Fashion for peonies not passes for several centuries. The first description of the flower is found in several centuries to our era. During this period, many new varieties and different groups of peonies have been created, interest in which the ups and fall. Not so long ago, gardeners were again interested in raising popularity, modest, on the standards of other species, thincase peony, Wild views of which are listed in the Red Book as an endangered species.
Throughly or narrow-colous peonies, which are also called Voronets, belong to grassy varieties of the family of Peon. Triple leaves dissected on thin or filamental shares, frame naked stalks of about half a meter. The top of the shoots crowned 1-2 large flower of red shades. The roots of the Vorontsov with sishkovoid growths on short legs are located deeply, easily surviving cold winters without additional shelter.
Large shiny seeds of dark brown or almost black color and oval shape ripen in a box taking a form of a 3-5-end star.
The characteristic representative of this species is the peony of a thin collar “Rubra of captivity” – this is one of the most early varieties.
Compact low bush with bright greens of delicate leaflets in the form of long needles proudly raises bright red glossy pumps of terry flowers with a diameter of up to 150 mm.
Slightly curved at the base of the stem at the moment of flowering require garters to avoid the collapse of the bush due to the severity of buds. Flowers “Rubra captivity” for a short time, at the same time revealing up to 20 beautiful inflorescences, almost at one time with late-solving rates of tulips, using a pleasant and light fragrance.
In a natural medium, thincase peonies grow on limestone lands, so planting plants in the garden is possible on neutral or having a weak alkaline reaction soils. Voronets easily tolerate light half and sunlight, glad to the owners of beautiful flowers. The bush planted in the shade does not disappear, increasing the thick and bright greens to the detriment of flowering, because of which he will lose part of his charm.
Choosing a place to land, you should avoid the location of colors near high trees and thick spreader bushes, under the walls of houses or stone fences.
All these objects create an extra shadow, organize moisture stagnation in soil or deprive peonies of the necessary nutrients. All this destructively affects plants.
Watering and feeding are produced in the same way as for other groups of peonies. Begin to care for flowers from early spring.
With the beginning of the growing season and during flowering, the plant requires abundant watering and introduction of complex mineral fertilizers.
Picking up a suitable feeder, A large amount of nitrogen should be avoided because it causes an increased growth of greenery and blocks the formation of flower kidney. For the very first application of fertilizers, at the occasion of snow cover, use urea and ammonium nitrate. When preparing for winter, the plant is necessary Phosphorus and potassium.
So that the plant has received sufficient food and air access to roots, the zone under the bushes is regularly released from weeding herbs and carried out loosen. In order to avoid damage to the roots of the soil within a radius of 10 cm from the bush, loose at a depth of no more than 50 mm, then up to 100 mm.
So that the land under the bushes did not swap strongly, remaining loose and breathable, as well as for additional feeding with organic fertilizers and weed growth restrictions use mulching peat or humus.
When the tops of the plant dries off, it is removed by cutting at the ground level. Earth on the site of the bush sprinkled by a pair of grievillas of wood ash. Old tops are burned to destroy pests and diseases.
In one place, the Voronets can grow long, but sometimes they need a transplant. Transplant peonies in early autumn, then they are easier to take root and are sick less. Spring transplants are possible, but the risk of flower death.
Starting from the five-year-old, the bushes can be divided into receiving new plants with characteristic features.
For landing prepare a well depth and diameter of 0.6 m. Drainage from clay, broken shards or large pebbles are placed on the bottom of the deepening, filled with a prepared substrate from the ground, peat and sand with the addition of bone flour and wood ash. Prepare the landing fossa for 3-4 weeks before transplantation.
The deunion of the root with several renewal kneelings are plugged, leaving the topmost eye on the same level with the surface, and fall asleep the earth, slightly sealing to remove air emptiness. A layer of mulch with a thickness of about 50 mm pour over the planting. Locked Dellets at a distance of about 1 meter from each other.
Important! With the beginning of flowering, the lateral buds are removed, which allows you to get larger flowers. If this operation is not carried out, then the plant will bloom longer, but the size of buds will become smaller.
Diseases and pests
Thrinkling peonies are distinguished by stability to many types of diseases and are practically not affected by pest insects. But with excessive soil moisture there is a risk of sulfur damage. To avoid this, you need to perform the following actions:
- observe irrigation mode;
- Processing the bushes by burgundy liquid or “Fundazole” for the prevention of infection, and for young plants, the concentration of the solution should be half less than the norm necessary for adults;
- Be sure to hold the autumn trimming and destruction of the top.
Important! Almost also treated diseases like root rot, rust and spotty.
One of the dangerous pests is the root parasite of gallic nematodes. Forming at the tips of galla roots with a diameter of 3-5 mm, microscopic worms multiply in them, and then penetrate the roots and destroy them, causing the death of the plant. To combat the parasite, it is necessary to conduct timely weeds of weeds and destroy the affected plants, completely digging and burning the sick bush.
The carrier of the parasite can be other plant plants, from which infection can occur through the soil.
So that this does not happen, It is necessary to carefully examine the planting material, and the Earth after the destruction of the affected plants is treated with a solution of formalin.
Ants forming in the roots of peonies their nests, rather not pests, but a signal that something is wrong with the plant and he needs treatment. Although not so long ago, the species of ants, which inhibits flower. To get rid of insects, you need to spray buds Solve “Fufanon”.
Usage in landscape design
Peonies “Rubra captivity” have a low compact shape of the bush, so you can land them next to the same lowest varieties of other shades or place in front of more tallers with yellow, white, red or cream flowers. Since the top-colored peonies will quickly lose decorativeness, you should not have them in the center of the exposition. If this is done, the space around the bush can be decorated with stones.
Fucking Voronmen for the decoration of alpine hills and use in mix bears.
Good peonies “Rubra captivity” surrounded by spring bulbs: tulips, daffodils, muskari and other species.
In combination with roses, lilies, clematis, flusses, garden geranium and other perennials, the PION “Rubra captivity” is used to decorate the territory near the arbors and along the fences. Beautifully look at smooth rows of thin colostal peonies lined along the gardens.
Border of such a living fence will serve daisies, dwarf asters, pansies, white pyrhem or other low-colored flowers. Thin gentle needle of thin colostal peonies is well combined with the eternal greens of dwarf species of Tui, juniper, fir.
Gardeners are perfectly evaluated by the thin colors “Rubra of captivity” for early colors, thanks to which it turns out to fill the gap between the flowering of the wounds and other varieties of peonies, creating a continuous wave of various shades. Of the disadvantages, many notice the tendency of this group of peonies to the amazing gray rot, because of which they need more careful care and additional processing of fungicides.
But the general reviews about the grade are good, therefore, putting on the site a thin-filled flower “Rubra captivity”, you can enjoy the beauty of peonies from the earliest time.
Visual lesson on landing narrow-walled peony See More.