Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Rose is a flower that has enjoyed great popularity in all countries at all times. The beautiful plant leaves little indifferent, it is not in vain associated with female beauty. There are technologies that allow without special difficulties to grow these wonderful plants both in greenhouses and home conditions.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

The best ways

The most popular way to breed roses is the cultivation of flowers from a cuticle. The technology is pretty simple, does not require large cash investments. The hauling has several advantages over the vaccination method. The advantages of the steel method:

  • Plants form a strong root system;
  • Flowers can withstand negative temperatures and increased humidity;
  • good resistance of plants contributes to their operational recovery;
  • To bring a new plant, it is enough to “borrow” a bunch of bouquet;
  • Roses’ care during cultivation does not take much time.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

The reproduction of roses with cuttings in the fall is the simplest and most common method; Silence roses usually happening shortly before winter cold.

In this case, there are many useful processes that can be used to use.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Some prefer in the conditions of private households to produce a rooting process in early August, such a method also allows you to take care of most plants.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Behind the stalking should trimming, which is carried out during the appearance of the first night freezers. In the middle lane of Russia, this happens usually at the end of October, early November. For cuttings, plants are ideal, the thickness of which is about 5 mm. In appearance to identify the suitability of the plant is easy: if you press the spines, they will easily bounce. On each plant there are several kidneys (up to four), length of about twenty centimeters.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

It is also important to plant a plant to the right end so that there is no “on the contrary”. The top is made on a couple of centimeters an indent, a straight incision is made, a slightly lowered another incision – oblique, at an angle of 40 degrees.

It is recommended to use a very sharp knife or tweezers, their before the “operation” should be wiped with alcohol.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Each agrarian and gardener are well aware of the existence of shrubs plants that can be multiplied by very simple technology: a young sprout is drawn, watering, after a short time he germinates.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Ideal for growing roses such types:

  • Pleets;
  • Miniature.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Other varieties of these beautiful colors (tea-hybrid or floribunda) have branches that become tough by the time you can reproduce. With the help of a molding, it can be done quite just. However, each species behaves differently, this postulate is also directly related to shine. To plant a flexible escape, you can just put it in the ground. It should only be released from the leaves, leaving at the end of 1-2 intercouss. For the entire length in the ground, a small groove is dried, moderately watering.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

If roses are already vaccinated, it is not recommended to reproduce with vertical gag. It is explained by the fact that the shoots grow on a cut-off bush. Only the cornesological varieties will be multiplied with vertical braids, which are not bad to carry all trimming operations.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Before the beginning of winter, the rose bushes cut off, leave the magnitude of no more than ten centimeters. In March, these “hemp” are plundered by the soil.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

To improve the dive, often vertical chains are used, gradually they germinate, then it is recommended to add the ground to the hillim grew up to 30 cm high.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Shortly before the colds of the soil is gently removed, it is important not to touch the delicate roots. The shoots are separated from the bush and installed in the pots, then they can be “bring to mind” there. Each method has its advantages, such a technology allows plants to persist and do not die for any reason or to other reasons.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

The indisputable advantage of each method guarantees the preservation of rose varieties. And also attracts simplicity of bookmarks of melting into the ground. The lack of air and vertical chains is that these methods are pretty laborious, they require attention and high qualifications. This work is allowed to spend only with some varieties of roses.

The most popular and simple method is the installation of shoots in the ground. The technology works for this algorithm:

  • Place the landing site;

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

  • A platform for planting and nutritional composition (peat, phosphoric additives) is prepared;

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

  • The sprout itself is examined and prepared, placed in a furrow;

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

  • The young plant is fixed with special studs or spicks;

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

  • sprinkled with soil, watered.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

During the warm season, the plant moderately watering, the soil should not disar. In September-October, the grade is separated from the main plant, transplanted to a stationary place. Roses on roses can be processed in almost any warm month from March to November, but spring is considered the most favorable for such work. In the fall of the process it is possible to separate and transplant, it is permissible to grow in a pot at home.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Working with air chains is happening in the warm season, after removal, you can “fight” in a room with a high positive temperature, it allows the sponsors to strengthen. The reproduction of tanks has a number of advantages:

  • Plants retain all their protective qualities, they are able to continue to develop well;
  • Rod rooted in Earth better develop, which means that rose bushes are never transformed into a rosehip;
  • The gag is more stable, and the percentage of survival is higher than when soaring.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

The disadvantage of this technology is that it is applicable only to the roses of plenty and miniature.

To germinate miniature roses, a small capacity is required. Technology The grade is quite applicable for this variety of roses. It is very important at the very beginning to find a long escape, it can be picked in a separate container. Work occurs on a specific algorithm.

Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

First of all, all the leaves from the young plant are removed. Only at the very edge there is a small amount.

    Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

    There is a kidney that will be installed in the ground, under it it follows a knife to make a small label-incision, then the area is treated with a stimulant, which is designed for root formation.

    Special composition is placed in a separate container, the substrate, the end of the plant. Water. The plant should germinate in the conditions of medium humidity. After the plant gothes, the glasses cut off from the parent plant, it can be grown independently.

      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

      Mineral compounds that are allowed to process plants:

      • superphosphate – added in the amount of 21 g / m2;
      • potassium chloride – can be added in an amount of 11 g / m2;
      • Often, instead of chemical additives, Apply ash, which is distributed in the calculation of 315 grams per 1 square meter.

        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

        Property stimulants should be used in mandatory, the most effective of them:

        • “Korniner”;
        • “Connector”;
        • “Charcor”.

          Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

          Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

          Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

          You can buy these drugs in a specialized store, they are as a powder or liquid composition. For drags, liquid substances are allowed to apply. If the fertilizer is presented in the form of a thick gel, then they should cover sprouts using a special tassel.

          Mineral compounds contain nitrogen, as well as other components. Distribution All its life resources directs the formation of roots. Apply nitrogen is permissible only after the plant fully worried.

            Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

            In time, it may take no more than one year, only after the end of this period is permissible to add nitrogen-containing compositions.

            In certain periods of development, plants require growth stimulants. These means activate metabolism in the root system, but the measure is required to not destroy the escape. Sprouts should be soaked in a mixture composed in a specific consistency:

            • “Heteroacexin”;
            • “Connector”;
            • “Korniner”;
            • “Succinic acid”.

              Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

              Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

              On the leaves in the process of soaking should not fall. If the stem is too tough, then you can process it up to 24 hours. On average, only no more than 8 hours.

              One of the most useful stimulants is a “radio brief”, it is effective, contains additional trace elements. And also useful “zircon” (14 drops per liter of water) – this is another effective means.

                Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                “Epin” especially actively stimulates the development of roots (38 drops per liter of fluid). Enough usually 12-18 hours so that the root system “came to life”, the speed of metabolism increases twice.

                  Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                  What roses are best grown from the cutter:

                  • large-flowered variety “Flammantz”;
                  • “Iceberg” and “Rosalinda” varieties from the Floribund group;
                  • tea-hybrid (this is not tea, do not confuse).

                    Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                    Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                    Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                    All listed varieties are rooted in a short time, but then the roots are not developing very actively, it is difficult to do without vaccinations. The design process is the harder to apply to the repair and park roses.

                    The hauling occurs in this way: healthy shoots are selected, the thickness of which is about 5 millimeters. They are cut into small segments, on which there must be several kidneys (up to five). In the upper part of the plants, cuts are made straight, at the bottom of them are produced. All knots are made using a tweezers or a sharp knife, the blade is necessarily treated with alcohol.

                    The upper back is left above the kidney (2.5 cm), the lower cut is placed below the extreme kidneys.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      Downstairs, leaves should be completely removed. On the sprout you can leave several leaves (2-3). The reproduction of the plant is implemented in September or October, during this period the seedlock is subjected to less loads, it takes more actively. Landing rules look like this:

                      • cuttings are cut, processed by a special composition, which stimulates the growth of the roots (“heteroacexin”);
                      • A small hole is digging, the depth of which is 25 cm, on 2/3 it is filled with grass, then poured with a compost;
                      • Sprouts are planted with a slope of 40 degrees, a third of the plants with two kidneys remain above the Earth;
                      • Escape is abundant.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      Some beginner gardeners are not quite aware of how to protect the cuttings in the cold time. This is done in this way: an empty two-liter PVC bottle is taken, holes are done in it so that oxygen flow occurs. Bottle is covered with foliage and matter. Plot landing is placed by wooden fragments, straw has been added.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      Such technology is applicable to private agricultural farms, for gardener lovers and even for housewives that grow roses at home. Consists of such items:

                      • Plants with several swollen kidneys are harvested (their length is no more than 20 centimeters);
                      • So that the plants have not blown earlier than the outlined period, you can dip them into liquid wax, after that we can pour cold water.

                      Cuttings are placed in a pot. PVC capacitance is taken, filled with small gravel. Enough layer 7 cm. Then the ground is sweeping on top, which is stirred with perlit. The soil should be necessarily wet. The stalk plunges into water, watering with a special composition (“corneser”), is installed in the ground. On average, 45 cm with a diameter capacity can be installed up to 35 cuttings. The bucket turns into the PVC film, fastens with clips (or clothespins). Store the containers under the right sunlight is raised. The container is wrapped in the insulation and put on the loggia, the insulation is also placed below.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      Keep cuttings in the cold time is easy. This is done in this way: a hole of 17 cm depth is digging out, its bottom is covered with a cotton cloth, cuttings are put on it. The edges are placed by spicy.

                      Preparation of cuttings for preservation – a fairly simple procedure. The leaves are removed, the cuttings are laid out at the same distance, the earth is sprinkled. In the spring they can be removed. Those stalks that “feel okay” have a slight plant education, callus, on this “pillow” begin to raise the roots. In the event that the landing is done through a certain amount of time (no more than two days), then the cuttings are put in the container in which there is water. If possible, add a few drops of the stimulating solution (“Epin”).

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      From folk remedies best use dried yeast. They have a large number of useful elements (140 grams per liter of water). Saplings are soaked no more than a day.

                      Honey can also be effective (120 grams per liter of water). Honey Beautiful antiseptic and contains a group of vitamins “B”. Pushed in a solution of honey permissible about 20 hours.

                      Yves water is made by the method of insistenceing IV rods from shoots. Cuttings are soaked in liquid shortly before landing.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      “Burrito” method

                      Burito is a traditional dish of Mexican cuisine, the same as in the US “Big Mac”. Garden rose reproduction technology reminds by its structure Mexican “Patty”.

                      “Burrito” is an unconventional method of propagation of roses: the cuttings turn into a wet newspaper or x / b rag. In shape, this, indeed, resembles a dish in which the contents (cuttings itself) turns on the corresponding material. For the plant, such wrapping is a good. Inside there are excellent conditions for the beginning of the vegetative period of ripening the root “abdam”, callus, thanks to which the root system will appear. If you draw an analogy with the human body, it looks like the formation of stem cells and the appearance of the embryo.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      From the bush are separated by chains, carefully inspect. A package is made from the newspapers, cuttings are put in it (no more than 7 pieces). The newspaper is folded in 3-5 layers, water is water. Package can be wrapped with polyethylene.

                      Store such packaging is permissible at a temperature of + 15-19 degrees, for the occurrence of callus – is the optimal mode. After a couple of weeks, the convolution is best to check, sometimes rotors or fungus are formed on plants, such copies should be rebeling. If necessary, it should be soaked with water again.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      After the formation of Calleus, the cuttings are planted into the soil in such a way that the upper kidney is present above the surface. The soil must be moistened at the middle level, the temperature for growth of +24 degrees.

                      Capacity with cuttings should be “venting”, In no case cannot be allowed so that the soil turns into a wet mud substance. But also true and the opposite: drying the contents of the package leads to the death of a seedling.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      In potato

                      Cuttings from roses branches allowable to root in potatoes. This is a favorable environment to multiply the plants. A fresh cut sprout is processed by manganese, it can be left in aloe juice (the proportion is made 1/1), it can be there no more than half.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      After that, the cutting of the future flower is inserted into the tuber from which the “eyes” are cut. Such “Iquiban” is placed in the container, the earth is poured (by 2/3), it is poured by a solution of manganese (need quite dark concentration). Before irrigated, water should be standing out (hours 8). Once a week add water in which some sugar is dissolved (a couple of teaspoons on a glass of water).

                      From a bouquet

                      The life of the bouquet of roses can be extended for quite a long time, if they cut them into small segments and soak alone in the water. You can almost any varieties. Stems are cut into small segments, they are allowed to root in the tanks that are filled with peat or soil. Solid Aloe solution (1/10) and add it to the planted plant. Cuttings love high humidity and temperature, under such circumstances will the root system will be promoted.

                      Sometimes it should be trimmed so that the life resources of the plants are distributed more rationally.

                      Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                      When landing follows close attention to concentrate on the stems. They must be flexible, this indicator confirms their “liveliness”. If the stems are “stone”, rigid, then the probability of their extension is sharply reduced.

                      If the roses are brought from Holland or Poland, the flower growing operation from the stem will not work, in these countries, flowers are plenty of chemicals (stabilizers, preservatives).

                      Rules landing

                      Rose – the plant is quite capricious, requires attention and maintenance of temperature and other modes. Loves very illuminated places, straight sun rays. It is important to comply with the correct moisture mode, there are many questions often arise here. Too wet soil leads to a rotation of the root system, too dry soil slows the vegetative development.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        Roses that are hidden on the rosehip are highlighted by their good resistance. Most of all, loam is suitable for roses, acid-alkaline RH 6.7-7.3. A good air exchange must be present in the ground. The soil in which there is a large amount of sand, also suitable for growing roses. Such a soil should be properly fertilized, making additives of other soils. The soil in which a lot of humus is always wet, but, on the other hand, the air exchange in it is not as active as in the sand. Often, such a soil is sprinkled with a layer of river sand, then after a while they are drunk.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        Something like this can be said about the land rich in clay – such a land sticks out when a lot of moisture, and does not let oxygen. In the hot season, she quickly cracks. In this case, you should also add a certain amount of fine sand.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        Detailed instructions, how to properly plant the plants of the family of bush roses:

                        • Before boarding, it is necessary to dig a hole in a depth of at least half a meter;

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        • The seedling is removed from the package, carefully examined for defects;
                        • It is then immersed in water tank;

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        • If there are damaged fragments on the plant, they must be neatly cut;
                        • Fertilizers are prepared and mixed with the substrate;
                        • At the bottom of the well, the tablet “Initiator” is placed, which will be a good means against the impact of various parasites – usually the actions of such a drug is enough for 1 year;
                        • The seedling is installed in the hole, neatly the root system is repeated;
                        • root base (with a point where the vaccination occurs) should be in the soil of centimeters to 5, which will not allow the bridge of a rose to bloom.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        Tips for care

                        Specialists willingly share secrets and give many useful advice to novice gardeners. Here are some of them.

                        • Roses are well developed on areas protected from winds that are well lit.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        • Groundwater should be 1.2 meters from the surface. It is important that the root system is in a wet environment, but if the percentage of moisture is too high, the plant may die.
                        • It is impossible to plant roses on wetlands.
                        • Cuttings are not recommended to trimmed with scissors if there are “jackets” or burrs, the plant will die.
                        • To organize the reproduction of the plant in the cold season (in the fall), it is best to choose a sprout with the “knob”, which is formed due to the old material. Callyus is formed on it, and the future root system will sprilate.
                        • With autumn landing, be sure to leave a couple of leaves at the top of the plant.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        • Sometimes, so that the kidneys do not bloom unpredictably, the plant is better to dip in hot wax and then pour cold water.
                        • To get up to five plants, you should plant to a dozen cuttings.
                        • Tar for landing is better to use low capacity (up to 1 liter), use the best glass or PVC transparent to be able to see how much the root system.
                        • Fits almost any soil acceptable for colors.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        • Sometimes river sand is added (1/2), sand allows you to better penetrate moisture. As well as a nutrient additive add perlite and vermiculite.
                        • If there is an opportunity to add moss sphagnum, then the plant will be even better to grow. This product provides optimal soil ventilation, improves the nutrient medium.
                        • Before boarding, you can disinfect the soil with a weak solution of manganese.
                        • Sometimes it is useful to germinate cuttings in water, then the chance of their more reliable rooting increases.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        • In water, you can germinate plants that have roots (at least 1 centimeter of length). So that the cuttings are not prefinsed, you can add a little “phytosporin”.
                        • Well helps in the insulation of plants of the peat layer (25 cm), it also contributes to the absorption of moisture and its deduction.
                        • When landing, the distance between the plants should be no more than 95 cm. Taki species like polyanth, tea-hybrid, floribunda, can be planted at a distance of up to 65 cm. Pleet and strambed varieties are plotted at a distance of 1 meter.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        • If you grow seedlings on the windowsill, it is best on the east side to get the scattered ray of the sun.
                        • Saplings are preferably to air every day.
                        • Watering should be selected individually, in this case there can be no hard recipes.
                        • To root the cutlets is easy on the windowsill, it is only important to monitor the level of moisture and the temperature of the windowsill itself.

                        Rose reproduction: ways and secrets

                        Reproduction of roses by the “Burrito” method, see the video below.

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