- Types and varieties
- Sustal (Koch)
- Lastune (tuber)
- Cross-shaped (crucible, cross)
- Features landing
- Subtleties of care
- Methods of breeding
- Vegetative reproduction
- Diseases and pests
- Gray Gnil
- Buuray spotty
- Usage in landscape design
Privacy – Beautiful Plant with Unusual Name. Due to its decorativeness and therapeutic properties, the culture has gained wide popularity among gardeners. The abundance of multicolored platforms allows everyone to choose the option. How to grow a flower on the plot and care for him will tell the article.
Gulch – this is a herbaceous plant, which can be annual, and perennial. In nature, culture is found everywhere, but the most rich in such blooming herbs of a moderate climate. Culture grows in the mountains, in the meadows, in water bodies. Therapeutic properties of the plant were already known in Ancient Egypt. And today, supporters of traditional medicine use culture for the treatment of various ailments. Taste of foliage bitter. This is what caused the name of the flower. It smells fresh grass with honey notes.
The height of flowers is different. It depends on the variety and varies from 0.1 to 1 m and more. Shoots usually reprehension, foliage green. Flowers more often have a blue or blue shade. However, there are separate types of culture with violet, white and yellow color of petals. Flower form resemble a funnel or bell. The period of flowering depends on the variety. There are also spring, summer, and autumn species.
Fruits are bivalve boxes. Inside there are small seeds that can be used for breeding.
Types and varieties
There are many different types and varieties of Prix. Consider the most famous.
This is a mountain miner. Culture of frost resistant, grows mainly in Western Europe. The height of flowers is small – about 10-15 cm. Oval leaves, elongated. Flowers are large, “looking” up. They appear in June. The size of each bud – about 50 mm. Blue or bluish color. An interesting feature of this variety is the ability of buds to close in case of rain approach.
Pretty high perennial plant. It can grow up to 0.8 m. Squaled leaves, large, oblong shape. Flowerines may contain 1-3 booton. Petals have more often blue with purple sweat, less often white. Bloom begins in early August.
Narrow plating with shoots about 0.4 m. Flowers are large, deep blue shade, appear groups. Bud shape – bell. Plant perennial. Flowers culture in the middle of summer.
This long-term variety can grow up to 0.6 m. Leaves are located on steam stems. Flowers grow beams. Coloring Petals – Blue Blue. Blossom begins in June or July.
Cross-shaped (crucible, cross)
The view has shoots with thick foliage, growing up to 0.5 m. Blossom begins in the second half or at the end of the summer. Buds painted in a beautiful purple tone inside and slightly greenish outside. Leaves are located on plants in pairs. At the same time, each pair forms a cross with the previous one, with this, the name of the species is associated with it.
Culture is sensitive to humidity level and temperature drops – at night and rainy days buds close.
Pretty high winter-hardy view. Plants can reach 1.5 m growth. Oval leaves. How is it clear from the name, the petals of culture have yellow. Buds are located in each other. Blooming bushes in the middle of summer.
The growth of flowers of this variety is 0.7-0.8 m. Most of the foliage is located at the base of the plant. Flowers appear at the end of the summer. Belling buds have a bright blue color, grow in groups at the top of the stems.
Sharpening variety. The height of such colors may not reach 10 cm. More often it is miniature plants about 5 cm high. Leaves elongated, oval. Petals are painted in a light blue tone. The beginning of flowering falls on June.
Gentiana Pneumonanthe grows up to 0.6 m. Leaves on shoots are located quite often. Flowers small, blue with greenish stripes. The formation of buds occurs in the leafy sinuses and in the top of the plants. Flowers culture at the end of summer.
This species is low – grows up to 0.3 m. Numerous shoots are covered with leaflets of lanceal form. Flowers have ultramarine color, form groups of 8 pieces. Blooming culture begins in the middle of summer. It continues this wonderful period about one and a half months.
To today, breeders brought a large number of culture hybrids. Of these, the varieties of “Farorean” and “Gloriosa”, in which Sinnese effectively combined with whiteness. Popular and varieties with monophonic buton. Among them, True Blue, Dark Blue, Bernardi, “Blue Emperor”, “Elizabeth Brand”.
Many cultural varieties are suitable for cultivation on the plot. Of course, there are individual features of each type. But you can give some general recommendations regarding the nuances of landing and agrotechnology. The best place to accommodate the flower will be a privided plot with good humidity.
When choosing the soil, it is necessary to take into account the places of natural habitat of a specific variety of culture. For example, the prosecurate prosecurate grows on the soils rich in lime. Therefore, it will be properly putting it into ordinary land with the addition of rubble or bone flour. There are varieties of tankers growing on stony areas (for example, seven-party). Such a plant requires relevant conditions in the garden.
The most common method of planting culture – seed. Sowing immediately in open ground, do it at the end of April. If the gardener chooses the autumn fit, then it is necessary to carry out a procedure at the end of September. If the type chosen for landing blooms in May, special attention should be paid to the absence of sunlight on the place of placement of culture at noon. As a last resort, you need to organize a special shelter.
If the plant blooms in the fall, the best option will be accommodated near the reservoir. This is due to high humidity, which is necessary for such colors.
Subtleties of care
Culture loves moisture, so regular watering is obligatory. Especially irrigation should be paid to the dry time. Also responsible periods are the bookmark of the buds and the disclosure of flowers. After abundant irrigation, the ground around the plants should be neatly loosen. During this procedure, weeds are also desirable.
If the gardener wants to reduce the amount of water and caring events, you can cover the section of the mulch layer. In its quality it is desirable to use peat, straw, sawdust.
Culture is considered unpretentious. As fertilizers, it is recommended to only add a little peat and horny flour into the soil. A good additive is a limestone crushed stone. Do it at the beginning of spring. However, it is permissible to use complex fertilizers. They should be used in accordance with the instructions.
Methods of breeding
Preparatory activities before sowing are very important. Initially, seed material is stratification. To do this, at least 2 months it is placed in a well ventilated cool place. Exception can be done if sowing under the winter. In this case, after planting, the seeds will immediately fall into the appropriate temperature environment, due to which everything will occur naturally.
You can sow not immediately in open soil, but in the appropriate capacity. A good choice will be a bin for vegetables – peat and fine sand are placed in it, withstanding the ratio of 1 to 3. After that, seeds are placed in the ground. It is important to take into account the size of the seed material. If the seeds are small, it is not worth sprinkling their land, you only need to evenly scatter them on a flat layer of soil and press a little. If the seeds are large, they must be filled with the earth.
You can at home and vegetatively multiply culture. However, the division of the bush is a method that is not suitable for all varieties. For some species, even a regular transplant to a new place is a heavy test, so it is worth clarifying the features of the selected Prix. The process of separation of the roots should take place as much as possible. Seared the obtained plants should also be carefully. Use the transshipment method (dig out flowers together with large tillages).
Separate varieties can be multiplied by child sockets. Do it in spring. In advance (in the fall), the parent plant is prepared – the soil is being added under it, they add mulch, the blurred flowers are removed along with stems. With the onset of spring carefully cut off a piece from the edge of the plant and transfer to a new place. At the same time digging the bush completely experts do not advise. You can smallest culture. Cuttings prepare before flowering. Rooting should occur in greenhouse conditions.
The soil must be loose and wet. A month later, a new plant will have its own root system.
Diseases and pests
So that the plant pleased with beautiful flowers and aesthetic appearance, it is important to closely monitor its condition. If there are signs of any diseases or attacks of pests, it is important to urgently take measures. Consider the most common inconsistencies affecting culture.
This disease is manifested by stains of a brown-gray shade. First they are small, but rapidly increase. The reason for the ailment may be increased humidity or too thick planting of plants at which air circulation is reduced. If you run the disease, the stains will begin to be covered with mold. Therefore, when alarming signs are detected, contaminated parts of the culture should be cut off, capturing a healthy part.
The tool must be disinfected before and after the procedure. Healthy parts of the plant remaining after trimming, handle “Fundazole”. Also for the prevention of the bush and the nearby culture should be sprayed with a fungicidal preparation.
Fungal disease can be identified by yellow-brown specks with purple cut. If such a trouble happened, the flower needs to make a copper-containing composition. For example, Copper cunery is suitable or burgundy liquid.
This is a very serious disease. Even potent chemicals do not cope with it. The disease is manifested by dark brown formations on the leaves. When this fungus is detected, infected copies dig up and burn – it is impossible to leave them in any way. After the procedure, all other plants in the neighborhood should be sprayed with fungicides.
As for pests, culture can attack triples, slugs, snails, ants, caterpillars and nematodes. To get rid of insects, you should process the bushes with special insecticidal drugs. You can buy them in the store for gardeners.
Usage in landscape design
Priteclars are great for decorating both small sites and spacious gardens. Culture is characterized by large and bright colors, spectacularly released against the background of greenery. The palette of the paints varies from gentle-azure shades to deep dark blue tones, which allows you to choose the appropriate option for any landscape composition.
Gitecs are suitable for creating group flower beds, well combined with other cultures on the flower beds. They are good in solo landings. For example, beautiful and naturally such a plant will look in the rocky garden. Especially good look among the stones Alpine, narrow and spring varieties. However, any dwarf species will be able to create a touching contrast of the tender grace of a flower with large cobblestones. If you want to do a more original composition in Rokary or Alpinaria, you can choose for the culture of spectacular companions.
The best here are camneur, dwarf irises, arabis, leftis, wolch year borovy, edelweiss.
For flower beds, large varieties are usually choosing, although it all depends on the planned composition. If the Granquing is located in the foreground, you can land and a short view with the running shoots. As partners, only those cultures should be chosen, which do not too much expand and do not interfere with their neighbors. Typically, the advocacy is placed on the background of decorative deciduous plants. So nothing overshadows the beauty of the flower. However, there are other options. For example, Chinese decorated looks great in the company with hens, cyclamen. Yellow Gulchovka can be combined with bells, sage, four. Lastune variety is combined with aconite, astranition, geranium forest, golden, ordinary, Doronikum. Decorative cereals will be a good choice.
Privacy, blossoming in spring (narrow-mounted, basic, dinarskaya, alpine) are often combined with Arnebia, venereal shoes, sesticity, milder. Summer species (large, large, swamp, seven-part) beautifully look with oatmeal, thistle silicon, nine, Balkan clove. When creating compositions, it is important to remember that some cultures will be subject to division procedure. So they need to be placed in such a way that the upcoming works could not damage other plants.
Use some varieties of culture and as potted flowers. Vases with such plants can decorate gazebos and terraces. Favorite of the potted compositions – Gybrid of the Greastchovok sevenpole and rough. Portable flower beds in pots can be supplemented with sage, ivy, Russian. Landscape clearing – Another way to apply advocate in landscape design. You can add a fern and make beautiful thick “thickets”, and you can choose a flocking type of culture and use it to create a living turntable lawn. Monsopolyanka and combination with other soil collens are allowed here.
Often, with the help of a picturesque culture, garden borders are drawn up. Make a bright edge along the tracks from any varieties. If the border goes along the flower beds, it is better to give preference to large species that are not lost against the background of other lush cultures. For example, good in this capacity is Daurry and Vatnikovaya Prix.
In the next video, you will find additional information about landing and care for the advocacy.