Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Peonies relate to cultures resistant to diseases, plants are able to grow on one site for decades and remain healthy. With incorrect care and mechanical damage, the immune system of peonies is reduced, the flower becomes receptive to infections and fungi. Another danger becomes frequent torrential rains and temperature differences. In order to provide assistance in time, it is necessary to recognize the disease at an early stage of development.

Causes and signs

It is worth paying attention to Description of the following signs of a variety of diseases:

  • If the flowers are poorly growing, the leaves are twisted, few buds are formed on the bushes of peony, all this evidence of the development of culture disease or signs of devouring plants insects;
  • The formation of ferrous spots on the leaf plates of peon is the symptoms of the development of a viral or fungal disease, requiring immediate treatment; This also includes the appearance of plaque, points of various shades;
  • Leaf twisting arises due to the activities of fungus or insects that feed on the intercellular plant juice; The affected leaves dry out and die off;
  • If cultures do not bloom, the buds are deformed, not disclosed or covered with brown spots – it is worth carefully inspecting the plant for the presence of crawling insects, check the flower stems;
  • The presence of bloats, dark spots on shoots is a clear sign of the development of fungus or viral infection.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Common diseases

Diseases exhibited by changing the color of leaves, causing various defects, there are genetic origin (hereditary) and external (infection, fungi).

Rust

The reason for the appearance of rust – fungus. On the leaf plates of culture are formed brown blown, spots of brown and brick-orange tones, surrounded by dark border. All these formations – Spores fungus. In the critical stage, the affected areas are combined, creating wide bands. Because of rust, the horses are yellowed, faded, fall.

The plant becomes incapable of photosynthesis, which will eventually lead to the death of culture.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Gray Gnil

Affects all parts of the plant, starting with the roots and ending with the top shoots. Sick peonies are easy to identify with the arrival of spring, young stems are covered with brown seals. Spots are visible at the base of shoots and gradually merge into one ring. Gray rot is caused by a plant tissue rotting, leading to the fading of buds, leaves and bush death. It also applies to the substrate, causing sclerosia.

For the development of gray rot, it takes 3 days. In the absence of treatment and preventive actions, the tops are completely sprinkled over the soil, and the plant dies, the fungus eating disputes. In this stage, the disease passes to the rhizome of the deceased peony. The fungus is very harvest, easily transferred insects and wind.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

ClapPorios

Spots of brown shade, resulting on the top of the plant. As they ripen, they are painted in a purple tone. After time, the contaminated zones grow up, fully covering the leaf plate, then darken. Sheet dries out. With wet weather, the inside of the sheet is covered by a raid, in which the spores of the fungus are.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Septoriasis

Amazes all parts of culture, the manifestation of the disease is noticeable in the middle of the summer season. Both sides of the sheet plate are covered with seals, stains, swollen yellow, brown or brown tone. Characteristic features of spots – bright middle, purple kaym. Swimming up, combine and change the color on the brown with a grayish-blue tint. Septorize first manifests itself on the lower sheet plates of peony, gradually moving up. Very damaged leaves dry, but do not fall.

The disease lowers the ability of the plant to worry low temperatures, causes defects of buds.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Phillostose

Brown-colored round-shaped stains with purple cant cover the inner side of the leaves. As the stains ripen ripen, increase in size, fruit bodies fungus appear through the tissues of the sheet plate in the form of dark plugs of the convex form. As a result, the leaf plate is rupture, the wound dries. The main danger of phillosticosis is carrying the depletion of culture. The fungus is in winter in the period of rest, with the onset of spring begins to infect the remaining parts of the plant.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Root rot

Related root rotes easier during crop transplantation when dividing bush. Infected areas are a brown shade, soft to the touch, over time hesitate and die. Finding peonies bushes for a long time in place with high humidity leads to the formation of white, gray or pinkish plaque. The cause of the occurrence of the ailment – the mooring of the soil. Fungus quickly develops on acidic soils.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Puffy dew

External signs – the formation of a whitish plaque on the outer sides of sheet plates. Flight is a mushroom with disputes in it. Disputes of mildew, while in places with low temperatures remain the lives. They easily endure the period of rest of the plant.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Verticillome

The disease amazes culture during flowering period, deep penetration in the tissue of the plant. Verticillese wilting is manifested by drooping, fading leaf plates and peony stems without visible reasons. Culture yellows, dry and dies. With a cut of the stem, darkened vessels are easily noticeable. Fungus racks to low temperatures, winter, being in the root cervix plant, its roots. Verticillosis can show itself after a long time after landing of peony bushes (after 2 years or more), which makes it difficult to diagnose, plant treatment.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Ring Mosaic

Partially affects leafy plates in the early stages of the development of the disease, as a result of which the detection of ailment is difficult. Sign of mosaic: stripes or concentric circles of light green, light yellow tone, which alternate with dark green zones. The shape of the picture resembles a mosaic, from which the disease got its name. Over time, infected areas form necrotic areas of small sizes.

Removal of infected parts of the plant is removed as the rhizomes, followed by their burning.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Lemurian’s disease

Information that exactly describes the signs of the disease of the Lemian is absent, as well as the causes of its occurrence. Symptoms are similar to signs of infection by nematodes. There is a version that gallic nematodes are pedalous diseases. Supportless symptoms of Lemian disease are as follows:

  • violation of the growth and development of culture, a grump;
  • lack of flowering;
  • The root system is formed bloating.

Important! Disease is capable of applying to neighboring bushes. To avoid mass infection, patients of cultures are completely removed from the site and burned.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Pest

Among pebits, peonies are most often amazed by sucking insects, ants, but they suffer from them much less often, if we compare with fungal infections. When identifying suspicious activity on the bush, it should be determined which type of pest infected the plant to take the right direction of treatment.

Aphid

Tiny greenish-white insects settle on the inside of the sheet plate, the top shoots, at the base of the buds. Insects feed on intercellular culture juice. With a massive colony of Tly, the plant quickly fades, the leaves are twisted, the buds do not bloom. In the fight against the tool, the use of soap solution, spraying of culture insecticidal drugs.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Bronzemaker

Insect is a danger in the warm period, from May until the end of August. Beetles eat soft parts of the plant: Pestlets, petals of buds, stamens, leaf plates. To combat bronze beetles, it is necessary to produce frequent loosening of the upper layers of the soil at the end of the summer season. In summer insects are actively pounded. The substrate loosening allows to reduce the insect population and reduces the risk of infection of peonies. Everyday collection of beetles gives positive results. It is recommended to use insecticides or infusion from the treasure tops.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Gallic nematodes

Cause fading a plant leading to the complete death of the culture. Nematodes hit the root system, forming noded education, bloating. The fight against nematodes reduces the incineration of all affected parts of the plant. The ash region needs to be treated with a solution of formalin 1%. Earth around peonies is drunk and fertilized by minerals.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Ants

Food with sweet juice of peonies, highlighted buds of buds. Insects affect soft fabrics plants, petals, leaves. The bush loses his decorativeness, becomes more susceptible to infections. Against ants act repellents, spraying is produced on the top of the plant and the ground.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Tripses

Small insects infecting culture during active vegetation. They feed on the intercellular juice, like the wave. Destroy the pest using the dandelion infusion or special insecticides.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Khmeleva Tonclocher

Dangerous insect larvae, they feed on the roots of the plant. Damage to the root system reduces the growth rate of peonies, the plant is not capable of laying flower kidneys, with extensive lesion – death. Preventive actions are reduced to the dumping of the soil, the removal of weeds, trimming the thickened landings or the use of the preparation “Spark”.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Methods of treatment

At the initial stages of the disease, folk remedies can be applied. Culture washing with soap or garlic solution. Film formed in parts of the plant, after drying the solution does not give insects to eat juice. For the same principle, solutions based on the tincture of dandelions, nettles, tomato tops and so on. From flying insects (whiteflies and others) gardeners advise to use tobacco smoke.

After flowering, the upper layers of the substrate with its partial replacement is carried out. Mandatory plants are fed by nutritional minerals. Fertilizers help cultures survive winter period, and weakened plants after illness to gain strength. And the loosening of the Earth helps to get rid of insect larvae. With mass infection of pions, pests are worth using such special means as:

  • Insecticides – “BelT”, “Decis Profi”, “Proteus”, “Calypso”;
  • Fungicides – “Topaz”, “Fundazoll”, “Maxim”, “Sorrow”, copper sulphate, bordeaux mixture;
  • Lowering drugs – “Epin”, “Korniner”, “HB-101”.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

The fight against them comes down to the timely weekly processing of bushes with a selected drug in the morning and evening hours, observing all the requirements of the instruction. These active substances are able to harm the bees and other useful insects. Before spraying, all infected areas must be removed from the plants and burn. After the procedure to handle hands, clothes, since there is a possibility of separating the dispute of fungi, larvae.

If possible, infected cultures need to be upset from healthy plants, placing them in a kind of quarantine.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

Prevention

In time, prophylactic treatment allows culture not to infect fungal infections, pests and other diseases. It is worth sticking to simple preventive measures.

  • Every season or 1 time in half a year it is recommended to loosen the top layer of the substrate, deoxide the soil, drain the plot. In heavy land it is recommended to add sand. Plants are planted with preservation of 30 cm distance from each other.
  • In the fall, the cleaning of the site from weeds, dead parts of the plant. All infected parts of the culture are burned, the affected places are processed to healthy tissues, the wounds are sprinkled with coal, the resin is embarrassed.
  • As the prevention of plants spray with fungicidal and soil preparations, starting from the spring season. Poni bushes are regularly fed by nutritional liquids containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.
  • The disease is easier to prevent, do not forget to care for plants and soil. Landing soil should be purchased in specialized stores or disinfect independently.

Methods of treating peonies from diseases and pests

What are the methods of treating peonies from diseases and harm, see the following video.

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