Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

Planting trees and plants – a great way to equip and arrange a territory from the point of view of landscape design, but also the opportunity to make the world around itself better from the point of view of ecology. One of the most common trees is oak. Not many know, but in nature there are several varieties of this tree. Today in our material we will talk more about Mongolian varieties.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

Description

Mongolian Oak (or QUERCUS MONGOLICA) in its characteristics and properties is a typical representative of the family of beech trees. The tree received its name due to the fact that the first representative of this variety was discovered and studied in the territory of Mongolia. However, today in the territory of this state such a tree does not grow.

If you consider the botanical characteristics of the plant in more detail, it should be noted the fact that it is light-chapter, and cannot actively grow and develop in the shade.

The appearance of Mongolian oak is characterized by a high aesthetic attractiveness – his crown is painted in a dark green shade, and the height of the oak can reach the indicator of 30 meters.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

As for shoots, they are characterized by red and brown shades for them. The leaves of the Mongolian variety of wood have an oblong form and belong to the category of short-hearth. At the same time, their coloring change. Mongolian oak flowers in their parameters are separate-use.

Among other things, it is worth noting the fact that this tree grows very long and is distinguished by high levels of resistance relative to low air temperatures.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

Where it grows?

As mentioned above, the first copy of the Mongolian variety was found on the territory of Mongolia. However, today the oak of this type grows in a number of other countries. So, It can be found in China, Korea, Japan, as well as in the Far East (namely – Transbaikalia, Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territory, Amur Region, South Sakhalin and South Kuril Islands).

If we talk about geographical and climatic conditions that can be considered favorable for the development of Mongolian oak, it is worth noting the foothill terrain, as well as the valleys of rivers and shallow stony soils. If all the necessary conditions are observed, the Mongolian oak can form forests and thickets.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

Landing and care

If you think about landing Mongol oak on your private site or within the public area, you need to follow certain rules. Consider more recommendations of specialists.

  • The first thing you need to remember is that it is very important for landing to choose the appropriate acorn. It should be strong enough and tight to the touch, should not have any defects or damage. For an additional check, acorn should shake – it should not make any sounds. Otherwise, from the use of such a landing material should be immediately refused.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • Direct procedure for planting plants is recommended to be carried out in the spring. At the same time, it is necessary to deepen acorn to a sufficiently long distance – about 6 centimeters inside the soil.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • Be sure to take care that acorn is covered from frosts, protected from possible negative impacts from the outside. For these purposes, in the autumn period, acorn is recommended to cover with a film and a dog (it will prevent the death of the plant from precipitation, due to which the amount of undesirable moisture increases).

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

Useful advice. In order to increase the viability of the stomach used for landing, it is recommended to germinate in advance at home.

At the same time, it is worth remembering that the landing is only the first step. In order for the plant as much as much as possible and develops, it is necessary to comply with the rules for the care of it.

  • First of all, it is necessary to take care that Acorn had access to a large number of sunlight, which plays an important role in the development of the plant. In this regard, on the landing stage, it is necessary to choose the right area for the future oak.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • In order for all parts of the plant to develop, it is necessary to ensure regular making of feed and fertilizers – this is especially important for the root system.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • Do not forget about sufficient moisture. In this case, it is necessary to observe the measure, since not only the disadvantage, but also the oversupply of moisture can lead to negative consequences. To this end, procedures are carried out as watering and mulching.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • Young trees need to be processed by copper vision – this substance will prevent the appearance of mildew. Using copper sulfate you need to handle the bark and oak crown.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • To protect against frost and low temperatures, it is used specifically designed for this agrofiber, and also carry out the mulch procedure.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • After the plant reaches the five-year-old age, mandatory, should be done by the formation of oak crown. If you ignore this stage, the oak barrel may not withstand the greater weight of vegetation and break under its pressure. To form the desired shape of the crown side unnecessary shoots of the plant, you need to pinch, and then drink. It is necessary to produce this procedure from the lower branches with regularity 1 time in several years.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • Oak cutting procedure should be conducted in the spring season.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • The transplantation of the plant to a permanent place can be carried out when it reaches the age of eight years. At the same time, for such a transplanted plant, it is necessary to care for the same way as for the young tree.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

If you adhere to all the rules and principles of growing Mongol Oak, described above, you can grow a beautiful and healthy plant that will please several generations of your family with your appearance.

Reproduction

Many gardeners are wondering how Mongolian oak breeds. There are several common methods in reality:

  • seeds;

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

  • green cuttings.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

So, if we talk about seed reproduction, then here is reference to the zagomy. This procedure is carried out immediately after the acorns have risen. It should take into account the fact that in the spring crop seeds need stratification at air temperature from 0 to +5 degrees Celsius for 1-3 months.

On the other hand, if you prefer a vegetative breeding method, you should remember that About 12% of the cuttings are rooted, with the mandatory is the processing “Kornvin”.

Mongolian Oak: Description and Growing

How to grow oak from acorns, look in the video.

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