Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Gladiolus – very beautiful garden flowers, which look perfectly on the flowerbed or in a bouquet. It is possible to grow gladioluses in different ways: sowing, kids, bulbs divide. Reproduction seeds is not the easiest method, but experienced gardeners who are not afraid of experiments can try.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

What the seeds look like?

As a rule, everyone knows the bulbs or children of plants, but with the seeds of this cult, it is necessary to face not every gift. Sowing material looks like small flat plates of brown color. Seed size – maximum 2 mm. If you carefully look at the shell, you can see the embryo. Typically, a seed box has 180-200 such grains.

Their feature is good safety when storing at home.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

How to collect?

Growing on the plot flowers are not pollinated independently. Pollen matures later than pestle bloom. Pollination is possible only at the expense of insects or wind gust, but it is not enough to hope for natural factors, because the undesirable instances can occur. Therefore, it is better to take the process of pollination in your hands when reproduction of gladioles seeds. Pollination can be carried out so.

  1. Separate from father’s paternal copies.

  2. Spread cut fragments on a paper sheet and leave a ripening.

  3. After drying, pollen carefully collect her.

  4. Cut anthers from maternal plants. Wrap the flowers in gauze and wait for the pistil disclosure.

  5. Apply father pollen on the pistil and wrap again in a gauze bag.

  6. Once the flowers have seed boxes, bags can be removed.

Seeds ripen about 35-40 days. If the box is ready, it begins to yellow and warm, sometimes cracks are noticeable on it. If the weather forecasters reported unexpected cooling, but the seeds have not yet risen, then the flowers can be cautiously cut off, put in container with water and leave at home. In indoor conditions, the box will nicely visits, then it will need to disrupt and post it.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

How to multiply?

The seed method of reproduction is rather risky, laborious and expensive, but some bold gardeners, ready for experiments, still prefer this method. The main problem in the cultivation is that the varietal signs of the parent plant are often lost, and the result turns out to be unpredictable. Usually this method is carried out by breeders when writing scientific works or to remove new varieties. Painting in open ground is possible when complying with the following conditions.

  1. Planting of the sowing material occurs in February in the greenhouse. Here, young shoots will be able to enrich the forces for a transplantation to open ground.

  2. Before sowing, seeds should be held in a weak solution of sodium humate or in heteroacexine for 2.5-3 hours.

  3. A favorable substrate for seeds – a mixture of humus and sand in proportions 2: 1.

  4. Sowing is shallow, the landing site is sprinkled with light soil.

  5. Moisturizing sowing place is carried out simultaneously with the fertilizer, and solutions based on minerals.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Landing can be carried out not only in the greenhouse, but also in boxes or in room conditions, however, it should be organized high-quality backlight. If there is no possibility to establish lighting devices, then seeds should be planted later than February. Further care is not particularly different from the cultivation of other cultures.

With the arrival of heat, the boxes with a seedle are exposed to a greenhouse where they leave them open for a whole day, creating the first time shadow with bright sunlight. With probabilities of frosts, it is recommended to cover plants for the night. So, in the boxes or in the greenhouse, seedlings are grown to autumn, after which they transplanses into the country area.

Before the arrival of the cold, miniature bulbs should dig and remove.

Keep them accepted in gauze bags in the cool room. For good ventilation, it is recommended to hang the bags or remove them into the box, folding the maximum 4-5 cm layer. If the gardener complied with all the rules of reproduction by seeds, then the next year the obtained hybrid plants can bloom.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Basics of care

When cultivating culture should pay attention to the following points.

  • Watering. It is important to regularly moisten the flower bed with flowers. The recommended depth of moisturizing is 30-35 cm, it is at this level that the roots are mainly located. Superficial irrigation should be avoided, since such a procedure can provoke the active development of weeds and damage to tissue of cliff. Watering is carried out in the amount of 1-1.5 buckets per 1m2. It is best to water the plant on furrows or aisle.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

  • Loosening. After each irrigation, it is important to loosen the soil, this manipulation will warn the formation of the crust and will maintain good ventilation, which is very important for the roots, and the uniform distribution of moisture in the ground. After loosening, it is necessary to light up the culture of the soil and lay the grooves for watering. In loosening, the plant needs after precipitation, and on average the procedure is carried out once every 10 days.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

  • Mulching. This process protects plants from bad weather, keeps moisture as long as possible, reduces the frequency of loosenings. Experienced gardeners are recommended as a mulch to use a mixture of humus, peat, compost, pine needles, herbs or straws. Mulching is carried out with a growing shoot at a level of 10 cm.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

  • Weeding. With regular loosening and mulching in weeding, this representative of the flora needs only 3-4 times over the summer. The procedure is carried out as prophylaxis against weed herbs. Try to prevent the development of weeds under the flowers, delete young sprouts in time, since the presented culture does not make rivalry, which is inevitable at the side of weeds. Timely elimination of weeds will prevent the risk of damage to pests and diseases.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

  • Subordinate. Nutrients This plant accumulates in a bulb since the beginning of flowering until the end of the growing season. During the growing season at the beginning of the development of floral escape, it is recommended to fertilize the culture with a mixture with phosphorus and potassium content. Phosphorus promotes abundant and lush flowering, and potassium is needed for the rapid formation of a large tuber. It is very important to avoid when feeding nitrogen-containing compositions, which are slowing down flowering and dulp the development of tubers.

Seeds of gladiolus: what looks like, collecting and growing

Preparation of gladioles to landing is presented in the following video.

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