Plastic pools are becoming increasingly popular. There are a large number of types of such tanks. However, the manufacture of the plastic pool for skillful people does not work out.
Advantages and disadvantages
The stable popularity of the plastic pool is due to its outstanding characteristics. Plastic durable. It is mechanically durable and therefore can effectively resist the destruction. Similar material is environmentally safe (of course, if it is professionally manufactured). Good plastic perfectly tolerate contact with aggressive media, moreover, it is a frost-resistant and heat-resistant material.
Looks like a plastic bowl always very good. The technology of obtaining beautiful basin structures is worked out now at a decent level. In this case, the bowl will be completely sealed and reliable during operation. As the plastic is capable of heat, water will save it longer. This material also does not contribute to the formation of colonies of pathogenic organisms.
Mount the plastic tank can be quickly fast. He himself is relatively easy, which simplifies both installation and transportation. Forms of plastic bowls are very diverse. However, put such a product in the finished room is impossible. It is necessary to provide for its installation during the construction.
Review of species
By territorial location
Ready street pools for cottages and for the house outside the city always have an open execution. The best option for bathing area outdoors is difficult and wishing. Installation of this design is possible on any arbitrary depth. Garden pool – type that deserves separate attention. It should be put on an even place where the shadow does not fall from trees and from other items, including the walls of houses.
Additionally, when characterizing the location of the bathroom, take into account:
- His distance from home and from other buildings;
- protected from the prevailing winds;
- Ease of use of water pipes.
Protecting from wind is very important and artificial reservoir for the bath. Such cover can be ensured using the erected fence. But the fence is not too convenient in a small area where you have to save every square decimeter. Children’s capacities are more correct to put under the cover of the wall of the house. True, it will provide protection only on the one hand, but the approaches will be completely free.
Often try to place a pool closer to green plants, especially trees. This is an inexpensive option, but it does not differ practicality. Foliage and small twigs will be constantly poured into the water and clog it. However, if other options are not satisfied, the “green barrier” is suitable. But you need to put the pool at least 2 m from the bowl itself.
In depth of immersion
Extraked deep pool in the ground allows you to enjoy swimming in a hot season and support yourself in a normal physical form at another time of the year. Although the installation of such a container is not too complicated, it will take a solid size of the kittle. At the same time, to the depth of the bowl itself will have to add sewer and drainage contours. Vigilant swimming pools can be easily gather. Disassemble them as soon as necessary, too easy.
The ground pool also has its advantages and negative sides. This design cannot by definition to have a depth of more than 1 m. But for many people in this and no need. For children, no older than 5 years old must be limited to a bowl with a depth of 0.5 m. But swimming pools for schoolchildren and most teenagers should not be alone 1.44 m. For adults and this magnitude will not be enough.
Planning to make jumps, you need to make a bowl of at least 2.3 m. This is necessarily even when the height of the tower does not exceed 1 m. Otherwise the risk of a strong blow to the bottom. If the tower is used 3-4 m, you need to navigate on the bar from 3.15 m. All these sizes can be safely increased by 10-15% and then use the pool will be quite comfortable.
By type of chash
The next important point to take into account is the kind of bowl. Prefabricated (they are collapsible or frame) structures enough hard. Modern plastic varieties make it possible to ensure the operation of the bowl not only in the warm season, but at any time of the year. However, stationary pools, which cannot be moved to another place are the greatest strength and stability. Collapsible execution is often provided with the help of racks mounted vertically and horizontally.
Each such rack has a special mount. The supply set usually includes a polymer case and a special filter pump. Such rod basins are pretty comfortable, but they can be easily damaged, punctured.
Even the best collapsible designs are still advised to dismantle and clean it in a safe place. Pretty wide distribution now and sectional models.
Segments can be connected with glue, locks, or screwed by bolts. The depth of the sectional structure varies from 1.2 to 2.4 m. Rigid framework models are equipped, compared with sectional, additional backups. Also used guide profiles and transversely installed beams.
Important: From time to time in collapsible pools it will be necessary to update the liners.
Sheets of fairly different materials can be used for the manufacture of a polymer pool. Often use the blocks of industrial polystyrene foam. The order of installation and the main properties are the same as the brick. However, compared to ordinary bricks here much better thermal insulation. Accordingly, and cool water will be many times slower.
Polystyrene foam It has excellent rigidity. It will last a very long time. A wide range of auxiliary equipment can be used on the pool of polystyrene foam. You can also choose the shape and dimensions of the bowl at your own discretion. But at the same time it is necessary to remember that:
- The polystyrene foam structures are relatively expensive;
- Mount them are not too simple;
- To work, you will need to drive a special technique to the site.
Plastic Bowl – the easiest and simple option. It can be applied almost anywhere and will not require complex equipment. The monolithic bowl is perfectly experiencing the effect of aggressive substances and malicious ultraviolet. Mount it easy.
However, the manufacturer by individual order will cost quite expensive, and sometimes you have to abandon additional accessories.
Another option – Polypropylene Sheet Bowl. This material is impenetrable for both water and various gases. In addition, polypropylene is easily bent, and this property is also valued. It is worth noting from its properties:
- Strest strength;
- chemical inertness;
- Excellent reliability.
Forms and sizes
These parameters are also necessary to consider. On the size of the design directly depends whether it will be convenient, practical. But very large pools are expensive, difficult and hard. Ideally, the dimensions and geometric configuration of the bowl must be chosen during the design of houses and sites. Then it will be possible to provide perfect performance and equip all communications.
Much more difficult things in the already used areas. Then it is necessary to fit the bathing zone in the intervals between the buildings created. Sometimes you have to use a mini pool, since another option layout does not leave. When the swimming pool is equipped inside the house, baths (saunas), you need to focus on the size of the building itself. If there are no restrictions of this kind, first of all, the number of users should be taken into account; On 1 bathing should have at least 2 cube. m of water.
Traditionally, dachas and country houses use rectangular, square pools. In the clay land, the rectangular type of bowl is stable than the round version. In the sand and rocky array, you can use which form.
However, it is necessary to understand that the more complicated geometry, the hardest will be the installation of the finished design. For performing all work with your own hands, this circumstance often becomes a decisive argument in favor of simple forms.
How to choose?
If polypropylene bowls are not too satisfied, you can pay attention to the designs of fiberglass. This is a more versatile material that is appropriate with a different landscape on the plot. However, it will be invariably more. Therefore, the overwhelming majority of people are still preferred polypropylene. The next important point is to make the pool to order or limit oneself by typical models (which are cheaper, but less diverse).
For families with children, you need to choose designs, inhomogeneous in depth. Still need to take into account such moments:
- personal tastes;
- Combination with landscape;
- convenience of cleaning;
- Common ease of care.
The competent installation of the plastic pool, as already mentioned, implies the removal from large trees and dense shrubs. It is also very important to put a bowl where there are no other sources of garbage. Kotlovan should be 1 m wider bowls and 0.5 m deeper than the top edge. Only then will get to pave all the communications and create a concrete support. Recommendation: On a plot with complex, unstable or inhomogeneous soils, it is better to contact professionals.
Concrete base and walls from the same concrete can not be thinner than 0.3 m. Otherwise they will not be reliable enough. Be sure to reinforce the support with a metal rod. Standard grid pitch – 0.2 m.
IMPORTANT: Rods must go longitudinally and across.
Connect parts of the valve with metal wire. The winding of a single connection will require approximately 0.4 m wire. If you do not count the excavator attracting, you will need to use:
- shovels with a symptoms and a bayonet part;
- Cyanka with a rubber working part;
- concrete mixers;
- extruders (allowing to work with polypropylene);
- carpentry knives;
- Building levels.
Scattered land leave and use, filling emptiness. After digging, the pitchers put beacons that will show the top edge of the design. Poam bases as they align and trambet. Then the crushed stone is poured, seeking a layer with a thickness of 0.3 m. The base is moving exactly by level.
Next, the reinforcement grille based on brick halves (allowing to avoid touching a chubne layer). The diameter of the rod in the lattice – 1 cm exactly. The next step is to fill concrete. To ensure the receipt of a solution from a concrete mixer, it is worth making a wooden chute. The stove should be made 0.5 meters wider than the pool itself.
Under normal conditions, the concrete base will be ready for work in 5 days. At air temperature less than 5 degrees – you will need at least 20 days. But this situation does not have at all. On hot days it is recommended to cover concrete fill with polyethylene. The dried base is covered with thermal insulation (most often by foam, a little less often with hydrotil).
Fastening the bowl begins with the pouring of the gap separating the side from the Earth. There are a layer of concrete 0.4-0.5 m. Fill the gap layerly, waiting for the complete solidification of a lower layer first. Waiting will have to 48 hours. Simultaneously with this, the pool is filled with water at the level of the bonded concrete.
IMPORTANT: It should be monitored so that the design does not undergo deflection. Water helps to avoid such deformation, but it will still have to observe. As soon as the concrete comes to the top edge, all residual empties fall asleep soil and trambet.
How to make it yourself?
The manufacture of the polypropylene basin will require the use of sheets of unequal thickness. The walls usually make the thicker than the bottom. You can use standard sheets with a thickness of 0.5-1.5 cm. But it is better not to take the material thinner 0.8 cm. It is easily deformed, even in concreting and frozen the concrete mix.
According to builders, the wider the created bowl, the thicker should be plastic. Construction step by step starts with the preparation of the place of development. It is necessary to prepare even where something has already been built, and if there is no longer built on the site – especially. Even before assembling the plastic frame you need:
- lay pipes;
- connect electrical equipment;
- get out and landslide the surrounding territory.
Simplicity of forms, by the way, will further facilitate the calculations of the required amount of materials. In any case, the formation of the bowls start only after the concrete base is frozen. Hot air on polypropylene is supplied from the extruder, and a polypropylene rod is introduced into the softened material. He also begins to melt, and as a result, provides docking between sheets. Cutting blocks from sheets should be made precisely by pattern.
Cutting the intended details, they are soldered from the outside. For this purpose, use nozzles intended for deployed corners. IMPORTANT: The edges of polypropylene sheets should be cleared, otherwise the bilateral SCOS will not be possible for 45 degrees. Then put the central part of the future bottom. On the edges they put onboard sheets, welding rods are used on the internal joints, and the external surfaces are connected by extruder nozzles.
Similarly, work will be held over the stages of the pool. Welding all the details, accepted for ribs. These are polypropylene strips, running vertically at right angles to the bowl. Weld them on the already described technique. Between the edges, leave 0.5-0.7 m.
Next fasten the resulting bowl. Only in the fixed construction can be mounted pumps and filters. Suitable holes are drilled in the housing and pipes are laid in them. As needed, the backlight system is mounted. We must not forget about the neck for plumbing communications.
Provide the required texture and coloring of the bowl will help PVC film or butyl rubber. Their sheets linse on the bottom and apply to the walls of the pool. The edges are filled with overlap. Mounting the coating is needed on cool welding type. Around the pool plaques or paving slabs, wooden coatings are impregnated with antifungal mixtures.
On how to install a plastic pool, look next.