Carnation is distinguished by species diversity and quite large varieties. From this manifold for room breeding as potted crops, some species that differ in compact sizes are suitable. These are low-spirited hybrid varieties that are grown as homemade carnation.
Homemade or room cloves – herbaceous annual belonging to a numerous clove family. Native country plant is China. The bush has a compact size, on the stem is present typical nodules for carnations. Rooming carnation has dark green, grooved flat leaves, growing contrary. Single, terry or smooth flowers, coloring have the most diverse, except white, there are various shades of red, pink, lilac. They possess a pleasant aroma. The flowering period differs in duration – from June to October.
So that he lasted for a long time, it is necessary to immediately remove the blurred inflorescences, the latter leave for the aging of seeds.
Among the numerical family of cloves most popular for breeding as a home culture there are several varieties.
At first, the representatives of the species were distinguished by burgundy strokes on the petals, but as a result of the selection, plants appeared with the petals of the same color. Dimensions of varieties for potted dilution are 10-20 cm. Flowers are formed from 5 petals, creating a whisk, with jazzless or wavy edges. Coloring can be different. Some varieties have petals of two colors.
Stem has a smashed form. Seeds of this type are somewhat elongated, very fragile. The most popular varieties include “Diana Mix”, its height reaches 25 cm. The plant is characterized by unpretentiousness, large buds, besides, it refers to the Rannets. Flowers grow single, the edges of the petals corrugated, which gives them even more effect.
Plant has straight stems with characteristic nodules. Sheet plates are green or blue-green tone with a light reddish tint, elongated, growing contrary. Flowers have a pleasant aroma and can be simple, semi-grade or terry. Their diameter is small – 1.5-3 cm. Coloring is represented by a wide variety of shades – cream, pink, red and white. In addition, they are monophonic, two-color, colored, with eye or crossing.
Buds are assembled in case of inflorescence with dimensions of about 12 cm, which blooms a month since the end of June. Then the seed box matures on the stem, Turkish clove seeds can be kept up to 5 years without worse. Representatives of the species differ inconspicuous to lighting.
The most common varieties as a room plant are the following:
- “Diadem” with dark green leaves with a light red tint and dark-alamic flowers having a large scarlet and petals with gear edges, the size of the inflorescence is about 10 cm;
- SHNYABAL It has white terry colors with jar on petals in diameter of about 11 cm;
- “Undine” It is characterized by purple buds with a snow-white middle and the same crossing;
- “Midget” – Dutch variety with dwarf sizes, with dark carmine inflorescences;
- “Flame heart” – Small bush that is distinguished by bright red bootons.
Among the English varietal series are rather popular “Willy”, “Rondo” and “Roundabout”, characterized by squat sizes, 15-20 cm. The variety “Nigrickans” is highlighted, which has dark purple sheet plates and shoots, as well as dark color color.
This is a long-term culture, but most often at home it is grown as annual. The bush is distinguished by compact sizes, as much as possible can reach up to 35 cm. It differs from other varieties of unusual flowers that have strongly dissected petals. Inflorescences are both simple and terry. A feature of the species is a pleasant fragrance that highlights the inflorescences.
By evening, the bush becomes more saturated. Large buds have different coloring: white, red, pink, which are beautifully shaken by jaw-green leaves. It is worth noting the following most spectacular varieties:
- Spring Beauty – Bucket with terry buds of gentle pink color;
- White Mrs Sinkins and Pink Mrs Sinkins – The most common varieties, white and pink flowers have numerous gear petals;
- White Ladies It is distinguished by terry flowers of white color, the edge of them is strongly served, and the cup has a browning edging;
- Doris with terry pink inflorescences that have in the middle of the scarlet stain;
- GRANS FAVORITE also possesses pink flowers, in the center of which the red spot, the same color of the border passes along the edges of the petals;
- Show Ideal It is characterized by semi-world white buds, which almost on the middle are decorated with a narrow ring of pinkish-red tone;
- Kersteven Kirkstead It has a height of 15 cm, the petals have a one-piece edge and rounded shape, a dark red ring around it is located around it.
Decorative variety of garden cloves, perfectly suitable for home. Distinctive feature of this species – large terry flowers having a corrugated edge. Their diameter can reach 6 cm, the color is different, there may be divorces or points on the petals. Leaf plates are dark green, with a slight nurse. Inflorescences have a pretty strong spicy fragrance.
This species is distinguished by a wide variety, namely:
- “Footherg”, “Gloria”, “carrot king” with red buton;
- “Rosacenigin” with pink inflorescences;
- “Lady in black” with dark burgundy flowers;
- “Knight’s tournament” with saturated violet petals;
- “Ferry” with flowers of different colors.
All these varieties have their differences, but they are all united in one species (conditional) – room cloves. The size of the bushes is compact, they do not require a lot of space, and even to growing, and their care is similar.
Conditions of detention
Home carnation is not particularly demanding in the content, but still, when it is cultivated, it is worth following some rules.
Temperature and humidity
The plant does not like elevated air temperature, the most favorable for it are indicators in the area of + 20 ° C, although the carnation will feel good from +13 to +35 degrees. Sharp temperature differences can affect the flower condition. With a heat, the plant will slowly grow and have scarce flowering. Room clove is suitable for air with high humidity, optimally 65-75%. It must be regularly sprayed with cool water in the morning or in the evening, but it is necessary to not allow water to fall into flowers.
Plant loves light, but still it is worth protecting from direct sunlight. With a shortage of light, it is necessary to organize additional artificial lighting, especially if the flower is grown in autumn or in winter. The plant that lacks light will slowly grow, lose size and in the amount of inflorescence.
It must be borne in mind that some varieties have special requirements for the light and the duration of the daylight.
Neutral soil is suitable for growing cloves in the pot. The optimal composition of one part of the leaf land, one part of the peat and two parts of the turf. You can use the finished soil from the store, the carnation is quite normal in it grows. In addition, the soil is treated with antiseptic preparations, since the flower is very sensitive to microorganisms. Stands on the bottom pot put drainage to prevent the moisture stagnation.
When breeding room cloves, seeds can be immediately soaked in a pot with prepared soil, and you can first land on seedlings. Singing most often seeds in the early spring, then blooming the plant will be in summer.
You can land them and under the winter, but then the buds will appear only the next year.
It is easy to care for room clove, but the flower will thank the lush buds and a beautiful view.
Homemade carnation demanding to watering, so it is impossible to allow the soil in the pot of dried, but do not allow moisture to be part. To avoid this, you need to pour the drainage layer on the bottom. Watering water is worth taking the resistant, room temperature. And the plant is useful to evening spraying, especially in hot weather. Water flower stands in the morning or in the evening.
Fertilizers should be made regularly, which activates carnation growth and blossom puff. The feeding should be given in liquid form, for this, complex fertilizers are bred by water. It is also not worth overdoing, it is enough to spray with fertilizers soil once every two weeks. In the ground, feeding can be made a month after landing. It is worth combining the application of fertilizers with watering.
Room cloves are mainly grown as annual, so there is no point in transplant. But if necessary, it is better to do it in the spring. The plant is planted on the same depth as it grew before, you need to follow the root cervix of the flower was on the same level with soil. You also need to remove the shockless inflorescences, it is worth cutting together with a color-seater, leaving 5 cm. Such a procedure will help to preserve flowering period.
Methods of breeding
In the conditions of the apartment, the carnation is easier to propagate the seeds, they possess a very high gesture. Seed seeds standing in early spring. The procedure is carried out as follows:
- Seeds are placed in the soil (add a little peat and sand) deep into 2-3 mm;
- in one vanous enough 2-3 grains;
- spray well with water;
- Capacities are placed in a well-lit place and covered with film (ventilating regularly);
- After the appearance on the sprouts of five leaves, the top and side shoots are pinching, such manipulations stimulate the formation of more lush crown.
If the shoots are thick, the sprouts are worth a dive. When evounced to the container you need to leave the distance between the seeds of 5 cm. When sprouts are fixed, after about a month they are transplanted into the vases.
Two-year-old plants can be tried to multiply with stalling or dividing the bush, but after the plant will flash. Cuttings and decene sit right in the vanza where it is worth adding a little sand to the soil, you should not deepen them strongly in the soil. Saplings care is regular, moderate irrigation. Can roof the cuttings also in water, and when the roots appear, transplant to the soil.
Diseases and pests
Rooming carnation, as well as garden species, can be damaged by pests, among them that it is worth noting a spider tick, milderry and tort. The plant is worthwheeling with soap solution and spray with influences or cleanliness. If such means of struggle do not work, insecticides should be applied. Plant is pretty resistant to diseases. But due to excessive irrigation, the roots and stalks of the flower can be rotated, such a disease is incurable, the plant should be destroyed.
It happens that The plant turns yellow and dry, it comes due to poor quality soil. In this case, it must be transplanted into a new soil, which before planting it is necessary to treat a solution of manganese.
The carnation growing on the windowsill or in a personnel near the house will serve as a spectacular decoration. If you choose more and fragrant varieties, you can quickly enjoy the natural beauty of this incredible flower.
About how to reproduce a room carnation, look next.