil. The ideal soil will become moderately wet loams or sandy, which should not be located in the groundwater zone.
The land in the radius of growth of the tree does not need to be seal. So that it does not have enough, go away from the tracks away from the tracks. It will feel comfortable if the earth will sometimes loose. The main thing is to carry out this procedure neatly, not the hidden fence of the tree, because they are pretty close to the surface of the earth. Landing includes several stages.
- So that the Christmas tree was comfortable and she quickly gothes, Prepare a hole for it 1.5-2 times higher than the size of the available coma. The shoe depth should be 80 cm, plus 20 cm. Leave on the laying of drainage.
- Pour water bucket. Deepen the tree so that the neck is at the ground level. After the trunk sprinkle the earth, it needs to be poles again and focus. If one bucket of water is enough at the first pore of the Christmas tree, then as we grow, the volume of watering should increase. If the growth has already exceeded the mark in the meter, then you can take two buckets on watering.
- With age, the root system of this barely expands – underground they can occupy up to 3 meters square.
To the tree there is enough space, do not put the closer than this distance other plants.
Nidformis a little capricious in terms of soil – too wet land does not categorically fit. That is why it is important for her to have a drainage that will regulate the amount of moisture. In relatively dry soil it will be comfortable, subject to sufficient watering. The fir loves sandy soils, and loam, but in the second case, the drainage layer becomes a prerequisite.
As for lighting, the place for this tree is better to choose the sunny, but not on the sun itself. Podtynya is also well suited for Nidformis. In principle, the fir will be able to grow in a completely shaded place, but then her branches will be rare. The most beautiful trees with a fluffy crown grow there, where the bright sun shines only a few hours a day, and then replaces the penalty and shadow. Frost resistance ate high, it can grow in various climatic zones, even where the air temperature drops to -40 °. Young trees, of course, it is worthwhile from frost. All other trees need only backup from below, which will not allow the snow to break the branches. What is really hard to experience this species, so it’s a heat.
Ate of this breed do not need the formation of the crown, but if you want to get perfectly beautiful bushes, then Pay attention to the appearance of too large branches – periodically they can get out of the total mass of “paws”. They can be cut, like emerging dried. It is necessary to do this in early June, when the tree finished the spring growth. As well as some dacms and gardeners prefer to trim the lower branches so that they do not harm on the ground. Then the bush will look careful and more beautiful.
If the tree successfully lived on your site for the first decade, then with a lot of probability it can be said that you can not worry about his fate. Nidiformis has taken root and will delight your elegant crown of you and your descendants who will continue to care for her.
For Shining Choose a non-fit day. The tree should be older than 5, and better 10 years, then it will move well to the breeding procedure and will not hurt. As cuttings take strong branches from the middle of the tree from 6 to 10 cm. Cutting them off from the tree, make a stripper: trying not to touch the bark, cut all the irregularities and excess hives. Next, you need to leave them for the night in a special solution for cuttings “Korenev”. Snacks for cuttings are made small – up to 6 cm. Chopsticks are directed at an angle of about 30 degrees.
Cuttings will acquire roots in about 2-4 months.
Diseases and pests
This coniferous beauty is not afraid of many diseases devastating for other trees. However, it is necessary to take into account its intolerance of high humidity. If the soil is transferred with water, then it can live like fungus, for example, snowy spider. To prevent this in addition to fertilizer, it will not prevent the periodic spraying of bordeaux liquid. When the tree is already sick, then use compounds with copper content for its treatment, they will help to overcome fungus.
To harm nidiformis such insects like a spruce powder and hurmes. As well as its trunk can attract the omnipresent pawkin tick. At the initial stage of damage to save spruce from the pest using a soap solution. This “Dedovsky” method is still widely used by summer houses at the initial stages of plant diseases. Rinse with soapy water victim from parasites. In the launched cases without insecticides no longer do.
Usage in landscape design
Evergreen needle-haired beauties are great for decorating land. With all its relative unpretentiousness and sustainability for climatic changes, it opens a large scope for creativity. This ate has many advantages that make it an ideal instance precisely for landscape design:
- neat sizes;
- slow growth;
- Unusual pillow-shaped form.
And without that beautiful crown you can handle on your taste, creating bizarre figures from it. Gardening of stones, rocaria and alpine slides – excellent options for disembarking this unusual and beautiful tree. Having placed it at the reservoir, you can create an incredibly cozy place on its plot. A successful option in landscape design will be both separately planted trees and whole hedges of them.
by the way, To decorate a plot with modest earth reserves, you can use nidiformis lined in separate containers. Then you do not have to bring a lot of land on your site, while you can adequately decorate the cottage or garden with these fluffy coniferous trees. Their compact dimensions allow them to easily place where you will be comfortable. Decorating nidiformis roofs of buildings located on the site, you will not just decorate them, but also get additional protection of rooms from precipitation, as well as a layer of “insulation”. In the landscape decoration, this species looks great in combination with juniper, golden and blue dwarf fir trees.
So, Spruce Picea Abies Nidiformis will become an excellent decoration of your site and will make it possible to realize unusual ideas about the design of the site, which makes it a find for landscape designers. The tree has a low growth – meter or a little more – and do not require painstaking care.
They look good next to other low plants and create atmospheric atmosphere at any time of the year.
In the next video you are waiting for a haircut ate ordinary “Nidformis”.