Fragrant snow-white bunches of Spiray Nipponskaya cause admiring views and envious breaths of neighbors in the country, waiting for this chic shrub. However, there is nothing to envy: this beauty is unpretentious in care, and therefore it is possible to settle at any summer cottage. So that the plant pleased with abundant and long blossom, it is worth meeting his features.
Spirea Nipponskaya came to Europe from the Japanese Island Sikoku. In the language of historical homeland, its name sounds like “nippon”. However, the name of this shrub was given ancient Greeks. They noticed that the branches of the plant bend to the ground, and the leaves are located in spiral-shaped. For this shrub began to be called Spiraea (“Bending, Spiral”). Nowadays, the plant is officially referred to as the Nipponskaya Spiray, in which both names were united.
Scientific description of Spiraia Nipponskaya looks like this.
The average height of the shrub – 1.5-2.5 meters. His peak development plant reaches after 10-20 years. Width parameters are similar to height.
Branches – Long, Horizontal, Arcoal. On them alternately placed oval leaves, the length of which is up to 4 cm.
Leaf color – dark green at the base and bluish-green near the toothed edging. In mid-November, foliage becomes saturated red.
Shrub lives from 30 to 50 years.
Every year, Spirea grow up 15-30 cm in height and width.
During the flowering period, Spirae is thickly suiced by the inflorescences of the spherical shape (up to 8 cm in diameter). Flowers are small (the diameter is only 8 mm). It is no coincidence that it is considered the best pollinator for fruit crops. And spirire – a valuable source of pollen for bees and other pollinating insects.
Spirea blooms in the first month of summer and blooms only 15-25 days. During flowering, the plant looks effectively both near and at the far distance.
It is worth noting that this plant is not demanding for soil conditions. Spirea drought resistant and plentifully flowers at open solar sections.
It is not afraid of frosts, but snownotes can disrupt the shape of the bush, so it should be covered with a protective film with a protective film or any other material.
Breeders brought over 100 spirea varieties. However, only some of them have become popular among amateur gardeners. It is worth meeting with the peculiarities of each type.
“Soundmound” considered the most beautiful variety. His business card – Rasky Croon, densely covered with white flowers. Grade loves straight sun rays. A bright scattered light will also suit it, but if you find this shrub space under the sun, it will bloom especially lush and abundantly. When landing the bushes need to be planted at a distance of 50 cm. Observe moderate watering mode and mulch the soil, pouring onto it straw or sawdust. Plant withstands frost to -30 degrees.
June Bride is a compact shrub half-meter width and height. A characteristic feature of “Jun Brides” is the ability of the leaves to maintain a dark olive color before the onset of frosts. Frost-resistant, withstands the temperature drop to -25 degrees.
“Halward Silver” It is a low shrub. The height of the adult plant does not exceed 1 meter, and the width reaches 1.5 meters. At the end of August, dark green leaves of this variety become copper-red. Halward Silver loves slightly shaded and sunshine. It should be placed in fertile wet soil.
White Carpet Also is a low grade. The height of the shrub does not exceed 80 cm. However, low growth gives him an explicit advantage in cold winters. White Carpet’s bushes planted nearby remind a white carpet, and this allows you to create unique floral compositions
GERLVE’S RAINBOW refers to the so-called slow-growing shrubs: every year it grows only 10-15 cm. “Gelves Reynbow” resistant to low temperatures. However, young shoots can freeze. The plant is restored after the removal of weak, dried and non-visual sprouts. Sustainer is light-minded, resistant to fungal diseases and does not resist in front of pests.
Listed varieties are simple and unpretentious in care. But even such unpretentious plants should be given time and attention.
How to plant?
First of all, it should be prepared by landing material. In other words, you need to buy a spirea seedling in a flower shop. The plant should be sold either in the container, or with an earthen room, packed in the package. Before buying, you should pay attention to the roots of the shrub. The roots of young plants must be flexible and wet, without the slightest damage.
Ideally, they must be treated with a clay bolt (a mixture of clay, water, ash and “cornetern”). If during the inspection it turned out that the roots sprouted through the drain hole, it means that the cunning seller slipped the old bush, which may not come in in the new conditions. Also rejected plants with rotten processes on the roots. Immediately before landing, the sapling is once again inspecting, cutting dried or broken roots with a sharp knife and treated with Kornvin sections.
The shrub is then placed in clean water for a couple of hours and proceed to landing.
Landing is carried out on solar or slightly shaded places so that the plant develops in a comfortable environment. At the same time, planting spirits should be in cloudy weather in spring or autumn.
Immediately before planting it is necessary to switch the selected area and add sand and peat in the proportion of 1: 1.
The landing pit makes more rhizomes. It is necessary to put on a bottom drainage layer with a thickness of 15 cm, which falls asleep with the layer of land.
Spiraea roots fit on the prepared ground and gently spread. After that, the plant is gradually falling asleep. Each layer is carefully covered so that the airbag is not formed.
After planting, the plant should be abundantly pouring, and the soil around it should be filled with straw or sawdust.
All other actions are aimed at maintaining its normal growth and decorative species.
How to care for?
First of all, the regular irrigation regime should be organized. This is especially important for young plants that have not yet increased a strong root system. Shrub unpretentious, but drought he tolerates bad. Therefore, on hot days, Spiray bushes should irrigate 2-3 times a month at the rate of 15 liters of water per plant. After irrigation, the soil should be loosen and sprinkled with straw or sawdust.
To spire a plenty of color, it is fed three times per season. Its in spring it is nuts with nitrogen fertilizers, in summer – organica, autumn – phosphoric-potash fertilizers or wood ash. After autumn feeding, the spirire begin to cook for wintering, covering it with any nonwoven material, dry straw and leaves.
If the shrub grows in the regions with harsh winters, it is insulated with the help of a sailter and a polyethylene film.
In a strong cold, a part of the Spiraray branches freezes, with the onset of heat, the plant is rapidly restored. However, after a junior cold weather should not wait for abundant flowering.
Spiren is regularly cutting off: in the summer they remove the shrinking branches immediately after flowering, the frozen branches are removed in the spring, in the fall – weak and old shoots. Pruning allows not only to give the shape, but also rejuvenate shrub. Once in 2 years it is necessary to trim shoots that weakly bloom, and once every 10 years, the shrub is completely eliminated from old shoots.
Methods of breeding
There are several ways to reproduce Spiray Nippon. Amateur gardeners argue that the most difficult of them is seed. Seedlings are needed conditions that are difficult to create in an urban apartment. It is a coolness in the room, and increased air humidity, and timely soil moisturizing. It is long, difficult, and the positive result can not be waited.
Experienced gardeners spread the spirits with gardens: Choose a healthy lower escape, put it in a pre-dug in the trench and fasten the brackets so that only the top braking from the earth. Earth around the future independent shrub is watered and sprinkled by straw. Next year, the removal develops a strong root system, and the gardener will remain separated from the uterine bush and transplant to the selected place.
The division method is considered the easiest. The shrub is digging out of the ground, carefully separated into several parts and transplant each part to the selected section. However, the most popular way remains. Even newcomers can take advantage of them, but to achieve success, you need to do the following.
Cut green cuttings-annual 10-15 cm long.
Lower leaves Delete, top half trim.
Sprinkle a cutlery in a separate container filled with wet sand. The cuttings landed under an acute angle.
Cover the container with a bottle of plastic and put on a brightly lit window sill in a warm room.
When the cold will come, the cutlets should be taken to the balcony. It can also be left in the country. So that the plant does not froze, it should be covered with double film or dry leaves.
When the earth warms up, the tempered cuttings can be resettled into the open ground to the selected place.
Lyfhak from experienced gardeners: the cutlets successfully rooted if it immediately before landing it to treat “Kornvin” or “epinom”.
These drugs contribute to the formation of strong immunity, which allows the plant not to succumb to disease and pests.
Diseases and pests
Spirea Nipponskaya resistant to fungal diseases, but if you do not take any measures, it is easily attacked by pests. For example, in the arid summer, the plant may suffer from the invasion of the Tly or a web tick. The first easy to detect on whiten divorce on the leaves and small dark green points. Secondly recognize on the thin web. In any case, the plant left without attention loses its decorative appearance, the leaves are yellow, dry and fall out. Fusalon, Fusefamid and Metaphos help to get rid of the unseassed guests.
There are often cases when chic sprayed bushes attacks the caterpillars of a blue tall peeling. They with appetite pounce on the kidneys, young leaves and young shoots. If the plant is not treated, the pest will completely destroy it. Get rid of the “Unandoned Guest” helps the preparation “Decis”. For prevention purposes, a shrub should be regularly examined, spray it with a solution of household soap or a weak solution of manganese. It is best to carry out water procedures with warm water and wash the inner and outer part of the foliage. Then the parasites will understand that they are not happy about them and stay away from the taste.
Usage in landscape design
Spiray Nipponskaya planted in parks and squares, she landslide children’s and sports grounds. On the cottages, it is planted on the flower beds: someone makes a single landing, someone creates complex flower compositions, someone seats alpine slides. Spiraea bushes are used as the framing of garden tracks or alive hedges. Application of Nipponskaya Spiray in Landscape Design depends largely on the area of the country area, so it is worth looking at the most successful ideas.
A bright example of a single nipponous spire. Empty land plot filled with chic flowering bush. In the background – spruce and cypress. This is a beautiful solution, organic combination and the best option for any country area.
Another single landing option. The owner did not suffer with the device of a complex flower garden, but arranged a fence from the twisted rods. Made simply, looks sophisticated.
Inconspicuous plants, and in the center – luxurious spiray flowers. Even after flowering, the Alpine slide will not lose its chic. Interesting solution for spacious country houses.
An example of the use of Spiray Nipponskaya as a border. Simple and exquisite. This is a universal solution for making tracks at the cottage or in a country house.
Living hedge from the thickets of Spiray will tighten the plot from curious eyes. Won all: the owners will enjoy deserved rest, and passersby admire the beauty of flowering plants.
For the landing and care of spirires, see the following video.