Winter in our country are rather snowy, so the owners of mansions and private houses in Russia are often encountered with a serious problem of harvesting, clearing paths and exits. For many years, this problem was solved using the most ordinary shovel. This is a good option, if we are talking about a small section of the local area. But if you need to handle a large area, it is worth thinking about the purchase of a motor-block with dumps.
Dump – this is a kind of attached equipment for any motoblock, Which is designed to perform the following functions:
- Snowflower clearing near the tracks and roads;
- Cleaning the courtyard area;
- soil alignment;
- cleaning sidewalks;
- Sgsh – Scroll of garbage.
If the bucket is made in the form of a bucket, then in addition to all of the above, it carries out loading work.
The dumps have a simple design and differ in low weight. Depending on the peculiarities of the motoblock, it can be fixed to the front of the mechanism or behind if the steering column of the Motoblock has a property to rotate 180 degrees.
Dumps can be adjustable and unregulated. The first are considered universal. They allow you to ask any angle of attack: the slope to the right, the slope to the left. Direct installation is possible. In the second case, canopies can be fixed only in one position. It is not subject to further change.
As a rule, the dumps are equipped with a variety of nozzles and devices:
- knives-nozzles that are designed to rave land;
- Rubber details that are used to efficient snow cleaning.
Keep in mind that those and others can approach not every motoblock, so inapprave the technical possibility of using such additional equipment in advance.
For the production of dumps, springs and swivel-lifting mechanisms are not used, so the cost of equipment is accessible to most of the homeowners. In areas where snow usually falls along with a thick layer, it is possible to use soils instead of conventional wheels. In this case, moving along the snow-covered area will be easier and free.
The modern industry offers a large selection of chassis models of dumps, which are distinguished by some technical and operational features and cost. Consider the most popular types of products.
- Grunfeld DB360 – This is a snowmade in the form of a shovel produced in China. Device weight – 30 kg, permissible angle of rotation – 30 degrees. Capture width equals 900 mm.
- “Neva” – a small-sized rush weighing only 13 kg and a width of 100 cm. Used only for the “Salute” type and “non-salute”.
- Bertolini 80 cm – Universal shovel, aggregated to installations W 401 and W 403. The width of the capture is 80 cm.
- LP-1 – Universal shovel-dump. The mass of the installation corresponds to 16 kg, the parameters of the width and height of the capture is 100 and 40 cm, respectively.
- Zirka DB360 – installation weighing 16 kg. Length – 85 cm, width – 28 cm, height – 37 cm. The permissible displacement angle is 30 degrees, the width of the grip – 80 cm.
- “Centaur” – shovel – dumping weighing 28 kg. The height of the device is 45 cm, and the displacement angle does not exceed 30 degrees, the width of the grip is equal to 100 cm.
- Texas 92000160100 – This is a snow removal of Denmark production. It is attached to the motobock in front, optimal for the cleaning of snow on the most narrow paths and small doomes, since the capture width is only 75 cm. The kit includes fastening.
How to make yourself?
Many masters prefer to make consoles for their motoblocks independently. You can navigate absolutely on any store modification. At the same time, snow removal technique should not necessarily have the same technical characteristics as factory model. For homemade dump enough so that he just coped with his main task – snow cleaver. Already later, as you can gradually upgrade it, to equip it with various additional beneficial devices.
The most popular material for the manufacture of such a design is the old steel barrel for 200 liters. In addition, the steel strip of 85x10x2 cm should be prepared. You will also need a meter segment of the square steel pipe with a cross section of 4×4 cm, a bolts with a washer, a drill to work on metal, a set of wrench keys, a burgrage, a thick rubber plate, and a drill and a welding device.
Two-toll capacity perfectly meets the objectives and objectives of the work, as it has already originally has the necessary roundness. If you take simply sheets of metal, then they will need to be pre-warm to give the desired bend.
So, you should take an unnecessary barrel, cut off the bottom and cover. After that, the capacitance is cut along the length of 3 equal segments. Two parts weld among themselves along the edge, and the third is cut with an electric grinder to thin small segments that are used to create optimal stiffness. One such strip is fixed on the sides of the improvised shovel, while others are distributed through the device area.
In order to enhance the efficiency of the device, at the bottom of the homemade dump should make a knife. This will require a steel plate for this. In it, the drill drill several holes with a diameter of about 6 mm every 10 mm. Then they fix the rubber gasket on it, otherwise it dumps can damage the road surface when it comes to clean the sidewalks. Bucket fixed to the edge, fixing it with bolts.
When the shovel will be made, you should create fasteners for a motoblock. To this end, in the very center of the pipe, the welding method is fastened with a semicircle from a dense metal sheet. It needs to drill a few holes, they will be used to adjust the angles of the tilt. Then take another piece of the pipe and make a M-like holding. Its short side is fixed in the rotary semicircle, and the remaining long part through the bolts clings for the frame of the motoblock.
However, you can do the easier decision – do not bucket, but the usual vopotoxic nozzle-dump. For this, the sheets are used with a thickness of about 3 mm. Such a device perfectly copes not only with a freshly-haired snowball, but also with rather staring layers of snow.
To make a similar dump, you should prepare the main tools and consumables:
- 1 sheet steel 85×70 mm;
- 4 Metal plates with parameters D / W / T – 45Х23х4 mm;
- A pair of faces for fixing the main traction;
- bolts, as well as washers and nuts;
- Set of drill;
- Tolstoy rubber plate;
- apparatus for welding;
First, from the iron sheet make a spade of suitable sizes and shapes. For this, it warms up the gas burner and gently bends a semicircle. It is fixed to the rear of the rigidity from metal plates. On the front fix the strip of rubber. On the sides it is advisable to fight the thin steel plate, otherwise the device will not be able to hold the snow. In the central parts of the side walls, small holes are drilled and the shaft with a screw device is inserted into them.
After the final assembly of the dump makes Zherlo. Through it collected snow will be assigned to the side. For this you need a wide pipe. You can take the usual plumbing and weld it to the top of the damage made. Be sure to make a wide hole so that the snow can occur in the chute. At the very end of the work, the finished snow blower is covered with a layer of paint, thereby protecting material from rust.
Independent production of snow removal equipment from undergraded means Available to any person who has skills to work with electrical welding instruments. There is nothing difficult here, you only need to have the necessary drawings and materials at hand. At the same time, a set of tools is needed the most standard, which is available in the home workshop of any family. The manufacture of such a canopy allows you to significantly save money, while the quality of cleaning the territory will be quite high.
Dump for motoblocks – universal equipment. It can be used on a power unit of any model without binding to its power characteristics. It should also be noted that the shovel itself, and the buckets may have a variety of dimensions. With their help, you can clean and small paths, and the wide streets of snow, as well as without any trouble quickly and efficiently remove the garbage from the doorway or ram.
About how to make a dump for a motoblock with your own hands, look in the following video.