Zinnia is a popular plant, beloved by many gardeners (both experienced and newcomers). Flower is quite unpretentious about leaving. In addition, it is distinguished by extraordinary beauty and diversity: today at the flower markets you can find the seeds of Zinnia almost any shade. What types and varieties of zinnia are? How to choose a plant? Read more about this in our material.
What colors are there?
According to botanical features, Zinnia is a floral shrub with stems that can be in several positions (stand straight or spread). By its structure, the stalks of the plant are quite elastic, and on their surface they have a small edge. Zinny belongs to the Astrov family. The period of flowering plants falls on the summer-autumn (the specific duration of flowering depends on the type and variety). Zinnia is a plant that amazes with its diversity. So, in nature there are varieties of a variety of different, sometimes even incredible shades. Qinnia can be:
- Purple and T. D.
Besides, In addition to monochrome colors, in nature you can find zinnia, which combine several shades: For example, orange and yellow, pink and white and t. D. Thus, regardless of your individual preferences and aesthetic tastes, you can find a variety of zinnia that will suit specifically and perfectly fit into the landscape design of your site.
Overview of popular species
To date, botany distinguish a large number of types and types of zinnia: dwarf, low, bush, georgino-color, curb. In our current material, we will consider the most common and popular species of this plant.
Elegant zinnia (or Zinnia Elegans) is the most popular and common type of this plant. It is believed that the birthday flower is Mexico.
Plants related to this species, in their heights can reach 1 meter.
Wherein Zinnia has a pretty tight branching branches by its structure. They also have specific hairs. Plant leaves possess oval form and do not have. In addition, they refer to the category of pubescent. The shoots of the plant, which are located on the sides, at the ends have flower baskets, the diameter of which is in the range from 5 to 14 cm.
Plant flowers have a terry texture and have flowers that differ in high rigidity. It should also be noted that the zinnia is elegant exists in nature in a variety of color palette (including colors such as: purple, white, orange and t. D.). The flowering period of elegant zinnia falls for the summer and autumn (most often from June to October). According to its botanical nature, Zinnia Elegans refers to the category of annual plants. Most often flower is sulking in the first half of spring. At the same time, zinnia can be burned out both in the seedlings and open soil.
This kind of Qingnia is truly considered the most miniature. If we talk about the similarity of Linaris with other subspecies, it is worth noting that this plant in its external signs is similar to a narrow type. In the height of the bushes of the plant reach the indicator of 0.35 meters. At the same time they have a rather narrow bushes. Great interest among professional nerds, experienced gardeners and beginners causes color plants, as it is rather unique in nature. So, Linearis has the inflorescences of an orange color with yellow edges.
Due to the compact dimensions and relative unpretentiousness in the care of Linaris, it can be grown not only in the conditions of the garden plot, but also in small flower beds or pots (for example, on the balcony).
Another popular kind of zinnia is a narrow zinnia (or Zinnia Angustifolia). This plant will become an excellent decoration of any site: both your private paralisian and public territory. It should be immediately noted that the plant is quite small in its dimensions. So, the flower height can only reach 0.4 meters. On the other hand, gardeners note that Zinnia Angustifolia is more lush in its form than some other types of this plant.
The period of flowering traditionally falls for the period from July to October. At the same time, it is important to note that the first inflorescences appear in 10 weeks after the immediate seeding of Qinnia.
Many gardeners prefer the view of Zinnia Angustifolia to other species due to the fact that this plant is steadily in relation to diseases and pests.
Latin name of thin-flowered zinnia – Zinnia Tenuiflora. Zinnia grows in the form of moderate spreading bushes. In height, these shrubs reach 0.6 meters. Plant is characterized by thin stems that have a crankshaft structure. These stems are painted in different shades of brown and red. The diameter of the inflorescence of thin-flowered zinnia ranges from 2.5 to 3 cm. At the same time, the flowers themselves have a rather narrow form and a little bent back, and even twisted at the ends. Flowers zinnia of this species painted in dark red. Very Often this plant is used in landscape design to create complex flower compositions, landing around the flower or tracks, as well as for registration of lawns.
Description of the best varieties
Consider the most popular and best varieties of Zinnia.
Zinnia “Liliput” has pretty large flowers. So, their diameter is about 10 cm. At the same time, the flowers themselves have a castid shape and a terry texture. Grade “Liliput” in height can reach 0.5 meters. The plant belongs to the category of thermalized, so in the process of care it is very important to ensure the optimal temperature. The flowering process begins 3 months after the first shoots appeared. It continues for quite a long time and is distinguished by high intensity.
Due to the fact that “Liliput” has flowers of bright shades, it is often used in landscape design. For example, the plant will look great in the flower bed.
“Liliput” can be planted both independently and in combination with other varieties of zinnia or at all with other plants (marks, velvets, verbena and t. D.).
This variety Botany refers to the category of low and compact plants, due to the fact that in the height of Zinnia “Dreamland” grows only to 0, 25 m. At the same time, the variety is distinguished by quite intense flowering. Sort “Drimland” refers to Georginocell. It is quite sustainable in relation to various kinds of diseases and pests. At the same time, it is also worth noting the fact that Dreamland can be grown not only in the open soil, but also in pots at home.
This variety of zinny belongs to the form of graceful and differs by its unpretentiousness regarding. It should be immediately noted that Magellan’s grade was derived exclusively in decorative purposes. In this regard, the plant is often grown not only in the open soil, but also on the flowers, pots and in containers. Among the representatives of the Magellan varieties can be found specimens of various shades. At the same time, flowers have a terry texture, and the plants themselves are insignificant in their dimensions.
Grade “Persian carpet”, which received its name due to color, striking both experienced gardeners and beginners. Such an effect is created due to the unique color of the flower, which combines several shades at once: yellow, brown and red tones. At the same time, in the petals of flowers, it is often possible to detect inhomogeneous spractions. By themselves, the flowers of the Qinnia variety “Persian carpet” in diameter can reach 5 centimeters. In connection with such an unusual appearance of Qinnia, belonging to this class can be a real decoration of your garden. They will produce an indelible impression on both your households and the neighbors, as well as random passers-by.
This flower grade refers to the category of annual. Zinnia “Profumen” grade is a short and homogeneous plant in its structure. It can be grown both in the flower beds and in pots or containers. The plant has a rather strong and well-developed root system. It is quite simple to grow, so very often beginners in horticulture prefer precisely this variety of zinni. The flower tolerates a variety of climatic conditions well, so it can be grown in all regions of our country.
Also, Profumen variety is distinguished by high resistance in relation to different types of diseases, as well as to pests.
Representatives of this variety, contrary to universal conviction, are not perennial plants. On the contrary, they are annual. Among this variety, you can meet a real mix color mix. In the height of the bushes of varieties can reach 50 cm, and the width does not exceed 40 cm. The diameter of flowers is quite large and is 6 cm.
How can you guess from the name of the variety, its feature is quite large flowers for their diameter, which can be painted in a variety of colors.
Also, like the previous variety, “Californian giants” are plants that differ in the large size of the flower (up to 14 cm).
At the same time, the bush himself can reach 80 cm.
The plant refers to the category of thermo-loving.
Flowers of representatives of this variety are distinguished by their terry texture. The height of the bushes usually does not exceed 0.6 meters, but they differ in pronounced fortress.
How to pick up?
Selection of a specific zinnia variety for your garden – responsible and difficult task. When choosing a plant, it is important to pay attention to several factors. First of all, it is worth thoroughly familiarize yourself with the rules for planting and leaving the plant. Make sure that the flower in your section will be able to actively grow and develop and will not be crammed by any external factors (for example, the composition of the soil, temperature regime, illumination, and T. D.).
In addition, try to evaluate your strength in advance and decide whether you can provide all the necessary leaving activities that require a plant in its respect. Otherwise, the flower can just die.
After you have verified that you have the opportunity to provide all the necessary conditions for the active growth and development of the flower, you should pay attention to the external characteristics of the plant. So, Qinnia, depending on the species and specific variety, differ significantly in their external characteristics (height, spreadability, color and t. D.). It is important to make sure that you have been identified for the plant quite a place.
If you land zinnia as a decorative plant, you should think in advance all possible color variations. So, today in nature there is a huge number of diverse colors of zinni: red, white, purple, orange and t. D. You can choose one of the species to create a organic uniform composition or to comply with several varieties of plants to create a bright color accent on your site. In case of difficulties, it is recommended to turn to professional landscape designer.
All about the cultivation and care of the zinnia, see the video.