Nandina: Description, Landing and Care

There are a large number of decorative plants. But not all of them are equally well known to the domestic gardeners. Nandine home, for example, uses undeservedly low.

Description

This culture is considered one of the most elegant and attractive shrubs grown in the garden. Attractive properties of the species are associated with its foliage and crown. Especially spectacularly plant looks in cold weather. Evergreen bush, whose foliage looks like a carved, and the plant itself is painted in multicolored tones.

Nandine with a complete basis is listed in the list of elite indoor crops. No wonder they address many colorful epithets. And in the descriptions in the East traditionally sounds “Holy Bamboo”. It should not, however, take such a name seriously: neither biologically nor in appearance of Nandin has nothing to do with a true bamboo. It is assumed that such a definition is related to its features:

  • the rapid development of the roots;
  • subtlety stems;
  • Specific geometry of foliage.

In vivo, Nandine can not be found outside of China and Japan. To the entire genus Barberry included the only appearance. But thanks to the successes of breeders, you can buy landing material of various varieties. The differences between them are manifested in the colors of the sheet, and in the nature of flowering, and in the form of berries, and even the most ordinary shrubs look amazing. The greatest altitude of nandines is 4-5 m. But in the room it rarely rises to 1 m. Shoot relatively thin and do not branch. Krona is characterized by elegance. Bark of light brown.

Care

With due diligence, you can grow nandine in the garden. However, it is worth abandoning the thought of cultivating it in the open ground: you will have to use only suitable bits with the earth. Strike the plant is not necessary, except for the form of bonsai.

Important: The capriciousness of the plant does not decrease, even if it is trying to arrange in this style. But in this case, only shook the shoots at the bottom and get rid of the swords.

Experienced flowers try to immediately buy a plant that has a certain form. At the same time, it is also important to systematically remove the drying foliage: sometimes nandin cannot get rid of it alone. To note: all parts of the bush are poisonous, and you can work exclusively in gloves. This culture requires exceptionally careful care. If there is no significant experience, it is better not to risk and not start a plant. The main attention should be paid to:

  • maintaining optimal humidity;
  • necessary lighting intensity;
  • The desired temperature: it should remain on the same level even in the warm season.

Lighting

In May, the plant is placed in half. There it must be kept before the beginning of autumn frosts. Summer, the temperature should be maintained in the area of ​​20 °. Indoor landings are placed as carefully. Lighting for them is critical: if its level will weaken, the plant can get sick.

It should be remembered that not every sunlight is equally useful. Only comfortable rays falling on the windowsill in the morning and in the evening will fit perfectly.

Recommend home nandine to put on the windows oriented east or west.

And you can also use:

  • windows of a showcase type;
  • Light halls;
  • glazed loggias (under the condition of normal heating);
  • Winter gardens with strictly weatheted conditions.

If it is not possible to ensure proper natural light, resort To artificial illumination. The appearance of spots on the leaves is often associated with excessive illumination. The lack of light is expressed in the stretching of shoots and the active development of weakened twigs.

Temperature

When the cold season is competed, Nandine should be rearranged in relatively cool rooms. Best for her air from 7 to 13 °. Decrease in temperature below 7 °, if it happens for a while, does not bring harm. If the plant drops the leaves, you must put it in a cooler place and take care of the humidification of the air. Drafts, even if the temperature is generally supported at the desired level, are devastating.

IMPORTANT: To avoine anyway, because fresh air is very important for nandines.

Watering

It is strongly recommended to inspect the plant more often and check under what conditions it develops. Experienced flower products simultaneously check the nandine substrate. As for watering, there are no special difficulties: It is necessary to water only when the substrate surface dries. But even in the summer, it should not be overly carried by watering.

IMPORTANT: Fully reduce the soil should not. And also need to control water quality.

Optimalized liquid with low rigidity. Its temperature should be slightly higher than room air temperature. It is permissible to acidify water. In winter, it is necessary to take care of air humidification.

Instead of special expensive devices, trays are used for this purpose, filled:

  • moss;
  • decorative pebbles;
  • Ceramzit.

It is necessary to diligently avoid the slightest contacts of the bottom pot or plants with water. Categorically unacceptable and stagnation of water in the humidifier. In the spring and summer, the humidifier is missing, and therefore regular spraying is needed. They are carried out strictly through fine sprayers.

Podkord

After landing, nandine fertilize from the beginning of the spring until the beginning of the autumn. The gap between feeders – 14 days. In the fall and in winter are guided by the recommendations of breeders. It is advisable to use complex universal formulations. The main thing is that they do not have a long effect.

Transplant and reproduction

Changing pots only after filling them with roots. If in some year the transplant is not carried out, the surface of the substrate is refreshing. Earth mix should be easy. You can grow nandine In the soil with acidity 4-6.5 pH. When transplanting to a new capacitance of roots is impossible.

Reproduction best occurs root pig. Seeds are planted immediately after the collection of fruits. They are laid by 1-1.5 cm in the soil. Only loose lightweight soil. Landing are kept under glass, achieving a temperature of 23-25 ​​°. It takes a bright light.

IMPORTANT: Wait for rapid development seeders does not have to.

In the next video you will find even more useful information about this wonderful shrub.

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