Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

For our northern country, coniferous trees are a common norm, especially since such green plantings from ordinary people are associated with New Year’s holidays, and specialists have with additional protection of the atmosphere from various pollution. For most of our fellow citizens, it’s not difficult to distinguish my pine from ate, but if you ask a person a simple question about how to distinguish these two trees, it turns out that good half does not know what to answer, and the rest are literally one or two differences. At the same time, the difference naturally, much more significant.

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

Description of trees

And spruce, and pine belong to the family of pine and the class of conifers, therefore, their relatives are not only how they look outwardly. These two trees are really pretty close relatives to each other. They differ in terms of classification already by childbirth, which are called – pines and fir. These are pretty unpretentious plants: they love the cold climate with the abundance of precipitation, and this is exactly such a characteristic exactly describes our conditions. Note that the Christmas tree is still a little more heat-loving – at least the area of ​​its distribution leaves somewhat further south. Pine, whose structure is more extended compared to the pyramidal fir, consider less so hot: it is ready to “be lying” and on the edge of the rock, and in the sands, and even in the swamp. This is due to the structure of the root system: pine roots are well developed and able to produce water from a significant depth, which cannot be said about Spruce.

Both wood can rightly be considered long-livers, but the comparison will be with a small advantage in favor of pine – potential 350 years against 300. About spruce records of longevity are not particularly spoken by, although one copy from Sweden alleged almost 10 thousand years. But with a pine case, it is different – an instance is growing in the USA, which is attributed to the extremely respectable age of 6 thousand years! Sizes, by the way, also differ in favor of pine – 75 meters in height against 50.

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

The difference in growth, by the way, is not accidental – it directly indicates what conditions each of the trees prefers. High pine ways struggling to the sun: at least in places of its growing, it is not distinguished by the ability to warm in real, but the tree tries to squeeze the maximum of what nature can give. Wheel baby you can’t call, but still her goals are completely different – she just prefers the shadow, and therefore does not seek to develop his neighbors.

Both wood is considered evergreen, because they have no leaves – instead they are covered with a thick cheese. At the same time, most people determine the difference according to it, because the Christmas tree is short, but rich-green, while pine is putting all the strength in extension of the length, “forgetting” about bright pigmentation. In addition, pine in a certain period there is a partial coniferous faning, and here for ate such a phenomenon has no seasonal expression.

As it should be coniferous, nor pine, no fir tree is blooming – instead they have cones. However, fir bumps immediately rush, they are well noticeable against the background of the rest of the tree, but pine will be more faded.

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

What they look like?

You should not immediately attack those people who are unable to distinguish between these two conifers – even if you determine them automatically, you need to recognize that they have a lot of common features. Specialists allocate the following common features.

  • Rodium. Although the common for two trees is only a class of coniferous, and the kind for everyone has already been allocated their own, it’s still a rather similar connection, indicating that the differences are not so much, and they are not always on the surface.
  • Crying formation. Let them and not perfectly the same, but the process of their formation is approximately similar. So, at the time of tying on the branch, they are located vertically, but then under their own weight, the horizontal position is descended and acquired.
  • Needles instead of leaves. Again, you can argue for a long time that they have different needles, but still the fact of its presence combines pine and spruce, highlighting them on the background of deciduous trees. Sales policies before the new year not only firings, but also pines confuses those who are sincerely confident that only a fir can be a Christmas tree.
  • Significant height. If you do not touch both wood and give them normally grow, then in adulthood they will exceed most homemade breeds.
  • Phytoncides. Coniferous trees are not only pleasant, but also possess practical properties, among which – the ability to kill bacteria with the help of highlifted phytoncides. In this plan, spruce and pine are approximately equal.
  • Economic application. And pines, and ate very useful for human activity, and in different industries. The wood of these breeds is actively used for the needs of industry and construction, and the bark, resin and needles will be useful to pharmaceutical and cosmetology companies.

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

Differences in gravity

It should be understood that pine, and spruce is whole kind of plants, not separate species, and therefore their appearance is still able to surprise even the person who understands them. Try to more accurately determine the plant can also be in which the locality you saw a coniferous tree.

Ordinary pine is a typical frequenter of a moderate belt, on most territory of Russia it is a completely normal phenomenon. These trees grow in cold and wet conditions, the immense taiga is formed not only in the Russian Federation, but also in other countries of the northern hemisphere, where the climate has similar features – it’s about the USA and Canada. In the southern part of Mongolia and in the north of China, coniferous forests from pine should not surprise anyone, they come across in Europe.

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    The tree is most famous in the image of the erected European and it, on the one hand, intersects the “place of residence” with the habitat of an ordinary pine, and on the other – is a more thermal-loving culture.

    If we talk about the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, then there are coniferous forests with a greater probability will consist of precisely from the Elannikov or the percentage of rods will simply be higher than in the territory of the same Russia.

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    How to distinguish them?

    In fact, if you look around, the differences between the fir and the pine many, and anyone once remembered that it distinguishes two trees from each other, it will always be able to unmistakably determine the type of plant, and if necessary – also to impress those surrounding with their erudition. So that your confidence is supported by logic and knowledge, let’s look at what two wood differ.

    To begin with, talk about the amount. We mentioned above that The maximum pine height is about one and a half times more than at its relative, but we will be objective: neither the first does not grow to declared 75 meters, nor the second – up to 50. For pines of the average norm, it is considered to be 25-40 meters, and for ate – averaged 30 meters (this tree has a lot of high height – from 15 to 50 meters for an adult instance). Roughly speaking, these indicators can be called the same, but there is one inevitable difference – the shape of the crown. The pine needles begins very high – approximately half a height, and just a naked barrel stretches for many meters. In the Christmas tree Krone, the branching begins almost at the ground level.

    Distinguish one from the other very easily and on the cones. Pine with this, so to speak, trouble: the male bump is extremely modest, it is often compared with a cherry bone, and she has roughly similar – yellowish. Female bumps generally noticed, because they are even smaller and almost invisible – grow at the end of the branches. But the ate of female bumps are well noticeable – they are not only much more male (and the ate bumps are in principle much more), but also possess the distinguished bright red color. Men’s fir bumps are much smaller, and their shade is not as bright, but it is precisely in a wide public understanding that are associated with a sideways as such.

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    In winter, the difference between two trees is beautifully noticeable on the needles. The fact is that from these two only spruce can be fully considered evergreen, but it, of course, cannot be counted for those trees whose coniferous cover never changes. The Christmas tree periodically resets the old cheva, and it happens about once every 7-12 years, but it is possible to notice this only by characteristic coniferous intercess near the trunk. There is no pronounced decompressive period of this species, everything happens gradually, and the process can be called almost constant and continuous.

    Pine, living in conditions of a very harsh winter, can not afford such luxury, and although it is completely naked, it never stays, it still becomes less green to the cold.

    To understand the scale of dropping the needles, it is enough to know that the tree is able to completely “change clothes” in just 1-2 years.

    The spruce needles looks like a four-granular in the section, its length usually does not exceed 2-3 centimeters, while each plate is attached to the branch regardless of all other. Pine needles is another – its cross section is more smooth and has no pronounced corners, but the length is twice as much as the competitor – at the level of 5-6 centimeters. Moreover, pine plates grow pairs.

    A trained eye can easily distinguish pine from ate still from afar, and for all the same needles. A characteristic feature is a color inherent in plates, it is he who in winter allows you to see the difference almost from a kilometer distance. Spruce was chosen by the main New Year and Christmas tree because its coniferous plates have a bright green color, and no time of year does not affect this characteristic, nor the age of wood, nor any other factors. That is the case of Pine – as we said, harsh conditions of its habitat lead to the fact that it has a certain similarity with deciduous rocks. Firstly, her needles even in the summer has brighter shades of green, secondly, in the fall and in winter it is often worse, moving to the yellow palette of shades.

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    Life expectancy is also different, although this criterion is unlikely to help you understand what you are in front of you – pine or spruce. Moreover, if the average life expectancy is in favor of pine, the spruce record holder in antiquity of the root system is almost twice as high as its pine opponent – 9.5 thousand years old against 5 thousand.

    Since we are talking about the peculiarities of the root system, we note another sign, which also does not rush outside. Pine is well noticeable main rod, from which multiple additional roots are branched. It is due to such a powerful underground component of pine not “lost” in any situation and can grow almost anywhere. Heri, the main rod also stands out, but it is interesting, after reaching the ten years atrophy, and since then all the load is assigned to the side rhizomes. They are not too deep in the ground, which gives two negative consequences: first, the spruce turns out to be more whimsically to grow conditions, secondly, a strong wind can snatch such a tree and tilting it.

    It is necessary to clarify the features of wood as a material for construction. Pine in this sense is much more preferable because its barrel is indisputable, and in the thickness of the array, bits and other defects are extremely rare. In addition, such a tree is rather soft and easily processed, but to soak it with protective compositions is quite simple. Whether it’s a fir: in its array, the bitch is not rare, and it does not absorb antiseptics very well. Another radical minus is the ability of ate to absorb water and swell.

    For this reason, the pine array is used for any needs, but firing is suitable except for internal works, and even that is not everywhere.

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    The difference in growing

    If you decide to grow a coniferous tree on your own plot, you should understand that numerous differences between fir and pine suggest a completely different care for these two trees.

    With a pine, it would seem, the situation is easier – she has a completely indifferent attitude towards the soil, it grows on the swamp, and on the rocks, it is not afraid of drought or excessive precipitation, indifferent to the crackle frost and strong winds.

    The only prerequisite for pine is a sufficient amount of light, because without him she will have hard. In the shadow it is never put on.

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    Fir in practice also turns out to be rather unpretentious, here only a few other priorities. For example, the shadow for it is not only not a hindrance, but also a big plus, but it is necessary to water it carefully: it is impossible to allow a lap of the terrain, nor soil over. In addition, her low-planted crown can assume pruning if you want maximum aesthetism for your site, and in the case of pine, it is pointless, and extremely difficult.

    On average, ate can be planted nearby, at the expense of which they breed themselves, forming dense franks. Light-loving pine, although it does not have a branched root system, the shadow does not feel very much, because such trees are relatively rarely planted with groups, giving each copy space.

    Spruce and pine: what general signs and that they are distinguished?

    About how to distinguish the Christmas tree from pine, look in the following video.

    Rate article
    ( No ratings yet )
    Share to friends
    Rebuildhom.info - construction and repair, dacha plot, apartment and country house, useful tips and photos
    Add a comment