New Zealand Dolphinium: Features, Types and Recommendations for Growing

Many gardeners heard about New Zealand Dolphinium. Flower is striking with dimensions and spectacular appearance. Culture is used for the design of flower, filling decorative vases, dilution of thick green shrubs tenderness of large colors.

Description

Dolphinium – a plant, which is a durable straight stem, covered with numerous flowers. New Zealand species differs from other solid heights (up to two meters) and large inflorescences. A variety is long-term.

The cone-shaped part of the plant, tightly decorated with flowers, can reach 70 cm. The lower part of the culture covers greens. Leaves have a pointed shape, juicy green color.

Each flower can reach in the diameter of as much as 9 cm, consists of numerous petals located in 4-6 rows. Flowers can be terry or semi-world. Sometimes their quantity can reach up to 20.

Unprofitable buds have a greenish tint. Then he changes to another. Phase blossom pleases gardener with amazing paints. Depending on the variety, petals can be purple, light and dark pink, sky-blue, white, raspberry and so on. Usually color is alternating, but there are two-color options. For example, it seems to be a combination of blue with white or lilac with Vasilkov.

Flowers appear in the last days of June. Blossom duration – about a month. The elimination of the sworded buds stimulates Repeat wave starting at the end of summer. In addition to spectacular appearance, the advantage of all “New Zealandes” is resistance to cold and diseases.

Sort

New Zealand Flowers are hybrids. This group consists of various varieties, which allows the gardener to choose any taste. Consider some popular options.

Dusky Maidens

This variety is distinguished by large terry flowers of the accumulated pink shade. Each flower has a dark center, which makes the plant even more spectacular. Diameter of flowers – about 7 cm. Culture grows up to 180 cm. Foliage thick. Inflorescences are dense, reach in the amount of 80 cm.

“Peak lady”

This supermarket dolphinium from the Gigant series can boast strong blooms and huge flowers (about 8 cm). Color – lilac with a pinkish tide. Eye blonde. Plant reaches a 2-meter height. Blooming culture begins in sowing.

“New Zealand Dwarf”

This is a mixture that allows you to grow from one package of seeds a whole collection of multicolored dolphiniums. Blue, raspberry, pink, blue terry flowers measuring 3-7 cm will decorate any garden. As it is clear from the title, the plant has a small height (50-70 cm). However, this does not prevent him from being extremely attractive. Foliage thick, dark green. Bloom comes for the second year after sowing.

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“Lime”

This kind got his name is not just so. White lush flowers with an olive center, indeed, remind the color of the eponymous fruit. Tall grade (up to 200 cm). Rapidly growing and develops, not allowed to care.

“The bride’s bouquet”

This hybrid is characterized by purple-pink colors. Giant terry flowers conquer their tenderness and cause romantic associations. Blossoms do not have to wait long, It happens in the first year. Plant height – about two meters.

“Azure”

The charming two-meter flower of the sky blue shade will take a worthy place in any garden. The diameter of the discontinued bud – about 8 centimeters. Dark Green, Lush. Very beautiful variety.

“Purple Flame”

Expressive purple with blue color creates the feeling that the flower is overflowing in the rays of the sun. Corrugated petals enhance effect. The plant grows up to two meters, develops rapidly, blooms immediately.

“White knight”

It is impossible not to include in a review and grade with snow-white colors. Superman huge flowers resemble a light fluffy cloud. Culture growth – 200 cm. Foliage has a saturated green tone.

Landing

The most reliable method of breeding culture is the use of seeds. Before sowing, seed material is recommended to keep in the refrigerator. Sowing usually produce In the spring – at the end of March. In this case, the seedlings are grown at home. Permissible to sow seeds immediately to the site, Such a procedure is carried out in July or in the fall.

Alone collected seeds is better to decapitate, seeing in a solution of manganese. Then they are washed in water and dried. Purchased seeds in processing do not need.

The soil must be sterile, moisturized, breathable. It may be light soil from the store. And also fit a mixture of peat, garden land and humus (it needs to be calcined). Seeds lay on the surface (2 pieces per 1 kV. cm). Then they are sprinkled with a thin layer of vermiculite (0.3-0.5 cm).

After that, irrigation with warm boiled water. Landing covered and put it in a cool place. Recommended temperature – 10-15 degrees of heat Celsius. To improve germination, you can put future plants in the refrigerator for a week. Then landing is carried on a warm and illuminated place.

Shoots appear in 2-3 weeks at +18.21 ° C. Critical maximum – + 25 ° С. Shoots should be carried out and moisturely moisten (by spraying). 6-8 weeks of seedlings will strengthen. When the first leaves (several pieces on each plant) are noticeable, seedlings are dive.

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Individual containers should be small (maximum 300 milliliters). Young plants need moderate watering, gradual hardening. In May, they are starting to teach to street conditions, briefly by moving on fresh air.

In the open soil, flowers are placed in late May – early June. During this period, the root system is already developed, and the plant is easily removed from the container. Should be observed Distance between instances 0.5-0.8 m. Before landing in the garden, plant feed.

Dolphinium seedlings prefer loose, nutritious soils with humus, in which moisture does not cause. It is desirable that in the composition of the soil looked like the one in which the seeds germinated. If it does not work fully prepare the soil, At least add comprehensive mineral fertilizer to it.

The plot must be sunny, easy shadow is possible. It is advisable to choose a place protected from severe busting winds.

Care

When shoots reach 15 cm, make feeding. Used Complex minerals. Suitable I Liquid organic fertilizers.

At an altitude of 25 cm Flowers thinning. On each plant it is worth leaving 5 shoots. This allows you to get larger buds. And also provides high-quality air circulation and immunity is strengthened.

When the flowers become half meters, it is desirable to tie. As a support, you can take a bar, inserting them nearby. One element of support is not enough. Each plant should rely on 3 such. Fix them with tissue strips. Next time, “New Zealanders” is tied up at the level of meter growth.

Watering is carried out once a week. For each instance accounts for 3 liters of water. After the irrigation of the soil, it is loosened near the plant to a depth of about 5 cm.

The period of bootonization for culture is very important. At this time, it is necessary not only abundantly (but in moderation) water the plant. And also need to enrich the soil Phosphorian-potassium drugs (This is the second feeding). On bucket of water take 20 g of fertilizers. Flowers watered the resulting solution, highlighting each instance of 1 liter. It provides a lush beautiful bloom.

The third feeding falls on the end of flowering. This period is the most suitable for collecting seed. Use drugs with potassium and phosphorus. Faded buds cut. And it should be slightly reduced.

Plants that have passed a haircut give new shoots. At the end of summer, they will repass gardeners with luxurious flowers. During this period, the amount of moisture incoming in the soil again increase.

In the period between the first and second flowering waves, you can conduct a reproduction procedure. Here use the method of dividing a bush. This allows you to get new specimens and rejuvenate donor plants.

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Use only 3-year and more adult flowers. They are carefully digging and divided into parts. It is important not to damage the kidneys. Separations are treated with wood powder. Future flowers planted in the ground. Rejuvenation spend once every 3 years.

At the end of the autumn, the stems of hybrids cut into almost the root. It is recommended to leave about 25 cm. In order to preserve the health of colors, scenes covered clay. You can use a smelter designed for garden work.

Usually, culture calmly transfers cold. Therefore, it is not necessary to build winter shelter. However, if you are in the northern region, you can reinforce. Just cover the plants with branches of ate.

It should be noted that despite the external tenderness and beauty, the Dolphinium New Zealand can be called poisonous. Therefore, it is important to comply with security measures: every time after touching the culture should be carefully soaked your hands.

Diseases and pests

Very often the flowers are sick with mildew. Half has fungal nature. The sign is a light raid, which is then turning into a brown. It is important to regularly carefully inspect the culture and at the first alarming signals take measures. Treatment is In spraying “Fundazole”, also effectively means “Topaz”.

If the gardener noticed black spots on the stems going upwards, then we can conclude about another common disease – so the black spot is manifested. In the initial stages, treatment is successful. Damaged plants spray tetracycline solution. 1 liter of water take 1 tablet.

Sometimes the culture attack insects. Fighting with slugs and dolphinium flies occurs With the help of insecticides. The first also scares the chlorine lime (containers with her set next to flowers).

WLL can be a carrier of a dangerous virus. During the defeat of the culture, the annular spot appears. Foliage yellow and falls. If such a trouble happened, it will not work with her. To prevent the defeat of other plants, contaminated specimens destroy.

In preventive purposes, the remaining hybrids are processed by the “carbofos”.

About how to care for the dolphinium, look next.

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