Purple sourness is a beautiful unpretentious plant, so that it loves to grow in the room and on the street gardeners around the world. There is more than eight hundred species of this plant. At the same time, it is customary called in different ways: hare cabbage, a flower of happiness, sour clover. Basic Scientific Name – Oxalis Triangularis.
Purple sourness looks extremely originally both in the room on the windowsill and on the street flower bed. Under the cloudy sky, leaves on his flowers are closed, reminding butterflies. In the daily light of the acids pleases with lush flowering, covered with bright flowers among unusual triangular leaves.
Precisely because of the three-grained form of foliage the plant is still on hearing, like oxalis triangular. Shrub is low and does not exceed 25 cm height. Leaves have different shades whose pigment depends equally from the grade and conditions of its cultivation.
Full lighting gives them saturated, deep color, and lack of light entails fading.
Unusual shrub triangulyaris stands in color all summer. Flowers have a unique form and structure. Inflorescences are of different colors: from white and yellow to all shades of pink and purple. In Russia, the most common acids purple. The plant fragrantly smells, and its purple leaves are acidic to taste. Therefore, it bears its name and serves not only the decorative decoration of the interiors, but also a substitute for green sorrel in cooking.
Also widespread and such types of plants.
- Through-breeding acids with an unusual form of leaves and flowers. Green leaves with pointed edges look very unusual. Geometric shape attracts to their cultivation of gardeners and flowerflowers, collecting oxalis.
- “Depend” or four-pic acid – Grade suitable for homemade cultivation and landing on street flower beds. Sleepy olive leaves four-dollar with a burgundy core. On this background, brightly scarlet flowers look contrast and spectacularly. In Europe, this variety is known entitled “Happy clover”.
- Multicolored acids – A variety of incredible beauty, very popular because of a peculiar color of flowers – snow-white in saturated red stripes.
Care for sourness at home easily, if you observe several elementary actions. They include a standard three-stage approach: watering, feeding, transplant. Since the plant is considered gentle, the care for it is needed regular. If you do everything correctly, the flower will thank the owner with lush foliage in the winter season and gorgeous blossom and fragrance in summer days.
The moisture-loving flower reacts well to moderate watering. He does not tolerant moisture in the soil. Watering with sourness only with full drying of the upper soil layer. Abundant watering is important in the growing season and at the time of flowering. When cooling, the number of irrigations reduce, reducing to a minimum. And then stop at all.
Care in room conditions involves the provision of a coloring culture of the rest phase. Different varieties are characterized by a temporary framework. For some colors, this time comes from December to January, and others need peace from October to November. There are also such varieties as “Orgtis”, which all winter needs rest.
As soon as fresh thin stems will be processed, the acids are immediately rearranged into place where hever (20-25 degrees) and return to the regular irrigation system. Oxalis leaves favor to spray. In summer the plant needs to irrigate water twice a week.
From moisturizing foliage becomes juicy in color and structure.
Plant with purple flowers at home needed feeding. Additionally fuery with acid in the vegetation phase and at the flowering time. The indoor plant loves feeding with mineral and organic substances in the form of complex type fertilizers. Feeder carry out every couple of weeks from the beginning of spring and throughout the summer. Extreme feeding falls at the end of August. After that, the period of preparation of purple oxalis to the rest phase begins.
Purple Beauty loves to be in the light, but not right under the sun. In the summer it is better to keep the pot under the scattered light. Winter light will not hurt acid, because the morning rays of the sun in the winter season do not aggressively affect the plant. Therefore, the flower can be wintering on an unsuccessful windowsill.
The most comfortable place for sourness is considered Western or eastern part of the room. It is allowed to place in a half, but the flower grows poorly in this case. Long shading makes the flower leaves not so saturated in color.
In the garden, they are also better not to pronounce spreader crops.
For full growth and source of sourness need heat. In the spring and summer, the temperature needs to be maintained within + 20-25 ° C, and with cold, when the oxalis of purple is important, it is allowed to decrease to + 10-15 ° C. Lower temperatures will not allow the flower to develop and blossom how to make representatives of his variety.
The born lush sourness must necessarily replant, otherwise the bustle will not be enough space in the pot. Due to the cramped conditions for growth, the flower will begin to lose its puff and beauty. In order to avoid negative consequences, an annual transplant of bushes is important.
The process begins with drainage preparation, new pot and nutritional soil.
- Pot. Need a capacity more former for a couple of centimeters, provided that the bush will not share. Otherwise the former pot is suitable. It should have holes for removing liquid.
- Drainage and soil. Drainage consists of small pebbles and river sand. Soil can be used ready or made from a mixture of turf and peat with sand and soil taken under larchs.
At the bottom of the prepared pot is a drainage of 2 cm thick, and the soil is poured on top. After that, the extortion of purple acids is produced there. During the transplant, you need to act carefully, so as not to harm the root system. Before getting the plant, the substrate in the pot is abundantly watered. On the roots it is desirable to leave a small layer to accelerate the process of adaptation of sourness to new conditions.
Preparation for winter
Most of the varieties of this decorative culture need a sleep period of 30 days. That time approached is evidenced by drying and falling leaves. In the resting phase, the plant is carried into a cool room, and the number of irrigation reduces.
In some cases, the shrub does not fall foliage, but its growth stops. This phenomenon is a signal to the fact that Oxalis is preparing to winter. The completion of the wintering period can be understood by the appearance on the shrub of young blooming foliage. A permitted flower needs to be transferred to another soil and remove into a warm, lit room.
Former care is renewed.
Purple Oxalis You can propagate in several ways:
- with bulbs;
- tuber transplantation;
- leaves and cuttings;
- dividing bushes;
In nature, triangulyaris is multiplied by seeds, and for the room plant, this method is used extremely rare. Before proceeding with the cultivation of a purple miracle of seeds, first of all it is necessary to prepare a substrate. It should be a nutritious, consisting of peat with the addition of deciduous humidity and sand in proportions 4: 4: 1.
So that the seeds germinate faster, they need to provide good air humidity, sufficient lighting and temperature not lower than 17 degrees. Such conditions will provide microtovene in which the sowing material is placed. From time to time it needs to be tired, and the soil moisturize. A favorable microclimate will allow seeds to exist for a period of 14-30 days.
Growing new plants will not deliver special hassle. The plant forms a variety of bulbs and tubers, which, when replanting it is easy to separate and plant in individual containers. So that the bustice turns out to be spread and lush, in one floral pot, it is reasonable to plan several bulbs.
The technique of landing is identical to the one that applies to transplant adult cultures. The bulbs placed in the soil leave in the cool (15-18 ° C) and dark place. Landings are important polishing. With fresh shoots, the flower is rearranged into a warm light place.
Another month and you can admire young bush.
Very simply multiply with sculpture with cuttings and leaves. Material is placed in water in a glass. In two weeks it is worth waiting for the appearance of root processes. You need to wait until they grow up to 1.5 cm and plant young acids in pots.
Division bush. This variant of reproduction is simple and best combined with a transplantation of plants in the spring. To do this, it is gently taken out of the pot, inspected the root system for damaged and dried roots.
Roots free from the old earth and plunge into a weak solution of disinfecting manganese. Processed Maternal bush slowly divided into several seedlings. To prevent diseases, cuts are treated with green and wood ash.
The prepared parts are planted into the nutritious substrate, the pot is placed in a light warm room. Watering is allowed only when the top layer is dry.
After 14 days of transplanted acid, it will be necessary to feed mineral fertilizers.
Diseases and pests
Like many homemade representatives of flora, sourness attack insects and different diseases. The most often the flower is striking the whiteflies, settles the wave, ticks, annoying shield and cushion. Finding them, it is necessary to carry out plant processing with special drugs. They are in the finished form in any flower shop.
Apply a damage can be wrong. The straight rays of the Sun burn the ribbons, and the leaves are withering on it. When yellow spots appear on bright triangular leaves, it is necessary to immediately respond and rearrange the pot into the privacy. Let the plant come to himself.
The next day you can spray with water with water. In the future, the flower is better to place in a half sense, until the plant will restrict finally.
With overly active watering, moisture accumulates in the ground, which can entail the root. Leaves will respond to him loss of color and fading. The problem will solve the reduction in the number of polishes. The soil should be inhaled and try to change its top layer. The extreme measure of the recovery of the flower will be a transplant of acidic pots with a dry substrate.
In general, to care for the purple charming, and the joy for the soul from her flowering goes to the full flower.
The main thing is to carefully observe the plant and at the first alarming signs to take measures to save the floral masterpiece of nature.
Cutting Tips Purple Look in the video below.