Among Russian gardeners from Canadian fans a lot of fans. The fact is that these trees have not just an amazing appearance, but also unpretentious in care, and this is very important in our harsh conditions. The needles of Canadian ate has a light blue shade, so the tree becomes the main decoration of the garden. Dwarf varieties are especially relevant for Russian sections, such as a fir of Sanders Blue grade.
This variety belongs to the Size varieties of dwarf firs. At 10 years old, the growth of the tree is 0.7-1.5 m, the crown width – 35-80 cm. In the first years, spruce adds about 2.5-5 cm per year, and when the age reaches the age of 6-7 years, the annual increase is 15 cm. Crohn grows up to 15 years, and then its increase is slowed down to 1-3 cm per season. At 30, the height of the tree reaches 2-3 m, and the width of the crown is 1.5 m.
Sizai Young Wood has a crown in the form of the right cone, however, over the years, Crohn is somewhat modified, and in the case of a decorative landing with this problem, you need to fight by trimming. The main feature of the variety is the blue color of the younger increase. Gradually, it acquires green color, and not evenly, and spots. Mature needles welcomes winter green coloring with a bluish tide.
The young needles are soft, but over time they become tough and dense. Rhizome stretches to the depth, then grows in a horizontal position, gradually spreading to a distant distance beyond the boundaries of the crown. The fruits-bumps for this species are rare. This variety is young, and is unknown, what is the life expectancy of a tree, but according to the description it is assumed that fir lives at least 50 years.
How to plant?
Before starting landing a spruce variety “Sanders Blue”, it is important to choose the most suitable area for landing. It should be half-directed place.
If the tree is completely deprived of the sun, then the color of the needles will be dim.
As a soil, it is recommended to use loams or soup with an acidic or weakly acid reaction, the soil must be loose.
If there are stones in the ground, they are not necessarily eliminated – Canadian Christmas trees are accustomed to stony mountainous areas. Choose a plot removed from groundwater at least 1.5 meters.
The key to the active development of wood is his health, and therefore it is worth paying attention to the quality of the planting material. If this is an import seedling, then it should be sold in a container. If the domestic copy, the escape can be sewn into the burlap.
Discard the purchase of an open root seedling, only the situation can be exception when the sprout is digging in the presence of the buyer.
Rhizome immediately wrapped into a wet fabric, in the absence of an earthen coma, it is placed in a clay tank and wrapped with a food film.
Landing is recommended at the end of autumn.
If the escape was kept in the container, it can be planted at any time, but not in summer. It is advisable to choose a rainy day to land.
The process is as follows:
- Drop in the PC section of 70 cm deep and diameter 60 cm;
- arrange a drainage system with a layer of 20 cm, for this you can use clayjit or red broken brick;
- Pulling the layer of the nutrient mixture, it can be prepared from a sheet humor, sour peat, sand, clay and 150 g of nitroammofoski;
- Remove the car from the container along with the earthen room and put it in the pit so that the root neck is at the surface level;
- Free space Flip the soil, lose weight, but watch the neck is not shrinking;
- From the remnants of the soil, make a roller on the borders of the crown;
- Pour the seedloves abundantly so that water reached the edge of the earth roller;
- Tighten the soil under the tree chips of coniferous trees or sawdust.
How to care?
Watering, feeding, trimming – these are all the procedures in which spruce variety “Sanders Blue”. Young specimens accepted to water once a week 10-12 liters of water, and for young shoots, water is better to share during the day on the portion, so that the moisture is evenly distributed. With age watering the ate can be less likely.
In the first year, many gardeners are recommended after each watering procedure slightly loosen the land around a seedling so that young roots have access to oxygen.
Especially careful attention should be given to autumn irrigation. This is due to the fact that the quality of the planting of the plant depends on the degree of moisture. So, many young samples die in the first winter not from the cold, but from moisture deficit. Periodically, the Christmas tree needs to be mulched. This manipulation will ensure the preservation of moisture in the soil and will brake the development of weeds. Wood sawdusts, peat or bark of trees are suitable as mulch. Recommended layer – 5 cm.
In the spring, the tree needs sanitary trimming, during which dry and damaged branches are removed. Decorative trimming is carried out as crown deformations.
This is a frost-resistant variety, however, young seedlings still need to be protected from winter cold, as their root system has not yet strengthened in the ground. For a more reliable rooting, the plant is wrapped with a grid or twine, and shelted for winter.
To do this, it is allowed to use Loutrasil, but its thickness should not be less than 60 microns, otherwise the needles can get frostbite.
Adult dwarf trees do not need to be covered at the time of cold weather, they will cope with frosts on their own, but it is important to hide them late in the fall.
Once a year, the plant must be fertilized by complex additives. It is recommended to choose fertilizers intended for coniferous decorative trees. Young samples are taken to water growth stimulants, for example, such as “Herbamine”, “Heteroaceuxin”, “Epin”, but do not overdo it with this procedure.
Just planted trees first 2-3 weeks need to spray “Ferovit”. Refuse to fade with high nitrogen content. Fertilizers based on biohumus, compost, kalimagnesia are suitable, filtering dolomite flour is allowed.
Application in landscape design
The advantage of the variety is its not such a significant burnout in the sun compared to other varieties of Canadian ate. It is used to decorate rocaries, mountaineering, garden flower beds. Beautifully such a spruce looks next to heers and other coniferous trees with green needles. Applying shrub shapes, with the help of this small tree you can create multi-level compositions.
Young Christmas trees can decorate a garden alley leading to the house, or framing a flower garden, however, remember that an adult tree reaches 3 m, and therefore it is better not to plant next to the sun-loving plants, otherwise it will hide the sunlight from its neighbors. Very beautiful blue needles looks on the background of white and red flowers, and in winter it creates a harmonious contrast with white snow.
Majestically looks sining fir in the decorative garden, decorated with fountains, statues, sophisticated stones.
Possible landing on the background of the monument – and then the exterior of the garden will acquire even greater solemnity.
Some gardeners are dared to container fittings, and in this case, the composition composed of the firings can be constantly updated, but this method is not recommended by experienced farmers, since over time, moving the Christmas tree will become all heavier, and the treatment for such a tree is quite problematic.
More about ELAY “Sanders Blue” You will learn by looking at the following video.