Oatman is a long-term cereal culture that achieves 60 cm in height. In the natural environment, it grows on the meadows, and at the cottages and in the household farms, it is widespread as design of sowing and rolled lawns. Differs unpretentious to the type of soil and climate: the plant is withstanding drought and frost, it grows well and develops even on poor soil.
Pros and cons of use
Oatman is a long-term herbaceous culture. Root system Crawling type, shortened. The above-ground part of the stem, reprehensible, weakly friction. Leaf plates are flat, along the edges and on top of rough. Ultrasound foliage, width is 3-5 mm, there are small ears at the bottom.
Flowering summer. Metel’s size varies within 7-20 cm. The sweeper itself can be compressed or spread. Spikelets have a light purple shade, an elongated shape, oblong. The length of the spikes is 1.5-2 cm. Plant is popular with the arrangement of lawns. In addition, it represents exceptional feed value, it has a property to resist the aboser and blending. High demands are presented to lawn cultures.
Oatman has undoubted advantages in front of many other plants, so that it has gained widespread in Garden Gardening.
Consider these advantages:
- creating a fluffy and solid carpet basis;
- Fast germination: seeds attend in 5-7 days, and a month later, a smooth herbaceous coating is formed;
- The plant is suitable for the formation of a lawn coating between the rest of the garden landings;
- The oatmeal is characterized by high resistance to drought, grows well on the sun filled areas, transfers to 14 days without watering and rain.
Oatman, subject to all agrotechnologies for 10-15 years, retains its original appearance. Even the old lawn looks attractive. In addition, the oatmeal refers to extremely unpretentious cultures: it can successfully develop even on poor, lowland soils and on sandy soil. However, it should be borne in mind that this grass Poor tolerates pulling out, Therefore, it is not necessary to plant it for the arrangement of children’s and sports fields. At active use, propellant are formed, and they significantly worsen the type of herbal carpet.
Conditional disadvantages include Invasiveness Culture. It can multiply not only seeds, so it will actively master unoccupied areas through the spread of rhizomes.
And if the grass is not regularly rinsed, the structure of rhizomes will become so dense that will prevent the growth of any other plants.
Description of species
There are several types of oatmeal, consider them more.
- Red. The peculiarity of this species is that it applies to territory through underground shoots. Thanks to this, the grass is used everywhere for embedding properins on lawns. It is best grows and develops on light soils in a cool climate.
- Red Volochoid. Has thin elongated leaves. Differs the greatest endurance, if compared with other species. Pretty tolerant refers to the absence of the Sun, used for shadow lawn. Popular with arrangement of golf courses and decorative lawns.
- Red tough. Grows with dense shorty bushes forming thick height. Well tolerates the absence of watering and tightened heat. Used in all types of lawns, except for sports.
- Cane. Is a dull and heat-resistant species. This property is explained by the peculiarities of the root system, which can penetrate deep into the ground and get moisture even when drying the upper layer. On hot days in the absence of irrigation, cane oatmeal retains its saturated color and decorative species. Withstands pulling out, so it is used to arrange playgrounds and sports lawns.
- Sheep. One of the most unpretentious varieties, it feels well on poor soils, tolerate drought and winter frosts. Can grow in shading, forms a thick height. Used for registration of lawns on household plots, all sorts of bulk and roadside.
How to sing a lawn?
For the cultivation of lawn coatings in the middle lane of Russia, grass mixtures based on oatmeal and mint. The combination of these herbs forms a thick herbous cover, which is distinguished by durability and resistance to cold. To get high quality coverage, you need to stick to simple rules.
Selection of seeds
The low quality of the seed material becomes the main reason that the lawn is inesticatory. At each package, there must be a tag with the indication of the names of the herbs that are part of the mixture, their ratios, purpose, percentage of germination, as well as germination speeds. It is also desirable to see information about the percentage of the germination of webly herbs through sown cultures. However, domestic suppliers of seed materials rarely indicate this parameter.
It is recommended to acquire a mixture consisting of two-three crops, one of which is oatmeal, and other herbs should be similar to it by agrotechnology. On the label should be the appointment of grassmes – “for the lawn”. Large companies typically sell seeds previously treated with fungicides and growth stimulants. These measures improve the germination of seedlings, prevent the development of fungal diseases.
Russian manufacturers often combine oatmeal and meadow mint. These herbs have the same rates of growth, but they react differently to the sun and humidity level. Thus, if one of the cultures is experiencing a negative environmental impact, the second plant does not react to these problems, and the lawn still remains green.
Both cultures usually coincide in the height and thickness of the stems, so the lawn looks aesthetically.
In the natural medium, the seeds after ripening fall. In the soil they winter, and after the snow saving germinate. Therefore, planting oatmeal can both in spring and autumn. The only one is not recommended for drying time – summer. During this period, the sun’s rays evaporate too much moisture and the grass has to fight hard for survival. Therefore, it is best to plant a lawn in the season when there is a lot of water in the ground, and the night air temperature holds at 12-15 degrees.
If you have to plant a lawn in the summer, then try not to allow soil drying. Will definitely need to install the system of autopolivation.
On the territory allotted under the cultivation of lawn grass, it is necessary to destroy all the weed grass, torture stumps, remove stones and another trash. To do this, you can use manual removal, mulching or deep cultivation. The pre-cultivation of the Siderators or the processing of the Earth with herbicides has a good effect. The land under the lawn puffed on the depth of the bayonet shovel.
During the pounding, you should break all the large earthen kits – this will make the substrate as fertile and loose. After the rescopech, the surface should be dissolved using a robber, removing all the bumps, aligning the pits.
For the full growth and development of grass, the land with neutral pH. If the soil has an alkaline reaction, add some peat crumb, to neutralize the ground acidity subject to lime. To increase fertility in the soil, organic fertilizers are introduced: biohumus, overwhelmed manure or compost. If necessary, you can completely update the upper layer of the Earth, replacing fertile turf. After all the preparatory work on the cultivation of the territory of the territory, the land is carefully spilling and roll in a rink.
On the rammed surface form smooth longitudinal and transverse grooves depth 1-1.5 cm. Seeds are sown based on the calculation of 40-60 g / m2. Exact seeding rates are usually indicated on the packaging with grass. At the final stage, seeds and re-rolling with a roller or heavy round tube are selected. Before the appearance of germs, irrigation is carried out by a drip method.
Tips for care
Oatmeal is generally quite unpretentious. However, the lawn will look more decorative if you care about it. Water the lawn grass as the soil drying. If the grass is planted in decorative purposes, then use the auto oppression, the site for active pastime is better to water overnight.
Remove the dried grass and weeds regularly. They impede entering the roots of air and nutrients, thereby blocking the growth of the oatmeal. Keep in mind that in the first years of weeds there are many: they grow out of seeds who were originally in the ground or were transferred to feathers. In places with an excess of moisture, the appearance of moss. In this case, the drainage of the site should be improved.
To maintain the vital activity of soil bacteria plants require aeration. For this every 10-14 days you need to calculate the land of a garden fork. These measures will allow air to penetrate the deepest layers of soil.
From time to time, lawn requires a haircut or pouch. You can perform work at any time, but it is important that the grass is dry. Otherwise, the risk of phytopathogenic microflora increases. In places where for some reason are properly appeared, you need to perform a subsidia.
Two or three times a year, oatmeal needs fertilizers. In the spring, the culture is well responded to nitrogen fertilizers, in the fall – on phosphoric-potash mixtures. A good effect gives the use of potassium sulfate and ammonium nitrate: they are made at the rate of 10 g / m2.
Gardeners often use oatmeal to form lawns. However, they note that Grass can only be used in seed mixture. At the same time, the percentage ratio of the oatmeal should vary depending on the operating conditions. So,When decorative lawn, the volume of culture can prevail. Oatman copes well with the task of registration of borders and zoning. And here To sow the sports lawn or playground, its share must be minimal.
Lawn from oatmeal does not spoil from mowing, and stalks do not become fat. This causes a high attractiveness of culture for the arrangement of the house territories.
About how to properly care for the lawn, look in the following video.