Tulip firmly entered the list of the most popular flower crops. And seemingly gardeners know everything about him. However, it is not.
Basic version of Origin
Today, tulips are firmly and indispensively associated with the Netherlands. After all, it is there that the most of these colors are grown. Yes, and quality, a variety of them amazing. but According to most of the specialists, the real birthplace of Tulips – Kazakhstan. Rather, the south of Kazakhstani steppes.
It was there that the wild-growing varieties of a flower in large quantities were found. In Western Europe, a decorative tulip began to be grown not earlier than the end of the XVI century. They got there from the Ottoman Empire, where they were cultivated even for Sultans. The main part of the Tulip varieties developed in Holland was created much later. The starting point was the Asian varieties.
What biologists say?
A conversation about the history of the flower in culture must be supplemented with the analysis of his biological prehistory. And again you will have to reverse the eyes of Kazakhstan. There’s early spring tulips bloom abundantly. They can be found:
- in the steppe;
- in desert;
- in Tien Shan;
- In Altai.
In all these places, heterogeneous types of plants live. And yet among them tulips occupy a special place. Paints and photographers, and poets pay on them. And, of course, naturalists.
As a result of botanical research, it was possible to find out that there are about 100 varieties of wild tulips.
About a third of them grows precisely in Kazakhstan. This additionally confirms the thesis on the origin of this plant. It is believed that the tulips appeared 10-20 million years ago. Approximately in the deserts and foothills of Tien Shan. Further tulips applied to all sides of the world.
Gradually, they embraced extensive territory. They are found in the Siberian steppes, and in the Iranian deserts, and in Mongolia, and even in the mountains of the South of Europe. But nevertheless, most cultural species come directly from Asian countries. This is reflected even in varieties. Disabled on the basis of Kazakhstan material flowers:
- Used in the design of streets and parks;
- demonstrated in large botanical gardens and mountaineers;
- turn out to be a real “highlight” of leading private collections worldwide.
Tulips are perennial bulbous plants. For them, typical reproduction of seeds (at least it is typical for species with large flowers). You can expect the flowering of seedlings for 10-15 years. Wild tulip can live from 70 to 80 years. During the evolution, the plant has perfectly adapted to rigid dry conditions.
Every year in the middle of juicy flashes is laid a renewable kidney. All prepared part of escape for the next year are already hiding in it. In favorable weather, the flower passes a full development cycle for a maximum of 3 months. This also confirms the common assumption of the country of origin and the conditions of evolutionary development of the tulip. In Kazakhstan itself, or rather, in his southern part, tulips reveal their beauty in April and May.
These plants bloom earlier than poppies, and moreover do not form a solid field. Impressive scarlet “Boxers”, characteristic of Grey Tulip, are found in the area between Aryx and Cordai. Albert Tulip appears expressively, which is a squat and forms a cache-like flower. Find this species can be:
- in karatau;
- in the territory of the Chu-Ilian Mountains;
- in the terrain of betpak giving.
Between Alma-Ata and Merke everywhere there is a Tulip of Ostrovsky, characterized by external grace. Steppes from the borders of the Kazakh part of the Urals to the Astana itself are populated by the view of the Schrenk. It is distinguished by a very diverse color. Yellow flowers can be seen in the vicinity of Lake Balkhash, in Kyzylkim, in Betpak Dala and on the shores of the Aral Sea. The view of Greag’s name, which is already known as the “King of Tulips” for more than 140 years, has the greatest popularity.
This name was given a flowerfish from Holland, and they can be trusted as anyone else in everything concerned with an elegant flower. In the wild, the plant settles the plot from Kyzylorda almost to the Almaty itself. You can meet it mostly in the foothills and on the slopes covered with rubble. The grave tulip elegance is connected with:
- powerful stem;
- Size leaves of a large width;
- flower diameter up to 0.15 m.
There are such types of plants that are not even in all Kazakhstan, but only in its individual parts. Rela Tulip, for example, can be detected only in the Chu-Ilie Mountains. This species blooms very early and looks extremely original. In the last days of March, you can see the modest floral flowers. Stems pressed against warm stones, as the air is still too cold.
Ancient plant is distinguished by an unusual leaf geometry. Their structure issues a long evolution, experienced by such a tulip in the struggle for the existence. The goal is quite clear: collect maximum heat and at the same time cut to a minimum evaporation of water. A little later blooms Tulip Albert.
It is important: to tear any wild tulips are not recommended – many of them are threatened with disappearance.
What else to know?
According to the part of the professionals, the role of Iran (Persia) in the formation of a tulip – no less than the contribution of Kazakhstan. The fact is that according to one of the versions there is there (and not in Turkey) introduced into culture. Traditional Persian name, Toliban, is given for similarity with the turban. In Iran, the tradition of growing this flower is preserved. And even in a number of Tajik cities there is an annual holiday dedicated to him.
Significant selection work is now going to Turkey for several centuries. Rare Turkish city has no tulip plantations. And this flower was placed on the coat of arms of Istanbul in the Sultan. Yes, and in modern Turkey, the drawing of the tulip is applied to the kitchen utensils, houses, decorations and many other subjects. Every April is accompanied by a plant dedicated to festivals.
It is believed that this culture is associated with a friendliness, positive attitude. Starting from the XVIII century, the palm of the championship intercepted the Netherlands. Moreover, from there, the export of a flower in Asian countries is unfolded, and not the opposite. What is curious, the tulip got into Holland and in Austria almost simultaneously. It is believed that for the first time seen by the Austrians the flower treated the type of Schrenk.
Although the birthplace of the tulip is in Asia, the Dutch mastered it on a large scale. They organize spectacular auctions that, along with a purely trading function, have the task of entertaining visitors. Stormy bargaining unfolds immediately as soon as the sun. Many auctions operate all year round, but still it is best to come for tulips in spring or summer. The world’s largest shopping tulip flower garden – Kekenhof, located in Lisse.
Suppliers mainly provide their flowers to the park without excess payment. The fact is that the participation in the exposition of Kekenhof is very honorable right. Yes, and the ability to promote your products on the market of expensive. Every 10 years in the Netherlands there is an international exhibition “Floriad”. And any city of the country is desperately fighting for the right to participate in it.
But back to the past tulip. It is assumed that from Turkey he first spread to Greece, in Crimea, and the territory of modern Balkan countries. Already from Austria, the flower falls into Italy and in Lisbon. At the same time, it applies to North Africa. In the meantime, all this happened, real fever unfolded in Holland.
The bulbs cost completely incredible money. Behind them hunted. Rare farm in the country did not try to grow this plant. Those times have long passed, but it is thanks to this feverish activity of Holland forever ahead of other countries in the field of tulip growing.
Additional Interesting Facts About Tulips See next video.