Spring Spring: Description, landing and care rules

Spring-seen – this is a herbaceous plant, which belongs to the Amarillix family and the genus. In the wild, this bulbous perennial meets by forest edges in Central and Southern Europe. Like a flower culture, the springcake of spring is especially popular in England, Denmark, Holland and even is a symbol of the German city of Ettenstat. It has greater value as a decorative plant in group landings, mountaineers, rockers, his flowers can retain their beauty in a cut.

In addition, the sealer contains alkaloid galantamine used to treat the diseases of the nervous system.

Plant Description

Spring sealer is a hemefemeroid, that is, it has a very short vegetation period. It has a perennial ovoid bulb with a diameter of up to 2.5 cm and about 3.5 cm high, for which the presence of light brown exterior scales is characterized. Roots plants are quite powerful and dying partly. The leaves at the springcake of spring borders, linear, bright green with glitter, have a length of up to 15 cm and a width of 1.5 cm. They appear along with flowers, and, after the end of flowering, increase the length of up to 30 cm and in the middle of the summer die.

These low (up to 20 cm) grassy plants for open soil bloom at the end of April – early May. White flowers having a pleasant smell arranged on long flowerwomen. The perianth in the form of wide-rolled, with 6 identical cups, at the vertices of which are yellow or green spots. Fruits are a three-yard fleshy, almost a spherical box. In mid-June, numerous rounded seeds of black color ripen.

Landing

Spring sealer prefers halftime. The soil should be loose, weakly acidic, nutritious and have good drainage. Nearby should not be smaller colors with a powerful root system, such as Lilyniki or Lily. Before landing, it is necessary to swap, clean from weeds and make humus, large sand in the ground, and in the acidic soil – limestone and peat.

Put acquired bulbs in September at a depth of 7-10 cm. They should be dense, elastic, not to have sprouts, damage, mold. If the bulbs are sprouted, they must be planted as quickly as possible.

After planting the soil, it is necessary to pour and inspire to prevent the growth of weeds and the formation of peel.

Care rules

In order for the springcake of the spring perfectly felt in the garden plot, You should carefully read the recommendations of experienced flowerflowers.

  • Watering. At the beginning of spring, after melting snow, the whitewash does not need watering. As the soil drying, it is necessary to water the heat outstanding water, loosening the earth and glow weeds. It is important to follow the drops not falling on the flowers. With insufficient watering, the inflorescences will be small and small. After the seeds are collected, it is not necessary to water the plant.
  • Podkord. It is recommended to make ready-made liquid mineral fertilizers with a small content of nitrogen so that there is no excessive growth of the leaves. Phosphorian feeding is required by a plant before flowering. In the autumn period, choose potash mineral fertilizers.
  • Preparation for winter. Spring sealer refers to winter-hardy plants. He does not require special shelter in winter. But if the forecast is expected to be an impermanent cold winter, then in the second half of November the plants should be covered with a spruce noodle. The sealer growing in the southern climate is not needed. It should also be known that the plants of the first year of life must necessarily be protected from frosts.

Methods of breeding

There are several breeding options for springcake spring.

  • Division of Lukovitz. It is carried out every 5-7 years so that the plant does not suffer from lack of nutrition as a result of raising bulbs. After fading the leaves, it is necessary to carefully remove the bulbs from the ground, divide, dry and clean from old roots and damaged scales. Mechanical damage must be sprinkled with coal powder. Then the kids plant in the ground described above in a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. It should be noted that the closer the bulb is planted, the more babies it forms.
  • With the help of seeds. Seed material must be squeezed in the fall, immediately after gathering, because he quickly loses the germination. In addition, in the winter in the soil there is a natural stratification of seeds, and they spare in the spring more massively and quickly. Blooming white studs grown from seeds, in 5-7 years.

It should be noted that this plant can actively multiply by self-sowing, so it is necessary to ensure that the seeds have not grown in unnecessary places.

Diseases and pests

Like many primroses, spring sprayer may be subjected to viral and fungal diseases. The virus indicates light yellow stains on the leaves and the twisting sheet plate, such a plant should be burned to immediately burn, other things will be injected from it. From fungal diseases in warm wet weather, plants may be amazed rust and gray mold. In the first case, the leaves are covered with brown or black spots, in the second – gray fluffy raid on the stem near the soil, which rises higher and higher.

In the presence of these features, it is necessary to cut patients from the plant and burn, and the soil where they grew, and all the neighboring flowers to treat any fungicide.

    From pests for spring studs of spring is dangerous bulbous nematoda, which forms their colonies on the leaves, looking like yellowish swelling, and feeds with juice. Such plants destroy and several years do not plant anything in this area. Slug protection is the peeling of bulbs when planting a layer of large sand. Rodents There may also damage the bulbs and even carry them into their holes, it is necessary to decompose their bait for pests in advance near the white studs. Caterpillars butterflies Scoop is easy to assemble in the fall when they are preparing for pokulation, or to treat plants insecticides so that they died.

    About how to plant a whitewash, look next.

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