Experienced gardeners who are engaged in the cultivation of perennial peonies know that in order to preserve their decorative type and ensure flowering, the plant needs to be transplanted from one place to another, at least once every 5 years. The optimal time for such a transplant is traditionally considered to be autumn. This time of year is chosen due to the fact that before the spring of the spring, Peony has time to adapt to new conditions and is pretty rooted. Peonies have one feature – they do not like transfers. However, not only on the autumn you can transplant this blooming perennial. If one comes in competent, then this procedure can be performed even in the spring.
PION is a long-term blooming leafy shrub. He is a representative of the genus of peonies, referred to the family of ilok. This plant grows to one meter. Flowers of a large size, a terry structure, reach up to 20-25 centimeters in a circle with a full revealing of bud. The color of the flower varies depending on the variety, from pale pink to a saturated burgundy. During flowering, peonies exude a pleasant fragrance. Root system well developed, powerful roots, thickening. Stroke shoots herbaceous, multiple.
Why need a transplant?
Transplant PION is needed. If you do not touch the plant and leave it to grow in your place, you will soon notice that your handsome has ceased to bloom and turned into an ordinary wild grassy bush. The deterioration of varietal properties in peonies occurs after 5, and sometimes 7 years after landing. During this time, the bushes of peony grow very strongly – they grow a lot of shoots that begin to interfere with each other normally develop and get in due momenta of sunlight. Even if generously feed the adult plant, then it can stop blossoming.
The bush of this perennial needs to be updated also for the reason that over the years he has become aging area of the roar cervical neck. Often there are colonies of ants or slugs. When transplanting a peony, you will have the possibility of separating a large old bush into several parts. After such a rejuvenation, the plant will begin to produce new shoots, and flower buds will appear with them.
It happens that the transplant of perennial needs to be carried out in connection with landscape changes or construction of buildings on the site. In this case, so as not to lose the plant, the transplant of its spring will be better than in the fall.
The best time when you can transplant peonies, the end of August is the beginning of September. At this time there are still no cold night frosts, impetuous wind and long abundant rains. If you need to carry out a transplant in the spring, then you need to fulfill this procedure before flowering and active renal awakening, in May.
It is important that the snow has already completely melted at the time of the bush transplant and passed the period of night frosts.
Gardener specialists believe that after the spring transplantation, the plant will adapt for a long time, so in the next 2 years of its flowering you will not see. But it is not worth tightening with a transfer, because if you do it at the beginning of summer, then the plant with a lot of probability can just die – its roots will not be able to root under the action of too bright summer rays of the sun.
Choosing a place
To the selection of a new location to transplant peony should be approached. This step will largely determine how successfully the flower will be able to take care and adapt. PION is a thermal lumpy perennial, so you need to pick up such places for its landing, where the flower will be provided good lighting. Separations should be selected where the air will move freely, but at the same time remember that the peony does not like cold drafts and strong busting winds. If you can find on your site such a place where the perennial in the daytime will be in a half, then, perhaps, it will be the best option for peony.
The bushes of many years of peony are very sensitive to the temperature regime and soil moisture. Try not to disembark a perennial where there are capital buildings – because of them the soil in the summer warms up more strongly than in open areas, and the overheating of the peony does not like. The distance between the buildings and the perennial must be at least 1.5 m, and better – 2 m.
The same distance must be from large trees – it is necessary for the reason that the powerful root tree of the tree will take a moisture from peony, and the plant feels bad on the soil soil. Choosing a place to land Peony Find out at what depth you have groundwater on the site. They should not approach the surface of the earth closer than 1 m.
This is quite enough to make the roots of the bush, because they grow in an adult plant about 1 m, and then they begin branching in the horizontal plane.
Once you have decided on the new place of residence of peony, not only the plant, but also a landing place must be pre-prepared for the resetting procedure. During the day before the moment of transplanting the perennial, you will need to soften the ground around it. For this, the soil near the peony needs to be very abundantly. Such manipulation will make it easier to dig a bush and prevent damage to its root system.
The best substrate for peonies is a sublinous soil. If on your area of the soil is dense and heavy, it must be loosen by the addition of large river sand. If sandstones prevail in your area, then add a mixture of clay and compost to the soil substrate. The next step you will need to dig in the ground a landing jam of 55-70 centimeters in depth and width. If your site is located in a lowland, then the pit is made 75-90 centimeters, increasing it on 20 centimeters in order to equip a good drainage. For transplanting multiple bushes, the distance between the pit makes at least 1 meter.
Now there will be a drainage. To do this, on the bottom of the landing pit, you need to pour a mixture of small rubble, broken red brick and large river sand. The thickness of this layer should be at least 20 centimeters. The following layer will be a nutritious soil substrate, they need to fill up to 50 centimeters of landing space. The nutrient mixture can be prepared by the following recipe:
- peat, leaf humus, turne take in equal proportions;
- On one plant, 200 grams of superphosphate, 300-400 grams of bone flour and 100-150 grams of potassium sulfate are added;
- After in the pit for landing, you put the substrate obtained, the remaining space fall asleep with a peat with humus; Usually this layer accounts for about 10 centimeters.
Important! On the preparation of the soil in the landing point you need to take care of 2-4 weeks before the start of the peony. Make it in advance so that the soil has managed to settle carefully, then when landing will not form air pockets.
After the primer around the peony bush softened, you need to trim the above-ground part of the plant, leaving shoots 10-15 centimeters long. At a distance of 20-25 centimeters, the soil breaks down, carefully swing and remove the bush. After that, you need to manually remove the earth from the roots of the plant and rinse them with warm water. Now the perennial needs to be left alone and give the roots to dry about 3-5 hours in the shade. It is necessary to do so that the upcoming division of the bush passed easily and with minimal losses for the root roots.
Inspect the root system of perennial. If you see fallen or damaged roots – immediately remove them with a sharp knife, and dry the sections of the sections, treat first fungicide, and then with coal powder. Only after that you can proceed to the division of the bush. Experienced gardeners believe that the bush should be divided with equal parts, but so that at least 2-3 sleeping kidneys remain on each rhizome. For cutting root use sterile tools – it can be a well-sharpened knife or a small hatch. All sections need to be dried and handled with a powder of tossy coal or a solution of diamond greenery.
So that the peonies fit well, they must be put on another place. Algorithm Action will be as follows:
- A pit for landing a perennial to a new place, you need to pour a well-standing warm water;
- Place the prepared part of the peony in the center of the pit and burst it into 5-7 centimeters into the soil, while you need to monitor all the roots to be carefully straightened;
- To enhance the development of the root system, part of the peony prepared for landing can be treated with stimulating drugs, for example, “korevin”;
- The soil around the planted bustle must be loosen and slightly to shake hands;
- Now the soil around the bush need to be mulched with sawdust or leaf power and water with warm water;
- When the first sprout appears, the 6-5 centimeters height is cleaned, and the soil explodes. Instead of mulch, a mixture of peat, manure and fertilizer “nitroposk” is placed around the bush.
In addition to landing in the root of peony to open ground, some gardeners use another approach. They plant the prepared parts of the rhizomes of early spring are not in the soil, but in large pots and keep them in the basement until the favorable warm weather comes, and the plants will have time for this time to reverse. Already in April, after the melting of snow, the pots move to the garden and cheat them into the ground, without removing plants from the pot. So they grow to the autumn. And only in September the strengthened peonies are planted into the ground by transshipment from the pot into the planting pit prepared by the method described above.
After the reset procedure was carried out, the pione bushes need to regularly water, not allowing soil cutting. To the root system develops successfully, the land around the bush needs to regularly loose and mulch. Such a procedure will help roots to keep moisture around them and will suppress the growth of weed herbs. When watering a perennial need to try so that the water does not get on the leaves and shoot. In order for the plant all his strength to root, the first two years after the transplantation is recommended to remove all the resulting flower buds at the early stage of their formation. And only in two years on the bush you can leave one bud. As a result of such actions, the next year the bush will delight you with his abundant blossom.
After landing, the young plant is especially vulnerable for diseases and pests. To prevent infection, the soil near each cooking is required to be disinfected by a solution of manganese potassium. Do it need regularly. After young shoots appear on bushes, protective fencing is built for the plant. It makes pegs and rope. No closer shoots, they will be surrounded by half of their height by this fence, which will protect the young fragile peony from the wind.
In the autumn, young peonies are closed with observer material and firing bastard to keep them from frost.
Water transplanted peonies in the summer period once a week in the evening, when the sun’s rays are not so active. At the same time, each bush should be poured from 20 to 30 liters of outstanding water. The first two years after the transplanting the perennial does not need to be superficial, since it is enough for him to those components that were added to the soil during the preparation of the landing well. After two years, a complex fertilizer containing phosphorus and potassium should be made under the tube of peony. And during the formation of buds, the Peony will need to make nitrogen components. Peonies transplanted in the spring often suffer from the fading of the lower leaves. You need to follow this and on time to remove the leaves in time, as they are a medium for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms and pests.
Despite the discrepancy among the gardeners about the timing of peonies to transplantation, the practice has shown that the spring transplant can be quite successful if it is necessary to choose the right time, place and carefully prepare the planting material. An important role in the success of the spring transplant is also played by the following plant care. With the relatives attentive to it – timely watering, mulching of the soil and making fertilizers – the perennial goes well and in time begins to bloom abundantly.
More about transplanting peonies in the spring you will find out in the following video.