Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Jasmine (Jasminum) is a typical representative of the Maslin family and has more than 300 species. The plant is represented by a climbing either stand with a shrub with large beautiful colors of the right shape and the leaves of a simple, three or nonpopriste. In view of the greater diversity of the forms, Jasmine is very popular not only among summer residents and owners of private houses, but among lovers of houseplants, therefore, the entries and care of the shrub remain relevant.

Timing

Jasmine landing can be carried out twice a year – in spring and autumn. Strict landing time plants do not exist, so each gardener chooses the right time based on its climate. In medium latitudes, planting a shrub is beginning in mid-May, and in the southern regions and in the chernozem – and at all at the end of April. As for the areas with a sharply continental and temperate climate, the landing of the jasmine can be started only if the threat of return freezers has completely passed.

For the middle strip, including the Moscow region, it will be the end of May, and for others – the beginning of June. However, experienced summer residents claim that the young jasmine cuttings can be soldered throughout the summer, as they are great and manage to gain strength before the cold. The autumn landing of jasmine is produced in late September – early October, which also depends on climate.

According to the majority of gardeners, the seedlings of the spring and summer landing are suitable better than autumn.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Selection of place and favorable conditions

It is possible to grow jasmine both at home (bedroom varieties) and the household plot. The plant is quite unpretentious and able to quickly adapt under any conditions. However, for more magnificent and prolonged flowering, the bush must create comfortable conditions.

Jasmine loves well-lit, closed from wind and draft areas, so if there is such an opportunity, it is better to put it near the wall at home or near the fence. The jasmine growing in the wind is noticeably decreasing decorativeness – the flowers become smaller and less bright, and and hold on the branches relatively long. When growing indoor species, a pot with jasmine should be put on the solar window. With long-term finding of the plant in the shaded space, he slows down and begins to lag development, and bloom becomes scarce and short. Species growing in open ground is allowed to plant in a light shading, but with such a calculation that most of the day they will be in the sun.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Jasmine grows well on any soils, however, for more spectacular flowering it is better to provide it with a nutrient substrate. The ideal option will be a mixture of leaf slowing, sand and turf, taken in equal parts. Jasmine can not be planted on clay soil. This is due to the fact that in clay it is very badly circulating air and often occasionally. Such conditions may lead to the movement of the root system of the bush in the winter, which will entail the death of the plant.

For indoor species, it will make ready-made soils bought in a flower shop. At the bottom, the pot must be laid drainage, which uses clayjit or river pebbles. And street, and home species do not like excessive humidification of the soil and much easier tolerate the lack of fluid than its excess. Therefore, Jasmine is better to plant on the elevations or equip the landing pits with a drainage system. To do this, at the bottom of the holes are placed a layer of broken bricks, a large rubble or a clamzite with a thickness of at least 20 cm. 5 cm of sand poured from above, and only then placed the nutrient substrate.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

An equally important condition for the cultivation of jasmine is the temperature regime. This indicator is especially important for indoor species that prefer the temperature from 18 to 24 degrees. For the winter, the plants are transferred to a cool room with a temperature of 10 degrees and leave there until spring. If Jasmine leave winter in a warm room, then he will start actively increasing the green mass and will not bloom.

When choosing a site, the landing density should be taken into account. The distance between adjacent bushes should be at least 1 meter. With a closer place, the plants begin to compete for the resources and prevent the growth of rhizomes from each other.

If Jasmine is planned to be used as a living hedge, the distance between adjacent bushes should be at least 50 cm.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

How to plant?

Landing jasmine in open ground should be started with selection and preparation of planting material.

  • You can buy seedlings both in spring and autumn, and you need to do it only from proven suppliers who will not sell a sick plant. The selection of seedlings begin with their visual inspection, and first of all pay attention to the roots (when buying bushes with open root systems). The roots in the plant must be slightly moistened and healthy, without visible dots and signs of rotting.
  • Only those seedlings on which the kidneys did not bloom are suitable for landing. If the bush already has several fresh leaflets, then the plant may not take care. When choosing a bush with a closed root system, you need to watch its roots thickly pulled the earthen car and were clearly visible to drainage holes. Otherwise, it can find out that it specifically landed into the container in order to hide patients.
  • It is necessary to take into account the size of the seedling and try not to buy too large plants. This is due to the fact that a bush with powerful branches has a voluminous rhizome, which probably damaged when digging. In addition, adult jasmine managed to get used to her place, and whether he could adapt to the new – unknown. Therefore, the best choice will be a young slim seedling without leaves with a faster root system.
  • When choosing a seedling with open roots, you should pay attention to the fact that it is contained in the shopping tent. Ideally, he must be slightly touch into the ground, which guarantees the preservation of moisture in the roots and eliminates their drying. Such bushes need to be delivered as quickly as possible to the landing site, pre-wrapped the rhizome wet cloth. Upon arrival, the root is placed in warm water for several hours. Experienced gardeners recommend cooking clay and cowboat and dip the roots before landing.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

After the place and seedlock are selected, you can start the planning procedure. To do this, dig a hole with a size of 50x50x50 cm and layer drainage at its bottom. Next, there is a layer of sand with a thickness of 5 cm, and the nourishing mixture is pounded from above. For the preparation of a nutrient substrate, hovering, sand and turf land in proportions 1: 1: 2 and 50 g nitroposki add to them.

The seedling is located on the hilly, gently spread the root processes and fall asleep with the remaining substrate. The earth is slightly tamped, poured 15 liters of water under each bush and sleeper. In order to avoid roting the bush, the root neck is plugged at no more than 2-3 cm. The rolling circle must be mounted using sawdust, straw or needles.

When landing the inclined seedlings, they are immediately tied to the support, which is constructed before planting a bush. If this is not done, then flexible stems in the process of growth will take the wrong position and spoil the decorative quality of the bush. As soon as the branches are enshrined and start growing correctly, the rope is unleashed and clean.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Turning jasmine well tolerates a transplant, so if necessary, it can always be transplanted to another place. Young jasmine age up to 3 years can be transplanted every year, and more adult bushes – every 2-3 years. The transplantation is used in cases where it is required to dissipate thick-baked bushes, competing among themselves for nutrients and moisture. The transplant is carried out on the same algorithm as landing, and do it only when the plant does not bloom. The best time for transplanting a scrupted shrub is spring.

And at the conclusion of the topic of the jasmine landing, it is worth saying that the plant is perfectly combined with all kinds of coniferous, with a wolch year ordinary, frost, crocuses, daffiders and snowdrops.

But the fruit trees and shrubs next to the jasmine is impossible: the bush begins to grow actively up, it is introduced into the crown of neighbors and significantly reduces their yield.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Features of watering

Jasmine bushes usually quite enough atmospheric precipitation, the exception is only too dry months. Determine whether the plant needs in watering, it is possible on the leaf tourgor: with a clear moisture deficit, they are made soft and sluggish, and some begin to yellow. In such cases, the bushes necessarily watered, using up to 30 liters of warm out of water under each root. To prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture, the mulching layer increases to 7 cm. Water for watering is better to take soft and slightly acidified, but if there is no such possibility, then the usual rainwater will come.

Room species are watered as the upper layer of soil drying out, and in the summer it is also sprayed. Most of the types of jasmine love increased air humidity, because of what copies growing in the seaside climate look much more decorative and richer their relatives from the dry regions.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

How and what to bother?

Jasmine Care includes regular fertilizer. The plant begins to fertilize from the second year of life and feed 2 times the season. The first denuncation of a two-year bush is carried out in spring time, using a cowboat solution for this. A year later, a complex of mineral fertilizers, consisting of 30 g of superphosphate, 15 g of potassium sulphate, 15 g of urea and 10 liters of water, is added to the Organic. At the end of the season of vegetation under each bush, 150 g of wood ashes are poured and watered well. Some gardeners additionally feed the bushes in July, using potash-phosphoric compositions for this. However, too fascinated by feeding. Excessive addition of additives can lead to blooming and reduce the decorativeness of the bush.

As for indoor species, they fertelf once in 2 weeks, Alternating the organic with mineral fertilizers while the plant does not bloom. During flowering, culture does not fertilize.

In the fall, the number of feeders gradually cut to one per month, and in the winter and stop at all.

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Rules of landing and care for jasmine

Types of trimming

Jasmine needs an annual trimming, without which shrub loses decorativeness and begins to hurt. This procedure helps to rejuvenate the plant, noticeably prolongs the flowering and increases the number of flowers. There are 4 types of trimming, each of which pursues its goals and is performed at a certain time.

    Sanitary

    This type of trimming is needed to remove damaged, dry and sick branches to avoid rotting and distribution of infection. You can remove unhealthy branches at any time of the growing season, regardless of whether the plant blooms or not. As for dry and damaged branches, they are trimmed early in the early spring, before the start of the cojoint and awakening the kidneys.

      Weakened shoots are not completely removed, but only shortening half, processing the location of the cutting slicer.

      Rules of landing and care for jasmine

      Forming

      This trimming pursues exclusively decorative purposes and is performed in early spring or at the end of winter. Adult bushes grow very quickly and rather asymmetrically, because of the time they lose their appeal. This is due to different speeds of the growth of young and old shoots, as well as unevenly illumination of the bush. The crown correction work is performed before the awakening of the first kidneys, giving the kit the desired form.

      The first challenge is produced 3 years after landing, while removing the lower processes growing on the sides, and not up. Tall views usually shorten up to two meters, and the lowered at their discretion, cutting off the branches of no more than a third.

        Rules of landing and care for jasmine

        Rejuvenating

        Over the years, Jasmine is growing, and old branches begin to spoil the appearance. The bloom becomes no longer so elegant, and the number of flowers is noticeably reduced. To maintain a bush in good shape and preserving his decorative qualities, carry out a rejuvenating trimming. For this early spring, 5 adult branches are chosen and shorten them up to 50 cm. All other shoots, as well as lower underdeveloped branches, cut under root. All summer, the bush is watered and feeding, and the next spring is cutting off all new shoots, leaving no more than 2-3rd sprouts on each of the hemp. The updated thus jasmine will bloom in 2 years.

          Experts recommend to completely rejuvenate the bush once every 7-8 years.

          Rules of landing and care for jasmine

          Rules of landing and care for jasmine

          Relief

          Jasmine bushes are very quickly thickened and need to thinning. To do this, at the end of January – early February, the removal of too thick, old and branched shoots, cutting them under the root. If the bush has not turned out to be broken, then it can be done in the summer, immediately after his flowering.

          Loosening and mulching

          Mulching is a mandatory treatment procedure for jasmine. It provides the preservation of moisture in the root zone. The mulch uses cones of coniferous trees, a cheva, straw, sawdust, peat and dry foliage. In addition to the moisture-saving function, the mulching is holding back the growth of weeds in the roller zone and does not give the fungus.

          Loosening is also a mandatory agrotechnical procedure and is performed as the land hardening around the bush.

          Explosive soil fluctuates air well, improves gas exchange in roots and does not allow liquid to stifter in the root zone. In addition, weeds are removed when loans.

          Rules of landing and care for jasmine

          Wintering

          Adult jasmine bushes are well tolerated low temperatures and can winter without adopting additional measures. Young plants are more sensitive to frosts, and therefore their preparation for winter need to pay special attention. For this fall, after the jasmine falls all the leaves, the land around the bush is well hammered, trying not to damage the roots. Then The rolling circle is closed by a layer of compost, needle or manure, and the bush itself is carefully wrapped in the underfloor material and tied up with rope.

          In the Siberian and Nordic regions, especially in conditions of cold and windy winters with a minimum amount of precipitation, it is recommended to cover and adult bushes. Upon the onset of the first thaws, the injection material is removed, otherwise the plant will begin to chant under it.

          Rules of landing and care for jasmine

          Possible problems in growing

            In order to grow a beautiful and healthy jasmine, you need to carefully care for. With bad care, the bush does not bloom for a long time, loses his decorativeness and begins to root. Below are the most frequent problems arising from growing, as well as ways to eliminate them.

            • If jasmine is too actively increasing the green mass, but not going to bloom, then the reason for this is an excess of nitrogen. Fix the situation will help stop the cessation of feeding with nitrogen-containing drugs and putting into the soil of potash-phosphoric fertilizer.
            • Twisting, and then focusing foliage speaks of low air humidity and bad watering. In such cases, regular irrigation of the bush crown and more frequent watering.
            • If Jasmine ceases to bloom and begins to hurt with fungal diseases, the case is most likely in the wasting of water in the roasting zone. To eliminate the problem, you need to dig a bush, put drainage to the bottom of the pit and plant jasmine in place. In the future, you need to not forget to loosen the rolling circle and from time to time to update the layer of mulch. If, after the measures taken, Jasmine continues to suffer from excessive moisturizing, it means that it is worth finding another place in the garden. The exit from the situation can be a bush transplant to a higher and dry place.
            • If bloom is present, but proceeds very sluggish and not long, then the reason may be too closely located the arrangement of jasmine to other bushes, or in its old age. In the first case, shrubs are destroyed apart from each other, and in the second – they are waiting for the onset of spring and proceed to rejuvenation of the bush.
            • If the jasmine has launched the leaves, the case is most likely in the lack of nutrients in the soil. Correct the situation will help making drugs with high potassium content.

            Rules of landing and care for jasmine

            Rules of landing and care for jasmine

            Jasmine is very rare, and its main enemy is parasites. Plant is often subjected to attacks of a web tick, aphids and mild cherry. When insects are detected, it is necessary to clean the bush of the hose. It will increase moisture and mocking part of parasites. You can then try to derive insects by folk remedies, for example, tobacco infusion. To do this, take 250 g of tobacco leaves, 50 g of household soap, add 3 liters of water and the resulting solution is treated with a shrub.

            According to gardener reviews, 2-3 sprayers are enough to exterminate insects. If it does not help, you can use the “Apollo”, “Neon”, “Akarin”, “Sparka”, “Aktar”, “Phytoverm” and other insecticides.

            Rules of landing and care for jasmine

            Rules of landing and care for jasmine

            Rules of landing and care for jasmine

            About how to put jasmine and care for him, look next.

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