One of the most original and spectacular plants, successfully used for landscaping of the country areas, country sites and parks, is a lyryodendron, also referred to as a tulip tree. Special attention deserves undemanding in the care, which both of its kind can boast – a feature that is of paramount importance for any gardener. Given the listed advantages, it is not to be surprised that Lyriodendron landing is becoming increasingly popular both in Russia and beyond.
The first successful experience of growing Laryodandron in the Russian Empire dated 1813 and is associated with the activities of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, located on the south coast of Crimea. Now the tree under consideration can be found both in the gentle subtropics of the Krasnodar Territory and in the more harsh areas of the middle strip and chernozem. We highlight the main features of the described plant.
- A large height reaching 30-60 meters depending on the species, and rapid growth (vertical – up to 1 m per year, horizontal – up to 20 cm).
- Beautiful leaves whose shape reminds LIRA. As a rule, they consist of 4 blades, and their dimensions are 8-22 cm and 6-25 cm in length and width, respectively. Most often leaves of young lyryodendrons are larger and cut, rather than in adult trees.
- Owned single flowers, externally similar to tulip, capable of reaching 10 cm in the diameter and attracting the attention of their greenish-yellow color (for American species are also characterized by orange inclusions).
- The silent fifth of the average size consisting of the winters within which 4-faceted seeds are located.
- Powerful trunk covered with greenish-gray bark. In the first years of the tree’s life, it is smooth, however, with time, cracks forming embossed rhombid sections are formed on its surface. On the barks, the bark looks differently, characterized by a brought tint and the presence of a wax.
- Lightweight wood, successfully used for the manufacture of musical instruments and high-quality plywood.
Worthy of attention and life expectancy of Lyriodendron, calculated by several centuries. Trees who have reached this age look very majestically, and the thickness of their trunk can exceed the 2-meter mark.
Currently, nerds highlight 2 types of lyriandrone – Tulip and Chinese. Motherland is clear from his name, while the first has North American origins. In Europe, this tree was brought from the eastern part of the United States, where it is a symbol of Kentucky, Indiana and Tennessee. If both types are growing close to each other, they are easily crossing, forming a beautiful and fast-growing hybrid Liriodendron Tulipifera X L. chinense.
Often, tulip lyriandron is referred to as Liran, a real tulip tree and a “yellow poplar”, although the last option is not correct from the point of view of biological systematics. The characteristic features of this species are excellent decorative qualities and impressive sizes (up to 60 m high) making it a real find for landscape designers. As for the areas of Russia, optimally suitable for the cultivation of the represented tree, they are chernozem, the surroundings of Kaliningrad and warmer regions are. In addition, Liran can successfully develop in the suburbs and neighboring areas (the exception is varieties that do not have sufficient winter hardiness).
The second type of the plant described, also called the Chinese tulip tree, is characterized by a smaller height (up to 30 m), medium decorativeness and more pronounced thermal liftingness. Considering the latter circumstance, specialists advise to grow this tree in the territory of the Russian Riviera – a narrow subtropical strip located along the Black Sea coast.
In addition to two main species, there are numerous varieties of this tree with their remarkable features. Separate consideration deserve a Tulip Laryodron varieties, as adapted to Russian conditions.
- Ardis. Spectacular high tree decorated with “outfit” of relatively small leaves with beveled ends. The characteristic feature of buds is large sizes and an orange base that gives them additional originality. Flowers “Ardis” in May-June, bypassing a pleasant fragrance for two decades.
- GLEN GOLD. One of the most distinctive varieties, first of all a remarkable golden tint of lamellar leaves. Crown of such trees is distinguished by spreadability, and their flowers are decorated with orange marks. Buds “Glen Gold” are revealed in June, pleaseing the owners of the plot within a month.
- Heltorf. This type is characterized by large leaves consisting of 2-6 blades, and large flowers, whose sewers are aesthetically bent. As for buds, they bloom early – in the late spring.
No less interesting Lyriodendron Chapel Hill is a spectacular fast-growing hybrid, the cone-shaped crown of which attracts attention to his saturated green color. Other Plant Features – Beautiful Striped Bark, Large Leaves and Large Bowls Flowers, Through Mae. It is also worth mentioning two varieties of tulip trees that differ in maximum decorativeness – aureomarginatum and fastigiatum suitable for cultivation in chernozem and warmer regions. The first can boast of original motley leaves, and the second – pronounced colonity.
How to plant?
The procedure under consideration should begin in the spring after the soil on the site warms up. If the gardener plans to plant a few lyryodendrons, he needs to make sure of a sufficient amount of free space (the recommended distance between the trees is 5 m). One of the main conditions contributing to the rapid development of the plant is the abundance of sunlight. In addition, the selected place should be protected from a strong wind, able to damage the shoots of a young Lyriodendron. Particular attention should be paid to the level of groundwater on the site: being located close to the surface, they make the soil overly wet and threaten the root system of the tulip tree.
As for the soil, it should have a weakly acidic or neutral reaction (pH 6.5-7.0). It is also desirable that the soil be loose and did not suffer from an excess of lime, slowing the development of a young tree. In a situation where the Earth is experiencing a shortage of nutrients, it must be filtered, using overwhelmed manure and mature compost. If the soil is too exhausted, this combination can be supplemented with a glass of complex mineral fertilizer.
By completing the conditions listed above, the owner of the site can start landing of the Lyriodendron, observing a simple sequence of actions.
- Prepare a pit, the dimensions of which are determined by the size of a young plant (the optimal option – a week before the planned procedure).
- Carefully inspect the root system of the village. In case of detection of dried or fallen areas, it is necessary to get rid of them, without forgetting to treat sections with a torque coal.
- If the roots of the seedlings are open, slow down with his landing. Immediately before the specified procedure, they should be placed in water tank for 3-4 hours.
- In a situation where the plant is purchased in the container, it needs to be thoroughly pouring on the eve of landing. This action contributes to the extraction of an earth’s coma, to connect which is not strongly recommended.
- Before placing a seedling in the pit, at its bottom it should be equipped with a drainage layer of broken brick and / or crushed stone.
- Having placed the village in the center of the deepening, you can start up. The substrate must be seal gradually and very carefully (otherwise air emptiness remains).
Finally, it is necessary to pour the soil in the rolling circle, having clicked it with dry grass or compost that reduces the rate of evaporation of moisture and preventing the growth of weeds.
To grow a healthy and beautiful tulle tree, it is necessary to care for it properly. This task is not particularly difficult, and therefore any gardener can cope with it – both experienced and beginner.
Optimal watering of Laryodendron should provide regular, but not excessive soil moistening, which is especially important in the first years of the village’s life. It is also desirable that the water used has room temperature (approximately +20.25 ° C). Another procedure that promotes the development of the described plant is spraying the crown in the warm season. It is necessary to conduct it daily a few hours before sunset, applying a garden hose with a special nozzle for sprinkling.
The first feeding of the tulip tree can be carried out after two years from the date of its landing. This procedure is performed early in spring and provides for the use of nitrogen-containing drugs, acting as a stimulator of growth of leaves. The second feeding is carried out at the end of the growing season and involves the use of potash-phosphoric fertilizers. Such formulations strengthen the root system of the plant, as well as increase its resistance to diseases and adverse weather conditions.
Preparation for winter
Considering the frost resistance of the tree under consideration, it can be argued that only young lyriandrons need in full shelter for the winter. To solve this task, it is enough to perform a few simple steps, namely:
- to climb the rolling circle with sawdust or peat (recommended thickness of layer 10 cm);
- Carefully press the branch of the tree to the trunk, wrap them with burlap and tie to the rope for reliable fixation;
- Can be used as an additional protection from the cold, a plant disposed of plants.
With the onset of spring, the created shelter must be disassembled in order to reduce the likelihood of the roots of the tulip tree. Hurry up in such cases, experts do not advise: they explain this to the cunning of return freezers capable of harming the deprived of the plant.
There are 3 methods of reproduction of lyryodendrone – seeds, cuttings and grains. Each of them has its own characteristics, which contributes to the successful solution of the task facing the gardener.
For reproduction of the tulip tree by the specified method necessary:
- Seed seeds in a large box filled with loose substrate (optimal time – end of autumn);
- Place the containers in a rather wet and cool room (it is desirable that the temperature does not rise above + 9 ° C);
- With the onset of spring arrange a box in the light.
As soon as the first shoots appear (as a rule, their number is 5-10% of the number of seeds), they need to provide moderate moisturizing. At the beginning of summer, when the height of young plants exceeds 15 cm, they can be transplanted into separate containers, and less than a year (next in spring) – to transfer to open soil or pots of greater capacity.
The described method provides for the use of green cuttings cut from a healthy lyriandron at the beginning of summer. The list of conditions that contribute to the successful solution of this task looks like this:
- The optimal length of the separated parts of the plant is 40-50 cm;
- The leaves and flowers located on the selected cuttings must be removed (as well as 5 lower cortex);
- Future plants must be treated with a stimulant of the root formation and place in the fertile substrate by ½ of their length;
- For the accelerated development of cuttings, they should be covered with a polyethylene package and arrange in a well-lit place, avoiding direct sunlight.
In the future, it remains periodically to air the plants, while removing the polyethylene “cape”. After a few months, the cuttings are rooted, and after 2 years, when the root system is noticeably growing, they can be transferred to the outdoor ground.
This procedure is carried out in late autumn and implies the following steps:
- Choose some lower escapes, carefully tilt them to the ground and securely fix in the grooves done;
- sprinkle with a ground, leaving their tops over the substrate;
- With the onset of spring Perform the ringing of shoots from the mother of the parent plant.
After the year, when the roots become more developed, the young trees can be separated from an adult Lyriodendron and transplant to another place.
Diseases and pests
Experience shows that the tree under consideration is rather strainable, and therefore rarely suffers from parasites and pathogenic microflora. In some cases, Lyriodendron may be affected by fungal infections, the development of which contributes to excessive moistening of the soil. The optimal solution of the problem is the fungicidal preparations that the plant and the soil need to be treated in the rolling circle.
And specialists recommend paying attention to the following alarming symptoms affecting the leaves of the tulip tree:
- Pallor – lack of nutrients in the ground;
- Yellowing during the growing season is an excess of sunlight and moisture deficiency;
- dried tips – pinched soil and insufficient air humidity.
From pests Lyriodendron can be disturbed by weevils and shields, the hordes of which plant attack at the beginning of the growing season. Effective countering parasites provides for two-time treatment of a wide spectrum of a wide range of action with a weekly interval compliance with. Following the advice listed in this material, the vast majority of gardeners will be able to grow Lyriodendron. The natural result of their efforts will become a spectacular and hardy tree, as a magnet attracting enthusiastic views of others.
How to properly care for Lyriodendron, look in the following video.