Roses David Austin: pluses, cons and popular varieties

David Austin reminded the world forgotten the beauty of old English roses, which are distinguished by a strong aroma, large size of buds, resistant to fungal and other diseases. Austin varieties are not included in the official classification of roses, despite the fact that there are already over 200 more than 200 and they are in great demand among lovers and professional gardeners.

Description

In 1950, David Austin in France noticed vintage pink bushes with a unique view of a flower and a pleasant strong smell. Inspired by his beauty, he wanted to create a modern grade, which will combine the characteristics of the forgotten species of roses and will meet new requirements for plants, including sustainability of adverse weather conditions. The main task was to give new bushes the ability to re-blossom, development in different climatic zones. Vintage species of roses are distinguished by the lack of warm shades in the yellow scale that the breeder also wanted to change.

Crossing the grades “Bel Iceis” and “Le Gras” in 1961 led to the creation of the first Ospinsk rose “Constance Spray”. It refers to pionic varieties. Large flowers of her cupid shape, they are pink and possess a resistant aroma. “Constance Spray” dissolves buds only once a year, but has acquired greater love among the gardeners and remains relevant and popular in these days.

In 1984, about 50 varieties of plants that appeared using the selection of old species with tea-hybrid roses were already represented, Floribunda Groups, Wild Rosehip. Outtinsky varieties of external signs resemble Damascus, Burbon, Gallic, Alba, but differ in a wide color palette, the ability to grow on depleted soils, resistant to poor environmental conditions. With external old-fashionedness, most of their types are repeated, some are capable of multiple continuous flowering. Main plus – reduced lighting for lighting, roses for development 4 hours of daylight.

All the cultures of the Austin form of buds as in vintage pink bushes – cupid, outlet, pomponoid. Cone-shaped flowers (form inherent tea-hybrid) David during crossing rejected. Each variety is distinguished by its saturated aroma. The name “Jud Ze Okskur” is fixed behind the most aromatic rose of Austin, its smell is able to compete with real French spirits.

Every year about 4 new cultural varieties are recorded. Among them are splashes, upright high, dwarf bushes with small flowers, suitable for growing in closed soil, containers.

Advantages and disadvantages

The creator notes that all plants Answer the following requirements:

  • Purity color petals;
  • the strength of the aroma;
  • classic buds of buds;
  • Increased resort.

The properties of Ostena roses in various conditions of growth may differ. Characteristics for the middle strip of Russia are the following.

  • Frost resistance above the declared manufacturer.
  • Plants are often growing higher than indicated in the characteristics of the variety. This feature is worth considering when landing, as to transplant the 7-year-old bush will be problematic due to size.
  • When cultivating roses as a cluster plant, it is also worth being ready for the growing of longer shoots than indicated in the description.
  • After planting a rose bush during the first two years, flowers are small, branches weak, easy to rush. At the end of the adaptation period, all indicators come back.

The main positive aspects of English roses:

  • freezing resistance;
  • ease of care;
  • Formation of floral kidney over the entire length of the branch.

Disadvantages of some species:

  • Requirement for weather conditions (rain, snow, hail, and so on);
  • The brittleness of the young branches under the weight of blossomed buds;
  • Dark painted flowers tend to form black spots on petals.

Best varieties

The best varieties are Lady Of Shalott, Golden Celebration, Graham Thomas, Molineux, The Mayflower.

Lady of Shalott

Plant is suitable for newbies. Flowers are painted in a peach-orange warm gamut with a pinkish tump at the edges of petals, terry. Each stem is formed from 1 to 3 major buds. Fragrance strong, resembles an apple color and carnation. Rose “Lady Shalott” blooms many times, almost continuously.

Bush branched, large, up to 2 meters in height, quickly grow. Successfully grown in Siberia and Moscow region. For the winter it is necessary to cover Loutrasil. With a long heat can reset flowers.

Golden Celebration

His name variety got due to terry saturated yellow flowers. Petals can be painted in pinkish specks, large roses, up to 16 cm in diameter. On shoots there are up to 10 flower kidneys. With hot weather, flowers quickly fall and burn out. Stems almost lackless. In the south of Russia, Golden Celebreyshn is grown as a plenty rose.

Pros:

  • long blossom;
  • fruit-berry fragrance.

Minuses:

  • medium resistance to diseases;
  • reduced winter hardiness;
  • Low resistance to precipitation.

Graham Thomas

Pink bush with tea sweet aroma, large clean yellow pionic flowers. 3-5 flower kidneys are formed on the raids, on average, the blossomed bud is held on the branch of about 5 days. In the hot climate, Graham variety is worth growing as a plenty rose or schrab. Winter hardiness average, necessarily need a branch branch. A bush is distinguished by abundant blossoms to the most frosts.

Molineux

Plants of this variety are recommended to land in groups. A bush grows up to half a meter in height, with good conditions it is capable of reaching a 2 meter mark. Bright yellow flowers, thick, sockets, their fragrance has a musky shade. Stems lambed. Duration of flowering – the whole season. In the suburbs and Siberia bush requires shelter for the winter period.

The Mayflower

The grade is distinguished by bright pink terry flowers of saturated color with a strong aroma, blooms until the end of the autumn. Cructive size, but quite lush, spread. Maiflower is better suited for cold climatic zones. Warm conditions are subjected to attacks of a paustic tick. Blooms early, resistant to fungus, other pests.

Imagine several new varieties of Osten Roses, derived after 2016.

Dame Judi Dench

The variety is named the actress Judy Dench. Its terry flowers are painted in peach tones with gradual loss of intensity coloring from the base of the outlet to the tips of the petals. The aroma is typical for tea varieties, but felt notes of cucumber, kiwi. The plant grows up to 1.5 m in height and width.

Vanessa Bell

Gybrid musky rose. Petals have lemon-yellow color, turning into a white gamut. Flower shape pionic, rounded. Kuste spreaded to a meter in width. Each branch is up to 5 flower kidney. Flowering long, abundant. Aroma Lemon with Motion Green Tea and Honey.

James L. Austin

Flowers of this type of terry, saturated cherry pink shade. Flowers plant from June to October. The fragrance is strong, berry, resembles the smell of currant, raspberries. Compact bush, suitable for growing in curvature compositions, containers.

The most suitable cutting varieties for home and market – Beatrice, Carey, Charity, Constance, Edith, Kate, Keira, Tess.

These species are characterized by compact amounts of bushes, suitable for single and group landings, unpretentious in leaving and resistant to winter frost. Many spikes are formed on the stems, with the exception of the BEATRICE variety. All flowers terry, pionic, large. The color palette is mixed, from white and yellow to pink-gold shades, almost clean colors in Tess (burgundy) and kate (dark lilac). Each variety has a unique strong aroma.

Landing

Seedling before planting It is necessary to process: perform trimming roots, disinfect the open areas with a solution of manganese, soak off the root system in water for about a day with the addition of “Kornin” or other stimulants. Landing pit is digging 50x50x50 cm. The distance between the wells of at least 0.5 m, for curly roses it is worth it to 100 cm.

In a separate container, the nutrient substrate for roses is prepared. Garden land is stirred with peat, humus, mineral fertilizers are added in proportions 1: 1: 1. Plants are planted into the finished pit, the vaccination location is located below the soil level by about 7 cm. Roots spread out, pour ready to ground. After landing, the bushes are watering water, fluid consumption – 5 liters. Next, the soil is afraid to avoid the appearance of cavities.

When the soil enhances the depth of three centimeters, the plant must be water. The best time for this is the evening. For each adult rose there should be at least 10 liters of water, curly plants absorb up to 15 liters

Undercalinking of pink bushes is produced for 2 years of life in the spring season. Approach nitrogen fertilizers during the growth period, nitrogen-phosphorus in the appearance of buds. In the autumn season, potash fertilizers are entered, helping the branches of the plant to mature and move the winter period.

Planting roses in Siberia is always produced on the south side of the site with a half. For roses it is worth selecting places located on a small elevation. The degree of soil freezing in such areas is lower, which will save the bushes from the freezing of the root system and the occurrence of fungal diseases. In Siberia, the wind most often blowing from the north, northwestern or northeastern side, so for roses it is worth building a hedge or to strengthen them for various economic structures.

In the conditions of the Siberian climate, the flowers are desirable to plant in the spring since May, when the temperature of the soil reaches 10 degrees of heat. Grafted seedlings should be planted first, roses with a developed root system – from May 15 to June 15. This period is most optimal that the process of webing the trunk has managed to end by the beginning of winter.

Soil must be sublinous, acidic, with humus in large quantities. Before planting a plant on the bottom of the Poams, it is necessary to put a reworked horse manure. The most optimal ratio of the composition of the soil: 1: 1: 3: 2: 0.5 (clay, sand, humus, peat, wood ash).

Care

For growing data varieties is not required. Osten roses are placed in places where illumination is at least 4 hours a day. It is desirable that the plant for planting the plant does not flooded with thawed waters in the spring.

Trimming bushes is made in spring and autumn. Weak unbearable shoots, patients and old branches are removed. The formation of the crown occurs in the following rules: trimming of the branches of a small plant is made by half, in wide spreaded bushes they are shortening for one third, branched roses varieties trim on one fifth of escape length.

Regularly under shrubs are removed weeds, dry leaves, flowers. The soil is plunged and looked.

Reproduction

Austin roses are bred in two ways.

Cherenkovania

For this method, fresh shoots are selected. Everyone is cut with preservation of three sheets. Place of landing seedlings are chosen in a half, without weeds and with well-reheated soil. Before boarding, two lower sheets are removed, the escape is buried in the ground so that one piece of leaf remains on the surface. Each seedling is covered with protective material – half of the plastic bottle with an open neck, which with the beginning of winter they are cheered by snow.

A year later, the full rooting of young plants occurs. In the spring they are already transplanted for a permanent place, trying during the procedure not to affect and do not leave the root system.

Digging

This method is suitable only for strengthened plants. The selected escape almost at the base with the help of the bracket is pressed against the ground, the earth is sprinkled and is fading well. A year later, when rooting, the tank is cut off from the parent plant and transplant.

Preparation for winter

Preparation for wintering roses in the garden or plants placed in the closed soil, is made according to the standard rules. English roses are not very resistant to frosts, so need protection and shelter for the winter period. At temperature in -5 degrees, unripe escapes, fallen leaves and the gloves of bushes. Around the plant is installed a fence made of foam, plywood, plastic containers. Internally, the space is filled with humus.

Branchy roses varieties are pre-pinned to the ground, the branches are covered with false foliage. Layer thickness up to 30 cm. Open plants after wintering at air temperature above 0 degrees.

Examples in landscape design

Roses Austin are coming out in a closed and open soil, due to this they are used everywhere in landscape design when creating mixboraders, flower beds, living ingots and other designs.

Pleet varieties are used in vertical landscaping. Roses Austin are combined with evergreen shrubs, coniferous plants.

The classic version of the flower bed consists of low-grade varieties located in the foreground, which are formed in the form of splashing bushes, and tall straight-resistant or curly species.

All about the shortcomings of David Austin Roses See in the video below.

Rate the article
( No ratings yet )
Add comments

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: