Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Many people in the design of their gardens and house areas use various types of pine. Popular option is a mountain variety. Today we will talk about the peculiarities of the mountain pine and how to care for her.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Description

Often, when selling such a plant, not only the name of the variety itself is used, but also a species name in the Latin Mugo (Pinus Mugo). Most often, such pines grow in South and Central Europe. Mountain pine – high wood having a spherical or broad-shaped shape. There are plants such and with fluttering shoots, and with shoots located in the vertical direction. This type is distinguished by the maximum dense placement of branches to each other. Tree trunk painted in gray brown, it has a smooth surface. Upstairs on it can appear small scales as the plants grow.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Adult height can reach almost 1.5 meters, and its diameter is about 2-4 meters. All plants of this species have a well-developed central rod root and splashing processes. The development of shoots occurs slowly. They reach a length of about 5-15 centimeters, in breeding plants they can be less. On a rigid tree, the vegetation of a pointed shape, it grows a darker green shade.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Shabby pine have a length of 4-5 cm, but on some trees it can reach 8-10 cm. They are collected in small bundles. Most of the representatives of this species have a large number of cones painted in a gray brown color gamut. Young fruits most often have a gray-lilac color. Fruit and blossoms such trees start in 5-10 years. Blossom occurs with the advent of young light cones.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Varieties and varieties

Currently, there are a large number of varieties of mountain pine.

  • “Dwarf”. This variety is a dwarf species of pine from Holland. Croon has dense, it has an oval shape. The maximum height of such trees reaches two meters. The diameter of the plant can reach no more than 80-90 cm. This specification is a heat-loving.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Cokard”. This mountain coniferous shrub has an interesting overflowing needle coloring (the bases and ends of the needles are yellow, and the middle of the green). He was first led in Germany. Crown of plants Raskyady. The height of the tree can reach up to 1.5 meters. Such a pine is recommended to plant in a half, it is not too thermalized species.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Pumilio”. This species is a small mountain wild shrub. Plant Height can vary from 1.5 to 2 meters. A strong krona forms a large number of quenching shoots. Such pine is unpretentious in care, it can easily be transferred sharp temperature differences. It has hard, it is painted in a dark green color gamut, its length is about 4 centimeters.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Hn’DEO”. This species was bred by Czech breeders. Such shrubs are characterized by compact sizes. In the central part, shoots much longer than from the side of the sides. “Hnisdou” has a beautiful spherical shape, but over time it becomes sulk. The height of the adult plant can reach 1-1.2 m. Great and develops in half. It has small cones (their length 3 cm).

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “ALGAU”. This dwarf pine was withdrawn by Dutch breeders. The height of the plant can be from 0.7 to 1 meter. Diameter of the circle reaches a little more meter. “Algaau” is distinguished by a magnificent dense crown, so it is often used as a beautiful decorative ornament for the garden. Needles in such trees of dark green color, needles are collected in small bundles, they are quite hard and long.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • Sunshine. This pine shrub is distinguished by a beautiful original color. The needles consists of a variety of arcuate long needles that are collected in thick beams. They have a yellow color at the base, but closer to the tops become bright green. Such a pine is recommended to plant on sites where it will get the maximum amount of sunlight. In the summer it is better to irrigate water.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Golden Gloa”. Such miniature pine shrubs have a hemispherical crown. They breed exclusively through vaccination. Plant reaches only about 0.5 meters. Pine can develop almost on any soils, but at the same time it requires a large amount of sunlight.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Ophir” (ophir). This type refers to dwarf plants obtained by Dutch breeders. Like the previous appearance, shrubs brew brevets. The height of the adult instance can be about 80 cm, and its diameter will be equal to almost 1 m. Adult plants can take cone shape. Tough and short needle changes color depending on the time of year. It is better to plant them on sites that are well heated by sunlight.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Benjamin”. This dwarf German shrub is most often installed on a stack. Such pine has a dense frame of a flat-spherical shape. Often this plant is used to decorate the terraces and balconies as an evergreen element. Brilliant and hard needles have a dark green color. A variety is unpretentious in care, it will be able to take care of almost any prepared soil.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “CARSTENS WINTERGOLD”. This miniature mountain bush changes its color depending on the time of year. Krona has a hemispherical shape. The thick and short branches of the plant are completely covered with needles with light green color, in length they make up about 3-5 cm. With the onset of frosts, the color becomes more saturated and bright.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Jacobsen”. This slow-growing variety has some twisted thick branches. The needles are painted in dark green, it has a curved shape and a small length. As the plant is growing at the base is taken off.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Humpy” (humpy). This species has the kind of a dwarf shrub of a pillow-shaped shape with a wide crown. The height of the adult plant can reach only about 80 cm, and its diameter is 1.5 m. The needles are painted in dark green, but in the winter it becomes a brown, the needles in length reach 4-5 cm. Bumps on such a shrub are not formed. May grow in dry soils.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Columbo”. This dwarf variety has a cone-shaped narrow crown. The height of the adult shrub is about two meters. Branches of such a plant dense, they are located close to each other. Needles rigid dark green color, needle length is not more than 5 cm. Small cones on such a plant are formed in large quantities. Can grow even on poor and dry soils.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • “Columnaris”. This shrub reaches a height of about two meters. Krone has a narrow cone shape, shoots – light green color. Needle is divided into small beams. It is brilliant and tough, has excellent frost resistance. Bumps on such plants small, they have a dark brown color.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

  • Zyunndert. This dwarf pine shrub of cone shaped shape has a height of about 0.8 meters. Crown has an asymmetric round shape. Needles are long, have a light green color, but their tips are yellow. This species is considered unpretentious, it can grow even on dry and poor soils.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

How to plant?

It is recommended to acquire young saplings of pines in special containers from nursery. The optimal period for planting such plants is spring (mid-April) or end of September. Most often for landing selected areas that are well provided with sunlight, although some separate shrubs develop better in half. Young mountain pine seedlings unpretentious to soil. They can grow perfectly and develop on poor land plots. But at the same time, weakly alkaline and weakly acidic soil are considered the best option.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Often mountain pine sat down on heavy soils, while making drainage (at least 20 cm in height). For the substrate, you should follow certain proportions of the components of the components (two parts of the turf, half of the sphagnum part and one part of pure sand and clay. Pre-seedlings are not soaked. They should be only a little wet. Woven with each other, young processes, you need to be carefully broken, leaving the maximum large amount of substrate.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

When landing should take into account the height of seedlings. Tall plants are placed from the gaps of 4-5 meters from each other. Miniature breeds can be planted with an interval of only 1.5 meters. When landing should consider some rules. So, when digging the holes for seedlings, it is necessary to make a hole in the size of the spilled root system, adding to this value 10-20 cm.

Also remember that when determining the depth of the pit it is worth considering the drainage layer (15-20 cm). Do not forget about the preliminary installation of support for rapid plants. At the end of the soil, it is necessarily watered, mulched and well condensed.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

How to care for?

Only with proper care, the mountain pine can normally grow and develop on your land plot. Wherein Important place is occupied by feeding, watering, the process of mulching, pruning and preparing plants for winter.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Podkord

In the first two years after landing in the open ground, plants need to feed. Moreover, in the event of an increase in the number of special substances from the shrub, a full-fledged tree may grow. Before winter, feeding is not recommended, as it can cause sharp growth of branches that will die in the cold. An important place when feeding a mountain pine is occupied by nitrogen-containing components. They need to be made to the landing well. In the spring period should be used exclusively comprehensive compositions. Autumn pines do not work.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Two years after disembarking trees in the ground, it is no longer necessary to fertilize. After all, they will receive everything necessary for their normal development of substances and vitamins of coniferous litter.

Watering

Within 30 days after planting seedlings in open ground, they are watered around the perimeter of the rolling circle. The procedure is carried out in every 2-4 days. The amount of water should reach up to 10-15 liters. Watering is necessarily needed both in summer and in the fall. Moisturize the land is when a lump with the ground with a sharp compression begins to quickly crumble. Adult plants most often will be enough watering in the form of natural precipitation. In arid periods it is better to sprinkle. In the middle of autumn, the soil watered well so that the soil can absorb moisture enough.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Mulching and loosening

Swimming should be carried out only for some time after planting plants (it is necessary to loosen the rolling circle). 1-2 years after that it is better to switch to mulching. Mulching can be carried out using a forest conifer, coniferous sawdust. Sometimes such a procedure is carried out with peat. This allows you to keep moisture in the soil and do not carry out additional loosening. Weeds are recommended to immediately delete. Otherwise, they will take water and the necessary food.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Trimming

Cronu of mountain pine need to cut a little so that it does not grow up. Such plants easily transfer this procedure. Reduce shoots only one-third, it will make the crown much more beautiful and thick. From the dried branches, the trees are better released in the spring of the year. Periodically, pinching.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Preparation for winter

Almost all varieties of mountain pine pine have excellent frost resistance. After all, their shoots are fully ripening in the spring period of the year, and then decorate. If the temperature becomes too low (-35?), then the top parts of the pines will suffer and lose their appearance. To keep plants in good condition after winter, you need to stick to some rules.

  • Young plants are hidden by a special material. As such, a special agricultural or napnik can act. This technique will allow to protect pines not only from severe frosts, but also from the scorching sun after the winter period.
  • Plants are murdered in the autumn period. This procedure should be carried out after the last irrigation at this time of the year. Do it, as a rule, with sawdust or pine bark.
  • Bind too high branches. This procedure is made so that the branches do not break under the big mass of snow.
  • Sowing of branches peat. This should be done only if Ice formed on them.
  • Checking shrubs in February and March. At this time, it is necessary to accurately carefully ensure that the snow does not accumulate inside, as it can become a special lens for reflection of the rays and fully burn the foundation in young shoots.
  • Watering with warm water after awakening. Produce watering after a complete snow.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Methods of breeding

Mountain pine can multiply in various ways. Shining can be transferred to such coniferous plants hard, but it is used if it is impossible to propagate them with seeds. At the same time with a young branch neatly cut a stalk. It for 10-12 hours is kept in solution with a special substance stimulating growth. If you are going to grow pine in a container, then you need to prepare soil in advance. It is placed in it with a cutter to a depth of no more than 3-5 cm, and then create greenhouse conditions.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Seed material allows you to grow a mountain pine at home in pots or in open soil. Seeds are pre-carefully processed in a solution with “Fundazole” or with “phytoosporin”.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

After that, the prepared seeds are placed in a loose substrate. The seed material immediately after landing is thoroughly watered with clean water and are slightly covered with a special film, it will be possible to remove it only after the first green leaves appear. The first shoots should appear within one month. The transplantation of plants for a permanent place is better to spend after 1-2 years.

Diseases and pests

Despite his unpretentiousness, mountain pine is still subject to some diseases. At the same time, the stability of trees and shrubs planted into saline and dense land increases significantly. Some varieties of such pine suffer from bubble rust. At the ends of the needles there is a flair of red-colored. So that such a disease does not appear, it is possible to periodically process the pine preparations containing copper in its composition.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

The fungal disease is also often found among coniferous plants. Most often it occurs on young trees after winter. Needles at the same time acquire a red-brown shade with small black dots. Often the disease leads to complete branches. To prevent fungal disease, it is worth a sparse landing of young seedlings. Also as preventive measures can be used timely sufficient watering and feeding. If the plant is already infected, then its treatment can be carried out with a solution of colloidal sulfur. Favoring needle immediately need to burn.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Often on coniferous plants and necrosis of the cortex meets. At the same time, the bark quickly yellow, it begins to dry and completely die. In these areas, small rashes appear in time. This disease occurs due to severe frosts or droughts. To get rid of this disease, it is necessary to carry out a regular procedure for trimming branches to the first living kidney. It is also necessary to make processing with the help of fungicides and drugs, which contains copper. You need to do them in the fall, in the spring and early summer.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Another disease is scleroderriasis. As a result of infection, first begin to dry out and damp the kidneys located on the top of the coniferous shrub, and then dying and all branches. You can prevent complete death of the plant only by timely removal of the affected parts.

Often, the mountain pine suffers from the impact of pests. One of them is the wave. When this parasite appears, the coniferous shrub will start turning quickly, then the needle will begin. To remove the pest, you need to quickly spray insecticides after it is detected, it should be carried out in the intervals two weeks until the trouble is completely disappeared.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine shields can also damage trees. First, insects will fall in the middle of the crown, stuck the foundation of shoots. Over time, the needles acquire brown color and completely fall. Such parasites are most often hidden under the cheese, so they are almost impossible to completely remove. When a spider tick appears on the plants, his young shoots gradually begin to be covered with thin threads of the web. On them pests move. Then the needle acquires a brown shade and begins to massively fall. With the appearance of such a parasite, it is necessary to immediately treat with chemicals, otherwise it will die quickly.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Coroes may be on the mountain pine. These parasites are made in the core of the hole in which the females lay eggs. Hatched larvae do moves deeper. In the end, they are pounded inside the plant. It is difficult to deal with the pest so that it does not appear at all, it is worth conducting preventive measures. If you are still going to withdraw parasites, then for this you can make special traps with pheromones. They are fixed on the trunk of pine. On them beetles fly even from large distances.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Sawers often damage cheva. The larvae eat young increases of the plant, which leads to drying and death of the branches. Remove pests easily, this can be done by periodic spraying with any insecticides.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Sometimes mountain pine damage and hurmes. As a result of their activities on plants, round tumors are formed. Pest females suck juice from shrub, and their larvae spoil the kidneys.

Fighting with Hermes should immediately be immediately with the help of chemicals (acaricides and insecticides). It is necessary to conduct 2-3 processing by system insecticides. These drugs include “Aktara”, “Akttellik”, “Phytoverm”, “Certificate”.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Examples in landscape design

Mountain pine is often used to create beautiful compositions in the garden. You can arrange them in various versions. An excellent option will be landing several small coniferous plants of different types in the area. At the same time, the place where they will grow can be reeded by stones of different sizes and colors.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Also, a good option will be landscape design with several large and lush shrubs of a spherical shape. They can be surrounded by massive embossed stones for decor. You can use both the same plants and different types of such coniferous shrubs.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

It will be interesting to look at the design, in which a small section of the Earth is separated by the fence from the decorative medium-sized stones, and on the territory of this place in the central part, it is planted landing for several high and slender deciduous and coniferous trees. They are then surrounded by low dwarf shrubs of mountain pine pines of different types and shades.

Often shrubs of a mountain pine decorate stairs in the garden. From them you can make a small department from decorative small stones. There and land the coniferous plant. You can dilute the design, putting there several small deciduous plants.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

Often decoration make near the house in the garden. Next to it is also better to make a separate zone with decorative flat stones of rectangular shape. You can use the material of almost any colors. So that the design was more original, it is permissible to make the fencing of an uneven wavy line.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

In a fenced place, you can plant a lot of miniature shrubs of a mountain pine. It is better to select different types with different colors and forms so that the composition gets more noticeable and interesting. It can be diluted with several higher deciduous bushes with flowers.

Pine mountain: varieties, varieties, landing and care

About how to properly care for the mountain pine, look in the following video.

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