Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Landscape design of a country or cottage house allows you to make the territory of beautiful and well-groomed. Garden improvement is a rather complicated process, because you need to carefully select all the components so that they harmoniously fit into the exterior. The main garden object is vegetation.

Features of choice

To landscape design, the following nuances should be taken into account when choosing plants:

  • Climatic conditions. Be sure to choose the plants on which the climate of your region will influence positive. For example, if you live in a cold area, then you do not need to buy heat-loving plants, they will not be able to grow and blossom, but will only spoil the appearance of the garden;
  • Characteristics of the site. If he is located on the hill, where the wind is constantly blowing, then delicate flowers will not fit;

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

  • All plants should be in a single style, Just like all the objects of the landscape, should fit into the general atmosphere;
  • Type of soil: Before choosing vegetation, it is necessary to carefully examine the features of the earth to understand what plants will be comfortable in it. The soil can be filling with the useful substances, but it will not be possible to change its composition, no matter how it would not want;
  • Single composition – All components must match each other in color. No need to make multicolor compositions, as a rule, it looks too bright and tasteless;

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

  • Do not forget about the smell plants so that it is not too sharp;
  • Bloom. Remember that all plants flourish in different ways, some on the second year of growth, some at once. Consider this nuance so that your garden is saturated and pleased your eyes all summer, and maybe at the beginning of autumn.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Carefully thought out plant selection – the main rule that must be taken into account in landscape design.

Views

Among the huge range of plants, it is not so difficult to choose exactly as it seems at first glance. The main thing is to take into account not only the appearance, but also its features of vital activity and flowering. Often choose medicinal plants for the garden.

Mint beautiful, has a lot of useful properties. The oldest medicinal plant. Many vitamins and minerals. Tea with mint is very useful, having a beneficial effect on general well-being.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Evergreen trees and shrubs will become an excellent garden decoration both in winter and summer. You can plant a fir, juniper, pine, thus. Plot armed with conifers looks great. But, choosing such plants, remember to what sizes they can grow after several years. It is better to plant trees that grow long, or dwarf species. Trees such as juniper, Thuja and larch take various forms, they will be the pride of their owner.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Flower beds are drawn up with monophonic colors, complex and original compositions can be created. Beautifully looks Barwin, both separately standing and in combination with other plants. Flowers plant either symmetrically with clear geometric shapes, or without compliance with the form, dimensions can be diverse, and the flowers are chaotic. Also the flower beds are simple and multi-level, the flower garden is selected under the flower garden. Flower beds with patterned compositions need to plant plants with the same blossom period, otherwise flowering shape will be distorted. One of the most popular perennials are Geichera, the hosts are also in demand.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Vertical landscaping implies the use of living hedges, arches, suspended vases, vertical flower beds. The use of curly plants significantly decorates buildings, fences and various architectural structures. Such plants grow rapidly up to 25 meters. And thickets can be given any form.

Proud of any garden is the Alpine Hill, which in a miniature form depicts the world around. More and more popular become slowly growing miniature shrubs and trees with the original shape of the crown. From shrubs and deciduous trees, experts recommend choosing beautifully blooming and decorative-deciduous species. At the foot of the mountaineering is best sustainable to pull outflowing flowers, the names of which are carnations, thyme, phlox.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

If the solar rays fall into small quantities, the shadowed bushes will be an excellent choice. They are characterized by not beautiful flowering, and lush leaves a variety of forms. You can choose for the composition of perennials of different sizes, creating a multi-tiered plant picture.

Options combinations

Any group of plants in landscape design should look beautiful. Even if you have flowers and shrubs in chaotic order, they should not look ridiculous. Plants can be combined with each other. When designing a garden area, consider several nuances:

  • Coniferous plants look great with roses, deciduous trees and shrubs, heather. They will give the design of brightness and contrast. Next to coniferous trees do not plant a birch and cherry, they do not affect evergreen plants;

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

  • It is appropriate to use tall plants near stairs and retaining walls. In this form of the plant are the magnificent decoration of landscape design;
  • Designers recommend placing trees and shrubs in flower beds, and you can plant them near the flower;
  • Coniferous pyramidal trees will decorate water bodies, stone slides. Beautifully they look at the relief drops and are an excellent alpinory addition.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Rules location

It only seems to accommodate plants in the garden – it’s easy and simple. In fact, the work of the landscape designer is very complicated. When creating a composition, it is necessary to take into account every item, even the smallest, only in this case, you can achieve harmony in the garden.

Plants need to land, taking into account their growth: High shrubs or colors excellent location will be in the center of the beds.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Along the garden tracks without a solid coating, a barbaris, iris, a meduse, cuff can be planted. If the path is hidden from the Sun, then the best choice will be the valley, fern, bought. And along the tracks from rubble or stone, it is recommended to plant peonies, lilies, carnations.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

All beloved geihans should be planted in the shade of other plants.

Levels

Uneven sections are often decorated by rockwall stones. Where the bias is large, you can create an original stone garden, and in sites with a small bias it is better to create a composition of the Alpine slide.

With a sharp drop of height, it is best to make several terraces on the territory that can be combined with stairs, but it will cost it expensive. If the slope is small and does not block access to the care of the grass, the lawn must be divided into uneven parts.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Color spectrum

Each landscape composition has its own shade, which will be with you – it all depends on the wishes and requirements. Today you can choose various plants – from the most distround to calm green shades.

The territory of the garden, which is almost all of the shade, it is necessary to additionally “highlight”. Best of all with this task will cope with plants of gentle pink, light yellow or lavender color. Plants with dark green leaves will make the exterior even darker.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

On the sunny side of the garden, you can plant shrubs and flowers with bright green leaves and stems. Beautifully look red, blue, purple saturated colors. Pastel tone is better left for another part of the garden.

As for the combination of colors, it is better to use a special color circle for this, with which you can understand which shades are combined. So, for example, blue and purple flowers will visually look a bulk and more. If you sit near bright yellow, purple and orange flowers, then you will create a luxurious flower leaf that will not be removed without guests.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Styles

To the garden look harmoniously, you need to select all the components in a single style. Several landscape design styles:

  • English – The main goal of this style is imitation of a natural landscape. A distinctive characteristic is asymmetry and the complete absence of geometric shapes. The English garden should always be neat, the plants are always trimmed;
  • French style – A feature is the rigor of forms and symmetry. It is necessary to use axial compositions when the main object is located in the center. Different sculptures and reservoirs will be able to decorate the garden;

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

  • Scandinavian – In the garden of such a style is chaotic, but at the same time all components are harmoniously located. Garden furniture is recommended to use braided or wooden. The obligatory component of the Scandinavian garden is stones;
  • Japanese style – his main idea is to unite with nature. Inappropriate use of strict geometric forms. In the exterior must prevail calm and pastel shades;
  • High tech – Modern style, which is distinguished by a simple and concise view. The style implies like symmetry and asymmetry. It is easy to care, functional and original.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Useful advice

It would seem that to create the garden is quite simple – in one place I put a gazebo, a little on the mangal and planted flowers. But as a result, a chopped territory is obtained, where all components look awkwardly.

To avoid this, you can use the advice of specialists:

  • A single style – the garden must correspond to the architecture of the house, supplement it and have a common central idea;
  • Central Components – Create key points that will be the focus of all guests. Note that several central compositions are recommended to be located at the corners of the territory;

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

  • Practicality – when choosing arbor, benches, playgrounds Be sure to take into account the material of manufacture and finishing. It is important that they are resistant to harsh temperatures, harsh winter, otherwise you will have to update these components every year;
  • Functionality – Carefully consider the location of all items when all work is completed, supplement the garden will be difficult, any changes can ruin a general view;
  • Hide all flaws – on each site there are some shortcomings that you want to hide, it can be even a simple trash can.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

If you take into account all the above rules, then you will have a harmonious and functional garden, which will reign a pleasant atmosphere.

Stylish examples and options

You can create your own unique unique garden with your own hands, having carefully studied all the information. If you are afraid that you will not cope with this task, contact your experienced landscape designers for help. They will create a garden that fully meets your requirements and wishes.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Various flower composition schemes, as well as ready-made solutions, you will be offered experienced designers, you can choose those options that will fully comply with your requirements and wishes.

In landscape design, Geihans use to create bright unique accents. Also effectively they fill the gaps on the flower beds. Gayers look very good throughout the season. The plant perfectly transfers low temperatures and has endurance.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Very beautiful plants that are actively growing. Often you can see bright colorful carpets from these plants. Active plants bloom in spring. Flowers can be evergreen, resistant to low temperatures.

Hosts are distinguished by constant endurance and attractiveness. Leaves are revealed in April and look fresh until mid-October. The plant is becoming endurance, loves half. Breeds the division of bushes in the spring months.

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

Plants in Landscape Design: Garden Design Rules

As a result, you will have your own paradise in which you can relax from urban noise and bustle.

About how to choose plants in landscape design, see the following video.

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